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Smuggling of Gold

Airports discovered more than 63% of this illegal gold. The Department of Revenue Intelligence recently conducted the Golden Dawn Operation across India, seizing 101.7 kg of illegal gold valued at Rs 51 crore. Despite the fact that India receives a legal import of about 800-1,000 tonnes of gold each year, the illicit market is thought to be about 4,000 tonnes larger. How much gold enters India illegally? In FY 2021–22, 833 kg of smuggled gold totalling approximately

28 April, 2023 GS-III Economic Issues

Genetic Markers

Preterm delivery is a leading cause of Neonatal fatalities (deaths among live newborns within the first 28 completed days of life) and problems worldwide. Recently, Indian researchers working on the Garbh-Ini program have discovered 19 genetic markers linked to preterm birth. An improvement in maternal and neonatal outcomes could result from the identification of genetic markers linked to preterm delivery and from the prediction and close monitoring of high-risk pregnancies. What is Pr

28 April, 2023 GS-III S&T


Recently, SpaceX launched its Starship cruise ship from the Super Heavy rocket in an unmanned test mission. The upper-stage Starship, however, was unable to separate from the lower-stage Super Heavy, and as a result, the vehicle exploded. Elon Musk established the for-profit business SpaceX in 2002. What is the Starship Project? Known as Starship as a whole, SpaceX's Starship spacecraft and Super Heavy rocket are a fully reusable transportation system intended to take both pa

28 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

Translocation of Elephants

The Kerala government's appeal of the order of the Kerala High Court is rejected by the Supreme Court. The Kerala government's appeal against the Kerala High Court's directive to move Arikomban (Wild Elephant), the "rice tusker" of Munnar, to the Parambikulam tiger reserve was recently dismissed by the Supreme Court. About the translocation of elephant The act of transporting an elephant from its natural habitat to another location is referred to a

27 April, 2023 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

First Waterbodies Census

The Ministry of Jal Shakti has published the results of the nation's first-ever water body census, providing important new information about the water resources of the nation. The census offers a thorough inventory of the country's water resources, showing differences between rural and urban areas as well as different degrees of invasion. What does the Census of Waterbodies mean? In conjunction with the 6th Minor Irrigation Census for 2017–18, the waterbodies census

27 April, 2023 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment


Web3.0 Web3 is the "internet for the next generation," so discussions about it are growing. What is the World Wide Web? The World Wide Web, commonly referred to as the Web, is a collection of websites or web pages that are kept on web servers and linked to local computers over the internet. There are text pages, digital photos, audio files, videos, etc. on these websites. Users can use their internet-connected devices, such as PCs, laptops, mobile phones, etc., to ac

25 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

Wildlife Protection Act, 1972

Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 has been in effect for 51 years, and throughout that time, it has been successful in preserving a number of endangered species. The law has been essential in preserving the various fauna of the nation. In order to guarantee environmental and ecological security, this Act provides for the protection of the nation's wild animals, birds, and plant species. The Act, among other things, imposes limitations on the hunting of

25 April, 2023 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Drug Trafficking

Drug Trafficking Security and law enforcement organisations around the world, including in India, are on high alert due to the serious problem of the international drug trade. The Death (Golden) Crescent and Death (Golden) Triangle have historically been viewed as sandwiching India, and drug lords who are indirectly assisted by intelligence setups are flooding India with drugs, mainly heroin and methamphetamine, from these two locations. Drug issue The Taliban's main sourc

24 April, 2023 GS-III Internal security

R21 Malaria Vaccine

R21 Malaria Vaccine With the clearance of the R21/Matrix-M malaria vaccine, which was created by the University of Oxford and produced by the Serum Institute of India, Nigeria made medical history. After Ghana, it is the second nation to accomplish so. About The R21, also known as the Matrix-M malaria vaccine, is the second disease-specific vaccination ever created. In 2021, the WHO authorised RTS, S or mosquirix, the first-ever malaria vaccine. Nine nations, including the

24 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

Plant ‘cries’: Recalling J.C. Bose

Plant ‘cries’: Recalling J.C. Bose Researchers from Tel Aviv University in Israel claimed to have been able to hear the sounds emitted by distressed plants. Details about News When under stress, such as when they were thirsty, the researchers claimed that these plants have been producing very identifiable, high-pitched ultrasonic sounds. This was the first time that any form of noise from plants had been discovered. Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858-1937)

24 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

India's Science and Technology Innovation Ecosystem

India's Science and Technology Innovation Ecosystem In order to connect and identify prospective young start-ups in India's science and technology innovation ecosystem, the YUVA Portal was recently created. Earlier, the "One Week - One Lab" campaign was introduced. Launched in Haryana's Karnal, the astronomy lab offers possibilities for persons with disabilities to flourish in a variety of skill, art, and craft disciplines. What recent changes have occurred in

22 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

National Quantum Mission

National Quantum Mission Recently, the National Quantum Mission (NQM) to support scholarly and commercial research and development in quantum technology was approved by the union cabinet, which is presided over by the prime minister. About National quantum mission From 2023 until 2031, the mission will be carried out by the Department of Science & Technology (DST) under the Ministry of Science & Technology. The goal of the mission is to launch, support, and scale up sc

22 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

Seeds in Space

Seeds in Space Both the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have transported two seed varieties, arabidopsis and sorghum, into space. About The impact of cosmic radiation, microgravity, and high temperatures on plant genomes and biology is the subject of this organisations' initial feasibility study. Impacts Increased radiation alters the genetic makeup of plant seeds, enabling them to adapt to a variety of cha

22 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

Animal Birth Control Rules, 2023

Animal Birth Control Rules, 2023 Animal Birth Control Rules, 2023 were just published by the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairy. In accordance with the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960, these Rules replace the Animal Birth Control (Dog) Rules, 2001. Highlight of the rule The relevant local bodies/municipalities/Municipal Corporations and Panchayats are to carry out the Animal Birth Control Programme for the sterilisation and immunisation of stray dog

21 April, 2023 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Illegal Mining of Ores

Illegal Mining of Ores The Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) recently raised the alarm about widespread corruption in Odisha's illegal manganese mining and transportation industries. In mines other than those for coal, petroleum & natural gas, atomic minerals, and minor minerals, IBM is a multi-disciplinary government organisation under the Ministry of Mines that promotes conservation, scientific development of mineral resources, and environmental preservation. Highlight Od

21 April, 2023 GS-III Economic Issues

Wheat Blast

Wheat Blast The most significant food crop in the world, wheat, is under threat from a pandemic of blast disease, according to a recent study. Wheat Blast: What is it? In tropical and subtropical areas, wheat productivity is hampered by the fungal disease known as the wheat blast. Magnaporthe oryzae pathotype Triticum (MoT) is the culprit. In 1985, it was discovered in Brazil. Both wild and domesticated grasses are affected by the fungus, most notably rice and wheat. It sp

20 April, 2023 GS-III Economic Issues


Blastomycosis In the US, there were 100 confirmed or suspected cases of blastomycosis, including at least one death. It is an infection brought on by the fungus Blastomyces. The environment is where the fungus thrives, particularly in damp soil and in organic materials that is degrading, such wood and leaves. Transmission: Breathing in the minute fungus spores from the air can cause blastomycosis in humans. There is no airborne transmission of blastomycosis between

20 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

Digital Health Summit 2023

Digital Health Summit 2023 Recently, the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) held the Digital Health Summit 2023 in Goa. The CII is a non-profit, business-led, and industry-managed organisation. Major highlight It discussed the relevance of technological breakthroughs in health care, including robotics, bioinformatics, and genomics, and how they potentially enable revolutionary medical treatments. It attempts to create a framework for digital public goods to p

19 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

India's Export Potential

India's Export Potential India's top exporting district is Jamnagar in the state of Gujarat. During FY23 (through January), it accounted for around 24% of India's exports in value terms. Dakshina Kannada in Karnataka, Devbhumi Dwarka, Bharuch, and Kachchh in Gujarat, Mumbai in Maharashtra, Kancheepuram in Tamil Nadu, and Gautam Buddha Nagar in Uttar Pradesh are the other districts in the top 10. Status of the export sector In 2022–23, the merchandise trade im

19 April, 2023 GS-III Economic Issues

Mangrove Pitta Bird

Mangrove Pitta Bird In recent months, Kendrapara and Jagatsingpur, two coastal districts of Odisha, undertook the first mangrove pitta bird census. What is the Mangrove Pitta? About: The Mangrove Pitta bird (Pitta megarhyncha) is a species of bird found in a few isolated areas of eastern India, such as the Bhitarkanika in Odisha and the Sundarbans in West Bengal. The Mangrove Pitta bird, a ground forager and tree sitter that lives predominantly in India's coastal man

18 April, 2023 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Global Terrorism Index (GTI)

Global Terrorism Index (GTI) The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) places India at 13th. Even while assaults and fatalities declined, the report reveals that Afghanistan remained the nation most severely afflicted by terrorism for the fourth year in a row. With connection to the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is a thorough study that examines the effects of terrorism on 163 nations, or 99.7% of the world's population. The Institute for Economics &

17 April, 2023 GS-III Internal security

Rooppur Nuclear Plant

Rooppur Nuclear Plant Since using the Russian ruble to pay for the building of the Rooppur nuclear facility was not currently practical, Bangladesh and Russia have agreed to utilise Chinese yuan as the method of settlement. Highlight Bangladesh is constructing the first of two nuclear power facilities together with Rosatom, the state-owned nuclear enterprise in Russia. At some point, the two reactors at the Rooppur facility, 160 km northwest of Dhaka, will continuously generat

17 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

Extend FAME II Subsidy

Extend FAME II Subsidy The parliamentary standing committee on heavy industry brought attention to the fact that Phase 2 of the FAME programme to subsidise electric vehicles only met 51.96% of its goal. In related events, the Union Ministry of Heavy Industries' Committee on Estimates (2022-23) for the examination of electric vehicle policy proposed an extension of the FAME II programme. About The Union Ministry of Heavy Industries' Committee on Estimates (2022-23) for

06 April, 2023 GS-III Economic Issues

Bandipur Tiger Reserve

Bandipur Tiger Reserve On April 1, 2023, the Karnataka-based Bandipur Tiger Reserve will have served as a Project Tiger Reserve for 50 years. To arrest the population decrease of tigers, the reserve was established in 1973 by the then-prime minister, Indira Gandhi. When Project Tiger was started, there were 12 tigers in Bandipur at first; today, 173 tigers are utilising the region as a result of conservation efforts. About bandipur tiger reserve Bandipur was on

06 April, 2023 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Eravikulam National Park

Eravikulam National Park A Fernarium has been constructed up inside Eravikulam National Park (ENP), the Nilgiri tahr's natural habitat in Munnar. About Ferns Ferns belong to the epiphytic family of plants. They develop in a soilless environment spontaneously. With the leaching of nutrients and water from trees, plants receive both. Ferns are a varied group of plants that reproduce by spores rather than flowers or seeds. Uses: Although ferns ar

06 April, 2023 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Earth Hour

Earth Hour Earth Hour is a global movement that aims to inspire people, communities, and businesses to turn off all unnecessary electric lights for one hour. As a pledge to the environment, it is held on the final Saturday in March. Background: In Sydney, Australia, in 2007, it was infamously launched as a lights-off occasion. In the years thereafter, it has expanded to involve more than 7000 cities and towns worldwide. Today, Earth Hour educates the general public on a wide r

05 April, 2023 GS-III Biodiversity & Environment

Foreign Trade Policy 2023

Foreign Trade Policy 2023 The Foreign Trade Policy (FTP) 2023 was recently introduced by the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry, Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, and Textiles. It takes effect on April 1, 2023. About The new strategy, which replaces the previous one that had been in effect since 2015 and takes effect in 2023–2024, intends to virtually triple India's exports of products and services from an anticipated $760 billion in 2022–2024

05 April, 2023 GS-III Economic Issues

Biotransformation Technology

Biotransformation Technology A UK-based business has made the claim that it has created a biotransformation technology that might change the nature of plastics and facilitate biodegradation. They claim that the method uses bacteria to organically degrade used plastic packaging and break it down into biodegradable components without accumulating microplastics. About Biotransformation Technology A UK-based firm called Polymateria has been working with Imperial College in Lon

04 April, 2023 GS-III S&T

Biofuel Export

Biofuel Export The government changed the rules for exporting biofuel from special economic zones (SEZs) and export-oriented units (EOUs), allowing it to be exported without restriction for both fuel and non-fuel uses as long as the biofuel is made using an imported feedstock. After placing similar limitations on their imports, the Indian government restricted the export of biofuels in 2018. Highlight The notification from August 2018 limited the export of biofuels and mand

04 April, 2023 GS-III Economic Issues

Gun Violence

Gun Violence In Nashville, Tennessee (in the United States), a school was the scene of a mass shooting in March 2023 that left 7 people dead as well as It was the 129th large-scale shooting in America in 2023. Also, the Punjab Government revoked 813 permits for firearms around the state to combat the "gun culture" there. Argument in Favour to Access to Gun Guns, according to some, can lower crime rates by increasing the cost of committing a crime. They have emphasised

03 April, 2023 GS-III Internal security



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