CURRENT AFFAIRS



1) NITI Aayog, UN sign Sustainable Development framework for 2018-2022

Theme: Sustainable Development Framework (SDF)

Details:

  • NITI Aayog and United Nations signed the Sustainable Development Framework (UNSDF) for 2018-2022.
  • The agreement is a reflection of the commitment and efforts made by India towards attaining the Sustainable Development Goals.

Significance:

  • The period between 2018 and 2022 will be a crucial phase in India’s development story since the year 2022 marks the 75th anniversary of India’s Independence. 
  • Hence, at such a time, partnership instruments such as the UNSDF assume gain even more significance to accelerate the pace towards building a New India by 2022, an India that is free of poverty and equal for all.

Key features of UN Sustainable Development Framework:

  • The framework outlines the development cooperation strategy between the Union Government and the United Nations country team in India, in support of the achievement of India’s key national development priorities and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • The framework was created following a highly participative process, in consultation with government entities, civil society representatives, academia and the private sector.
  • Key Focus Areas:
  • Poverty and Urbanisation
  • Health
  • Sanitation
  • Education
  • Nutrition and Food security
  • Climate change
  • Clean energy
  • Disaster resilience
  • skilling
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Job creation
  • Gender equality
  • Youth development
  • Under the framework, the United Nations will support the Union Government on south-south cooperation, in partnership with the Ministry of External Affairs.
  • Budget:
  • Total planned budget outlay for the implementation of the UNSDF 2018-2022 is approximately Rs 11000 crore.
  • 47 percent is planned to be mobilised through the course of implementation from multiple sources, including the private sector and the government.

Other Details:

  • The framework is a step in the direction of the overarching principle of the SDGs to leave no one behind.
  • The programmatic work outlined in the UNSDF targets the seven low-income states -Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, MP, Odisha, Rajasthan, UP and the North-East region along with the aspirational districts identified earlier this year by the NITI Aayog.
  • The work under the framework will mainly focus on improving the lives of the most marginalised, poor, and vulnerable communities and people in the country, especially women and girls.
  • The framework also includes a set of UN flagship programs that are aligned with major government schemes. The flagship programmes will aim to provide innovative, multi-sectoral solutions to some of the most pressing development challenges faced by India, while also serving as catalysts for an increased investment of development finance.
  • The programmes range from affordable housing for the poor to increasing access to clean energy in rural off-grid areas, from protecting all children from vaccine-preventable diseases to quality education for all children and skilling for young people, especially young girls and from ending stunting to improving the child sex ratio.

Sustainable Development Goals:

  • The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all.
  • They address the global challenges we face, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate, environmental degradation, prosperity, and peace and justice.
  • The Goals interconnect and in order to leave no one behind, it ís important that we achieve each Goal and target by 2030.
  • There are 17 SDG's:
  • No Poverty
  • Zero Hunger
  • Good Health and Well being
  • Quality education
  • Gender equality
  • Clean water and sanitation
  • Affordable and clean energy
  • Decent work and economic growth
  • Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
  • Reduced Inequalities
  • Sustainable Cities and Communities
  • Responsible production and Consumption
  • Climate Action
  • Life below water
  • Life on land
  • Peace, Justice and Strong Institution
  • Partnerships for the goals.

2) WAYU- Air Pollution Mitigation Device

 

  • WAYU (Wind Augmentation Purifying Unit), Air Pollution control device for traffic junctions was inaugurated in Delhi.
  • WAYU is developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research National Engineering Research Institute(CSIR-NEERI) as a part of technology Development project funded by Department of Science and Technology.
  • The device has the Capacity to purify air in an area of 500 meter square.
  • The device consumes only half a unit of electricity for 10 hours of running.
  • The device works on two principles mainly Wind generation for dilution of air pollutants and active pollutants removal.
  • the device has filters for particulate matter removal and activated carbon (charcoal) and UV lamps for poisonous gases removal such as VOCs  and Carbon Monoxide.
  • The device has one fan and filter for sucking and removing Particulate Matter. There are two UV lamps and half Kg of activated carbon charcoal coated with special chemical Titanium Dioxide.