Smart Cities Mission (SCM) For economic growth, improve Quality of life, local development, harness technology to create smart outcomes. It will cover 100 cities and it will be from 2015 to 2020. It is a mission mode project. Mission is under MoHUA. SCM will be operated as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme Center will give Rs. 48000 crore over 5 years with Rs. 100 crore per city per year. An equal amount (on a matc
Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Rural vs Urban): Comparison Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin, 2016 The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban), 2015 The scheme would be implemented in rural areas throughout India except Delhi and Chandigarh. Funding: It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme: 60:40 and 90:10. 1.2 lakh will be given in plain areas and 1.3 lakh in hilly
Anti Drone system developed by India DRDO has developed an anti-drone system to neutralize enemy drone attacks. The Indigenous Drone Technology is capable of counter-attacks including detection, Soft Kill (for jamming the communication links of Drone) and Hard Kill (Laser based hard kill to destroy the Drone) of enemy Drones. The Anti-Drone System Technology and how it works Anti-drone systems are used to detect and/or intercept unwanted drones and unmanned aerial vehicle
PM Fasal Bima Yojana, 2016 = MoAFW One Nation – One Scheme theme. It will replace 2 schemes: National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and modified NAIS. It was launched along with 2 schemes: Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) and restructured pilot UPIS (Unified Package Insurance Scheme). Objectives: Provide insurance coverage, Stabilize (not double) income of farmers, Encourage farmers to adopt innovati
Indirect Taxes Indirect taxes are consumption-based taxes that are applied to goods or services when they are bought and sold. The government receives indirect tax payments from the seller of the good/service. The seller, in turn, passes the tax on to the end user i.e. buyer of the good/service. Thus, the name indirect tax as the end user of the good/service does not pay the tax directly to the government. Goods and Services Tax Goods and Services Tax (GST) is an indirect
Foreign exchange reserves position as on 27 Jul 2021 India’s foreign exchange reserves position is comfortable in terms of import cover of more than 18 months and provides cushion against unforeseen external shocks Weather the reserve funds are adequate to meet the international payment obligations, the ratio of forex reserves to total external debt stood at 101.2 per cent and short-term external debt to forex reserves stood at 17.5 per cent as at end-March 2021. The ratio o
NARS Research on Agriculture Research findings : India is a major producer of paddy, wheat and pulses. In production, India ranks 2nd in paddy & wheat and 1st in pulses in the world including neighbouring countries. National Agricultural Research System India has one of the world’s largest Agricultural Research System viz., National Agricultural Research System (NARS) including ICAR institutes and State Agricultural Universities (SAUs). The NARS has contr
Organ Donation and Transplantation Definition of Organ & Tissues Transplantation Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ. The donor and recipient may be at the same location, or organs may be transported from a donor site to another location. Organs and/or tissues that are transplanted within the same person
The IITM-ESM Model (Earth System Model) Government has developed an indigenous climate model to predict the impact of climate change on monsoon in the country. A state-of-the-art Earth System Model (ESM) has been developed at the Centre for Climate Change Research (CCCR), Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). The model development was done by the scientists at IITM Pune in collaboration with international research community. Th
Power Generation from non-fossil fuel sources Renewable Energy Targets Government of India had set a target of 1,75,000 MW installed capacity from renewable sources by the year 2022 which includes 1,00,000 MW from Solar, 60,000 MW from Wind, 10,000 MW from Biomass and 5000 MW from Small Hydro. Present Status As on 30.06.2021, the total capacity of Renewable Energy installed was 96.95 GW. This does not include large H
NTPC Group achieves over 100 Billion Units of cumulative generation in 2020-21 financial year NTPC Group companies under Ministry of Power have achieved over 100 Billion Units (BU) of cumulative generation. NTPC Korba (2600 MW) in Chattisgarh is the top performing thermal power plant in India with 97.61% Plant Load Factor (PLF) between April to June 2021, as per the data published by Central Electricity Authority (CEA). With a total installed capacity of 66085 MW, NTPC Group has 71 Po
Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) - Unemployment rate for women Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)- conducted by National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation . In 2019-20, Labour Force Participation Rate(LFPR) for the persons aged 15 years and above on usual status (principal status + subsidiary status) basis, LFPR for women has increased from 24.5% in 2018-19 to 30.0% in 2019-20 and the unemployment rate for women has come down from 5.1% i
Infant Mortality due to Pneumonia and SAANS Initiative As per Sample Registration System Report (2010-13) of Registrar General of India, Pneumonia contributes 16.9% of infant deaths and it is the 2nd highest cause of infant mortality. The list of major causes of infant mortality- Top 10 Causes of Death in age below 1 year in India : 2010-2013 Rank Cause of Death Deaths (%) Male
Progress Under National Health Mission (NHM) in 2019-20 The Cabinet noted that NHM has envisaged new Initiatives in 2019-20 as: Social Awareness and Actions to Neutralize Pneumonia Successfully (SAANS) initiative was launched to accelerate action to reduce deaths due to childhood pneumonia. SurakshitMatritvaAashwasan (SUMAN) initiative was launched to provide assured, dignified, respectful and quality healthcare at no cost and zero tolerance for denial of services and all existing Sch
FISHERIES sector in India India is World's 2nd largest fish producer and 2nd largest aquaculture nation after China. Fisheries are India's single largest Agri export. USA is the largest market for Indian seafood products. 1% GDP and 5% Agri GDP. Blue Revolution It was launched during 7th FYP through Fish Farmers Development Agency. It improved aquaculture through new technologies of fish breeding, rearing, marketing and export.
Farmer Producer Organizations(FPOs) Government of India has approved and launched the Central Sector Scheme of “Formation and Promotion of 10,000 Farmer Producer Organizations(FPOs)” to form and promote 10,000 new FPOs till 2027-28 with a total budgetary outlay of Rs.6865 Cr. Under the scheme, the formation and promotion of FPO is based on Produce Cluster Area approach and specialized commodity based approach. While adopting cluster based approach, formation of FPOs will b
New Technologies in Agriculture Sector National Agricultural Research System National Agricultural Research System coordinated at the apex level by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)/ Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), comprises of 98 Agricultural Research Institutes, 5 Deemed Universities and 3 Central Agricultural Universities besides 63 State Agricultural Universities, 4 Universities with Agriculture Faculty and 82 All India Coordinated Research
Organic Farming and Zero Budget Natural Farming Read complete topic about Organic Farming and then read the following content, your retention quality will improve exponentially. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana: click here to get complete topic. Zero Budget Natural Farming Intro: Originally promoted by Subhash Palekar in mid 1990s as an alternative to GR methods. Rationale: According to NSSO data ~ 70% of Agriculture households spend more than they earn and more
AYUSH It was earlier known as Indian System of Medicine. It is governed by Ministry of AYUSH and National AYUSH Mission both in 2014. NAM includes co-location of AYUSH at PHCs, CHCs and District Hospitals, upgradation of hospitals and setting up of upto 50 bedded integrated AYUSH hospitals. For AYUSH drugs, MoAYUSH has amended Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 for scientific studies. Ministry of AYUSH launched TKDL (Traditional Knowledge Digital Li
Yamuna River Pollution Read the complete topic about Water pollution and then read this news for the most retention. The 22 km stretch of Yamuna from Wazirabad to Okhla in Delhi, which is less than 2% of the river length, accounts for about 80% of the pollution load in the river. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, an environmental flow is the water provided within a river, wetland or coastal zone to maintain ecosystems and their benefits where there are
NSDM to train a minimum of 300 million skilled people by 2022 Read complete note on Skill Development Efforts of Government of India and then continue reading here Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has launched the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) to provide the overall institutional framework to rapidly implement and scale up the skill development efforts across India. NSDM envisages to train a minimum of 300 million skilled people by the year 2022. Ministry
Speedy clearance of Exploration Projects The Government has been making continuous efforts to ensure timely clearances and approvals. Various efforts made by the Government in this regard are: The Empowered Coordination Committee (ECC) has been constituted under the Cabinet Secretary for streamlining and speeding up clearances and approvals. Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MOP&NG) vide OM dated 28.02.2020 conveyed approval of Self Certification of Production Sharing Contr
Strategic Petroleum Reserves in India It is a storage of crude oil which would act as a cushion during any external supply disruptions or supply demand mismatch shock. The global standard for strategic oil reserves, as set by International Energy Agency (IEA) and Integrated Energy Policy 2006 of India recommended that country should maintain a reserve equivalent to 90 days of oil imports for strategic- cum-buffer stock purposes.
MSME Sector in India First complete this lecture by Ankit Sir on MSME Sector of India. And then read this comprehensive notes. Your retention level will increase exponentially. Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act (MSMEDA), 2006 Ministry of MSME established in 2007. MSME Act, 2006 is 1st-ever legal framework for recognition of the concept of “enterprise” which comprises both manufacturing and service entities.
Wetlands and Conservation Wetlands are the lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem where the water table is usually at or near the surface or land is covered by shallow water. Productivity of Estuaries > Swamp, Marshes, Wetlands > Coral Reefs > Equatorial and Tropical rainforests > Savannah. Definition: Areas of marsh, fen, peatland/ water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with static or
Steps taken by the Government to promote Agriculture Sector in Education The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has informed that to promote agriculture sector through Education, 63 State Agricultural Universities, 3 Central Agricultural Universities, 4 Deemed to be Universities and 4 Central Universities with agriculture faculty are working in the country. ICAR has also informed that in order to promote agricultural education and attract students in agricultural education, v
Self-reliance in defence manufacturing Ministry of Defence has notified a ‘First Positive Indigenisation list’ of 101 items on 21 Aug 2020 and ‘2nd Positive Indigenisation list’ of 108 items on 31 May 2021. This is a big step to promote indigenisation in defence sector. These lists include some high technology weapon systems like artillery guns, assault rifles, corvettes, sonar systems, transport aircrafts, light combat helicopters (LCHs), radars, wheeled armoured p
Defense Corridors In pursuance to the budget announcement (2018-19), it has been decided to set up two Defence Industrial Corridors in the Country, one in Uttar Pradesh and another in Tamil Nadu. Subsequently, six nodes in Uttar Pradesh Defence Corridor viz. Agra, Aligarh, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Kanpur and Lucknow have been identified. Similarly, for Tamil Nadu Defence Corridor, five nodes viz. Chennai, Coimbatore, Hosur, Salem and Tiruchirappalli have been identified. Investme
Kandla SEZ became the first Green SEZ Kandla SEZ (KASEZ) was awarded IGBC Platinum Rating. KASEZ is the First Green SEZ to achieve the IGBC Green Cities Platinum Rating for Existing Cities. The efforts of KASEZ team were applauded especially noting the fact that this was accomplished in Bhuj region where water conservation and afforestation are critical interventions. This was major achievement and is part of activities envisaged under the commitment of the Government to the Green
PM CARES for Children Scheme UPSC The Union government announced a special “PM-CARES for Children” scheme for all those orphaned due to COVID-19. It will include a corpus of ?10 lakh for each child till he or she reaches the age of 18. Children who have lost both parents or the lone surviving parent or their legal guardian or adoptive parent due to COVID-19 will be supported under the scheme. The Women and Child Development Ministry has said that there are a total 577 C
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