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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 16 December, 2021

  • 5 Min Read

Global assessment of forest biodiversity by WWF

Context

World Wide Fund for Nature released the first-ever global assessment of forest biodiversity.

Background

Forest biodiversity had never been assessed, but forest area was often used as a proxy indicator. The new findings were based on the Forest Specialist Index, developed following the Living Planet Index methodology an index that tracks wildlife that lives only in forests.

Keys of report

  • There has been a 53 per cent decline in the number of forest wildlife populations since 1970, according to the first-ever global assessment of forest biodiversity by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).
  • Wildlife is an essential component of natural and healthy forests. They play a major role in forest regeneration and carbon storage by engaging in pollination and seed dispersal.
  • While the decline was consistent in these years among mammals, reptiles and amphibians (particularly from the tropical forests), it was less among birds (especially from temperate forests).

Threaten by Climate Change

  • 43% of amphibian populations
  • 37% of reptile population.
  • 21% of bird population.
  • Loss of habitat due to logging, agricultural expansion, mining, hunting, conflicts and spread of diseases accounted for almost 60 per cent of threats.
  • More than 60 per cent of threatened forest specialist populations faced more than one threat.

Main Concern

Protecting wildlife and reversing the decline of nature requires urgent global action. The need is to preserve harmonious land use in our region, including forest management and protect the most valuable surviving ecosystems.

Source: Indian Express


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