CURRENT AFFAIRS



16 September 2019

RBI report on Loan Waivers impact

By Aspire IAS

Recently the RBI shared the report of an Internal Working Group (IWG), which was set up in February to look at, among other things, the impact of farm loan waivers on state finances. Since 2014-15, many state governments have announced farm loan waivers.


16 September 2019

Let the farmer choose.

By Aspire IAS

Zero Budget Natural Farming may have reached endorsement from the NITI Aayog, the finance minister’s budget speech and Prime Minister of India himself.


16 September 2019

The litmus test for free speech.

By Aspire IAS

Freedom of speech and individual liberty are enshrined in Article 19(1)(a) and Art 21 of the Constitution


During the global financial crisis it was said that the experts were behind the curve. The IMF and financial sector experts continued to predict till October 2008 that the global economy would grow rather than shrink.


In the late 1990s when the population of the vultures in the country had begun to decline sharply, one White backed Vulture was rescued from Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan where vultures were dying at an alarming rate.


The Supreme court on Friday regered a review petition filed by the government against March 20, 2018 judgement of the court to 3-judge bench.


The Supreme Court said the nation has still not endeavoured tosecure for its citizen a uniform Civil Code.


14 September 2019

Why sedition law has lost meaning

By Aspire IAS

Justice Deepak Gupta, a sitting judge of the Supreme Court, noted how the provision in the IPC provides for punishment for seditious speech is misused often than not. He wondered whether the time is ripe to have a relook at the law.


The SC on Friday decided to hear a plea by Facebook to call forth petitions pending in various HC concerning the linking of social media accounts users with their Aadhaar numbers.


The Jan Soochna Portal launched by the government of Rajasthan is a remarkable achievement in furtherance of RTI, especially Section 4 of the RTI Act that deals with proactive disclosure of information.


The Supreme court on Thursday continued its stay on the eviction of lakhs of Scheduled tribes and other traditional forest dwellers whose claims for forest land rights have been rejected under the Forest Rights Act of 2006.


The ambitious National Intelligence Grid project wants to link social media accounts to the huge database of records related to immigration entry and exit banking and telephone details among others.


13 September 2019

How world is losing fertile land

By Aspire IAS

For the last two weeks, India has been hosting the meeting of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification.


13 September 2019

K2 18B

By Aspire IAS

K2-18b is now the only planet orbiting a star outside the Solar System known to have both water and temperatures that could be potentially habitable.


The union Cabinet is likely to approve an ordinance prohibiting the manufacture and sale of e-cigarettes in the country. The law would make production, manufacturing, import, export ,transport, sale, distribution or advertisements of e-cigarettes a cognizable offence.


A Nataraja idol stolen 37 years ago from temple in Kallidaikrichi in Tirunelveli district and smuggled outside the country is on its way back from Austarlia.


These are highly contentious times for India’s criminal justice system. With sensational criminal cases, controversy erupts almost every day.


Climate change is a global problem and a global problems needs a global solution.The most recent IPCC report suggests that we as human kind might have just over a decade left o limit global warming.


One year since the SC judgment in Navtej Johar v. Union of India on Sec 377


11 September 2019

Shades of Green

By Aspire IAS

Prime Minister announced that India will scale up its ambition to restore degraded land at the ongoing 14th CoP of the United Nation’s Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).


11 September 2019

Bombay Blood Group

By Aspire IAS

Over the last two weeks, the “Bombay blood group”, a rare blood type, has been at the centre of attention in Mumbai’s healthcare scene.


The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights has expressed concern over the National Register of Citizens (NRC) in Assam, and the communications blackout and detention of political leaders in Jammu and Kashmir


11 September 2019

Market Intervention Price Scheme

By Aspire IAS

Kashmir’s famed apple is battling to get exported outside the State this year as militants are campaigning against the fruit’s trade.


10 September 2019

Registration of steel and iron imports.

By Aspire IAS

In a bid to clamp down on the dumping of iron and steel imports and also the over and under invoicing of these products the government has removed these items from the ;free category and has made it mandatory for importers to apply in advance for registration of their import.


10 September 2019

India Iodine Survey 2018-19 Report

By Aspire IAS

Tamil Nadu has the lowest consumption of iodized salt despite being the third biggest producer of salt in the country, according to a first-of-its-kind national survey to measure the coverage of iodised salt.


10 September 2019

UN Peacekeeping

By Aspire IAS

India has told the UN Security Council that peacekeeping currently is in a “no-man’s land” and called for next generation of reforms in peacekeeping based on incentivisation, innovation and institutionalization.


The world has embraced electronic cigarettes, commonly known as vapes, and other electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as harm-reduction alternatives to combustible tobacco used in cigarettes


10 September 2019

A minor win for India at WTO.

By Aspire IAS

A WTO panel in June accepted India’s claim in a dispute concerning U.S. regulations on the domestic content requirement in the production of renewable energy.


09 September 2019

Throttled at the grass roots.

By Aspire IAS

25 years after the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments, very little actual progress has been made in this direction. Local governments remain hamstrung and ineffective; mere agents to do the bidding of higher-level governments.


09 September 2019

Privatizing public sector banks

By Aspire IAS

Former RBI governor D. Subbarao raised the question of whether India needs public sector banks at all in this day and age.


09 September 2019

Ration Card Portability

By Aspire IAS

The government is showcasing the rollout of the ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ scheme as one of the biggest achievements of its first 100 days in power


Justice Deepak Gupta, judge of Supreme Court, opined about the chilling effect caused by sedition law on legitimate criticism on the organs of state.


09 September 2019

Nilgiri Tahr

By Aspire IAS

In more good news for the State animal, the Nilgiri tahr, its sightings in the Mukurthi National Park have risen from 568 in 2018 to 612 this year.


We often hear questions on the integrity of civil services, organisations such as the Enforcement Directorate and the CBI and the intentions of taxmen when they do some tasks as part of their job.


During PM’s visit to Vladivostok this week, a MoI was signed to open a full-fledged maritime route between Russia’s eastern port city and Chennai on India’s eastern seaboard.


Noting the high mortality rate of the Great Indian Bustard.the NGT has directed the centre to prepare a time bound action plan within two months for protection of the birds


Throwing fresh light on the Indus Valley Civilisation, a study of DNA from Skeletal remains excavated from the Harappan cemetery at Rakhigarhi.


06 September 2019

Mapping lightning across India

By Aspire IAS

For the first time a report has mapped lightning strikes across the country, and the lives they have claimed.


06 September 2019

Putting the pedal to the medal

By Aspire IAS

The automobile industry is cyclical. It is also a lead indicator for economic growth. And it has been experiencing signs of a slowdown.


06 September 2019

Institution of Eminence Scheme

By Aspire IAS

The HRD Ministry has awarded the status of Institute of Eminence to the IIT-Madras, the IIT-Kharagpur, Delhi University, Benares Hindu University and the University of Hyderabad.


A report released by World Economic Forum ranking the travel and tourism competitiveness index of 140 economies was released.


06 September 2019

Eastern Economic Forum

By Aspire IAS

The Plenary session of the 5th Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok.


The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (the Act) was enacted to provide for more effective prevention of certain unlawful activities of individuals and associations, and for dealing with terrorist activities, and for matters connected therewith.


In India & the world, Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death. More people die annually from CVDs globally than from any other ailment.


05 September 2019

Global Liveability Index 2019

By Aspire IAS

New Delhi has dropped by six places to rank 118th on a list of the world’s most liveable cities due to increase in cases of petty crimes and poor air quality.While New Delhi registered the biggest decline in Asia, Mumbai also fell two places since last year to rank 119th on the list topped by Vienna (Austria) for the second consecutive year.


Government to pull out all the stops to cut use of plastics.


04 September 2019

Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme

By Aspire IAS

The Union Cabinet has approved a higher procurement price for ethanol purchased by oil marketing companies for the ethanol blended petrol (EBP) programme.


Among all the causes that will eventually cause the extinction of life on Earth, an asteroid hit is widely acknowledged as one of the likeliest.


04 September 2019

Economics behind e-vehicle batteries

By Aspire IAS

Shifting gears in the transition to electric vehicles (EVs), the NITI Aayog, in May this year, proposed to ban the sale of all internal combustion engine (ICE) powered three-wheelers post March 2023.


04 September 2019

ANDREX Project

By Aspire IAS

Scientists have made a new discovery challenging the previous understanding of the link between the Southern Ocean next to Antarctica and the atmospheric carbon dioxide levels.


Scientists in Kerala have completed the whole genome sequencing of a rare bacterium capable of producing antifungal and insecticidal compounds


Facebook announced launching a cryptocurrency called Libra, designed to appeal to its global user base of over 2 billion


On this day in 1946, the interim government of India led by Jawaharlal Nehru was formed.


News show signs of another economic crisis and stock market decline.


02 September 2019

A new ethics for a sustainable planet.

By Aspire IAS

Brazil’s Amazon forests are ablaze with dozens of fires mostly set intentionally by loggers and others seeking greater access to forest land. They are paving the way for a global climate catastrophe.


02 September 2019

Interpol Red Notice

By Aspire IAS

As many as 18 requests for RNs from India are pending with Interpol, including against famous fugitives hiding abroad


Banking details of Indians with accounts in Switzerland will be available to tax authorities as the automatic exchange of information regime kicks off between the two countries


02 September 2019

Mergers of Bank

By Aspire IAS

The Centre announced a mega amalgamation plan, the third in a row, that merged ten public sector banks into four larger entities, these series of mergers the number of state-owned banks is down to 12 from 27.


Recent offer by the US president to buy Greenland is indicative of the emerging geopolitics of the Arctic region


Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is in very poor condition because of climate change.


31 August 2019

Liberalism into national populism.

By Aspire IAS

No country has found the golden mean between free-range liberalism and statism.


The transfer of Reserve Bank Of India surplus to the government in a routine manner.


30 August 2019

Revised FDI Norms

By Aspire IAS

Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the proposal for the review of Foreign Direct Investment in various sectors. This will result in making India a more attractive FDI destination, leading to benefits of increased investments, employment and growth.


30 August 2019

National Register of Citizen

By Aspire IAS

More re-verification notices days before NRC publication.


30 August 2019

Hurricane Dorian

By Aspire IAS

The hurricane Dorian is to hit the east coast of Florida as a “major” hurricane, in Category 3 or possibly Category 4.


A new report titled “Status of Policing in India Report 2019 Police Adequacy and Working Conditions” was released by Common Cause and the Lokniti programme of the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS).


The Prohibition of E-cigarettes Ordinance 2019 is being sent to a Group of Ministers as directed by the Prime Minister’s Office.


29 August 2019

Public health versus free speech

By Aspire IAS

Tobacco companies will try their best to prevent pictorial warning on cigarette packages in the U.S.


There are reports that the cabinet will take a call on reconstituting the Law Commission.


According to a study published in American Psychologist, for the first time in history, 86% of US adults have admitted that men and women are equally intelligent.


India’s proposal to upgrade the protection of star tortoises (Geochelone elegans), the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) and small-clawed otters (Anoyx cinereus) in CITES have been approved.


29 August 2019

Democracy and its discontents

By Aspire IAS

Institutions of electoral democracy have evolved over the centuries, with notable innovations in the U.K., France and the U.S. that provided models for electoral democracies everywhere.


28 August 2019

RBI Surplus

By Aspire IAS

The RBI Board approved a surplus transfer of Rs 1,76,051 crore to the central government.


India overhauled its indirect tax system with the introduction of goods and services tax (GST). It now has to do the same with the direct tax system.


28 August 2019

Land Degradation Neutrality

By Aspire IAS

Union Environment Ministry has committed to rejuvenate 50 lakh hectares (5 million) of degraded land between 2021 and 2030. A Centre for Excellence would be set up in Dehradun for land degradation neutrality.


28 August 2019

India’s Child Well-being Report.

By Aspire IAS

India’s Child Well-being Index was recently released.


17 August 2019

Population Anxiety.

By Aspire IAS

Prime Minister called “population explosion” a challenge in his Independence Day speech.


Amendments to the relevant sections of the Companies Act in the last session of Parliament have now made non-compliance with CSR norms a jailable offence for key officers of the company, apart from hefty fines up to ?25 lakh on the company and ?5 lakh on the officer in default.


17 August 2019

Transgender Bill.

By Aspire IAS

The community is unhappy with the transgender Bill passed in Lok Sabha .


17 August 2019

A Jan andolan of Water

By Aspire IAS

PM Modi announced this Independence Day the Jal Jeevan Mission which plans to suplly water to all households by 2024.


India’s ‘No First Use’ doctrine (NFU) on the use of nuclear weapons is open for change in the future, defence minister has indicated, reflecting thinking within the establishment that no policy is writ in stone and could be modified to deal with current realities


The Madras High Court has been hearing a PIL petition since 2018 has asked to linking adhar with government identity proof.


27 August 2019

Single Use Plastic

By Aspire IAS

In G7 session on environment highlighted India’s large scale efforts towards eliminating single use plastic.


27 August 2019

18th CoP of CITES, Geneva

By Aspire IAS

Over a hundred nations approved a proposal by India, Nepal, and Bangladesh to prohibit commercial international trade in a species of otter native to the subcontinent and some other parts of Asia


27 August 2019

The Last Window

By Aspire IAS

The latest IPCC report on ‘Climate Change, Desertification, Land Degradation, Sustainable Land Management, Food Security, and Greenhouse gas fluxes in Terrestrial Ecosystems’ takes the warning further and states that the land surface air temperature has risen by nearly twice the global average temperature, at about 1.3°C.


27 August 2019

Regional Connectivity

By Aspire IAS

Very few States in India have active civil aviation departments. Currently, the penetration of the aviation market in India stands at 7%.


The article provides a critical analysis of Union Cabinet’s decision about increasing the strength of the judiciary and suggests for the focus of the Supreme Court on its role as interpreter of the Constitution.


The recent statement of our Finance Minister about transforming Annadata (farmer)into an Urjadata (producer of solar power) in her maiden Budget speech.


05 August 2019

Genome India Initiative

By Aspire IAS

India is planning to launch its first Human Genome Mapping project.


05 August 2019

Biometric Token System

By Aspire IAS

The Western and Central Railways have introduced a new Biometric Token System (BTS) that seeks to streamline the process of boarding unreserved coaches.


26 August 2019

India’s Deep Ocean Mission

By Aspire IAS

Ministry Of Earth Sciences Plans Rs 8000 Crore ‘Deep Ocean Mission’ To Boost India’s Sea Exploration Capabilities.


26 August 2019

Special Protection Group

By Aspire IAS

The government is likely to withdraw the Special Protection Group (SPG) from a former Prime Minister’s security detail.


India failed to comply with multiple requirements prescribed in the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) mandatory for all IMF members.


26 August 2019

Gravitational Licensing

By Aspire IAS

Using NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope as a sort of time machine, researchers plan to investigate how new stars are born.


Indian economy is slowing down. In this context, the Finance Minister offered a stimulus package.


Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019 superseded the Order of 1954.


Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has finalised India’s first National Essential Diagnostics List (NEDL). With this, India has become the first country to have such a list.


The announcements come at a time when the perception that the slowdown has been aggravating in recent weeks and spreading across sectors.


The Dunhuang city has been witness to multiple interactions and mutual learning between China and India. Recently, Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang city of China to inspect cultural relics protection and research work.


24 August 2019

Amazon Fires

By Aspire IAS

Over the last several days, the ‘lungs of the Earth’ Amazon rainforest has been burning at a rate that has alarmed environmentalists and governments worldwide


The final decision on whether the government can block private pharmaceutical companies from manufacturing and selling vital pregnancy drug oxytocin in India handed to the Supreme Court


23 August 2019

Financial Action Task Force

By Aspire IAS

Terror funding watchdog FATF Asia-Pacific Group ‘blacklists’ Pakistan.


23 August 2019

Chief Defence Service

By Aspire IAS

In his Independence Day address, Prime Minister announced the creation of the post of Chief of Defence Staff.


23 August 2019

Village Volunteer System.

By Aspire IAS

The ward and village volunteer system has been launched in Andhra Pradesh.


23 August 2019

Lessons after the great deluge

By Aspire IAS

Almost 60 people are feared dead, buried alive under layers of mud and rocks in the Kavalappara landslide


23 August 2019

Single Use Plastic

By Aspire IAS

In response to Prime Minister’s call on India’s 73rdIndependence day, to make India free of single use plastics, a massive public campaign will be launched engaging all stakeholders


22 August 2019

Notified Disease.

By Aspire IAS

A month after Union Health Minister asked the Delhi government to make malaria and dengue notifiable diseases, the local authorities has initiated the work to notify malaria in the capital.


Former IAS officer has been detained under the Public Safety Act (PSA).


22 August 2019

CBI Autonomy

By Aspire IAS

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi has recommended a comprehensive legislation to make the Central Bureau of Investigation functional as an efficient and impartial investigative agency.


Report of the Competition Law Review Committee submitted to Union Finance and Corporate Affairs Minister.


World Wide Fund for Nature released the first-ever global assessment of forest biodiversity.


With Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala among other states under deluge, questions are being raised over their flood management system. The disaster aggravates by the release of water from overflowing dams in the region at the same time that relentless rainfall hits it.


Russia has launched an unmanned rocket carrying a life-size humanoid robot that will spend 10 days learning to assist astronauts on the International Space Station


21 August 2019

Henley Passport Index 2019

By Aspire IAS

The latest Henley Passport Index ranks India at 86, down five places from 81 in 2018. The index ranks passports based on their power and mobility. Last year, an Indian passport holder had visa-free access to 60 countries this year, it has access to 58.


Microcredit has gained much traction as a tool for ensuring the welfare of the most impoverished in society, and boosting development alongside.


A regulatory sandbox usually refers to live testing of new products or services in a controlled regulatory environment for which regulators may permit certain regulatory relaxations for the limited purpose of the testing.


The famous Palani panchamirtham, given as ‘prasadam’ at the Murugan temple at Palani has been granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.This is the first time a temple ‘prasadam’ from Tamil Nadu has been given the GI tag.


The Election Commission held internal discussions on the delimitation of constituencies ahead of elections to the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.


19 August 2019

Negative rate policy

By Aspire IAS

Negative rate policy once considered only for economies with chronically low inflation such as Europe and Japan is becoming a more attractive option for some other central banks to counter unwelcome rises in their currencies.


Floods impact the poorest strata of society the most, causing a loss of lives, livelihood options, and assets. There is a need for assessment of floods from a ‘sustainable development’ perspective.


22nd National Conference on e-Governance adopts ‘Shillong Declaration’ with focus on Northeast.


The government has launched a ‘Repurpose Used Cooking Oil (RUCO)’ sticker and a phone app to enable the collection of used cooking oil. Restaurants and hotels interested in supplying used cooking oil can affix the sticker to show availability.


12 August 2019

Rooting AI in ethics

By Aspire IAS

Most commercially available AI systems are optimized using the teleological perspectives and not the deontological perspective.


12 August 2019

Rupee Matters

By Aspire IAS

Over the past few years, there has been a concern over the sharp rise in offshore rupee trading volumes.


PET bottles are safe, a comprehensive evaluation by the CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore has determined.


Recently the government has launched the pilot project for the inter-state portability of ration cards between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, and between Maharashtra and Gujarat, as part of its ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ scheme.


A new report has quantified the illegal global trade in tigers and tiger parts over a 19-year period between 2000 and 2018.


In the run-up to the publication of the final NRC in Assam, citizenship has become the most talked about topic in the country.


19 August 2019

Privacy rights, wrongs

By Aspire IAS

Supreme Court has agreed to hear together multiple public interest litigations pending in Madras, Bombay and Madhya Pradesh high courts, calling for the linking of Aadhaar with social media accounts.


The amendments to the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967 empowers the Central government to name any individual a terrorist if it believes him or her to be so.


A breast milk bank proposed by the Neonatology Forum (NNF), Kerala, is expected to provide solutions to all such babies who required intensive care at birth or are not able to be breastfed immediately for various other reasons


13 August 2019

M-Sand

By Aspire IAS

In three months, the TN State government will put in place an M-sand policy that aims to promote the use of M-sand as an alternative building material.


31 July 2019

Biosimilar Medicines

By Aspire IAS

A renowned pharma company has launched in India Versavo (bevacizumab), a biosimilar of Roche’s Avastin is indicated for the treatment of several types of cancers.


14 August 2019

Free fall: On the Afghan conflict

By Aspire IAS

A recent suicide attack at a crowded wedding hall in Kabul killed at least 63 people and injured more than 180 others. It is a tragic reminder of the security situation in Afghanistan.


Last week in Sikkim, 10 MLAs from the Opposition SDF defected to the BJP, adding to the political uncertainty that has loomed over since Assembly elections this year delivered a fractured mandate.


India’s severe ‘water crisis’ is in the news recently. India’s cities are running out of water. Chennai witnessed the worst drinking water woes.


There has been a phenomenal rise in economic inequality in India. It is important to measure the extent of economic mobility in India, which reflects the number of people moving up and down the economic ladder over time.


The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019 was passed by the Parliament.


The World Meteorological Organization announced that July 2019 matched, and broke the record for the hottest month since analysis began.


A laser-guided land leveller uses technology to accurately flatten a field in a fraction of the time than an oxen-powered scraper. But such Hitech levellers cost at least ?3 lakh and is beyond the reach of the average small farmer.A new app described as “Uber for tractors” offers a solution


Nearly 93.1% of rural Indian households have access to toilets and 96.5% of these toilets are in constant usage, according to the second edition of NARSS in 2018-19.


16 August 2019

Women Transforming India Awards

By Aspire IAS

This year the theme of the World Biofuel Day is “Production of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil (UCO)”.


16 August 2019

Shimla Agreement

By Aspire IAS

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has expressed concern over the situation in Jammu and Kashmir. Referring to the Simla Agreement, which was signed by India and Pakistan in 1972, Guterres said the “final status of J&K is to be settled by peaceful means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations”.


16 August 2019

Code of Conduct for MPs and MLAs

By Aspire IAS

Vice President Venkaiah Naidu has sought a consensus on a Code of Conduct for MPs and MLAs. This has been a longstanding concern — progress has been slow and uneven.


The RTI Act, 2005 proved transformative to India’s democracy; it revolutionized the citizen’s ability to engage with the state, arming people with a mechanism to ferret out some of the truth from the government’s otherwise secretive operations.


Health Ministry has decided to provide Rotavirus vaccine to every child across all States and Union Territories by September 2019.


10 August 2019

World Biofuel Day

By Aspire IAS

World Biofuel Day is observed every year on 10th August.


A study published by the Collaborative Clean Air Policy Centre states that the single greatest contributor to air pollution in India is the burning of solid fuels in households.


The US signalled a major change in its green card policy, by announcing an expansion in the meaning of the term “public charge”.


A new report by Greenpeace India shows the country is the largest emitter of sulphur dioxide in the world, with more than 15% of all the anthropogenic sulphur dioxide hotspots


21 August 2019

Tardigrade the water bear

By Aspire IAS

The Israeli spacecraft Beresheet attempted to land on the Moon, but crashed on the surface


Narendra Modi’s visit to the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain underlines India’s continuing commitment to relations with the Gulf region.


A 2010 report by New-Delhi based NGO Jagori revealed that 51% of women in the capital faced harassment inside public transport, and another 42% while waiting for public transport.


Chinese yuan broke the seven-to-one parity against the dollar for the first time since 2008. China deliberately devalued the Chinese currency after the latest tariff threats issued by US.


10 August 2019

Our notions of motherhood

By Aspire IAS

The Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2019. to regulate the practice of surrogacy in India and allow only “ethical altruistic surrogacy”.


The Environment Ministry has unveiled a draft plan that will dictate how prospective infrastructure projects situated along the coast ought to be assessed before they can apply for clearance.


The Pacific island nation of Papua New Guinea has the highest number of ‘living’ indigenous languages in the world (840), while India stands fourth with 453.


08 August 2019

National Medical Commission Bill

By Aspire IAS

The National Medical Commission Act 2019 has been passed by both Houses of Parliament is historic and path-breaking.


Defence Minister tweeted that India’s ‘future’ commitment to a posture of No First Use of nuclear weapons ‘depends on the circumstances’.


08 August 2019

A law for those who testify

By Aspire IAS

Maharashtra came out with the Maharashtra Witness and Protection and Security Act 2017. However, the Centre and most other states are yet to act on the directive.


Since the bifurcation of J&K State into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh, delimitation of their electoral constituencies has been inevitable.


07 August 2019

Legislative Councils in States

By Aspire IAS

The Madhya Pradesh government has indicated that it plans to initiate steps towards creation of a Legislative Council.


Treating drug-resistant tuberculosis multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) got a shot in the arm when the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new drug Pretomanid.


Indian economy is slowing. This is largely a result of weakening demand, mostly in rural areas.


07 August 2019

Census 2021 may skip caste count

By Aspire IAS

Census 2021 is unlikely to collect “caste wise” data as a similar exercise conducted in 2011


The U.S has withdrawn from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty.


15 August 2019

Allocation are Keys

By Aspire IAS

The budget must focus on the priority areas for the budget allocations. It is expected to provide funds and an assurance that the allocations would be rule-based.


15 August 2019

Consumer Protection Bill

By Aspire IAS

Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 gets Parliamentary approval.


Through four successive reductions in this year, RBI has reduced the repo rate by 110 basis points to 5.4%.


The obsession with electric mobility makes it look as if it is the only solution for India’s transportation problems.


To mandate that private firms donate a part of their revenues to charitable causes is to profoundly misunderstand both the social responsibility of corporations and the meaning of the word donation.


06 August 2019

Borrow abroad and profit

By Aspire IAS

The government is planning to issue 10 year bonds denominated in foreign currency.


Innocuously framed as resolving a “perceived conflict” between two paragraphs of the Schedule to the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003, the judgment little reported in the media nonetheless had significant consequences for the ongoing events in Assam surrounding the preparation of the National Register of Citizens (“the NRC”).


05 August 2019

Forest right act case

By Aspire IAS

Districts with sizeable tribal populations saw several protests and demonstrations.The protests were organised by the Bhumi Adhikar Andolan. There were two issues that the demonstrators were decrying


Since 2018, India’s working-age population (people between 15 and 64 years of age) has grown larger than the dependant population (defined as children aged 14 or below as well as people above 65 years of age).


03 August 2019

What’s NEXT

By Aspire IAS

In its second iteration, the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill seems to have gained from its time in the bottle, like ageing wine. The new version has some sharp divergences from the original


The 640-tonne GSLV Mk-III rocket successfully injected the 3,850-kg Chandrayaan-2 composite module into the Earth’s orbit.


India was recently elected for its 8th term as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the term 2021-22.


The Dam Safety Bill was recently introduced in the Lok Sabha.


03 August 2019

Health care is ailing.

By Aspire IAS

The National Medical Commission Bill passed by Rajya Sabha addresses these concerns.


Homelessness is on the rise and has been for the past half a century. Eight years ago, after the 2011 Census, the demand for new housing was at 25 lakh units.


03 August 2019

Finding the data on missing girls.

By Aspire IAS

The sex ratio at birth (SRB) has been dropping continuously since Census 2011, coming down from 909 girls per thousand boys in 2011-2013 to 896 girls in 2015-2017 as per the SRS Statistical Reports.


An electric vehicle, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion


02 August 2019

Anti-Defection Law

By Aspire IAS

The Tenth Schedule of Indian Constitution is popularly known as the Anti-Defection Act. Original constitution had no such provisions. It was included in the Constitution in 1985 by the Rajiv Gandhi government.


02 August 2019

Paramash Scheme

By Aspire IAS

‘Paramarsh’ – a University Grants Commission (UGC) scheme for Mentoring National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) Accreditation Aspirant Institutions to promote Quality Assurance in Higher Education


31 July 2019

What is a Whip?

By Aspire IAS

A whip in parliamentary parlance is a written order that party members be present for an important vote, or that they vote only in a particular way.


A bill give centre the power to set the salaries and service conditions of information commissioners was introduced by the government in Lok Sabha.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi explicated the need to implement innovative water management measures, stressing particularly the importance of rainwater harvesting both at the household and community levels


Parliament has passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 criminalising triple talaq and will replace the 1986 Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act.


There has been public furore over the delay in the release of data, for example farmer suicides, suppression of data such as on employment, bungled migration data in the Census, and controversy over the methodology used to calculate GDP growth rates.


At a time when India is reeling under hate lynching, it is sobering to remember that it took the United States Senate 100 years to approve a bill to make lynching a federal crime


31 July 2019

Fortifying the Africa outreach

By Aspire IAS

President Ram Nath Kovind commenced his seven-day state visit to Benin, Gambia and Guinea-Conakry and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh arrived in on a three-day visit to Mozambique


01 August 2019

Start Up India Scheme

By Aspire IAS

Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Delhi have seen the highest number of start-ups recognised under the government’s flagship Start-Up India Scheme in the period from 2016 to 2019.


01 August 2019

Regulatory Sandbox

By Aspire IAS

The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) will soon allow the use of regulatory sandbox (RS) to promote new, innovative products and processes in the industry.


The Bench is examining whether to refer to a Constitution Bench a batch of petitions challenging the validity of a constitutional amendment providing 10% economic quota in government jobs and educational institutions


29 July 2019

TOI 270

By Aspire IAS

It is the name of the dwarf star and the planetary system recently discovered by NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). • TOI 270 is about 73 light years away from Earth, and is located in the constellation Pictor.


27 July 2019

Burning Bright

By Aspire IAS

If India has increased its population of tigers to an estimated 2,967 individuals in 2018-19, putting behind fiascos such as the Sariska wipe out 15 years ago, it adds to its global standing as a conservation marvel a populous country that has preserved a lot of its natural heritage even amid fast-paced economic growth.


01 August 2019

Flee Market

By Aspire IAS

The wheels of India’s multi-year stock market rally are slowly beginning to come off.


While it is important for a government to pursue a sound economic policy, including management of the public finances, it is yet another matter to make a fetish of any one aspect of it.


Afghanistan's are many half of the country is either directly controlled or dominated by Taliban.


07 August 2019

Going Local

By Aspire IAS

A high-level government panel has recommended doing away with the requirement of foreign firms needing to store a copy of all personal data within India.


08 August 2019

GI tag gets Odisha’s Rasagola

By Aspire IAS

The Rasagola, a popular dessert of Odisha has received the geographical indication tag from the Registrar of Geographical Indication.


08 August 2019

National Creche Scheme

By Aspire IAS

National Crèche Scheme is being implemented as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme through States/UTs .


09 August 2019

Dam Safety Bill,2019

By Aspire IAS

Opposition MPs in the Lok Sabha have expressed deep reservations about the Centre’s decision to introduce the Dam Safety Bill, 2019


29 July 2019

International Tiger Day

By Aspire IAS

Global Tiger Day, often called International Tiger Day, is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on 29 July.


09 August 2019

Deep Ocean Mission

By Aspire IAS

The Deep Ocean Mission (DOM) to explore the deepest recesses of the ocean has finally got the green signal from the government.


12 August 2019

Patients and Victims

By Aspire IAS

Last year, a series of reports revealed the traumatic experiences of Indian patients who had received faulty hip implants manufactured by the pharma major, Johnson and Johnson.


14 August 2019

Integrated Battle Groups

By Aspire IAS

The new concept of Integrated Battle Groups (IBGs) which the Indian Army plans to create as part of overall force transformation is close to implementation.


The recommendation of an inter-ministerial committee that India should ban all private cryptocurrencies, that is, Bitcoin and others like it hardly comes as a surprise.


14 August 2019

‘Trans Fat’ Logo

By Aspire IAS

The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has launched a new mass media campaign in order to create awareness about trans fats and eliminate them in India by 2022.


14 August 2019

Let big data analysis begin

By Aspire IAS

Big data is a term that describes the large volume of data both structured and unstructured beyond the ability of commonly used software tools to capture, curate, manage, and process data within a tolerable elapsed time.


Lok Sabha has passed The Companies (Amendment) Bill,2019


Organ donation is the donation of biological tissue or an organ of the human body, from a living or dead person to a living recipient in need of a transplantation.


The Compulsory Voting Bill, 2019, was introduced by a ruling party MP in Lok Sabha. The Law Commission, in its March 2015 report on electoral reforms, had opposed the idea of compulsory voting.


20 July 2019

Sovereign Bonds

By Aspire IAS

The government has announced its plans to raise a portion of its gross borrowing from overseas markets. With the help of Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the government will finalise the plans for the overseas issue of sovereign bonds .


20 July 2019

Kisan Vikas Patra

By Aspire IAS

In view of falling interest rates, the government has increased the time period by 1 month for doubling the money invested in Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP) to 9 years and 5 months.


18 July 2019

Floor Test

By Aspire IAS

The Supreme Court is scheduled to hear a plea filed for an immediate floor test in Karnataka Assembly


18 July 2019

The Terrorist tag

By Aspire IAS

India needs tough laws to combat terror, but the proposed amendments could be misused.


The bill defines surrogacy as a practice where a woman gives birth to a child for an intending couple with the intention to hand over the child after the birth to the intending couple


There should be a clear understanding that offering choices and services rather than outright state control works best.


30 July 2019

Shifting strategic concerns

By Aspire IAS

The U.S. President Donald Trump’s latest gaffe has introduced another thorn in what is now clearly an unsettled India-U.S. relationship. While India’s hand is not as strong as we sometimes believe it to be, there might be opportunities to leverage the international situation further down the road


30 July 2019

Share of the State

By Aspire IAS

Last week, the Union cabinet passed an amendment to widen the terms of reference of the 15th Finance Commission


The political crisis that began in Karnataka with the resignation of 15 MLAs that took five days and multiple missed deadlines to be put to vote .This underscored the tortuous working of India’s anti-defection law and threw up a range of associated legal and constitutional questions.


Assam has added to India’s botanical wealth a plant that yields dragon’s blood — a bright red resin used since ancient times as medicine, body oil, varnish, incense and dye.


The centre’s pension scheme for small traders (PMLVMDY) has been notified and being introduced on trial basis from this week .The scheme assures a minimum monthly pension of Rs. 3,000/- month after attaining the age of 60 years


The joint UN programme on AIDS commonly known as UNAIDS is facing worst challenges afflicting the global AIDS response this time an existential threat questioning its very relevance.


22 July 2019

Kashmir Mediation

By Aspire IAS

Facing a furore in Parliament over the issue, the government has clarified in no uncertain terms that Prime Minister Narendra Modi did not request U.S. President Donald Trump to “mediate or arbitrate” on the Kashmir issue.


The Nagaland government’s move to compile a Register of Indigenous Inhabitants of Nagaland (RIIN) opens up possibilities in the context of the decision to link the register to the Inner Line Permit (ILP) system without a consensus on the definition of an ‘indigenous inhabitant’.


Higher education, increased mobility, late marriage, financially independent women and overall prosperity are all contributing to a falling Total fertility rate.


19 July 2019

Indian Forest Act Amendment

By Aspire IAS

Across India, activists for tribal rights have said the proposed Indian forest act amendments will divest tribals and other forest-dwelling communities of their rights over forest land and resources.


22 July 2019

Sucking up surplus

By Aspire IAS

SEBI needs financial autonomy to remain effective as the chief markets regulator.


Official data was slow to pick up the trend, but data from private sources on indicators such as sales of consumer durables and automobiles clearly show that it is largely a result of declining demand, particularly in rural areas


25 July 2019

IUCN ‘Red List’

By Aspire IAS

Mankind’s destruction of nature is driving species to the brink of extinction at an “unprecedented” rate, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) warned


The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has issued an order prohibiting the manufacture, sale and distribution of colistin and its formulations for food-producing animals, poultry, aqua farming and animal feed supplements.


17 July 2019

Chandipura Virus

By Aspire IAS

Chandipura Virus


17 July 2019

NAVIC

By Aspire IAS

ISRO is in talks with processing chip manufacturers such as Qualcomm to substitute the existing Global Positioning System (GPS) with the Indian version of satellite navigation.


19 July 2019

Threat of Ebola

By Aspire IAS

The health emergency declared by the WHO can counter the risk of a global


The Lok Sabha has passed the National Investigation (Amendment) Bill 2019


16 July 2019

Internet Saathi programme

By Aspire IAS

Google and Tata Trusts are set to expand their ‘Internet Saathi’ digital literacy programme for rural women to villages in Punjab and Odisha.


16 July 2019

International Solar Alliance

By Aspire IAS

Palau has become the 76th country signatory country to join the International Solar Alliance.


24 July 2019

International Court Of Justice

By Aspire IAS

International Court of Justice (ICJ) has directed Pakistan to review conviction order of Kulbhushan Jadhav and, until then, put his death sentence on hold. ICJ has also asked Pakistan to allow India consular access at earliest.


16 July 2019

Finance Commission of India

By Aspire IAS

Cabinet approves extension of the term of the Fifteenth Finance Commission up to 30th November, 2019.


Journalists are facing heightened threats around the globe, according to the 2019 World Press Freedom Index compiled by Reporters without Borders.


India’s singular objective as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council in 2021-22 should be to help build a stable and secure external environment.


24 July 2019

National Diary Plan

By Aspire IAS

Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying is implementing World Bank assisted National Dairy Plan – I in 18 States to support milk cooperatives and milk producer companies along with breeding improvement initiative.


Deadline for the Supreme Court-monitored NRC(National Register of Citizens)in Assam approaches, the faultiness in the discourse around it have widened


16 July 2019

5G Rollout

By Aspire IAS

The term 5G is used to describe the next generation of mobile networks beyond Long Term Evolution(LTE) mobile networks.


17 July 2019

WASH for healthcare

By Aspire IAS

Without adequate water, sanitation and hygiene amenities, infection control is severely compromised


15 July 2019

103rd Bill

By Aspire IAS

103rd Constitutional Amendment Act reserves 10 per cent of jobs and places in educational institutions for citizens who fall into the ‘general’ category — those not specifically included in other categories such as SC, ST or OBC


15 July 2019

Draft Model Tenancy Act

By Aspire IAS

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MOHUA) released the Draft Model Tenancy Bill, 2019 which aims to regulate rental housing by a market oriented approach.


Global MPI 2019 is published by United Nation Multidimensional Poverty Index (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty Development Index.


Context- ISRO recently announced the launch date (July 15, 2019) of Chandrayaan-2 mission, after the long delay from the scheduled launch. Chandrayan 2 India's second lunar probe and it's first attempt to make soft landing on the moon .It’s an orbiter which will go around 100 km from the surface ,and a Lander and Rover land in the moon. Once there the Rover will separate from the Lander and will move around on lunar surface.


15 July 2019

Electoral Reforms in India

By Aspire IAS

This article includes the crux of The Hindu Article "A Welcome Debate on Electoral Reforms" | current affairs for upsc


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics. This covers the most important current affairs for UPSC


National Green Tribunal and its Significance


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics. This covers the most important current affairs for UPSC.


This is a new initiative by Aspire IAS in which we have covered today's current affairs, that are specifically relevant for Prelims GS Paper 1.


This includes the CRUX of The Hindu Article on negotiations on peace in Afghanistan. This is with reference to the ongoing meeting between U.S. Afghan negotiators and the Taliban in Doha, Qatar. The Taliban and Afghan representatives, including some government officials, agreed to a basic road map for negotiating the country’s political future.


Conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity has been an integral part of Indian ethos. The varied eco-climatic conditions coupled with unique geological and cultural features have contributed to an astounding diversity of habitats, which harbor and sustain immense biological diversity at all level


Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) is a premier research and development organisation of the country that works under the Department of Defence Research and Development of Ministry of Defence. It was formed in 1958 by the amalgamation of the Technical Development Establishment (TDEs) of the Indian Army and the Directorate of Technical Development & Production (DTDP) with the Defence Science Organisation (DSO).


Solid waste management refers to the process of collecting and treating solid wastes. According to the Britannica, “Solid-waste management, the collecting, treating and disposing of solid material that is discarded because it has served its purpose or is no longer useful. Improper disposal of municipal solid waste can create unsanitary conditions, and these conditions, in turn, can lead to pollution of the environment and to outbreaks of vector-borne disease—that is, diseases spread by rodents and insects.”


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics. This covers the most important current affairs for UPSC


This is a new initiative by Aspire IAS in which we have covered today's current affairs, that are specifically relevant for Prelims GS Paper 1


22 July 2019

Human Rights Act in India

By Aspire IAS

According to the United Nations, human rights are the rights that are inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. They can also be considered to be natural rights or rights basic to humanity.


Israel is a country in the Middle East. It is located in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea.  It is a small country with relatively diverse topography, consisting of a lengthy coastal plain, highlands in the north and central regions, and the Negev desert in the south. Running the length of the country from north to south along its eastern border is the northern terminus of the Great Rift Valley.


The Reserve Bank of India acts as the central bank of India. It was established on April 1, 1935, in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. Initially, its central office was established in Calcutta but it was permanently moved to Mumbai in 1937. The Reserve Bank of India during the time of its establishment was privately owned but it was nationalised in 1949 and since then it is fully owned by the Government of India.


09 July 2019

Daily News Updates

By Aspire IAS

This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics. This covers the most important current affairs for UPSC


Multi-modal transport refers to the cargo from its place to origin to its destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes has a different transport provider or entity responsible, but under a single contract.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


The budget proposes the constitution of a Jal Shakti Mantralaya by integrating the existing Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The new ministry will look at the management of our water resources and water supply in an integrated and holistic manner.


Infrastructure development, especially connectivity infrastructure is one of the major focus areas of the new government with steps being made to boost infrastructure development so as to bring economic growth.


An investment is a creation or purchase of a monetary asset that has the potential to provide income in the future or can later be sold at a higher price for a profit. Thus, it can be any mechanism that can generate income in the future. It can include purchase of goods, construction of infrastructure or the purchase of bonds, stocks or real estate property. 


Fiscal deficit target for the financial year 2019-2020 has been revised and set to 3.3%. The interim budget, released in February 2019 estimated the fiscal deficit for the year to be 3.4%. The budget announces that the government will borrow from abroad in external currencies.


Taxes are involuntary fees levied on individuals or corporations and enforced by a government entity — whether local, regional or national — in order to finance government activities. The government usually taxes its individuals and corporate residents to help fund public works and services and to build and maintain the infrastructures used in a country. The tax, thus collected is used for the betterment of the economy and the residents of the country.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


This is a new initiative by Aspire IAS in which we update current affairs, specifically relevant for Prelims GS Paper 1


23 July 2019

CAG and its functions

By Aspire IAS

The Constitution of India (Article 148) provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG). The Comptroller and Auditor General of India the head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department and is given various responsibilities that include: Being the guardian of the public purse and to control the entire financial system of the country at both the levels—the Centre and the state. To uphold the Constitution of India and the laws of Parliament in the field of financial administration.


As per Article 43 of the Directives Principles of State Policies, the State shall endeavour to secure, by suitable legislation or economic organisation or in any other way, to all workers, agricultural, industrial or otherwise, work, a living wage, conditions of work ensuring a decent standard of life and full enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered in The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper alongwith the topics that form the most relevant current affairs for UPSC


Recently, the U.S. and North Korea met for the third time in a year but this meeting was different than their last meet in Hanoi. This time, Donald Trump, as a part of his personal diplomacy, visited the demilitarised zone or the DMZ.


India's population in 2019 is estimated to be around 1.37 billion based in the most authentic recent U.N. data, making India the second most populous country in the world. As per census 2011, 62.5% of the total population of the country fell under the age group of 15-59 and this percentage is set to increase with time.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


This article includes the crux of the Article "Lessons from Bhutan" and about OECD's PISA


This article includes the crux of the article ‘Thermal Plants are Wasting Water’ and about 2015 order of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today’s newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


This article contains the crux of The Hindu article "A Thumbs Down to Unilateralism"


This article contains the crux of The Hindu article - "After Surprise Trump-Kim Meeting, n-talks to Resume" and "Kim can Visit White House Anytime, Says Trump"


This article contains the crux of The Hindu article - "Why Nuclear When India Has an 'Ocean" of Energy"


This article contains the crux of The Hindu article - "Nagaland to Initiate its Own Version of NRC from July 10"


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


This is a new initiative by Aspire IAS in which we update current affairs, specifically relevant for Prelims GS Paper 1


Context: Europe braces for a heatwave, and it's likely the new normal. About Heatwave: Globally, a heatwave is  considered to be an extended period of hot weather relative to the expected conditions of the area at that time of year, which may be accompanied by high humidity. 


Context: NPAs down, credit growth picking up: RBI (crux of the article is also included). Financial Stability report is a half-yearly report published by the RBI. It is a report for  the collective assessment of the Sub-committee of the Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) on risks to financial stability, as also the resilience of the financial system. The Report also discusses issues relating to development and regulation of the financial sector.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


Context: 54 nations backed India for UNSC mom-permanent seat (Crux of the article is also covered.)


Context: Scoring on health: on Health Index 2019 (crux of the article is also available)


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


Context: Why govt. wants to bank DNA


Context: Lynching Redux


27 June 2019

Nature of Indian Polity

By Aspire IAS

Context: The future of parliamentary democracy


Context: Joint effort to conserve wildlife at Bandipur


Context: No state has sought NDRF aid, govt. tells RS


26 June 2019

PT 2020 Special

By Aspire IAS

This is a new initiative by Aspire IAS in which we update current affairs, specifically relevant for Prelims GS Paper 1


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


Context: It's premature to count India out of RECP: Centre (Crux of the article is also included). RCEP or Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership is a proposed Free Trade Agreement which aims to create a free trade zone of 10 ASEAN nations with Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea, and New Zealand. Negotiations under the RCEP started in May 2013. Since then, it has undergone 25 rounds of expert analysis and 13 Ministerial meetings.


This is a new initiative by AspireIAS in which we will update current affairs, specifically relevant for Prelims GS Paper-1


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express on 22nd June 2019 along with the links for the relevant topics.


25 June 2019

NITI Aayog in India

By Aspire IAS

Context: Reimagining the NITI Aayog (crux of the article is also covered).


A genome is defined as an organism’s complete set of DNA, including all of its genes. Each genome contains all the information needed to build and maintain that organism. In humans, a copy of the entire genome is contained in all cells (inside the nucleus). Genome is thus a repository of biological information.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express on 23rd June along with the links for the relevant topics.


Context: August Easing? (Crux of the article is also covered)


Context: Over 12,000 farmers died of suicide in three


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express on 22nd June 2019 along with the links for the relevant topics


22 June 2019

Make in India in Defence

By Aspire IAS

Context - The Hindu: Navy to build 6 submarines (Crux of the article is also covered). 2013 saw an unprecedented decrease in India's growth, falling to its lowest level in a decade. What India experienced back then was a major economic setback but with a strong resolve to bring back the economic growth on track and re-structure the industrial sector, attention was focussed on to the manufacturing sector in India, amongst other sectors.


Context: What yoga can teach us (Crux of the article is also covered). The human persona comprises of a body, a mind, an intellect, and a soul. Yoga – an attempt to harmonise all of them. It helps a person attain a healthy body, a sharp intellect, and a focused mind that can realise the unity between personal consciousness, and the universal or cosmic consciousness.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express along with the links for the relevant topics.


Context: Beyond Mayday: The Jet Airways case has takeaways for the bankruptcy code as well as for other airlines (Crux of the article also covered). The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 is considered as one of the biggest insolvency reforms in India. It was enacted for the insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals in a time-bound manner so as to maximize the value of underlying assets.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express Newspapers along with the link for the relevant topics


Context: U.S. decided to deploy more force in West Asia (including the crux of the news). There have been increasing tensions between US and Iran since US President Donald Trump declared its decision to come out of the 2015 Iran Nuclear Deal that was signed between Iran and P5 +1(Permanent UNSC member countries + Germany).


Context: India to be most populous by 2027 (crux also included). India is set to overtake China as the most populous country by 2027. It will have almost 1.64 billion inhabitants by 2050. China, on the other hand, is expected to become smaller, dropping from it's current 1.43 billion to approx.. 1.4 billion by 2050 Though India will have the highest increase in absolute numbers, its rate of growth is slowing.


Context: Uptick for India on sanitation in UN Report (including the gist of the news). This article deals with the most significant cleanliness campaign of the Government of India, the various initiatives taken under it and the associated problems.


This is an overview of the most important topics covered by The Hindu and The Indian Express in today's newspaper along with the links for the relevant topics.


This is a new initiative by AspireIAS in which we will update current affairs, specifically relevant for Prelims GS Paper-1


According to Global Metro Monitor 2018, 36% employment growth and 67% GDP growth were contributed by the 300 largest global metros, with those in emerging economies outperforming those in advanced economies.


For the first time, India will host the Conference of Parties of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Ahead of the COP-14, Union Environment Minister launched a flagship project, part of a larger international initiative called the Bonn challenge – to enhance India’s capacity for forest landscape restoration (FLR)


18 June 2019

GM Crops

By Aspire IAS

According to WHO, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) can be defined as organisms (i.e. plants, animals or microorganisms) in which the genetic material (DNA) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination.


18 June 2019

Manual Scavenging in India

By Aspire IAS

According to the Prohibition of Employment as manual scavengers and their rehabilitation act, 2013., a manual scavenger is a person who is engaged or employed by an individual or a local authority or an agency or a contractor for manual cleaning, carrying, disposing of, or otherwise handling in any manner, human excreta in an insanitary laterine or in an open drain or pit into which the human excreta from the insanitary latrines is disposed of, or in railway track or other spaces as notified by the government.  


Iran said that it would surpass its uranium stockpile limit of 300 kg , set under the 2015 nuclear deal, from 27th June 2019. But it will reverse its decision if other parties to the nuclear deal live up to their commitments.


The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is a permanent intergovernmental international organization which was preceded by the Shanghai Five mechanism (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan). With the membership of India and Pakistan in 2017 at Astana, the total members of SCO has increased to eight.


17 June 2019

PT 2020 Special

By Aspire IAS

This is a new initiative by AspireIAS in which we will be updating current affairs relevant specifically for Prelims GS Paper-1.


Bhutan's Prime Minister Lotay Tshering. in his first public comment on Doklam issue, said "no side" should do anything near the trijunction point between India, China and Bhutan "unilaterally", so as to maintain peace and tranquility in the region. 


India is making great efforts to make quality healthcare available and affordable to all. In this direction, the government has fast track its efforts by setting up more Jan Aushadhi Kendras by the Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI). BPPI is also responsible for monitoring the quality of drugs that are sold at these stores


To enhance the capabilities of the armed forces to fight wars in space, the Cabinet Committee on Security has approved the setting up of a new agency which will develop sophisticated weapon systems and technologies. The government cleared the setting up of the Defence Space Research Agency (DSRO) which will be entrusted with the task of creating space warfare weapon systems and technologies.


GDP is the sum total of the value of the goods and services that are produced in an economy in a year. It is an important indicator of the economic health of a country. It is an economic indicator based on the computation of the production data in the country. The growth rate over the years is used to determine the trend of economic growth, thus accurate estimation of GDP growth gives us a clear picture of the outcome that is generated over the year.


Having a prominent presence in the South Asian region, India has always been conscious of its role it can play in the regional polity. Since its independence, India has paid great emphasis on maintaining good ties with the neighbouring countries.


With an increasing focus on the reforms in the education sector, there has been a discussion on the various aspects of education, including technology. Technology is known to have improved the quality of life for many people but the same technology is a double-edged sword. If not utilized carefully and in harmony with the human resource, it can have a deteriorating impact, as is seen in the education sector. Better policies are, thus, needed to generate optimum results.


India and US view each other as important strategic partners to advance common interests regionally and globally. Both the countries are known to have strong trade relations even in the past. Bilateral trade between India and U.S. in goods and services is 2% of U.S. world trade, and has been increasing in recent years. On the other hand, US has been the second largest export market for India, having a share of 16% of total exports from India in 2017. Thus, US-India bilateral trade is highly consequential for India.


02 July 2019

Coastal Erosion

By Aspire IAS

India has a long coastline of 7,516.6 km giving it a large coastal area. Due to high polulation growth, increasing maritime trade and enormous pace of developmental activities, the settlements and associated infrastructure is moving closer to the seas.


This is a new initiative by AspireIAS in which we will be updating current affairs relevant specifically for Prelims GS Paper-1.


Space stations are also called as orbital stations. Just like other satellites, they orbit around Earth. Space stations are designed to be placed in Earth’s orbit and provide a space for astronauts to live in it and conduct their research.


India and China’s bilateral relations have been becoming complex in the recent times. Both India and China have tried to assert their influence regionally. China’s Belt and Road Initiative and India’s opposition to it have also formed the basis of their relations bilaterally as well as on multi-lateral platforms. Added to it are the border issues which led to an escalation of tension between India and China after the Doklam issue in 2017. With the breakdown


14 June 2019

Saving Childhood

By Aspire IAS

Child labour is a major socio-economic problem faced by India. It is a multi-dimensional problem with grave consequences for the country, impacting whole of the Indian society. As per 2011 census, the number of working children in the age group of 5-14 years has been reduced to 43.53 lakh or 5% in 2011 from 3.6% in 2001.


On January 26, 1950, for the first time in Indian history, we, believers and practitioners of diverse philosophies and religions, decided to also become the people of a single book. This book was the Constitution of India.


02 July 2019

A change in the Maldives

By Aspire IAS

The people of the small archipelago in the Indian Ocean voted for change and brought to power the Opposition candidate, Ibrahim Mohamed Solih. They came out in huge numbers with the turnout being 89.2%.


A recent report by TRAFFIC says India accounts for 29% of black spotted turtles (Geoclemys hamiltonii) seized from across seven countries in South Asia.


02 July 2019

Freedom to Pray

By Aspire IAS

It protects an individual’s right to profess, practise and propagate a religion, and it also assures similar protection to every religious denomination to manage its own affairs.


02 July 2019

The poor are left to themselves

By Aspire IAS

In a recent judgement by the Supreme Court of India, four out of five judges on a Constitution Bench ruled that the law enabling the implementation of the unique identification programme (Aadhar) does not violate the right to privacy of citizens.


Adultery.—Whoever has sexual intercourse with a person who is and whom he knows or has reason to believe to be the wife of another man, without the consent or connivance of that man, such sexual intercourse not amounting to the offense of rape, is guilty of the offense of adultery, and shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to five years, or with fine, or with both. In such case the wife shall not be punishable as an abettor.


The agreement is a reflection of the commitment and efforts made by India towards attaining the Sustainable Development Goals.


02 July 2019

Think big

By Aspire IAS

This includes white goods such as air-conditioners, refrigerators and washing machines as well as nonessential items such as gems, travel bags and aviation turbine fuel (ATF).


Astra, the indigenously developed Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air Missile (BVRAAM), was successfully test fired by the IAF from Su-30 aircraft.


02 July 2019

Aadhaar gets thums up from supreme Court

By Aspire IAS

The Hon’ble Supreme Court in a majority opinion upheld Aadhaar as a reasonable restriction on individual privacy.


The annual index will be released by the Department of Financial Services (DFS) under the Ministry of Finance by the end of this year and it would rate states on their performance on last-mile banking services availability.


India and Morocco signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for deepening cooperation between Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sectors of the two countries.


The court countered the government’s submissions that under the Representation of the People Act, only convicted lawmakers can be disqualified and not accused ones.


The Union Cabinet has approved the National Digital Communications Policy-2018 (NDCP-2018) and re-designation of the Telecom Commission as the “Digital Communications Commission”.


During the 5th meeting of the Nepal-India Boundary Working Group (BWG) both sides agreed to continue mapping of no-man’s land encroachment and cross-border occupation.


A new study released by Azim Premji University’s Centre for Sustainable Employment named the ‘State of Working India 2018’ confirms the spectre of jobless growth.


India successfully conducted an interceptor missile test off the Odisha coast on Sunday night, achieving a major milestone in developing a two-layer Ballistic Missile Defence.


The first is to create a network of health and wellness centres that will bring the healthcare system closer to the people. The centres will provide comprehensive healthcare, including treatment for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services. Besides this, they will also provide free essential drugs and diagnostic services; also Rs. 1200 crore have been allocated for this flagship programme.


External Affairs Minister has kicked off her week-long diplomatic engagements at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). It is 73rd United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) meet.


02 July 2019

MAVEN Spacecraft

By Aspire IAS

MAVEN completed its primary mission in November 2015 and has been operating in an extended mission since that time, continuing its investigation of Mars’ upper atmosphere and exploring additional opportunities for science that the new relay orbit will bring.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi on September 23, 2018 launched the flagship scheme 'Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana' (PMJAY), also known as Ayushman Bharat or the National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM).


The Hornbill Watch initiative is an interactive web interface that allows a person to report on hornbills anywhere in India. People can record the observation of a live hornbill, note its call or report a dead, hunted or captive bird.


02 July 2019

Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite(TESS)

By Aspire IAS

Nasa’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, better known as TESS, has discovered “superEarth” and “hot Earth” planets in solar systems at least 49 light-years away, marking the satellite’s first discovery since its April launch.


Women activists and supporters of the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB)’s women’s wing on Saturday lodged protest against the ordinance criminalising instant triple talaq and described the move as a ‘political stunt’.


02 July 2019

Multidimensional Poverty Index 2018

By Aspire IAS

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) have released the 2018 Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI).


02 July 2019

U.S. to end H-1B spouse work permits

By Aspire IAS

The Donald Trump administration is moving ahead with a proposal to end work permits for spouses of H-1B workers in the United States, a federal court has been told.


02 July 2019

Do Mudra loans have credit risks?

By Aspire IAS

Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY) is a scheme launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on April 8, 2015 for providing loans upto 10 lakh to the non-corporate, non-farm small/micro enterprises.


Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully flight tested indigenously developed surface-to-surface short-range tactical ballistic missile ‘Prahaar’. It was launched from mobile launcher from Launch Complex-III, Integrated Test Range (ITR), Balasore off Odisha Coast.


02 July 2019

Ban on adoption by live-in partners lifted

By Aspire IAS

Individuals in a live-in relationship will once again be able to adopt Children from and within India after the country's nodal adoption agency decided to withdraw a circular issued earlier this year disallowing them from doing so.


The market regulator relaxed the norms after considering the interim recommendations of the SEBI working group under the Chairmanship of Harun R Khan, a former deputy governor of the Reserve Bank of India.


02 July 2019

Implication of data mirroring

By Aspire IAS

Data is the new oil and a driver of growth and change. India is a supposed to become data rich before becoming economically rich. This digital growth is being pushed by large foreign digital companies. They are largely fuelled by the data of their users. The visits of the prime minister and Union information technology minister to Silicon Valley over the past few years as part of the Digital India campaign.


02 July 2019

Is the NITI Aayog relevant today?

By Aspire IAS

The NITI Aayog (The National Institution for Transforming India), was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015.


02 July 2019

Carbon Pricing Policy

By Aspire IAS

Fighting global warming will necessarily require taxing carbon emissions or setting a price on carbon pollution. At least 46 countries and 26 sub-national governments have established a carbon pricing policy as of April 1.


02 July 2019

Triple talaq is criminal offence

By Aspire IAS

The Union Cabinet has cleared an ordinance that makes talaq-e-biddat, or instant triple talaq, a criminal offence that will attract a maximum jail term of three years. President Ram Nath Kovind later in the day gave his assent.


02 July 2019

S. Korea wants to elevate ties with India

By Aspire IAS

One of the major foreign policy initiatives of President Moon Jae-in of South Korea is the government’s 'New Southern Policy', with a goal of deepening ties with South East Asian nations as well as India, and building an inclusive regional architecture in Asia.


02 July 2019

Rationalisation of CS schemes mooted:

By Aspire IAS

Several Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) are just boutique in nature with dubious outcomes, the 15th Finance Commission of the Union Government has noted while calling for urgent rationalisation of the CSSs.


02 July 2019

Celestial misfit

By Aspire IAS

In the year, 2006 the International Astronomical Union (IAU) voted to remove Pluto’s planetary status.


According to the new mortality estimates released by UNICEF, the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Population Division and the World Bank Group, an estimated 6.3 million children under 15 years of age died in 2017, or 1 every 5 seconds, mostly of preventable causes.


The trade rivalry between the U.S. and China escalated to an unprecedented level, with both countries announcing new tariffs on imports from each other.


02 July 2019

Ten years on, in uncharted waters

By Aspire IAS

The East Asian crisis of 1997 caused a rethink on full capital account convertibility and fixed exchange rates.The Internet bubble and bust of the early 2000s led many to question the impact of new technology on long-term productivity growth.


02 July 2019

The progressive way

By Aspire IAS

In a consultation paper released recently, the Law Commission of India has boldly said that a uniform civil code (UCC) is neither feasible nor necessary at this stage.


02 July 2019

Himalayan Divide

By Aspire IAS

The disconnect between the two governments was most visible at the seven-nation Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation military exercises.


02 July 2019

Saving Rivers

By Aspire IAS

The Central Pollution Control Board finding that the number of critically polluted segments of India’s rivers has risen to 351 from 302 two years ago.


02 July 2019

'Machines will rule workplace by 2025'

By Aspire IAS

“The Future of Jobs 2018” report by WEF predicts that the rise of robotics will result in machines performing more tasks on the job than humans by 2025. It also estimates that while that trend could displace 75 million jobs globally by 2022, it’ll create 133 million new positions.


02 July 2019

ISRO launches two U.K. satellites

By Aspire IAS

PSLV-C42 lifted off carrying two satellites from the United Kingdom – NovaSAR and S1-4 from the first launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre.


02 July 2019

Does U.S. want India to import more?

By Aspire IAS

US President Trump has unleashed a trade war against many countries based on his electoral promise of ‘America First’.


The International Day for Preservation of Ozone Layer (or World Ozone Day) is observed every year on September 16 for the preservation of the Ozone Layer. This year, the theme for the Day is ‘Keep Cool and Carry On: The Montreal Protocol’.


The Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 which was released recently points out that the prevalence of diabetes has increased more rapidly in the less-developed States of the country. The report contains alarming statistics for India. According to it the total number of people with diabetes grew from 26 million in 1990 to 65 million in 2016. The prevalence of diabetes in India was 5.5 % in 1990, but it has increased to 7.7 % in 2016.


02 July 2019

Does U.S. want India to import more?

By Aspire IAS

US President Trump has unleashed a trade war against many countries based on his electoral promise of ‘America First’.


Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved continuation of Capacity Development Scheme for period 2017-18 to 2019-20. It is ongoing Central Sector Scheme of Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI).


Union Ministry of Tourism has inaugurated India’s first tribal circuit project connecting 13 tourism sites in Chhattisgarh under Swadesh Darshan Scheme. The circuit connects Jashpur, Kunkuri, Mainpat, Kamleshpur, Maheshpur, Kurdar, Sarodadadar, Gangrel, Kondagaon, Nathiya Nawagaon, Jagdalpur, Chitrakoot, and Tirthgarh in Chhattisgarh.


02 July 2019

Doklam final report lauds government

By Aspire IAS

A report by the parliamentary panel on External Affairs, headed by Congress leader Shashi Tharoor, has lauded the efforts of Narendra Modi Government for the overall handling of the Doklam crisis by standing up against china but has expressed concern that Chinese infrastructure built close to the India-Bhutan-China tri-junction has not been dismantled


02 July 2019

Human Development Index (HDI)

By Aspire IAS

HDI was released by the United Nations Development Programme with the findings indicating a glaring inequality in the country though “millions have been lifted out of poverty”.


02 July 2019

India's health report reads worse:

By Aspire IAS

India state level Disease Burden Initiative report is a joint initiative of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, along with experts and stakeholders associated with over 100 Indian institutions.


02 July 2019

The high cost of man-animal conflict:

By Aspire IAS

If a wild elephant tramples rice fields, the government will provide compensation for the loss. Though it sounds simple, there are several inconsistencies in compensation awarded for human-wildlife conflict —ranging from crop loss to human death — across the country, finds a study published in Biological Conservation, an international journal on conservation science.


02 July 2019

Cabinet clears new procurement policy:

By Aspire IAS

The Cabinet has given approval to the new procurement policy which will ensure that the farmers get the minimum support price (MSP) at a time when the market prices fall below the benchmark prices set by the government.


Once ready, it will be India’s first, a force multiplier and cruise the country into a global elite club.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced an increase in remuneration for those involved with the government’s Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA) scheme and Anganwadi scheme.


02 July 2019

Education Ecosystem

By Aspire IAS

Education system in India hardly played any role in moulding the child prodigy and this was also rather the case with Manjul Bhargava (Fields medal 2014).


02 July 2019

Avoidable Suspense

By Aspire IAS

On 10th April 2018, the market watchdog, SEBI asked category II and III FPIs (not well-regulated in their countries of origin) to conform to a higher degree of KYC norms in order to curb round tripping of illicit money and strengthen anti-money laundering measures.


The Delhi government on September 10, 2018 launched a scheme that will enable doorstep delivery of 40 essential government services such as caste and marriage certificates, driving license and new water connections in the first phase.


GDP growth rate for the first quarter (April – June) of fiscal year 2018-19 came at 8.2 per cent. A question being raised about the GDP estimates for the first quarter of this year (April-June) is: How should 8.2% GDP growth be interpreted in, or reconciled with, the overall context of some of the pronounced trends in the economy?


The NITI Aayog has approved the supplementary nutrition guidelines, prepared by the Ministry for Women and Child Development, bypassing Minister for Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhi following intervention by the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO).


02 July 2019

LEMOA fully operational now

By Aspire IAS

The India-U.S. foundational agreement for mutual logistics support, the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA), has been fully operationalised over the past few months.


Scientists have declared eight species of birds to be extinct in what are being seen as the first avian extinctions of the 21st century


02 July 2019

IMA moots ethics code overhaul:

By Aspire IAS

Big private hospitals are constantly promoting their set ups through advertisements in all mediums. How will individual doctors, especially those who have just begun practice, survive such competition. so, IMA suggested that Individual doctors may be allowed to publicise their practice.


India and France on September 6, 2018 signed an implementation agreement on ‘Mobilise Your City’ (MYC) in New Delhi to support three Indian cities in their efforts to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions.


02 July 2019

Post office solutions:

By Aspire IAS

The India Post Payments Bank (IPPB), a financial service provider that will operate under the country’s age-old postal department. IPPB is a payment bank and as per the RBI’s regulations the Payment banks cannot accept Term deposits, they can accept demand deposits only. The new India Post Payments Bank can hasten financial inclusion, but detailing is key.


02 July 2019

SC decriminalizes homosexuality

By Aspire IAS

A Five Judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court on September 6, 2018 decriminalised Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) by partially striking down some of its provisions.


02 July 2019

Ending tuberculosis (TB)

By Aspire IAS

After decades spent battling the scourge of tuberculosis (TB) in developing countries, 2018 might be the year that it is finally accorded the dignity it deserves.


02 July 2019

For a world Free of chemical weapons:

By Aspire IAS

The Chemical Weapons Convention Act was enacted in India 2000 to give effect to the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction signed by the government on January 14, 1993.


The Competition Commission of India (CCI) is inquiring into a matter for alleged violation of provisions of Section 3 and 4 of the Competition Act, 2002 relating to imposition of unfair prices by private super-speciality hospitals.


COMCASA: (Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement) is a foundational defence pact which is expected to be signed, it would be a key highlight of the meeting; however there are concerns about this deal in defence sector.


02 July 2019

SC relief for Maharashtra, Uttarakhand

By Aspire IAS

Supreme Court has lifted the ban on construction activities in Maharashtra and Uttarakhand, after they submitted their Solid Waste Management (SWM) policy.


02 July 2019

Steps to stop the rot:

By Aspire IAS

In other parts of the world, grain is stored in silos (a tall tower or pit on a farm used to store grain). Here, stored grain is kept dry and aired so as to prevent fungal and insect attacks.


Technology giant Google announced that it is employing a new Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology to combat online spreading of contents involving child sexual abuse. The tool uses deep neural networks for image processing to help discover and detect child sexual abuse material (CSAM) online.


02 July 2019

Routes to Afghanistan

By Aspire IAS

Afghanistan has been one of the longest fought battles for USA to establish peace and bring stability in the region. But with the assent of Trump as President of USA things have also changed as peace process is not easy to come by.


02 July 2019

Addressing soil loss

By Aspire IAS

• Flooding impacts the nutrient levels in the soil. Flooding and long periods of waterlogging result in the depletion of nutrients.


02 July 2019

Beyond uniformity

By Aspire IAS

By uniform civil code, it is meant that all sections of the society irrespective of their religion shall be treated equally according to a national civil code, which shall be applicable to all uniformly.


02 July 2019

Green shoots of revival

By Aspire IAS

The 4th BIMSTEC summit successfully concluded recently with Nepal Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli handing over the chairmanship of the grouping to Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena.


02 July 2019

Reserve bank tightens ombudsman scheme

By Aspire IAS

Banking Ombudsman is a quasi judicial authority functioning under India’s Banking Ombudsman Scheme 2006, and the authority was created pursuant to a decision made by the Government of India to enable resolution of complaints of customers of banks relating to certain services rendered by the banks.


02 July 2019

For a shift Gear

By Aspire IAS

India is prone to disasters. About 70% of its coastal areas are prone to tsunamis and cyclones, about 60% of its landmass vulnerable to earthquakes, and 12% of its land to floods.


At the 2+2 dialogue between India and the U.S. here on September 6, an announcement could be made about an in-principle agreement between the two sides on the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), but its signing is doubtful.


02 July 2019

Green Tribunal steps into conserve Ghats

By Aspire IAS

The Principal Bench of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) panel, which permitted the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEF and CC) to re-publish the draft notification on Eco-Sensitive Zones, which expired on August 26, ordered that the matter may be finalised within six months. It also ordered that the draft of the republished notification be placed on the record of the tribunal.


02 July 2019

Why is a Public Credit Registry important?

By Aspire IAS

Recently, RBI Deputy Governor made a case for setting up a Public Credit Registry (PCR), incorporating unique identifiers: Aadhaar for individual borrowers and Corporate Identification Number for firms.


02 July 2019

Sea Food waste prevents steel corrosion:

By Aspire IAS

Mild steel used in a wide range of industries easily develops rust and the corrosion causes huge economic loss every year.


02 July 2019

Maoists have a tight and flowing structure

By Aspire IAS

Naxalite movement was started by Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal in West Bengal in 1967 under the banner of Communist Party of India (Marxist).


02 July 2019

Deep sociability

By Aspire IAS

We live in dark times, perhaps among the darkest in memory. Not a single day passes without news of rape or lynching’s, treacherous lies, vitriolic rumors, venomous threats, fearmongering, hatred and violence.


The 115th meeting of the India-Pakistan Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) was held in Lahore, Pakistan. The Indian delegation was led by PK Saxena, the Indian Commissioner for Indus Waters.


02 July 2019

september 1 PT Points

By Aspire IAS

GDP grows 8.2% in April-June: The Indian economy grew 8.2% — the highest in two years — in the April-June quarter, driven by robust growth in the manufacturing, construction and farm sectors.


The Law Commission of India on Friday said a Uniform Civil Code (UCC) is “neither necessary nor desirable at this stage.”


02 July 2019

Inland Waterways Authority of India:

By Aspire IAS

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) has made public 13 standardised state-of-the-art ship designs suitable for large barge haulage on river Ganga (National Waterway-1).


02 July 2019

India and the U.S. — it’s complicated

By Aspire IAS

The first round of India- U.S. 2+2 talks at the level of External Affairs Ministers and Defence Ministers of both the countries was scheduled on the 6th of September but has been postponed by the US, citing unavoidable reasons.


02 July 2019

India post payment Bank

By Aspire IAS

India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) has been launched. It will focus on providing banking and financial services to people in rural areas, by leveraging the reach of 1.55 lakh post office branches. The government aims to link all the 1.55 lakh post offices to the India Post Payments Bank system by 31 December, 2018.


02 July 2019

August's PT Point

By Aspire IAS

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a serious form of pneumonia. It is caused by a member of the coronavirus family of viruses (the same family that can cause the common cold), so it is also called SARS-CoV. It infects both humans and animals (livestock, birds, etc.). It had spread like a pandemic in Hong Kong in March 2003, and from there it transmitted to several other countries.


02 July 2019

Speeding up the adoption process

By Aspire IAS

The Juvenile Justice Act of 2015 introduces comprehensive provisions for children in conflict with the law and children in need of care and protection. It was enacted keeping in view the standards prescribed in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the United Nations Millennium Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, 1985 (the Beijing Rules), the United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (1990), the Hague Convention on Protection of Children an


The 4th BIMSTEC Summit concluded in Kathmandu on August 31, 2018 with the signing and adoption of the Kathmandu Declaration by all the seven members. The Summit began on August 30, 2018 in Kathmandu, Nepal.


02 July 2019

Nilgiri tahr climb the population charts

By Aspire IAS

In a heartening development for conservationists, a recent census has revealed that the population of the Nilgiri thar( an endangered mountain goat) at the Murukthi National park has grown by an impressive 18% in the last two years, from 480 to 568.


02 July 2019

Kudumbashree:

By Aspire IAS

Government of Kerala launched Kudumbashree in 1998, to wipe out absolute poverty fro state through concerned community action under the leadership of local self-government.


02 July 2019

Challenges at BIMSTEC

By Aspire IAS

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) summit in Kathmandu will be another milestone for India after the BRICS-BIMSTEC Outreach Summit hosted by it in 2016, as the grouping has gradually emerged as a key vehicle to take forward India’s regional, strategic and economic interests.


The Reserve Bank of India’s annual report for 2017-18 said more than 99% of the Rs. 500 and Rs. 1,000 notes withdrawn from circulation in November 2016 had been returned to the central bank.


The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) unveiled the details of the Gaganyaan mission for manned space flight before 2022. It will be the India's first human space flight programme.


02 July 2019

Pieces of the Asian dream

By Aspire IAS

India vs China in maintaining relations with ASEAN nations


The Union Government and World Bank signed a $220 million loan agreement and an $80 million guarantee agreement for the India Energy Efficiency Scale-Up programme.


02 July 2019

Satya Tripathi

By Aspire IAS

Satya Tripathi appointed as assistant secretary-General of United nations and will head the New york office of United Nations Environment programme.


A blend of oil from jatropha seeds and aviation turbine fuel propelled the country’s first ever bio jet fuel-powered flight between Dehradun and Delhi. The 43-minute flight was operated by SpiceJet’s Bombardier Q-400 aircraft, with 20 officials and five crew members on board.


02 July 2019

Restoring dignity: Leprosy, a social stigma

By Aspire IAS

The union cabinet has cleared the personal laws(Amendment) bill that seeks to strike down leprosy as a ground for divorce by making amendments in divorce acts. Under the provisions of Indian Divorce act , it is a legitimate ground for divorce.


02 July 2019

The big squeeze

By Aspire IAS

Iran is reeling under the impact of re-imposed sanctions after the U.S. walked out of the nuclear deal.


02 July 2019

How dams can control floods

By Aspire IAS

world over, dams are constructed mainly for the puposes of Irrigation, power generation, and flood control.


Article 35A was inserted into the constitution as part of a raft of amendments made through a 1954 presidential order, imposed under Article 370.


02 July 2019

New copters to enable tech transfer

By Aspire IAS

The defence ministry is shortly expected to release project-specific implementation guidelines for the 111 naval utility helicopters to be procured under the strategic partnership(SP) model. However , foreign companies say there is still some clarity required on crucial legal, liability and technology transfer issues.


02 July 2019

Article 35 A and the basic structure

By Aspire IAS

The basic structure doctrine is an Indian judicial principle that the Constitution of India has certain basic features that cannot be altered or destroyed through amendments by the parliament.


The Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS), one of India’s premier avian research institutes, will start operating its regional centre on the campus of Wetland Research and Training Centre near Chilika Lake.


02 July 2019

Economy has come a long way: Jaitley

By Aspire IAS

Finace minister Arun jaitley cited the report given by International Monetary Fund (IMF) report on India in 2018. He said India had improvements in indicators such as inflation, fiscal deficit, current account deficit, infrastructure, power sector, and allocation of natural resources.


In a major effort to improve emergency medical support to soldiers posted in high-altitude areas, especially Siachen, the Integrated Defence Staff of the Defence Ministry and the ISRO signed a MoU to set up telemedicine nodes in critical places across the country.


02 July 2019

Another step in the battle against leprosy

By Aspire IAS

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. It usually affects the skin and peripheral nerves, but has a wide range of clinical manifestations.


02 July 2019

Trouble in the hills

By Aspire IAS

The catastrophic monsoon floods in Kerala and parts of Karnataka have revived the debate on whether political expediency trumped science.


02 July 2019

POSHAN Abhiyan

By Aspire IAS

POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) was launched on 8th March, 2018.


02 July 2019

Article 35

By Aspire IAS

Article 35A of the Constitution is now being vigorously contested with its constitutional validity being challenged before the Supreme Court. It has managed to create widespread legal and political controversy, despite it not even finding a mention in the regular sequential text of the Constitution.


02 July 2019

Accepting help

By Aspire IAS

Various governments have made specific offers to Kerala, from about Rs. 700 crore from the UAE to about Rs. 35 lakh from the Maldives. But the Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson has remarked that “in line with the existing policy”, the Central government would meet requirements in Kerala through “domestic efforts”.


NITI Aayog has launched 5 Thematic Reports on Sustainable Development in Indian Himalayan Region. The reports from the five working groups discuss the significance, the challenges, the ongoing actions and a future roadmap.


02 July 2019

Strengthening federal link

By Aspire IAS

The State Finance Commission (SFC) is a unique institution created by the 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments (CAs) to rationalise and systematise State/sub-State-level fiscal relations in India.


02 July 2019

TITBITS/PT Pointers:

By Aspire IAS

Neelakurinji is a tropical plant species.


02 July 2019

Retrograde move (GS Paper-I)

By Aspire IAS

The Punjab Cabinet has decided to amend the law to make acts of sacrilege against the holy books of major religions punishable with life imprisonment. It approved amendments to the Indian Penal Code (IPC) as well as the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) to make sacrilege(violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred) of religious texts punishable with life imprisonment.


02 July 2019

In search of greatness (GS Paper-III)

By Aspire IAS

Scientific achievement will only happen in a culture which celebrates great art, philosophy, sports.


The State can stop government doctors from taking voluntary retirement in public interest, the Supreme Court has ruled.


02 July 2019

Pulling back from the brink

By Aspire IAS

A group of scientists has published a paper in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences deliberating on how the Earth might move into a high temperature “hothouse earth” pathway from where there would be no return.


In a stern warning to bankers, the finance ministry has asked chief executives of public sector banks (PSBs) to check all NPA accounts exceeding Rupees 50 crore for fraud, else face criminal conspiracy charges, according to official sources.


NASA Scientists have found frozen water deposits in the darkest and coldest parts of the Moon’s polar regions using data from the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft that was launched by India 10 years ago.


02 July 2019

Beyond words, India – Pak Relations

By Aspire IAS

Since the Prime Minister Imran Khan’s swearing-in ceremony in Pakistan, there have been many substantive exchanges between New Delhi and Islamabad.


With the rupee recently weakening past ?70 to a dollar and hovering about that level since, concerns over the impact of the devaluation on economic indicators are intensifying.


Negotiations on the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), among 16 Asian and Pacific Ocean countries, have entered a decisive phase. And it would like to see a “substantive agreement” on the trade deal by the end of this year.


02 July 2019

Educating people about climate change

By Aspire IAS

Climate change has the potential to disrupt and reshape lives. There are several alarming predictions about its impact. Vulnerable populations should be made aware of the potential risks and how to cope with them.


The International Labour Organisation (ILO) on released a report titled ‘India Wage Report: Wage policies for decent work and inclusive growth’.


02 July 2019

Simultaneous elections not soon

By Aspire IAS

Chief Election Commissioner O.P. Rawat’s view that it is not possible to hold simultaneous• elections to the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies soon.


02 July 2019

Slum policies

By Aspire IAS

India’s rapid urbanization has been proceeding apace for decades and there is growth of Slums in the urban areas and for thousands who come to the cities every day, cheap housing in slums is often the springboard to better lives.


02 July 2019

Sovereignty and sensitivity

By Aspire IAS

The National Assembly of Bhutan was dissolved and an interim government was appointed this month ahead of the election, which will be completed by October-end, marking 10 years of democracy in Bhutan.


The unprecedented severe floods in Kerala unleashed by heavy rain, overflowing rivers, brimming dams and massive landslips has overwhelmed the State government and rescue agencies, as they struggle to make a complete assessment of the devastation.


02 July 2019

Seeing through the smoke

By Aspire IAS

Traditionally, people have been using conventional products such as cigarettes, bidis and chewable tobacco.


Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) study found the wide presence of GM ingredients in packaged food items sold in India.


Recently government released 'Digital North East: Vision 2022', that aims to leverage digital technologies to transform lives of people of the northeastern states and enhance the ease of living.


02 July 2019

India need Smart urbanization

By Aspire IAS

Residents of Bhavanpur, a village about 15 km outside Ahmedabad, have been protesting against their inclusion in the city’s urban area by the local urban development authority.


Unemployment and underemployment are growing. The small producers and the informal sector have done poorly over the last two years, and both agricultural and manufacturing have been performing poorly.


02 July 2019

Gaganyaan: Indian into space by 2022

By Aspire IAS

With Prime Minister Narendra Modi announcing that an Indian astronaut would go into space by 2022, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has finally got a definitive timeline for a project it has been working on for the last 15 years.


02 July 2019

No child left behind

By Aspire IAS

India is home to the largest number of malnourished children in the world, a report, advocating that the country needs to frame policies with a focus on reducing health and social inequities.


02 July 2019

Digitization of courts

By Aspire IAS

The Supreme Court took a giant step towards digitization of courts across the country by launching three applications to facilitate e-filing of cases, making digital payments and service of judicial notices through smartphones to the litigants.


The World Bank’s latest Global Findex data proves that India has made rapid strides in improving access to formal financial services.


There is rising concern about declining trade between India and Pakistan due to escalation in tensions along the borders. So there is need for concerted efforts on both sides to ease tensions through people-centric measures.


02 July 2019

Proxy Voting by NRIs

By Aspire IAS

Recently, the Lok Sabha passed the Representation of the People (Amendment) Bill, 2017 to allow for the proxy voting by the Non-Residential Indians through amendment in Section 60 (special procedure for voting by certain classes of persons).


China’s envoy to Delhi visited Punjab. After watching the popular flag-lowering ceremony, he expressed his hope for “peace, friendship and cooperation” between India and Pakistan.


The overall GDP, after several quarters of low growth, there has been a strong pick-up in the last quarter of 2017-18. If this momentum is maintained, the growth rate (2018-19) will certainly be above 7%.


02 July 2019

ISRO set to launch its TV channel

By Aspire IAS

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will have a year-long Vikram Sarabhai centenary celebration starting in August 2019 to honour the visionary scientist and its legendary founding father.


The Delhi High Court has strike down as unconstitutional the provisions of the law which sanction punitive action against beggars, including imprisonment.


02 July 2019

Centre comes to Kerala’s aid

By Aspire IAS

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh on Sunday conducted an aerial survey of floodravaged Kerala and announced an immediate relief of Rs. 100 crore as the State braced for another spell of heavy rain after a fresh low pressure area developed in the Bay of Bengal.


02 July 2019

Refocusing on Africa: New strategy

By Aspire IAS

Prime Minister recently returned from a tour of Rwanda, Uganda and South Africa that included the BRICS Summit in South Africa and outlining of 10 guiding principles for India’s engagement in Africa.


02 July 2019

More Assembly seats for Sikkim

By Aspire IAS

The Home Ministry has moved the Union Cabinet to increase the number of seats in the Sikkim Assembly from 32 to 40.


The event aims towards Strategic growth in the South Asian region through project collaboration and Regional integration and proposes to:


The Telecom Commission, the highest decision-making body in the Department of Telecom has recently approved the principles of net neutrality recommended by TRAI last year.


02 July 2019

Poverty, not poor

By Aspire IAS

The Delhi High Court has strike down as unconstitutional the provisions of the law which sanction punitive action against beggars, including imprisonment.


02 July 2019

A climate for green funds

By Aspire IAS

A recent HSBC Global Research report found India to be the most vulnerable of the 67 countries assessed for their vulnerability to and preparedness for climate change risks. The need to address the challenge of climate change is more urgent than ever.


02 July 2019

Indian telescope spots distant galaxy

By Aspire IAS

Astronomers have used an Indian telescope to discover the most distant radio galaxy ever known, located at a distance of 12 billion light-years.


02 July 2019

SC alters Lodha’s BCCI proposals

By Aspire IAS

The Supreme Court has finalised the new Constitution for the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), rejecting the ‘one State-one vote’ recommendation of the Justice R.M. Lodha Committee and altering the cooling-off period for cricket bosses.


The Supreme Court has ordered the Tamil Nadu government to shut down illegal resorts operating in the elephant corridor in the Nilgris district to curb incidents of humananimal conflict and reduce animal fatalities.


02 July 2019

Decoding the DNA Bill

By Aspire IAS

The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018 has been introduced in India’s Parliament, with a view to creating a national DNA database for use by the police in solving crimes and identifying missing persons.


02 July 2019

Reforming the Civil Services

By Aspire IAS

A recent move by the Centre seeking applications from ‘outstanding individuals’ to fill in 10 posts of Joint Secretary, has caused anxiety amongst bureaucrats.


The Andhra Pradesh government has announced Mukhya Mantri Yuva Nestam scheme to provide unemployment allowance of Rs 1000 per month to the unemployed youth (between 22-35 years of age) through DBT using Aadhar.


02 July 2019

Need for digitizing land records in India

By Aspire IAS

The Peruvian economist Hernando de Soto has often pointed out that a modern market economy requires a strong system of property rights. India is a mess on this front. Land titles are presumptive rather than conclusive.


02 July 2019

Our Privacy worth

By Aspire IAS

The Committee of Experts on a Data Protection Framework for India (Chaired by Justice B. N. Srikrishna) submitted its report and draft Bill to the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology on July 27, 2018. The Committee was constituted in August, 2017 to examine issues related to data protection, recommend methods to address them, and draft a data protection Bill.


02 July 2019

Confrontation in Dhaka

By Aspire IAS

In context of recent student Protest; The Bangladesh government clamps down on dissent and democratic challenges.


02 July 2019

What is GST ?

By Aspire IAS

Goods and Services Tax (GST) is an indirect tax levied in india on the supply of goods and services. GST is levied at every step in the production process, but is meant to be refunded to all parties in the various stages of production other than the final consumer. The tax came into effect from July 1, 2017 through the implementation of one hundred and first amendment of the constitution of india by the Indian government. The tax replaced existing multiple cascading taxes levied by the central a


02 July 2019

Rebooting the system for a skills upgrade

By Aspire IAS

The Report of the standing committee on Labour(2017-18) headed by Kirti Somaiya, on the “ Industrial Training Institutes(ITIs) and Skill Development Scheme” of the Ministry of skill Development and Entrepreneurship(MSDE). It was submitted to parliament few months ago.


The Government of India has decided to ban the use of 18 pesticides following the recommendations of the Anupam Verma Committee.


The blockchain is an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value.”


Last week, the State government, currently under Governor’s Rule, moved a plea in the Supreme Court to defer the hearing on a clutch of petitions challenging the validity of Article 35A of the Constitution, citing the upcoming panchayat and urban local body elections.


With the U.S. imposing an additional 25% duty on imports worth $34 billion from China, certain Indian products may become more competitive. India can focus on several goods for expanding its exports to the U.S. and China after the increase in duties by both countries on imports from each other.


02 July 2019

Reservations in India:

By Aspire IAS

We live in a free country and this freedom is a gift of democracy to us. Our constitution gives us the right to freedom and most importantly to exercise this freedom in an equitable manner. At the same time it is incumbent on the part of the state to ensure that equality prevails in all sections of the society. However in today’s time one of the major roadblocks to this equality is the Reservation System.


02 July 2019

Latin America seeks more missions

By Aspire IAS

India had made a promise in 2010 that it will open three new embassies in Latin American nations


Citing historical deprivation the Centre called the Supreme Court to revisit 2006 Nagaraj ruling.


02 July 2019

Drones to monitor tiger reserve

By Aspire IAS

The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve (DTR) in Uttar Pradesh will soon be under complete drone camera surveillance


Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has called for imposition of import duties on telecom products outside the ambit of the Information Technology Agreement (ITA-1) and incentivising their local design and manufacturing with an aim to eliminate India’s dependence on imported telecom gear by 2022.


02 July 2019

Data Lolcalisation is no solution

By Aspire IAS

Calls for data are not new. It has been a mainstream of Indian policymakers demands from foreign technology companies.


The Supreme court had introduced the provision of anticipatory bail by reading down the Section 18 of Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 in march 20, 2018 to protect people against arbitrary arrests. SC also issued other guidelines to protect people against arbitrary arrests under the Act.


02 July 2019

Friends or Seoul-mates?

By Aspire IAS

With the U.S. and China playing power politics, South Korea looks to India as a viable alternative partner, Mr. Moon launched a foreign initiative called New Southern Policy last year that he had decided to step up Seoul’s engagement with India and the ASEAN countries.


Rajasthan has become the first State in the country to implement the national policy on biofuels unveiled by the Centre in May 2018.