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FOREST CONSERVATION RULE 2022

FOREST CONSERVATION RULE 2022 Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has issued the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2022. It is conferred by Section 4 of the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980, and in supersession of the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2003. Provision of forest (conservation) rule 2022 Formation of Committees: It set up an Advisory Committee, a regional empowered committee at each of the integrated regional offices, and a project screening committee at the Stat

02 July, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

INDIA'S IMPORTS FROM RUSSIA INCREASED AMID SANCTION

INDIA'S IMPORTS FROM RUSSIA INCREASED AMID SANCTION Amid international sanctions imposed against Russia after its invasion of Ukraine, India’s imports from Russia have increased rapidly. India’s crude oil imports from Russia surged by 286% while coal imports increased by over 345% in the January-April 2022 period. Russia is now among the top 10 suppliers of crude oil to India. Russian oil now makes up to ten per cent of India’s oil import basket.

28 June, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

INDIA'S GIG ECONOMY: NITI AAYOG REPORT

INDIA'S GIG ECONOMY: NITI AAYOG REPORT The NITI Aayog has released the report titled India's Booming Gig and Platform Economy. Gig economy In a gig economy, temporary, flexible jobs are on-trend and companies tend to hire independent contractors and freelancers instead of full-time employees. The gig economy can benefit workers, businesses, and consumers by making work more adaptable to the needs of the moment and the demand for flexible lifestyles, where one can focus on p

28 June, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

INTERNATIONAL MSME DAY

INTERNATIONAL MSME DAY International MSME Day is celebrated every year on the 27th of June throughout the world to highlight the importance of MSMEs and their crucial role in being the backbone of the country’s economy. KEY POINTS The United Nations designated 27th June as Micro, Small, and Medium-sized Enterprises Day through a resolution passed in the United Nations General Assembly in April 2017. In May 2017, a program titled 'Enhancing National Capacities for Unl

27 June, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

AMENDMENT TO INSOLVENCY AND BANKRUPTCY BOARD OF INDIA

AMENDMENT TO INSOLVENCY AND BANKRUPTCY BOARD OF INDIA REGULATION 2017 The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has amended the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Grievance and Complaint Handling Procedure) Regulations, 2017 and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Inspection and Inspection and Investigation) Regulations 2017. Insolvency and bankruptcy board which is related to grievances and complaint handling procedure provides a mechanism for restituti

18 June, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Crashing Crypto Market

Crashing Crypto Market What is the issue? Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies have been crashing since they hit an all-time high in last year.  

17 June, 2022 GS-III S&T

CABINET APPROVES MEGA 5G AUCTION

CABINET APPROVES MEGA 5G AUCTION Central government has approved the auction of airwave capable of offering 5G telecom services, including ultra-high-speed internet. It also gave permission for setting up of captive 5G networks by big tech. ABOUT 5G 5G is the 5th generation mobile network which is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network which is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including ma

16 June, 2022 GS-III S&T

BENEFITS OF RICE FORTIFICATION

BENEFITS OF RICE FORTIFICATION Center to boost the supply of fortified rice started the second phase of the distribution of fortified rice from April 1. Its main aim is to supply the fortified rice to beneficiaries of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and the Pradhan Mantra Poshan Shakti Nirman (PM-POSHAN) Scheme. Food cooperation of India had procured about 90 lakh tonnes of fortified rice and about 2.2lakh tonnes had been supplied to 90 districts in 16 states. Ric

15 June, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Significance of Transfer Of IN- Orbit Communication

Significance of Transfer Of IN- Orbit Communication Satellite Recently the union cabinet approved the transfer of 10 in-orbit communication satellites from the government of India to NewSpace India limited. NSIL is a public sector enterprise under the administrative control of the Department of Space. The Indian government has also approved increasing the share capital of NSIL from Rs1000 crore to Rs 7500 crore. SIGNIFICANCE It will provide the desired financial autonomy to the

14 June, 2022 GS-III S&T

GLOBAL SUSTIANBLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2022

GLOBAL SUSTIANBLE DEVELOPMENT REPORT 2022 The report highlights India’s continuous decline in Sustainable Development Performance. India ranked 120 out of 163 countries in 2022. In 2020 it ranked 117. Sustainable Development Report is the global assessment of the country progress toward achieving the sustainable development goal which is published by Sustainable Development Solution Network. (The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) is a nonprof

14 June, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

HUMAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICT

HUMAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICT Human-wildlife conflict refer to the harmful interaction between humans and wildlife that lead to loss in terms of life, property and resources. With the expanding human population and their greediness which lead to the encroachment of wildlife area and disturbing their natural habitation. VERMIN ISSUE AND RECENT LAW: Recently the wildlife (protection) amendment bill 2021 was introduced in the parliament with objective to change the wildlife (protection) act 1972.&

14 June, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

UN FUND INSUFFICIENT FOR CLIMATE DISASTER: OXFAM

UN FUND INSUFFICIENT FOR CLIMATE DISASTER: OXFAM Oxfam International released a report, which say the United Nations requires eight time more climate finance than 20 years ago to be able to provide humanitarian aid to low-income countries during climate related disasters. It is also said that United Nation cannot provide poor countries enough humanitarian relief to recover from climate disaster as rich donor countries are holding back their finances. CLIMATE DISASTER: Climate disa

13 June, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Tax Evasion in India

What is Tax Evasion? Tax evasion is an activity that aims to hide, understate or falsely report income to reduce your tax liability. It comes under Tax fraud which consists not paying tax, paying less than what is due, not declaring cash transactions, fabricating income, falsifying deductions without proof etc. Tax evasion is important because it is considered illegal in India and leads to severe penalties. The penalty for not disclosing income ranges from 100% - 300% of the tax. But, yo

25 February, 2022 GS-III Internal security

PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana | PM KISAN UPSC

About PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana PM KISAN is an initiative by the Government of India in which all farmers will get up to ?6,000 per year as minimum income support. The Scheme is in effect from 01.12.2018. The scheme was officially launched on 24th February, 2019. It was announced in 2019 Interim Budget. The scheme has cost ?75,000 crore per annum. It is a new Central Sector Scheme. History of PM KISAN Scheme The scheme was first conceived an

25 February, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

National Initiative for Design Innovation (NIDI)

National Initiative for Design Innovation (NIDI) Government launched the scheme of “National Initiative for Design Innovation (NIDI)” in March, 2014. Scheme envisaged establishment of 20 Design Innovation Centres (DIC), One Open Design School (ODS) and One National Design Innovation Network (NDIN) across the country for promoting the culture of innovation, design and creative problem-solving. Presently, 20 DICs have been established on Hub-Spoke Model with 64 Spokes. D

05 February, 2022 GS-III S&T

Saffron cultivation in India

Saffron is a plant whose dried stigmas (thread-like parts of the flower) are used to make saffron spice. Saffron cultivation is believed to have been introduced in Kashmir by Central Asian immigrants around the 1st Century BCE. Pampore region, in India, commonly known as Saffron bowl of Kashmir, is the main contributor to saffron production, followed by Budgam, Srinagar, and Kishtiwar districts. Saffron has traditionally been associated with the famous Kashmiri cuisine. It

03 February, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

SEHAT Scheme for Teleconsultation

Services e-Health Assistance and Teleconsultation (SeHAT) is the tri-services teleconsultation service of the Ministry of Defense designed for all entitled personnel and their families. As part of the Government’s commitment to Digital India and e-Governance, Minister of Defense launched SeHAT on 27 May 2021. It has been a great example of innovation, especially at a time when the nation is fighting the COVID-19. SeHAT stay home OPD is a patient-to-doctor system where the patie

01 February, 2022 GS-III S&T

World Neglected Tropical Diseases Day

Observing the 3rd World Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) Day on 30th Jan 2022, as a key moment to highlight the global community’s commitment to ending NTDs, India joined close to 40 other nations to illuminate the iconic New Delhi Railway Station in purple and orange hues, which is one of the busiest railway stations in the country in terms of train frequency and passenger movement. NTDs are caused mostly by a variety of pathogens including viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi, and

01 February, 2022 GS-III S&T

Ramsar sites and Wetlands in India

Ramsar sites and Wetlands in India Context: A wetland is a place where the land is covered by water. Marshes, ponds, the edge of a lake/ocean, the delta at the mouth of a river, low-lying areas that frequently flood — all of these are wetlands. Wetlands of international importance are also known as Ramsar sites. Wetlands are areas where water is the primary factor controlling the environment and the associated plant and animal life. They occur where the water table is

01 February, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Difference between Petroleum, Natural Gas, LNG, LPG and H-CNG

Difference between Petroleum, Natural Gas, LNG, LPG and H-CNG Petroleum / Mineral oil Natural Gas Found in sedimentary rocks of marine origin Formed by decomposition of tiny marine creatures, plants & vegetation under mud, silt & sand. Over the years, it undergoes chemical changes to form crude oil & natural gas under the action of heat & pressure. 20 % of India’s crude oil & gas demand is pro

01 February, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Digital Economy

National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) NPCI was set up in 2008. It is a 'Not for Profit' company, was set up in 2008 as an umbrella organization for all retail payments system in India. It was set up with the guidance and support of (RBI) and Indian Banks’ Association (IBA). Initially the shareholding was for 10 banks, it was diversified to 56 banks. Objectives To consolidate an

31 January, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

The Nansen Initiative

The Nansen Initiative is a state-led, bottom-up consultative process intended to build consensus on the development of a protection agenda addressing the needs of people displaced across international borders in the context of disasters and the effects of climate change. The overall goal of the Nansen Initiative is to build consensus among States on key principles and elements to protect people displaced across borders in the context of disasters caused by natural hazards, including those l

30 January, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Dr V Anantha Nageswaran: New Chief Economic Advisor

About Chief Economic Advisor The Chief Economic Adviser (CEA) is a post in Government of India and is equivalent to rank of Secretary to the Government of India. The CEA is head of Economic Division of the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Government of India. The CEA is the ex-officio cadre controlling authority of the Indian Economic Service. Until 2009, the CEA’s position was a Union Public Service Commission appointment and until the 1970s almost all CEA

29 January, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

PLI Scheme for Textiles

Why in news? Taking steps forward towards the vision of an ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’, Government has approved the PLI Scheme for Textiles for MMF Apparel, MMF Fabrics and 10 segments/ products of Technical Textiles with a budgetary outlay of Rs. 10,683 crore. PLI scheme for Textiles is part of the overall announcement of PLI Schemes for 13 sectors made earlier during the Union Budget 2021-22, with an outlay of Rs. 1.97 lakh crore. With the announcement of PLI Schemes for 13 s

29 January, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Disinvestment in India

Why in news? The government is eyeing a sale of its residual stakes in erstwhile public sector firms like Paradeep Phosphates, Hindustan Zinc and Balco, which were privatised during the Atal Behari Vajpayee regime, a top finance ministry official said. The government still owns 49% stake in aluminium producer Balco and 29.5% in Hindustan Zinc, with the latter’s sale held up since 2016 following a Supreme Court stay. With both the firms staying highly profitable after the tra

28 January, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

National Biofuel Policy, 2018

About Ethanol: About 5% of the ethanol produced in the world in 2003 was actually a petroleum product. It is made by the catalytic hydration of ethylene with sulfuric acid as the catalyst. It can also be obtained via ethylene or acetylene, from calcium carbide, coal, oil gas, and other sources. Bio-ethanol is usually obtained from the conversion of carbon-based feedstock. Agricultural feedstocks are considered renewable because they get energy from the sun using photosynthesis, pro

27 January, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Gaganyaan Mission

ISRO was targeting December, 2021 to launch the unmanned test mission of Gaganyaan project (earlier scheduled for December 2020). ISRO’s Gaganyaan is India's first manned space mission. It envisages sending three Indians to space by 2022. Four pilots have been selected for the mission and they are undergoing training in Russia. Gaganyaan will involve Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle GSLV Mark III rocket with a modified upper stage compatible with a crew module

26 January, 2022 GS-III S&T

Geo Tourism in India

What is Geo Tourism? Geotourism is tourism associated with geological attractions and destinations. Geotourism deals with the abiotic natural and built environments. Geotourism was first defined in England by Thomas Alfred Hose in 1995. National Geological Monuments India is a country with diverse physical attributes, rich cultural heritage and eventful ancient history. Tourism plays a major role in showcasing this great country to the rest of the world. Of late, there has b

25 January, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

Tiger Reserves in India

About Tiger Reserves: Tiger Reserves are protected areas that aim at conserving the habitat to ensure a viable population of the tigers along with their prey base in their habitat. Declared by: Tigers Reserves are declared by the National Tiger Conservation Authority via Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act,2006 under Project Tiger. Project Tiger:

22 January, 2022 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

National Electricity Policy-Revision

National Electricity Policy-Revision GS-Paper-3: Economic reform – UPSC PRELIMS – Mains Application The government has decided to revise the National Electricity Policy-NEP by invoking Section 3 of the Electricity Act, 2003. The 2003 Act mandates that the central government shall prepare the NEP in consultation with the state governments and the Central Electricity Authority. The government has constituted a committee now. It would finalise the draft NEP which has been circu

21 January, 2022 GS-III Economic Issues

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