UPSC Courses

GS Mains Crash Course

Geography Optional Daily Answer Writing (DAW)

Boost your UPSC Mains 2024 preparation with Geography Optional Daily Answer Writing (DAW). If the aspirants aim to score 300+ marks in UPSC Geography Optional 2024, then the AspireIAS DAW module is meticulously designed to give you the competitive advantage you need. DAW module provides a structured and supportive learning environment, crafted to ensure full syllabus coverage and timely completion of the syllabus, in a crash course manner,throughanswer writing practice.

The questions are provided three days a week, accompanied by detailed discussion and mentorship directly from our experienced Director sir every Saturday. Apart from full coverage of the syllabus and mentorship, guidance is also provided on important reference books, topics and how to get an edge through diagrams and flowcharts.

Learn the geography answer writing with a teacher who himself scored 350+ marks in Geography Optional. Even his students, Aditya Uppal, Vinod Duhan and Reshma scored 300+ under his guidance.

Aspire Classnotes written by Reshma Mam (Now IPS)

Key Features of Geography Optional Daily Answer Writing (DAW)

Course commences on July first week

  • Schedule
    • Test conducted 3 days a week
  • Question Paper
    • Formed by director Sir himself
    • Includes the Most Probable questions of UPSC
    • Comprises of 8 questions
      • 3 questions of 10 marks each
      • 3 questions of 15 marks each
      • 2 questions of 20 marks each
  • Discussion Session
    • Every Saturday
    • By director Sir Himself
    • Timing – 12pm -5pm ( may vary as per availability of SiR)
  • Student Intake
    • Maximum of 20 students
    • First cum First serve basis
  • Fee
    • Rs7,999/- (+GST)
  • Class Mode
    • Online and Recorded
  • Validity
    • Three months


First two weeks of July

Paper 1

Section B: Human Geography

  • Perspectives in Human Geography
    • Areal differentiation
    • Regional synthesis
    • Dichotomy and dualism
    • Environmentalism
    • Quantitative revolution and locational analysis
    • Radical, behavioural, humanistic and welfare approaches
    • Languages, religions, and secularization
    • Cultural regions of the world
    • Human development index
  • Economic Geography
    • World economic development: measurement and problems
    • World resources and their distribution
    • Energy crisis
    • The limits to growth
    • World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions
    • Agricultural inputs and productivity
    • Food and nutrition problems
    • Food Security
    • Famine: causes, effects, and remedies
    • World industries: locational patterns and problems
    • Patterns of world trade
  • Population and Settlement Geography
    • Growth and distribution of world population
    • Demographic attributes
    • Causes and consequences of migration
    • Concepts of overpopulation, underpopulation, and optimum population
    • Population Theories
    • World population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life
    • Population as Social Capital
    • Types and patterns of rural settlements
    • Hierarchy of Urban Settlement
    • Urban morphology: Concept of primate city and rank-size rule
    • Functional Classification Of Towns
    • Sphere of Urban Influence
    • Rural-Urban Fringe, Satellite towns
    • Environmental issues in rural and urban settlements
    • Problems and Remedies of Urbanization
    • Sustainable development of cities
  • Regional Planning
    • Concept of a region
    • Types of regions and methods of regionalization
    • Growth centers and growth poles
    • Regional imbalances
    • Regional development strategies
    • Environmental issues in regional planning
    • Planning for sustainable development
  • Models, Theories, and Laws in Human Geography
    • System analysis in human geography
    • Malthusian, Marxian, and Demographic Transition models
    • Central Place Theories (Christaller and Losch)
    • Perroux and Boudeville
    • Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location
    • Weber’s model of industrial location
    • Rostow’s model of stages of growth
    • Heartland and Rimland theories
    • Laws of international boundaries and frontiers

Last Two Weeks Of July

Paper 2

Section A: Geography of India

  • Physical Setting
    • Space relationship of India with neighboring countries
    • Structure and relief
    • Drainage system and watersheds
    • Physiographic regions
    • Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns
    • Tropical cyclones and western disturbances
    • Floods and droughts
    • Climatic regions
    • Natural vegetation
    • Soil types and their distribution
  • Resources
    • Land, surface, and groundwater
    • Minerals, Energy: conventional and renewable
    • Biotic and marine resources
    • Vegetation: Forest types and distribution
    • Wildlife: conservation and management
    • Energy crisis
  • Agriculture
    • Infrastructure: irrigation, seeds, fertilizers, power
    • Institutional factors: land holdings, land tenure, and land reforms
    • Cropping patterns
    • Agricultural productivity and efficiency
    • Agricultural intensity
    • Crop combinations and diversification, land capability
    • Agro and social forestry
    • Green revolution and its socio-economic and ecological implications
    • Significance of dryland farming
    • Livestock resources and white revolution
    • Aquaculture, Sericulture, agriculture and poultry
    • Agriculture regionalism
    • Agro-climatic zones
    • Agroecological regions
  • Industry
    • Evolution of industries
    • Locational factors of cotton, jute, textile, iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, paper, chemical, pharmaceutical, automobile, cottage and ago-based industries
    • Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings
    • Industrial regionalization
    • New industrial policies
    • Multinationals and liberalisation
    • Special Economic Zones
    • Tourism including ecotourism
  • Transport, Communication, and Trade
    • Roads, railways, waterways, airways, and Pipeline network and their complementary roles in regional development
    • Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade
    • International trade and its composition
    • Trade balance
    • Export processing Zones
    • Communication infrastructure: telecommunications, internet, information technology and their impacts on economy and society
    • Indin Space Programme

First Two weeks Of August

Paper 1

Section A: Physical Geography

  • Geomorphology
    • Factors controlling landform development
    • Endogenetic and exogenetic forces
    • Origin and evolution of the earth’s crusts
    • Fundamentals of geomagnetism
    • Physical conditions of the earth’s interior
    • Geosynclines
    • Continental drift
    • Isostasy
    • Plate tectonics
    • Recent views on mountain building; Volcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis
    • Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development
    • Denudation chronology
    • Channel morphology
    • Erosion surfaces
    • Slope development
    • Applied Geomorphology
    • Geomorphology of Indian sub-continent
    • Economic geology, and environment.
    • Climatology
      • Temperature and pressure belts of the world
      • Heat budget of the earth
      • Atmospheric circulation
      • Atmospheric stability and instability
      • Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams
      • Air masses and fronts
      • Temperate and tropical cyclones
      • Types and distribution of precipitation
      • Weather and Climate
      • Koppen’s Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climate
      • Hydrological cycle
      • Global climatic change, and the role and response of man in climatic changes
      • Applied climatology and Urban climate.
    • Oceanography
      • Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans
      • Temperature and salinity of the oceans
      • Heat and salt budgets
      • Ocean deposits
      • Waves, tides, and ocean currents
      • Marine resources: biotic, mineral, and energy resources
      • Coral reefs
      • Sea-level changes
      • Law of the sea
      • Marine pollution
    • Biogeography
      • Genesis of soils
      • Classification and distribution of soils
      • Soil profile
      • Soil erosion, degradation, and conservation
      • Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals
      • Problems of deforestation and conservation measures
      • Social forestry and agro-forestry
      • Wildlife; Major gene pool centres
    • Environmental Geography
      • Principle of ecology
      • Human ecological adaptations
      • Influence of man on ecology and environment
      • Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances
      • Environmental degradation
      • Management and conservation of ecosystems
      • Biodiversity and sustainable development
      • Environmental Policy
      • Environmental hazards and remedial measures
      • Environmental education and legislation

Last 2 weeks of August


Section B: Human Geography of India

  • Cultural Setting
    • Historical perspective of Indian society
    • Racial linguistic and ethnic diversities
    • Religious minorities
    • Major tribes, tribal areas, and their problems
    • Cultural regions
    • Growth, distribution, and density of population
    • Demographic attributes: sexratio, age structure, literacy rate, workforce, dependency ratio, longevity
    • Migration (inter-regional, intraregional and international) and associated problems
    • Population problems and policies; Health indicators.
  • Settlements
    • Rural settlements: types, patterns and morphology
    • Urban settlements: types, patterns and morphology of Indian cities
    • Urbanization process and problems
    • Functional classification of Indian cities
    • Conurbations and metropolitan regions
    • Urban Sprawl
    • Slums and associated problems
    • Town planning: Problems of urbanisation and remedies
  • Regional Development and Planning
    • Experience of regional planning in India
    • Five Year Plans
    • Integrated rural development programmes
    • Panchayati Raj and decentralized planning
    • Command area development
    • Watershed management
    • Planning for backward area, desert, drought-prone, hill, tribal area development
    • Multi-level planning
    • Regional planning and development of island territories
  • Political Aspects
    • Geographical basis of Indian federalism
    • State reorganization
    • Emergence of new states
    • Regional consciousness and interstate issues
    • International boundaries of India and related issues
    • Cross-border terrorism
    • India’s role in world affairs
    • Geopolitics of South Asia and the Indian Ocean realm
  • Contemporary Issues
    • Ecological issues
    • Environmental hazards: landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, droughts, epidemics
    • Changes in the pattern of land use
    • Principal of environmental impact assessment and environmental management
    • Population explosion and food security
    • Environmental degradation
    • Deforestation, Desertification and soil erosion

Course Duration

The course duration is for 2 months (JULY and AUGUST) but if the syllabus remains, then the course may be extended till September.

Mode of the class

The mode of class is online. Live classes will be conducted. Class timing and class online joining links will be provided to the students via email or through sms. Recording of the class is available for 24 hours only, for those who have opted for live online classes. Those who have purchased the recorded classes only and choose not to attend the live classes, will get access to every recorded class for 48 hours in a sequence. (For example, if purchased for the recorded class on 1st July, then the recording of the 1st class will be available up to the night of 3rd July, the 2nd class will be available up to the night of 5th July, the 3rd class upto the night of 7th July, so on and so forth).

Jointhe Geography Optional Daily Answer Writing (DAW) course to enhance your preparation for Mains 2024. It is designed to be exceptionally helpful for those appearing in the exam.

Don’t miss out—join now and take a decisive step towards achieving your dream score!

Geography Optional Crash Course


NOW 7999/-


Geography Optional Crash Course

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₹ 7999/- (+GST)

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