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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 16 November, 2022

  • 4 Min Read

Acharya Kripalani

Acharya Kripalani

The Indian Prime Minister recently honoured Acharya Kripalani on his Jayanti.

About Acharya Kripalani:

  • He was born in Hyderabad, Sindh, on November 11th, 1888.
  • Although Acharya Kripalani was his more well-known moniker, his real name was Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani. He was an advocate for Indian independence, a politician, and an educator.
  • Educationist: He taught at numerous locations between 1912 and 1927 before fully committing to the independence cause.
  • Around 1922, while he was a teacher at the Gujarat Vidyapith, which had been established by the Mahatma a few years earlier, he acquired the title "Acharya."
  • He was an environmentalist who participated in preservation and conservation efforts throughout the 1970s alongside Vinoba Bhave.
  • Independence activist: By 1917, after Gandhi had taken up the cause of Gujarat's indigo workers, he had formed a relationship with Gandhi.
  • He participated in the Quit India Movement, the Civil Disobedience Movement, and the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920–22). (1942).
  • At the time of independence, he presided over the Indian National Congress (INC). He participated in both the Indian Constituent Assembly and the Interim Government of India (1946–1947).
  • Political career: After leaving Congress for independence, he helped create the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (KMPP).
  • He was a member of the Praja Socialist Party and was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952, 1957, 1963, and 1967.
  • In 1963, soon following the India-China War, he introduced the first-ever resolution of no confidence in the Lok Sabha (1962).
  • In 1963, Sucheta Kripalani, a Congress leader, became the first woman Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, while her husband Acharya continued to support the Congress.
  • He disapproved of both Indira Gandhi's leadership and Nehru's programs. His arrest occurred during an emergency (1975).
  • Books: His autobiography, My Times, which was released posthumously in 2004.
  • Several publications by Kripalani, including Gandhi: His Life and Thought (197).

Source: PIB


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