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  • 28 July, 2021

  • 15 Min Read



  1. It was earlier known as Indian System of Medicine. It is governed by Ministry of AYUSH and National AYUSH Mission both in 2014.
    1. NAM includes co-location of AYUSH at PHCs, CHCs and District Hospitals, upgradation of hospitals and setting up of upto 50 bedded integrated AYUSH hospitals.
    2. For AYUSH drugs, MoAYUSH has amended Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 for scientific studies.
  2. Ministry of AYUSH launched TKDL (Traditional Knowledge Digital Library) in collaboration with CSIR for prevention of grant of patents on non-original inventions by International Patents office.
  3. ‘Ayurveda’ (Jaipur) literally means “Science of Life”. Ayurveda is the upaveda of Atharvaveda. The Charak Samhita and Sushruta Samhita developed around 2500 BC are the main treaties of Ayurveda. According to Ayurveda, health is considered as a pre-requisite for achieving the goals of life i.e., Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. Ayurveda takes an integrated view of the physical, mental, spiritual and social aspects.
  4. Yoga (Delhi) is essentially spiritual and it is an art and science of healthy living which focuses on bringing harmony between body and mind.
  5. Naturopathy (Pune) is a science of health and healing and a drug less therapy based on well founded philosophy. It advocates harmonious living with constructive principles of nature on physical, mental, moral and spiritual planes.
  6. The Unani (Bengaluru) system of medicine originated in Greece then in India during the medieval period. The fusion of traditional knowledge of ancient civilizations like Egypt, Arabia, Iran, China, Syria and India. It emphasizes the use of naturally occurring mostly herbal medicines and some medicines of animals, marine and mineral origin. This system of medicine was documented in Al- Qanoon, a medical classics, by Sheikh Bu-Ali Sina (980-1037) AD), in Al-Havi by Razi (850-923 AD) etc.
  7. The Siddha (Tamil Nadu) is one of the ancient systems of medicine in India having its close links with Dravidian culture. The term Siddha means achievements and Siddhars are those who have achieved perfection in medicine. 18 Siddhars are said to have contributed.
  8. Homoeopathy (Kolkata): The physicians from the time of Hippocrates (around 400 B.C.) had observed that certain substances could produce symptoms of a disease in healthy people similar to those of people suffering from the disease. Dr. Christian Hahnemann, a German physician codified it. Homoeopathy was brought into India around 1810 A.D. by European missionaries and received official recognition in 1948.
  9. Sowa Rigpa or Amchi is 1 of the oldest surviving system of medicine, popular in Himalayan region. It was added in 2009. It is practised in Himalayan regions throughout particularly in Leh and Laddakh (J&K), HP, Sikkim, Darjeeling etc. It is effective in managing chronic diseases like asthma, bronchitis, arthritis, etc.

National AYUSH Mission, 2014

    • Provide cost effective AYUSH services with universal access to AYUSH hospital and dispensaries.
    • Co-locate AYUSH facilities at PHC, CHC and District Hospital.
    • Strengthen Institutional capacity through AYUSH Educational Institutions, State AYUSH pharmacies, Drug testing labs etc.
    • Support cultivation of medicinal plants.
    • Support setting up of clusters through convergence of cultivation, warehousing, value addition, marketing and Development of infrastructure for Entrepreneurs.

Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS)

    • Apex body under Ministry of Ayush for research on scientific lines in Ayurveda and Sowa Rigpa.
    • It developed and commercialized 2 drugs
      1. AYUSH 82 = Anti Diabetic
      2. AYUSH SG = Anti Rheumatoid Arthritis

Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine and Homeopathy (PCIM&H)

  • Govt approved to re-establish PCIM&H as a Subordinate office under Ministry of AYUSH.
  • By merging into it Pharmacopoeia Laboratory for Indian Medicine (PLIM) and Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory (HPL) at Ghaziabad. PCIM&H is an autonomous body under Mo Ayush since 2010.
  • Pharmacopoeia is a book containing directions for the identification of compound medicines and published by Govt authority or medical or Pharma society.

PT Pointers of AYUSH

  • Ministry of AYUSH recently launched e-AUSHADHI portal for Online Licensing System of AYUSH Medicine. It will provide real time information of the licensed manufactures and their products, cancelled and spurious drugs and contact details of the concerned authority for specific grievances.
  • Indian Drugs and Pharma Limited
    1. It was incorporated in 1961 with primary objective of self sufficiency in essential life saving drugs and medicines.
    2. It has 3 manufacturing plants, at Rishikesh (Uttarakhand); Hyderabad (AP) and Gurugram (Haryana).
    3. IDPL has 2 wholly owned subsidiaries at Chennai and Muzaffarpur (Bihar).
  • AYUSH Sanjivani App
    1. Developed by The Ministry of AYUSH and MEITY for generating data of large population with a target of 5 million people.
    2. The core expected outcomes includes to generate data on acceptance and usage of AYUSH advocacies and measures among the population and its impact in prevention of COVID 19.

What is the news?

  • The Ministry of AYUSH under its Central Sector Scheme for promotion of International Cooperation, undertakes various initiatives for international promotion, propagation & Global acceptability of AYUSH systems of medicine such as Bilateral & Multilateral negotiations with different countries to undertake various steps for trade facilitation, recognition to Ayush System, establishing a dedicated AYUSH Export Promotion Council (AEPC) to promote export of Ayush products/ Medicines/Services, support to Industry & Hospitals for participation in International Exhibitions, deputation of experts to various countries establishing quality standards by collaborating with International Agencies like WHO, ISO etc., encouraging outbound investment, establishing International Ayush Institutes, offering scholarship to foreign nationals for pursuing Ayush courses in India etc.
  • The Government has developed Champion Services Sector Scheme for Medical value Travel to enhance medical tourism in the field of Ayush and to provide support establishing world class state of the art AYUSH hospitals.
  • The Govt. has also formed a National Medical & Wellness Tourism Board to boost Medical, Wellness, Yoga and Ayurveda tourism. The Government of India is aiming to position India as a destination for health and wellness tourism through Ayush System.
  • Govt of India has taken various policy initiatives to promote Indian Traditional System of Medicine such as launching of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) to envisage better access to AYUSH services through increase in the number of AYUSH Hospitals and Dispensaries, inclusion of Ayush in National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardio-vascular diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS), operationalization of 12,500 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres under Ayushman Bharat to provide AYUSH services, introducing insurance coverage for Ayush treatments, disseminating the merits of AYUSH systems through Print/Electronic/Social Media Platforms. The AYURSWASTHYA YOJANA, a new umbrella scheme has been developed to roll out of authentic classical AYUSH Interventions for promoting community health care and to provide support for establishment of Ayush medical health unit in reputed Ayush and Allopathy institutions.

Source: PIB

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