08 June, 2020 29 Min Read
|GS-I||Archaeological Survey of India||Art and Culture|
|GS-IV||Profit, not profiteering||Ethics|
|PT Pickups||Global Terrorism Index||International Relations|
|Task force on artificial intelligence||Science and Technology|
|National River Conservation Plan||Environment and Sustainable development|
|Sheen Khalai (Blue Skin)||Art and Culture|
|Rabi Crops Sowing||Geography|
|FSSAI for Nutritional and Safe Food||Economy|
|Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)||Geography|
|World Wetlands Day||Environment and Sustainable development|
|Shigmo Festival||Art and Culture|
GS-I : Art and Culture
Archaeological Survey of India
Union Minister for Culture & Tourism (I/C) Shri Prahlad Singh Patel announced that Culture Ministry has approved opening of 820 centrally protected monuments under the Archeological Survey of India which have places of worship from 8th June, 2020. Shri Patel also said that all the protocols issued by the MHA and the Health ministry will be followed in these monuments.
Definition of Ancient Monument under AMASR Act,1958
Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years
Monument of National Importance
A "Monument of National Importance" is designated by the Archaeological Survey of India and includes the following:
GS-IV : Ethics
Profit, not profiteering
States have done well to step in to regulate charges for COVID-19 care in private hospitals
The role of the state as a big brother is problematic, and yet only a vigilant, just state can temper the avaricious excesses in the society it governs. The move by certain States to regulate hospital fees charged in the private sector for COVID-19 care falls square in this category. Bombarded with reports about exorbitant bills being raised in the private sector for hospital care of persons who tested positive for COVID-19, a few States decided to get involved, rightly so, and set a cap on the tariff that can be charged by private hospitals.
PT Pickups : International Relations
Global Terrorism Index
The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is a report published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). Two third of the countries experienced a terrorist attack in 2016.
India is one among the ten most impacted countries by terrorism. Five countries account for three quarters of all deaths from terrorism: Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Nigeria and Pakistan. The major reason for terrorism in most impacted countries is internal conflict.
Maldives is facing a constitutional and political crisis with is government is against the judiciary, polity and a section bureaucracy. It is a south Asian island country located in the Arabian sea part of Indian ocean.
The Maldives archipelago is located atop the Chagos-Maldives-Laccadive Ridge, a vast submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean. Maldives is a founding member of the SAARC. It is also a part of the United Nations and Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
Task force on artificial intelligence
The Department of Defence Production constituted a task force headed by Tata Sons Chairman N Chandrasekaran to study use of artificial intelligence.
It has potential to provide military superiority apart from driving technology-driven economic growth. Similarly, in 2017, the then Commerce and Industry minister constituted the ‘Task force on AI for India’s Economic Transformation’ chaired by V. Kamakoti of IIT Madras.
National River Conservation Plan
Under the National River Conservation Plan the river Sal project in Goa was sanctioned by the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change. The aim of the plan is to prevent pollution of rivers and improving water quality.
The activities under National River Conservation Plan include following
Sheen Khalai (Blue Skin)
It is an Afghan community in India who fled with their families from the tribal areas between Afghanistan and Pakistan during the Partition in 1947. The women are part of a community of Pushtun Hindus that lived in the Baloch areas and belong to the Kakari tribes still living in afghan.
Pushtunsare an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan and Afghanistan. They speak the Pashto language and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct.
India’s first sentiment index for micro and small enterprises ( MSEs) developed jointly by CRISIL & SIDBI here today. CriSidEx is a composite indexmeasures MSE business sentiment. Its readings will flag potential headwinds and changes in production cycles and thus help improve market efficiencies.
Rabi Crops Sowing
The area under the sowing reached 324 lakh hectares. The word ‘rabi’ in Arabic means winter. Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June.
Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard. Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh are important for the production of rabi crops. Western temperate cyclones during winter provides the precipitation in these areas. Fog is good for these crops.
FSSAI for Nutritional and Safe Food
Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has developed science-based standards for various categories of food products to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food in the country.
FSSAI has introduced +F Logo for fortified foods.
To promote awareness among consumers on Nutrition, mandatory labelling requirements for pre-packaged foods, is prescribed. FSSAI has also undertaken ‘Safe and Nutritious Food (SNF)’ initiative to promote awareness towards consumption of safe and nutritious food.
Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)
IWAI signed an project agreement with the world bank for the Jal Marg Vikas on Ganga (NW1). The IWAIcame into existence for development and regulation of inland waterways for shipping and navigation.
Functions of IWAI with respect to National Waterways
World Wetlands Day
Feburary 2nd of every year is celebrated as world wetlands day, marking the adoption of Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The MoEF&CC in collaboration with Department of Forests, Assam government is organizing the national-level celebration of World Wetlands Day (WWD) at DeeporBeel, a Ramsar Site in Guwahati,Assam. The theme ‘Wetlands for a sustainable urban future’ marks the role of healthy wetlands play in making cities and towns liveable.
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
Shigmo is the traditional spring festival celebrated by farmers in rural Goa. It is an annual float parade held in major cities of the state.
The Goan folk art such as GhodeModni, Goff, and Fugdi are performed. It was traditionally celebrated as the homecoming of the warriors who had left their homes and families at the end of Dusshera to fight invaders.