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  • 21 February, 2023

  • 6 Min Read

Exercise ‘Dharma Guardian’ 

Exercise ‘Dharma Guardian’

  • India and Japan participated in the exercise "DHARMA Guardian-2023" in Belgaum, Karnataka.

More On the News:

  • It is a combined military exercise.
  • It offers a rare chance for the armed forces of the two countries to work together in a way that strengthens the enduring ties of friendship between India and Japan.
  • In terms of the security problems that both countries face against the backdrop of the current international situation, the yearly training exercise with Japan is essential and vital.
  • During this collaborative exercise, the two forces will be able to exchange best practices for executing tactical operations under a UN mandate.
  • It offers a venue for academic and cultural exchanges as well as social encounters, broadening their horizons in terms of knowledge and cooperation with a view to living in harmony throughout the Indo-Pacific region.
  • This exercise's execution includes athletics, cross-training, and combat conditioning in real-world settings.
  • It raises the degree of defense cooperation between the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces and the Indian Army and serves as a catalyst for several future collaborative initiatives to build on the successes already made.
  • The first Dharma Guardian was introduced in November 2018 at the Indian Army's Vairengte Counter Insurgency Warfare Academy to advance military collaboration between India and Japan.

The importance of Japan :

  • Japan's superior manufacturing capabilities may aid in the expansion of India's domestic defense sector.
  • India can benefit from Japanese border infrastructure-building expertise.
  • Japan provides significant development aid to India for specific projects. Bullet Train Project, for instance.
  • Japan has also invested in India's Manufacturing zone and industrial corridors like Neemrana in Rajasthan.

Convergent Elements:

  • Open Indo-Pacific: Both nations' prosperity and well-being depend on an open and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.
  • Hegemonic China: India and Japan are concerned about China's expanding military capability and aggression in territorial disputes.
  • American position in Asia: The two countries are compelled to take action in order to defend and sustain the rules-based order in their region as doubt over America's future role in Asia grows.

Other exercises:

  • Comprehensive Tri-Service Exchanges that India and Japan participate in the lead to frequent armed forces staff meetings between the two nations.
  • Bilateral exercises including JIMEX, Bilateral Maritime Exercises, and Passage Exercises are regularly engaged in by the Indian Navy and JMSDF.
  • Every year, the Indian Army and JGSDF take part in the bilateral exercise Dharma Guardian. Multilateral exercises like MILAN and MALABAR are examples.
  • The first "Veer Guardian" took place in 2023 and involved meticulous planning and deft execution by the air forces of India and Japan.

Historical perspective:

  • Long-standing spiritual affinities as well as deep cultural and civilizational linkages have been the foundation of India and Japan's friendship.
  • The Todaiji Temple in Nara, where an Indian monk named Bodhisena performed the consecration or eye-opening of the enormous statue of Lord Buddha in the year 752 AD, was the site of India's first known direct interaction with Japan.
  • Swami Vivekananda, Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore, JRD Tata, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, and Judge Radha Binod Pal were notable Indians affiliated with Japan in modern times.
  • The oldest organization for international friendship in Japan is the Japan-India Association, which was founded in 1903.
  • Currently, Japan is Asia's most rich nation and India is its largest democracy.

Way forward

  • The Indo-Japanese partnership has the potential to change the face of Asia and contribute to the preservation of an open and secure Indo-Pacific by focusing on shared interests.
  • The economic front needs to be improved so that the demographic dividend of Asia as a whole can be used to benefit India and other Asian nations.
  • A plan containing doable recommendations, like improving collaboration in counterterrorism, cyber security, and disaster relief.

Source: PIB

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