|GS-I||Karakoram Anomaly||Physical Geography|
|GS-II||SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANISATION||International organisation|
|MINORITY STATUS IN INDIA IS STATE DEPENDENT||Indian Polity|
|KALA-AZAR or BLACK FEVER||Governance|
|RANDOMISED CONTROL TRIAL||Government policies and interventions|
|GS-III||STEP TO BOOST FOREX INFLOW||Economic Issues|
What is Karakoram Anomaly?
The 'Karakoram Anomaly' is termed as the stability or anomalous growth of glaciers in the central Karakoram, in contrast to the retreat of glaciers in other nearby mountainous ranges of the Himalayas and other mountainous ranges of the world.
The reason behind the anomaly:
About Karakoram Ranges
Topography of Karakoram
Plant and animal life
Melting of the Himalayan Glacier
The Himalayan mountains are the third largest deposit of ice and snow in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic. Spanning about 2000km and with t00 billion tonnes of ice, the Himalayan glaciers supply and support 800 million people with river water for irrigation, drinking, and hydropower.
Evidence of Glacial melt
Importance of the Himalayan region
As per the Hindu Kush Himalayan Assessment Report, the melting of Himalayan glaciers which are also referred to as the Third pole could impact the Asian countries and would be a threat to 1.9 billion people as:
Reasons for the melting of Himalayan glaciers:
The growing impact of anthropogenic developments leads to global warming and climate change.
Impacts Of Himalayan Melting
Indian Government Initiative: Department of Science and Technology (DST) has supported various R&D projects for studying the Himalayan Glacier under:
To ensure water supply, energy production, ecosystem integrity, agricultural and forestry production, disaster preparedness, and ecotourism, the conservation of Himalayan mountains is important. It is the responsibility of the world countries, civil societies, and the Himalayan Nations to protect and conserve this ancient cultural heritage.
STEP TO BOOST FOREX INFLOW
Recently, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has undertaken measures to increase forex inflows, amid the depreciation of the Indian rupee.
Why has the RBI taken Measures to Boost the Forex reserve?
What is a Forex Reserve?
Foreign exchange reserves are assets held on reserve by the Central Bank (RBI) in foreign currencies, which includes bonds, treasury bills, and other government securities.
Most foreign exchange reserves are held in US dollars. Other components of foreign exchange reserve includes:
What are the Measures to boost foreign reserves?
FPI is the route for foreign investment in India. It includes investments in shares of listed Indian companies, Non-Convertible Debentures, units of domestic Mutual Fund, Government Securities, Security Receipts, etc.
ECBs are loans in India made by non-resident lenders in foreign currency to Indian borrowers. It is used to facilitate access to foreign money by Indian corporations and public sector undertakings.
What are ECBs taken by Indian companies?
Why do Indian firms go for ECBs?
Source: The Hindu
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