31 December, 2019
Syllabus subtopic: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
Prelims and Mains focus: AFSPA- features, draconian provisions, misuses and need for review.
News: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has declared the entire State of Nagaland as a “disturbed area” for six more months, under the controversial Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) which empowers security forces to conduct operations anywhere and arrest anyone without prior notice.
About the notification issued
What does the AFSPA mean?
What is a “disturbed area” and who has the power to declare it?
What’s the origin of AFSPA?
The Act came into force in the context of increasing violence in the Northeastern States decades ago, which the State governments found difficult to control. The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and it was approved by the President on September 11, 1958. It became known as the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1958.
What are the special powers given to army officials?
What has been the role of the judiciary?
Has there been any review of the Act?
Source: The Hindu
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