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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

The Artemis I: Moon Mission by NASA

The Artemis I: Moon Mission by NASA On November 16, 2022, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) successfully launched its unmanned Artemis I mission to the Moon. The Space Launch System (SLS) rocket has launched from the Kennedy Space Centre in Cape Canaveral, Florida after several delays brought on by unforeseen technical issues and natural calamities that spanned two months. About Artemis I Mission: NASA's unmanned Artemis I mission is a luna

23 November, 2022 GS-III S&T

Global Offshore Wind Alliance (GOWA)

Global Offshore Wind Alliance (GOWA) At COP27, nine more nations just joined the Global Offshore Wind Alliance. Belgium, Colombia, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, the UK, and the US are the nine new nations. Australia declares its membership in the international offshore wind alliance. What is GOWA, or the Global Offshore Wind Alliance? The expansion of offshore wind was established to address the energy and climate challenges. It was founded by the G

23 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Report On Amazon Rainforest

Report On Amazon Rainforest Recent research from the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) titled "Living Amazon Report" 2022 claims that 35% of the rainforest has either completely disappeared or is severely degraded. The study was presented at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change's 27th Conference of Parties (COP27), which took place in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. The paper summarised the main stresses and change-causing factors, described the current state of the

23 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX)

Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) Recently, Hyderabad researchers found a remedy to stop progression of rare genetic diseases. About CTX Only four CTX cases have so far been medically documented in India. About the disease: It is a lipid-storage skin disease with no known medical cure but its progression can be stopped. It is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder caused by an abnormality in the CYP27A1 gene. The lack of this enzyme prevents cholesterol from being

23 November, 2022 GS-III S&T

Global Health and Climate Change

Global Health and Climate Change Reliance on fossil fuels, according to the Lancet report on Health and Climate Change: Health at the Mercy of Fossil Fuels, raises the risk of disease, food insecurity, and other heat-related illnesses. What are the Report's Findings? Impact on Health: Climate change has an impact on the social and environmental determinants of health, such as clean air, safe drinking water, enough food, and safe shelter. Heatwave Exposure: Rapidly risi

22 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Pathway to "low emissions" in India

Pathway to "low emissions" in India At the United Nations Conference of Parties (COP) in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, India recently announced its long-term strategy to transition to a "low emissions" pathway. More information on LT-LEDs (Long Term-Low Emission Development Strategy) are as follows: Attaining the net-zero goal: Every country must submit a long-term strategy outlining how it intends to achieve its net-zero goal. Developed countries must ach

21 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Summit on Leadership for Industry Transition

Summit on Leadership for Industry Transition On the sidelines of COP27 in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt, India and Sweden hosted the Leadership for Industry Transition (LeadIT) Summit. Following the summit, the LeadIT Summit Statement 2022 was made public in the India Pavilion at COP27. What are the Summit's Highlights? Members of LeadIT reaffirmed their commitment to pursuing the low-carbon transition. The event featured roundtable discussions on finance and other cross-sector

21 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

About Vostro and Nostro Accounts

About Vostro and Nostro Accounts The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has approved the opening of nine Special Vostro Accounts with two Indian banks, UCO and IndusInd Bank, to facilitate rupee trade overseas. Regarding the Vostro account It is an account held by a domestic bank for a foreign bank in the domestic bank's currency, which in India is the rupee. Payments in rupee for the export and import of goods will be made to these Vostro accounts in the case of trade with Russia. Th

21 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Exercise ‘Sea Vigil-22’

Exercise ‘Sea Vigil-22’ The third edition of ‘Sea Vigil-22’ is all set to commence on the eastern seaboard as part of the nation-wide Coastal Defence Exercise from November 15. About Exercise ‘Sea Vigil-22’ It was conceptualised in 2018 to validate various measures that have been instituted towards enhancing maritime security since the 26/11 Mumbai attack. The exercise is being conducted by the Indian Navy in coordination with the Indian

19 November, 2022 GS-III Internal security

Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC)

Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC) The Indian Biological Data Bank was recently established by the government at the Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB), Faridabad. Indian Biological Data Centre (IBDC) is the alternative name for the Indian Biological Data Centre. Describe IBDC. IBDC is the first national repository for life science data in India, allowing academics from all around the country to access the data as well as submit it. All life science data produced

18 November, 2022 GS-III S&T

Dengue

Dengue According to one study, the ongoing spread of Dengue fever in India has been attributed to a late monsoon withdrawal. Dengue transmission is closely linked to three key factors: rainfall, humidity, and temperature, which determine where dengue spreads and how quickly it spreads. What are the Study's Highlights? Each year, the number of months suitable for dengue transmission by Aedes aegypti mosquitos in India has increased to 5.6 months. Between 1951-1960 and

17 November, 2022 GS-III S&T

Conservation of Wetlands

Conservation of Wetlands Every aspect of the Earth's environment has been impacted by humans in this Anthropocene period. The loss of Shallow Wetlands like lakes and ponds is becoming a serious worry as a result of these human-induced changes. The most recent period in Earth's history when human activity began to have a significant impact on the planet's climate and ecology is referred to as the Anthropocene Epoch. This term refers to an unofficial unit of geologic time.

16 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

US Currency Monitoring List

US Currency Monitoring List India is one of the few countries that has recently been removed from the Department of Treasury's United States Currency Monitoring List. What is the Currency Monitoring List of the United States? It is a twice-yearly report to Congress. The report examines the policies of the United States trading partners over the last four quarters, ending in June 2022. It has also removed Italy, Mexico, Vietnam, and Thailand from the list. The report also in

16 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

National Press Day

National Press Day Every year on November 16th, India celebrates National Press Day to commemorate the establishment of the Press Council of India. About India's Press Council It was founded in 1966 under the Indian Press Council Act, 1965, on the recommendations of the first Press Commission, with the dual goal of preserving press freedom and improving the standards of newspapers and news agencies in India. It was re-established as a quasi-judicial autonomous authority in 1979

16 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

India’s First Sovereign Green Bonds Framework

India’s First Sovereign Green Bonds Framework The final Sovereign Green Bonds Framework of India was just authorised by the Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs. It will be possible to raise money for green projects by issuing sovereign green bonds. What is the framework for sovereign green bonds? The Framework closely follows the Prime Minister's explanation of India's "Panchamrit" pledges at the Conference of Parties (COP) 26 in Glas

15 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Pashmina Shawl

Pashmina Shawl Customs officials recently voiced complaints over the presence of "Shahtoosh" guard hair, which comes from endangered Tibetan antelopes, in Pashmina shawls in many of their export shipments. Describe Pashmina. Pashmina is a type of wool with a Geographical Indication (GI) label that originates in the Indian state of Kashmir. In the past, the Kashmiri people relied on Pashmina shawls to keep them warm in the winter. The word "Pashmina" d

15 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Vikram-S, India's Privately Developed Launch Vehicle

Vikram-S, India's First Privately Developed Launch Vehicle Hyderabad-based Skyroot's Vikram-S is set to take off from Sriharikota, the country's only spaceport, becoming India's first privately developed launch vehicle. The mission is known as 'Prarambh.' Regarding the Prarambh mission: It will be the first private sector launch in India. The development of privately built rockets and satellites has accelerated, particularly since the finance mini

14 November, 2022 GS-III S&T

Climate Mangrove Alliance

Climate Mangrove Alliance The "Mangrove Alliance for Climate" was recently established by the UAE and Indonesia on the fringes of the COP27 UN climate meeting taking place in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. India joined the Mangrove Alliance for Climate, launched on the sidelines of the ongoing United Nations Climate Summit in Egypt. Regarding the Alliance A Global Mangrove Research Centre will be constructed in Indonesia as part of this collaborat

14 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA)

International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA) At the COP27 to the UNFCCC in Sharm El-Sheikh, 30 nations and 20 organisations, led by Spain and Senegal, launched the International Drought Resilience Alliance (IDRA). The IDRA At the 77th UN General Assembly, Spain made the initial announcement of the IDRA. The partnership will cooperate to improve each other's drought preparedness in the future. The group also committed to changing the way the world responds to the increasin

14 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Himalayan Region Early Warning System

Himalayan Region Early Warning System Recently, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) began field studies to establish an Early-Warning System in Himalayan states against major and sudden floods, rockslides, landslides, glacier lake bursts, and avalanches. What are Early Warning Systems? The Early Warning System is an integrated system of hazard monitoring, forecasting and prediction, disaster risk assess

12 November, 2022 GS-III Disaster and Disaster management

2022 Provisional State of the Climate Report: WMO

2022 Provisional State of the Climate Report The provisional State of the Global Climate report, 2022, was recently published by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). In April 2023, the complete and final report is anticipated to be released. What are the Report's Highlights? Greenhouse gas concentrations rising: Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (NO2) concentrations—the three principal greenhouse gases—were all at record high

11 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Form Waste-to-Energy

Form Waste-to-Energy The Central Government recently released rules for implementing its waste-to-energy program, opening the door for businesses to produce biogas, bio CNG, and electricity from trash and leftovers from urban, industrial, and agricultural sources. About the Waste-to-Energy Program: The National Bioenergy Program was initiated by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE). MNRE has continued the National Bioenergy Programme for the period from FY 2021-22 t

10 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Xenotransplantation

Xenotransplantation In the first-ever transplant of a gene-edited pig heart to a person, the genetically altered pig heart pumped more slowly than usual. Only 61 days passed following the transplant for the human recipient. Such transplant attempts in the past have likewise failed. Describe Xenotransplantation. The transplantation of animal tissues or organs into human recipients is known as xenotransplantation. Gene editing was used in a recent pig-to-human heart transp

10 November, 2022 GS-III S&T

Vaccine for Malaria: A New Hope

Vaccine for Malaria: A New Hope After four doses given to young children, the RTS, S/AS01 (Mosquirix) malaria vaccine shows a limited level of efficacy and reduces cases of severe malaria by just 30%. It still has a big impact on public health and has the potential to save thousands of lives annually. Regarding the vaccines GlaxoSmithKline created RTS, S/AS01 for the purpose of immunizing children. It falls short of the 2015 standard set by the WHO for the effectiveness

10 November, 2022 GS-III S&T

Indian Black Honeybee

Indian Black Honeybee A new endemic honeybee species has been discovered in the Western Ghats. Regarding species: Apis karinjodian is the scientific name for the new species, which is also known as the Indian black honeybee. After more than 200 years, it was spotted from the Western Ghats. Fabricius described Apis indica as the last honeybee from India in 1798. Despite the fact that Fabricius named the Indian bee Apis indica, it was not considered a valid species until rece

09 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

World Heritage Glaciers in Danger: UNESCO

World Heritage Glaciers in Danger: UNESCO A recent UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) study discovered that a third of the glaciers on the UNESCO World Heritage list are under threat, despite efforts to limit temperature increases. A glacier is a large, perennial accumulation of crystalline ice, snow, rock, sediment, and water that forms on land and moves down slope under the influence of gravity and its own weight. They are sensitive indicators of

08 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Adaptation Gap Report 2022

Adaptation Gap Report 2022 According to the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) Adaptation Gap Report, 2022, global efforts in adaptation planning, financing, and implementation are insufficient to prepare vulnerable communities around the world to adapt to the rising risks of climate change's impacts. The report discovered some progress on adaptation plans from national governments, but they are not financially supported. What are the Report's Findings?

07 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Portal on National Mission on Natural Farming

Portal on National Mission on Natural Farming The Union Agriculture Minister recently launched a portal on the National Mission on Natural Farming (NMNF) for the benefit of farmers. Important Points about The NMNF website: The Agriculture Ministry is in charge of its development. It was launched here at the National Natural Farming Mission's first steering committee meeting. The portal contains all of the mission's information, implementation outline, resources,

07 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

India Chem 2022

India Chem 2022 India Chem 2022, the 12th Biennial International Exhibition and Conference, was recently opened in New Delhi's Pragati Maidan. "Vision 2030: Chemicals and Petrochemicals Build India" is the topic of India Chem 2022. What is the state of the Indian chemical industry? The vastly diversified Indian chemical sector can be broadly divided into bulk chemicals, specialty chemicals, agrochemicals, petrochemicals

05 November, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Rhinoceros Horn Shrinkage

Rhinoceros Horn Shrinkage According to a British Ecological Society study, rhinoceroses horns may have shrunk over time. Reasons for Horn Shrinkage Rhinos' horns, which are highly valued in some cultures, have long been hunted. The decreasing horn length across species over time, possibly due to hunting selective pressure and evolution. Important Fact: Keratin, the main component of human hair and fingernails, is used to make rhino horns. More on the Research

04 November, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

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