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25 January,2022
National Policy on Electronics, 2019

Objective of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 The Policy envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing - (ESDM) by promoting domestic manufacturing, skill development, start-up, export eco-system and improving ease of doing business for the ESD

24 January,2022
Welfare schemes of the Government promoting girls education

Welfare schemes of the Government promoting girls education Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL), Ministry of Education is implementing various welfare schemes for incentives for girls education. Under the Samagra Shiksha, there is a provision of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidya

22 January,2022
Tiger Reserves in India

About Tiger Reserves: Tiger Reserves are protected areas that aim at conserving the habitat to ensure a viable population of the tigers along with their prey base in their habitat.                     &nbs

21 January,2022
National Electricity Policy-Revision

National Electricity Policy-Revision GS-Paper-3: Economic reform – UPSC PRELIMS – Mains Application The government has decided to revise the National Electricity Policy-NEP by invoking Section 3 of the Electricity Act, 2003. The 2003 Act mandates that the central government shall p

20 January,2022
National Commission on Safai Karamcharis (NCSK)

About National Commission on Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) The NCSK was established in the year 1993 as per the provisions of the NCSK Act 1993 initially for the period upto 31.3.1997. Later the validity of the Act was initially extended upto 31.3.2002 and thereafter upto 29.2.2004.  The NCSK

India - Central Asia Relations

Mapping of Central Asia Central Asia comprises of 5 countries given above between Caspian Sea and China.  Kazakhstan is the largest producer of Uranium and has huge gas and oil reserves as well. Uzbekistan is an important regional producer of gold along with Kyrgyzstan. Tajikist

Hydrogen Fuel Cell

Hydrogen Fuel is produced through Steam methane reforming: Extraction of hydrogen from methane. But these release CO2 and CO which leads to Climate change. Electrolysis: Separating hydrogen and oxygen atoms. HFC contains NOx as pollutants since Hydrogen (molecule) uses Nitrogen a

Manual Scavenging in India

Manual Scavenging Syllabus subtopic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Prelims and Mains

19 January,2022
Payment Banks and Small Finance Banks

Payment Banks Provides small savings and current accounts < 1 lakh, Mutual Funds, Insurance products, remittances to workers. They are differentiated or restricted banks. It was announced in Union Budget 2014-2015. It was based on the recommendations of the Nachiket Mor Committee

17 January,2022
World Economic Forum - UPSC Analysis

What is World Economic Forum-UPSC Analysis? World Economic Forum is a Swiss non profit foundation established in 1971 based in Geneva, Switzerland. Recognized by the Swiss authorities as to the international institution for public-private cooperation. World Economic Forum e

Electric Vehicles and Government Policies

Electric Vehicle Policy India Electric Vehicle as the car uses alternate fuel electricity instead of petrol or diesel. An electric vehicle uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. There is a growing acceptance for hybrid and electric cars in the country and more

16 January,2022
PLI Scheme for Advance Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery

What are ACC Batteries? ACCs are the new generation of advanced storage technologies that can store electric energy, either as electrochemical or as chemical energy, and convert it back to electric energy as and when required. They will cater not only to electric vehicles but also to the co

15 January,2022
India State of Forest Report 2021

Who prepares India State of Forest Report, 2021? ‘India State of Forest Report 2021’ is prepared by the Forest Survey of India (FSI) which has been mandated to assess the forest and tree resources of the country. The ISFR-2021 provides information on forest cover, tree cover, man

What is Lok Adalat- Its importance?

Lok Adalat Meaning & its importance Justice delayed is justice denied. Access to justice for the poor is a constitutional mandate to ensure fair Across the country, a total number of 1,27,87,329 cases were disposed of in four National Lok Adalat, which included a huge number of pending

14 January,2022
Nanotechnology in India

What is Nano Technology? Nanotechnology in India is the development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and develop new devices and material structures in the physical size range of 1-100 nanometres (nm), where 1 nanometre is equal to one billionth or 10^−9 of a meter.

13 January,2022
POWERGRID and Africa50: First Transmission PPP Project

Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID) has signed a Joint Development Agreement with Africa50, the pan-African infrastructure investment platform to continue to develop the Kenya Transmission Project on a public-private partnership basis. Africa50 Afr

Artificial Intelligence in India

Industrial Revolution 4.0 It includes Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Blockchain AR, VR, IoT, Supercomputing, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, 3D printing. IoT (Internet of Things): is defined by ICT as a dynamic global network infrastructure with self-configuring capabilities. Deep Lea

12 January,2022
Lightweight anti-tank missile tested by DRDO

What is Man Portable Anti Tank Guided Missile? The MPATGM is a third-generation anti tank guided missile (ATGM), which has been developed by DRDO in partnership with Indian defense contractor VEM Technologies Ltd. Fitted with a high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhe

11 January,2022
India - US Relations UPSC

Introduction India - US relations have developed into a "global strategic partnership", based on shared democratic values and increasing convergence of interests on bilateral, regional and global issues. The emphasis placed by the Government in India on development and good g

National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM)

About National Hydrogen Energy Mission, 2021-22 The Union Budget for 2021-22 has announced a National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM) to draw up a road map for using hydrogen as an energy source. This initiative can transform transportation. NHM initiative will capitalise on one of the most a

10 January,2022
Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021

India has climbed 2 spots and has been ranked 46th by the World Intellectual Property Organization in the Global Innovation Index 2021 rankings. What is Global Innovation Index? It is a global ranking for countries for success in innovation. It is published b

09 January,2022
Startup Ecosystem in India

What is the Startup Ecosystem in India? India has the 3rd largest startup ecosystem in the world; expected to witness YoY growth of consistent annual growth of 12-15% India has about 50,000 startups in India in 2018; around 8,900 – 9,300 of these are technology-led startups 1

08 January,2022
DPIIT-Dept for Promotion of Industry & Internal Trade

Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industries DIPP was established in 1995 and reconstituted in 2000 with the merger of the Dept of Industrial Development. It was renamed in 2019. The following are the Functions of

06 January,2022
SAAR program

As a part of Azadi Ka Amrut Mahotsav, Smart Cities Mission, MoHUA has launched “Smart cities and Academia Towards Action & Research (SAAR)” program, a joint initiative of MoHUA, National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) and leading Indian academic institutions of the country.

Atal Pension Yojana (APY)

Atal Pension Yojana (APY) addresses the old age income security of the working poor and the longevity risks among the workers in the unorganised sector. It encourages the workers in unorganised sector to voluntarily save for their retirement. The Government had launched the scheme with effe

Smart Cities Mission (SCM)

About Smart Cities Mission (SCM) For economic growth, improve Quality of life, local development, harness technology to create smart outcomes. It will cover 100 cities and it will be from 2015 to 2020. It is a mission mode project. The Smart City Mission is under

05 January,2022
Border Roads Organisation (BRO)

Context: The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has raised its benchmark of excellence yet again by extending access to the formidable Zojila at an altitude of 11,649 ft, that links the Union Territory of Ladakh with the rest of the country. For the first time, the Zojila pass remained open be

04 January,2022
National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT)3.0

What is National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) 3.0? National Educational Alliance for Technology (NEAT) is an initiative to provide the use of best-developed technological solutions in the education sector to enhance the employability of the youth on a single platform for learners

I4C - Indian Cybercrime Coordination Centre

What is the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)? It is set up under the newly created Cyber and Information Security (CIS) division of the MHA. 7 components of the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C): National Cyber Crime Threat Analytics Unit National

03 January,2022
Draft National Air Sports Policy 2022

India has the potential to be among the leading nations in the world of air sports. It has a large geographical expanse, diverse topography and fair weather conditions. It has a large population, especially the youth. It has a growing culture for adventure sports and aviation. Other than the direct


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