Sure power: On India’s solar strategy
India’s installed base of this solar power source is about 35 gigawatts (GW), and its projected addition of capacity until 2024 in a COVID-19 affected future is estimated by the industry to be of the order of 50 GW.
- Viewed against the goals set five years ago for the Paris Agreement on climate, of installing 100 GW of solar power by 2022, there could be a sharp deficit.
Domination of China
- Combined with low domestic cell manufacturing capacity at 3.1 GW last year, and heavy reliance on China, high ambition must now be supported by aggressive official policy.
- The Chinese story is one of a steady rise from insignificant manufacturing capability in the 1990s, to virtual dominance through active government support in identifying and acquiring top technologies globally, importing critical raw materials such as polysilicon, acquiring solar manufacturers abroad, and investing in third countries with ready capability.
- Importantly, the domestic market was treated with great importance while promoting exports.
Opportunity for India
- The pandemic presents a critical opportunity for India to plan a green deal, on the lines of what the EU has committed itself to: that future growth and employment should align itself to environmental and sustainability objectives, particularly in energy production, away from dirty fuels such as coal.
- There is no better time than now to make solar energy a strategic sector, giving it as much importance as defence.
- As the architect of the International Solar Alliance, which attracted about 120 nations at its launch, India needs to show leadership to advance the manufacture and absorption of solar photovoltaic infrastructure in low- and middle-income countries.
- Industry must get help to set up facilities and avail low cost financing — both important elements in China’s rise — and be able to invest in intellectual property.
- A forward-looking programme should also look at emerging trends in deploying solar innovatively.
- These include newer technologies such as aesthetic photovoltaic window and roof tiles for buildings, multi-role urban structures, and greater use of residential and commercial buildings to deploy more panels.
Why India is producing less and less oil
Why is production falling?
Why are there not more private players?
What policy changes could help?
Financing for Compressed Bio-Gas plants to be brought under Priority Sector Lending
CBG potential of Tamil Nadu
Importance of CBG
Atal Innovation Mission partners with Coal India Ltd to boost its Innovation & Entrepreneurship initiatives
Atal Innovation Mission
Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat
The LPG Panchayat, which was launched in Gandhinagar last year, is aimed at driving rural households to adopt Liquefied Petroleum Gas. Now, the President is planning to conduct one in Rashtrapati Bhavan.
As a part of it, over 100 beneficiaries of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY), from 20 states will share their experiences of how the clean cooking fuel has changed their lives, in the presence of the President. After the launch of the PMUY, LPG consumption witnessed an increase of 10 per cent to 21.5 million tons during 2016-17, compared to the previous year.
Benefits of commercial Mining
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Initiatives of Coal Ministry to improve efficiency
Mineral Laws (Amendment) Act, 2020: Salient features
Amendment in Mineral Concession Rule 1960: Salient features
Central Institute of Petrochemicals Engineering & Technology (CIPET)
NTPC in pact with ONGC to set up Joint Venture Company for Renewable Energy Business
NTPC achievements in generation of Renewable Energy
ONGC achievements in generation of Renewable Energy
Ethalin hydropower project in Arunachal Pradesh deferred
The Forest Advisory Committee, the apex body of the Environment Ministry tasked with deciding whether forest land can be diverted for industrial projects, has once again deferred its decision on a controversial hydropower project in Arunachal Pradesh.
The 3097 MW Etalin Hydropower project, in the State’s Dibang Valley, has been delayed for over six years. This is because it required diverting 1165 hectares of forest in a region of rich biodiversity.
In 2015, the FAC had ruled that the Environment Impact Assessment commissioned by the power company had not properly accounted for the environmental impact of the project.
It recommended that an “internationally credible” institute conduct studies over multiple seasons to record the region’s ecological constitution.
It had also recommended that the National Tiger Conservation Authority be consulted, because tigers had been sighted in the region.
In 2019, the FAC reviewed the progress of the environment appraisal and said neither of its recommendations had been fully complied with, though a wildlife assessment was done by the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. This is an autonomous institute funded by the Environment Ministry.
River valley projects in north east India
River Valley Project
Note: It has been executed on the confluence of the rivers Barak and Tuibai in the district of Churachandpur in
The energy efficiency initiatives by BEE leads to savings worth Rs. 89,122 Cr.
Union Minister of State (IC), Power and New & Renewable Energy & Minister of State, Skill Development and Entrepreneurship,today released a Report on “Impact of energy efficiency measures for the year 2018-19” through Video conference.
The Government of India set up Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE). on 1st March 2002 under the provisions of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001. The mission of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency is to assist in developing policies and strategies with a thrust on self-regulation and market principles, within the overall framework of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 with the primary objective of reducing energy intensity of the Indian economy.
Role of BEE
BEE co-ordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies and other organizations and recognize, identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation Act. The Energy Conservation Act provides for regulatory and promotional functions.
The Major Promotional Functions of BEE include:
The Standards & Labelling Programme
Star Labelling Programme
BEE expanded the coverage of its star labelling programme by including energy efficient Deep freezer and Light Commercial Air Conditioners (LCAC).
The Star Labeling Programme has been formulated by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, under the Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
During the event, a database on energy efficiency named Urja Dakshata Information Tool (UDIT) was also launched. This initiative has been taken by the BEE with the World Resources Institute (WRI).
World Resources Institute (WRI)
Brent and WTI