UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 05 December, 2023

  • 2 Min Read

India- Kenya Ties

During recent visit of Kenyan President to India, both India and Kenya strengthened ties through a series of 5 Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) and strategic collaborations spanning diverse sectors.

  • Agriculture - India provides $250 million Line of Credit to Kenya for agricultural modernization and Kenya to provide land to Indian companies and institutions for cultivation of crops in Kenya under a cooperative model.

A line of credit is a continuous and repeated access to fund for borrowers until it reaches a set credit limit on which regular payments like both principal and interest are made by the borrower.

  • Defence - To carry out joint military exercises and to cooperate in cyber security, anti-money laundering, drugs and human trafficking.
  • BAHARI – A Joint Vision Statement on Maritime Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region to facilitate collaborations in the maritime sector
  • Energy – India to support in training and capacity building in clean and renewable energy transmission.
  • TradeIndia to open its market to avocados from Kenya, saying it will expand opportunities for Kenyan farmers.
  • Healthcare – Kenya will work with India to advance the country’s pharmaceutical and medical commodities manufacturing capabilities.
  • Digitization - India is willing to share its experience in developing Digital Public Infrastructure with Kenya.
  • Challenges2 Indian nationals went missing in 2022 which is being under investigation.

India – Kenya Historical Relationship

  • The presence of Indians in East Africa were documented in the 'Periplus of the Erythraean Sea' by an ancient Greek author written in 60 AD.
  • Diplomatic ties –India established the office of Commissioner for British East Africa resident in Nairobi in 1948 and a High Commission was established in 1963.
  • Diaspora – The 1st Indians came to Kenya in 1911 and in 2017, the Indian nationals in Kenya were granted citizenship.
  • Approximately 80,000 people of Indian origin in Kenya, who consider that country as their 2nd home.


  • 09 February, 2023

  • 5 Min Read

India-Kenya Ties

India-Kenya Ties

  • Following a joint reconnaissance of the coastal region close to the Lamu Archipelago by the warships of both nations, India recently handed over 100 nautical charts to Kenya.
  • The survey was carried out in India by the National Hydrography Office of the Indian Navy.

About Kenya:

  • Kenya is a country in Eastern Africa.
  • Nairobi is Kenya's largest and capital city, whereas Mombasa, on the country's coast, served as the nation's first capital and oldest city.
  • Kenya is bordered to the northwest by South Sudan, to the north by Ethiopia, to the east by Somalia, to the west by Uganda, to the south by Tanzania, and to the southeast by the Indian Ocean.
  • Indians and people of Indian origin, descendants of workers the British imported to build the Uganda Railway, make up a sizable portion of the population of Kenya.
  • Kenya and India collaborate often on international fora such as the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, Commonwealth of Nations, G-77 and G-15, and the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation.
  • People have traveled and traded across Kenya for ages because of its location between the Indian Ocean and Lake Victoria in Africa and the Middle East.
  • As a result, there are now numerous different ethnic groups and languages.
  • According to scientists, the original human birthplace may have been in Northern Kenya and Tanzania.
  • In Kenya's Turkana Basin, researchers recovered the remains of one of the earliest human forebears yet discovered.
  • The Omo-Turkana basin, which spans four nations—Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, and Uganda—includes Lake Turkana, the biggest desert lake on earth.
  • The headquarters of UN-Habitat is located at the United Nations Office in Nairobi, Kenya.

India-Kenya relations:

  • Historical ties between India and Kenya are based on the well-documented trade in spices.
  • It is a crucial player in deciding the geopolitics of the Western Indian Ocean in addition to being India's maritime neighbor.
  • Kenya is an active member of the African Union, which has a long-standing relationship with India.
  • In 2017, the Kenyan government designated people of Indian heritage as the 44th tribe in the nation.
  • In addition, 14 Kenyan employees have taken courses at the National Institute of Hydrography in Goa as part of the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) program to date.
  • Kenya's new cancer hospital will be funded by India.
  • India will provide drugs to Kenyan AIDS sufferers.
  • Kenya would receive a 60 million dollar concessional credit from India for a power transmission project.
  • Agreement between India and Kenya on working together to develop and manage National Housing Policy.
  • Both parties will cooperate on all issues pertaining to housing and human settlements utilizing a variety of techniques, such as staff training, personnel exchanges, exhibitions, conferences, and seminars.
  • The partnership between the two countries will center on scaling up slum prevention and improvement programs based on each country's expertise and execution methodology.
  • A memorandum of understanding for agricultural cooperation
  • A $100 million Line of Credit (LoC) for Kenya's agricultural mechanization was also announced by India.

About The Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC)Programme:

  • ITEC is the leading capacity-building platform of the Ministry Of External Affairs, Government of India.

  • ITEC, established in 1964, is one of the first institutionalised programmes for establishing international capacity. It has taught more than 200,000 officials from more than 160 nations in the civilian and defense sectors.
  • Each year, EC provides more than 400 courses at more than 100 prestigious institutions in India, providing almost 10,000 fully-funded possibilities for in-person training options.

Source: The Hindu

Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana

Recently, Prime Minister announced Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana under which 1 crore households will get rooftop solar power systems. India’s Status of Current Solar Capacity India currently stands at 4th place globally in solar power capacity. As per Ministry of New an

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA)- NGO 

The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 2010 (FCRA) registration of two prominent non-governmental organisations (NGOs) — Centre for Policy Research (CPR) and World Vision India (WVI) have been cancelled this month. What is FCRA? Key provisions of FCRA, 2010 Key aspects Description

Voice clone-AI

Voice clone fraud has been on the rise in India. AI voice cloning – It is the process of creating a synthetic replica of a person’s voice through machine learning and speech synthesis technology.It is called as voice deepfakesor audio deepfakes. Objective – To achieve a high level of na

Science communication- how to promote

Steps taken by India to promote Science Communication Publications and Information Directorate (PID) - An organisation under Council of Science and Industrial Research (CSIR) established in 1951 for publishing and disseminating scientific information in India. National science magazines- The PI

Universal Basic Income (UBI)- Analysis

Universal Basic Income (UBI) can strengthen welfare architecture and unlock the nation’s latent demographic potential. UBI - It is an income support mechanism typically intended to reach all or a very large portion of the population regardless of their earnings or employment status. Objective- To provide enough to co


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links

UPSC GS Mains Crash Course - RAW Prelims Answer Key 2024