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Press Information Bureau

Press Information Bureau

Press Information Bureau (PIB) News
05 August,2021
SATAT initiative

SATAT (Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation) About Biogas Energy produced from organic waste. Converted into energy by direct combustion or by conversion of such wastages into alcohol,  methane, or other storage fuels. Bio-gas is produced 

India and World Bank sign $250 million project for DRIP-2 Scheme

First read the comprehensive note of Dam safety policies and institutions in India.   India ranks third globally after China and the United States of America, with 5334 large dams in operation. In addition, about 411 dams are under construction at present. There are also several thousand

Steps to stop illegal mining in Rajasthan

First read the whole Mining sector of India and then read the following write up. Your retention level will increase exponentially. About Sand Sand is a minor mineral under Section 3(e) of the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act, 1957. Section 15 of the MMDR Act, 1957,

New Scheme for J&K

The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade has notified “New Central Sector Scheme for industrial development of Jammu and Kashmir” with financial outlay of Rs. 28,400 crore on 19/02/2021 and is effective from 01.04.2021 to 31.03.2037. The scheme is applicable for

Samagra Shiksha Scheme revised for 5 years from 2021 to 2026

Background Union Budget, 2018-19 has announced that school education would be treated holistically and without segmentation from pre-primary to class XII. It is, in this context, that the Department launched the Integrated Scheme for School Education, Samagra Shiksha in 2018 by subsuming the e

The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment) Bill, 2021

The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment) Bill, 2021 seeks to amend the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India Act, 2008.  The 2008 Act established the Airport Economic Regulatory Authority (AERA).  AERA regulates tariffs and other charges (such as airp

Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs)

To bring more stringent provisions and expeditious trial and disposal of such cases, the Central Government enacted "The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018" and made provision of stringent punishment including death penalty for perpetrators of rape. This led to the establishment of t

Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF)

PMNRF was instituted in 1948 by Jawaharlal Nehru to assist displaced persons from Pakistan. Fund is used to tackle natural calamities like floods, cyclones and earthquakes. The fund is also used to help with medical treatment like kidney transplantat

04 August,2021
Schemes for promoting domestic manufacturing of APIs

Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for promotion of domestic manufacturing of critical Key Starting Materials (KSMs)/ Drug Intermediates (DIs) and Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs) In India: The scheme provides for financial incentives to manufacturers selected under the scheme for m

FASAL and CHAMAN Scheme

The Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare is funding various projects for Crop Production Forecasting, which includes FASAL Scheme (Forecasting Agricultural output using Space, Agro-meteorology and Land based observations) and CHAMAN (Coordinated Horticulture Assessment and Managem

India Digital Ecosystem of Agriculture (IDEA)

In order to create Agristack in the country, the department is in the process of finalising “India Digital Ecosystem of Agriculture (IDEA)” which will lay down a framework for Agristack. Accordingly, a Task Force has been constituted and in furtherance, a Concept Paper on IDEA has

Trade Receivables Discounting System (TReDS)

Trade Receivable Discounting System (TReDS) is working as per the guidelines issued by RBI. It is an electronic platform for facilitating the discounting of trade receivables of MSMEs through multiple financiers. Government of India has also instructed Central Public Sector Enterprises and all

Government efforts to clean river

Government efforts to clean river Cleaning and rejuvenation of rivers is an ongoing activity. It is the responsibility of the States/Union Territories (UTs) and local bodies to ensure required treatment of sewage and industrial effluents to the prescribed norms before discharging into river and o

03 August,2021
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

65 out of 141 million hectares of net area sown is presently covered under irrigation. If the irrigation is assured, farmers tend to invest more in farming technology and inputs. PMKSY was initiated in 2015 with an aim to enhance physical access of water on farm and expand cultivable area under

National Hydrology Project

NWIC (National Water Informatics Center) to maintain a comprehensive water resources data. Under Ministry of Jal Shakti - Headed by Joint Secretary Level Officer. Data will come through India - WRIS (Water Resource Information System). It is a component of Nat

Government efforts for Manufacturing sector

Production Linked Incentive scheme: Keeping in view India’s vision of becoming Aatamnirbhar and enhancing India’s Manufacturing capabilities and exports, an outlay of Rs 1.97 lakh crore has been announced in Union Budget 2021-22 for production linked incentive scheme(PLI schemes) for

Electric Vehicles and Government Policies

Electric car uses alternate fuel electricity instead of petrol or diesel. An electric vehicle, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion. There is a growing acceptance for hybrid and electric cars in the country and more and more manufacturers are entering this niche

02 August,2021
Aerosol and Climate Change

Aerosol and Climate Change Scientists tracing the concentration, size and evolution of aerosol particles smaller than 3 nanometres at an urban location in India have found frequent formation of sub-3nm aerosol particles in the atmosphere. This has critical importance as a major fraction of the

01 August,2021
Jute-ICARE

Jute-ICARE -An Initiative to Double the income of Jute Farmers Improved Cultivation and Advanced Retting Exercise for Jute (Jute – ICARE) was launched in 2015 to popularize/introduce some of the better agronomic practices like microbial assisted retting among farmers intensively in a few

Muslim Women Rights Day to celebrate Triple Talaq law

Muslim Women Rights Day on 1st August to celebrate TRIPLE TALAQ law GS-Paper-2 Governance Women and law First watch this lecture by Ankit Sir on Triple Talaq Bill and only then you'll be able to retain these topics efficiently.  The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) B

e-RUPI app launched as a digital payment solution

e-RUPI app launched as a digital payment solution e-RUPI is a cashless and contactless instrument for digital payment. It is a QR code or SMS string-based e-Voucher, which is delivered to the mobile of the beneficiaries. The users of this seamless one-time payment mechanism will be able

31 July,2021
Progress under National Health Mission (NHM) in 2019-20

Progress under National Health Mission (NHM) in 2019-20 The Cabinet noted that NHM has envisaged new Initiatives in 2019-20 as: Social Awareness and Actions to Neutralize Pneumonia Successfully (SAANS) initiative was launched to accelerate action to reduce deaths due to childhood pneumonia.

POCSO Act and NCPCR

POCSO Act and NCPCR Legal provisions The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act was enacted in 2012 especially to protect children (aged less than 18) from sexual assault. Section 7 of the POCSO Act, inter alia, says that whoever with sexual intent touches the breast of

Homeless Children

Homeless Children Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act) is the primary law for children in the country. As per Section 2 (14) (vi) of the JJ Act, a child who does not have parents and no one is willing to take care of, or whose parents have abandoned or surre

Biotech PRIDE Guidelines

Biotech PRIDE Guidelines The release of Biotech-PRIDE (Promotion of Research and Innovation through Data Exchange) as 1st of its kind developed by Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology. India ranks number 4 amongst the top 20 countries contributing biological

Stem Cells research in India

Stem Cells research in India Stem cells are special human cells that have the ability to develop into many different cell types (from muscle to brain). In some cases, they also have the ability to repair damaged tissues. Stem cells differ from other kinds of cells in the body.

PM Formalisation of Micro food processing Enterprises Scheme

PM Formalisation of Micro food processing Enterprises (PMFME) Scheme Launched under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, the Pradhan Mantri Formalisation of Micro food processing Enterprises (PMFME) Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme that aims to enhance the competitiveness of existing indivi

Seismic Mapping of India

Seismic Mapping of India Read about the Earthquake of India and then click here. A total of ~59% of the land mass of India (covering all states of India) is prone to earthquakes of different intensities. As per the seismic zoning map of the country, the total area is classified into four s

Districts as Export Hubs initiative

Districts as Export Hubs initiative For the first time, Agri Exporters from the remote Districts of India connected to the international buyers from USA, the UAE, and Japan. Under the Districts as Export Hubs initiative, the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) under Department of Com

Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs)

Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs) The Government of India has launched the Central Sector Scheme of “Formation and Promotion of 10,000 Farmer Producer Organisations (FPOs)”  to form and promote 10,000 new FPOs which will leverage economies of scale in production and marketing

National Food Security Mission (NFSM) on Oilseeds, Oil palm and Pulses

National Food Security Mission (NFSM) on Oilseeds, Oil palm and Pulses In order to enhance production and productivity of Oilseeds and Pulses, the Government of India is implementing National Food Security Mission (NFSM) on Oilseeds, Oil palm and Pulses. NFSM - Pulses programme The

30 July,2021
Government concessions to promote Wind Energy Projects

Government concessions to promote Wind Energy Projects Present Status Of Wind Energy Projects More than 70 percent of the equipment is manufactured in India.  About wind resource The wind resource is highly site specific and It is commercially exploitab

Inland Vessels Bill 2021 passed in Lok Sabha

Inland Vessels Bill, 2021 It will replace the Inland Vessels Act, 1917. The Bill will regulate safety, security and registration of inland vessels. A key feature of the Bill is a unified law for the entire country, instead of separate rules framed by the States. The certificate of registra

Intensity of cyclones in North Indian Ocean is increasing

Intensity of cyclones in North Indian Ocean is increasing First read the comprehensive topic of Cyclones and then read this news. The retention quality will increase exponentially.   The intensity of severe cyclonic storms in the North Indian Ocean region has shown an increasing trend

Leh to get India’s first Green Hydrogen Mobility Project

Leh to get India’s first Green Hydrogen Mobility Project Leh is soon to become India 's  first city to implement a green hydrogen  based mobility project with zero emission. NTPC , Maharatna PSU under  Ministry of Power signed an MoU with UT of Ladakh and LAHDC to se

PM SVANidhi Scheme for Street Vendors

PM SVANidhi Scheme for Street Vendors PM SVANidhi is a Central Sector Scheme. Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs is implementing Pradhan Mantri Street Vendors’ Atma Nirbhar Nidhi Scheme (PM SVANidhi) since June 01, 2020 to facilitate working capital loan of upto?10,000 of 1 year ten

OBC and EWS Reservation in Medical sector

OBC and EWS Reservation in Medical sector Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has taken a historic and a landmark decision for providing 27% reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) in the All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme for undergraduate and postgradua

Minorities in India

Minorities in India Introduction The Government has made every section of the society an equal partner of progress with the commitment to “Development with Dignity” “Empowerment without Appeasement” and “Sabka Sath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas” ensurin

Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHC) Scheme

Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHC) Scheme The aims and objectives of Affordable Rental Housing Complexes (ARHC) Scheme announced under Atmanirbhar Bharat Package are as follows: To address the vision of ‘AtmaNirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’ significantly by creating a susta

Space reforms in India

Space reforms in India Space Activities Bill aims at regulation and promotion of private players in space sector. Government committed to create an ecosystem to encourage more private participation in indigenous production of space technologies, services and devices. Government of India has

29 July,2021
Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021 The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015. The amendments include authorizing District Magistrate including Additional District Magistrate to issue adoption o

Smart Cities Mission (SCM)

Smart Cities Mission (SCM) For economic growth, improve Quality of life, local development, harness technology to create smart outcomes. It will cover 100 cities and it will be from 2015 to 2020. It is a mission mode project. Mission is under MoHUA. SCM will be o

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Rural vs Urban): Comparison

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Rural vs Urban): Comparison   Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana – Gramin, 2016 The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban), 2015 The scheme would be implemented in rural areas throughout India exc

Anti Drone system developed by India

Anti Drone system developed by India DRDO has developed an anti-drone system to neutralize enemy drone attacks. The Indigenous Drone Technology is capable of counter-attacks including detection, Soft Kill (for jamming the communication links of Drone) and Hard Kill (Laser based hard kil

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

PM Fasal Bima Yojana, 2016 = MoAFW One Nation – One Scheme theme.  It will replace 2 schemes: National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and modified NAIS. It was launched along with 2 schemes: Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) and restructured pilot

Indirect Taxes

Indirect Taxes Indirect taxes are consumption-based taxes that are applied to goods or services when they are bought and sold. The government receives indirect tax payments from the seller of the good/service. The seller, in turn, passes the tax on to the end user i.e. buyer of the good/se

Everything about Transgender rights and schemes in India

Everything about Transgender rights and schemes in India Introduction Indian Census never recognized third gender i.e. Transgender while collecting census data. But in 2011, data of Transgender was collected with details related to their employment, literacy and caste. As per 2011 Census,

28 July,2021
Foreign exchange reserves position as on 27 Jul2021

Foreign exchange reserves position as on 27 Jul 2021 India’s foreign exchange reserves position is comfortable in terms of import cover of more than 18 months and provides cushion against unforeseen external shocks Weather the reserve funds are adequate to meet the international paymen

NARS Research on Agriculture production

NARS Research on Agriculture Research findings : India is a major producer of paddy, wheat and pulses. In production, India ranks 2nd in paddy & wheat and 1st in pulses in the world including neighbouring countries. National Agricultural Research System India has one

Denotified Tribes in India

Denotified Tribes in India Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities (DNCs) are hard to reach, less visible, and therefore frequently left out. While most DNTs are spread across the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) categories, some DNTs are

Policies for Child Beggars

Policies for Child Beggars The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated a scheme “SMILE - Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise”, which includes sub-scheme - ‘Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engag

Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021

Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021 Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021, which aims to replace over 90-year-old Lighthouse Act 1927, to incorporate the global best practices, technological developments and India's International obligations in the field of Marine Aids to Navigation, to fulf

Eighth Schedule

Eighth Schedule of the Constitution Constitutional provisions relating to Eighth Schedule The Constitutional provisions relating to the Eighth Schedule occur in Article 344(1) and 351 of the Constitution. Article 344(1) provides for the constitution of a Commission by the President on e

MGNREGA

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) It was started in 10th five year plan in 2005. It works under Ministry of Ministry of Rural Development. Funding: Centrally Sponsored with the pattern 90:10. Providing provides a legal guarantee 

Police Reforms in India

Police Reforms in India Part of: GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) India’s existing police system suffers a series of deficiencies from problems relating to a police organization, environment, infrastructure, and understaffing, to obsolete weaponry and intelligence

Organ Donation and Transplantation

Organ Donation and Transplantation Definition of Organ & Tissues Transplantation Organ transplantation is a medical procedure in which an organ is removed from one body and placed in the body of a recipient, to replace a damaged or missing organ.

The IITM-ESM Model (Earth System Model)

The IITM-ESM Model (Earth System Model) Government has developed an indigenous climate model to predict the impact of climate change on monsoon in the country. A state-of-the-art Earth System Model (ESM) has been developed at the Centre for Climate Change Research (CCCR), Indian Institute o

Fisheries sector in India

FISHERIES sector in India India is World's 2nd largest fish producer and 2nd largest aquaculture nation after China. Fisheries are India's single largest Agri export. USA is the largest market for Indian seafood products. 1% GDP and 5% Agri GDP. Blue Revolution

Farmer Producer Organizations(FPOs)

Farmer Producer Organizations(FPOs) Government of India has approved and launched the Central Sector Scheme of “Formation and Promotion of 10,000 Farmer Producer Organizations(FPOs)” to form and promote 10,000 new FPOs till 2027-28 with a total budgetary outlay of Rs.6865 Cr. Und

New Technologies in Agriculture Sector

New Technologies in Agriculture Sector National Agricultural Research System National Agricultural Research System coordinated at the apex level by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)/ Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), comprises of 98 Agricultural Rese

Organic Farming and Zero Budget Natural Farming

Organic Farming and Zero Budget Natural Farming Read complete topic about Organic Farming and then read the following content, your retention quality will improve exponentially. Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana: click here to get complete topic. Zero Budget Natural Farming Intro: Orig

AYUSH

AYUSH It was earlier known as Indian System of Medicine. It is governed by Ministry of AYUSH and National AYUSH Mission both in 2014.  NAM includes co-location of AYUSH at PHCs, CHCs and District Hospitals, upgradation of hospitals and setting up of upto 50 bedded in

27 July,2021
Infant Mortality due to Pneumonia and SAANS Initiative

  Infant Mortality due to Pneumonia and SAANS Initiative As per Sample Registration System Report (2010-13) of Registrar General of India, Pneumonia contributes 16.9% of infant deaths and it is the 2nd highest cause of infant mortality. The list of major causes of infant mortality

Yamuna River Pollution

Yamuna River Pollution Read the complete topic about Water pollution and then read this news for the most retention. The 22 km stretch of Yamuna from Wazirabad to Okhla in Delhi, which is less than 2% of the river length, accounts for about 80% of the pollution load in the river. Accordi

NSDM to train a minimum of 300 million skilled people by 2022

NSDM to train a minimum of 300 million skilled people by 2022 Read complete note on Skill Development Efforts of Government of India and then continue reading here Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has launched the National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) to provide the ov

Speedy clearance of Exploration Projects

Speedy clearance of Exploration Projects The Government has been making continuous efforts to ensure timely clearances and approvals. Various efforts made by the Government in this regard are: The Empowered Coordination Committee (ECC) has been constituted under the Cabinet Secretary for st

Strategic Petroleum Reserves in India

Strategic Petroleum Reserves in India It is a storage of crude oil which would act as a cushion during any external supply disruptions or supply demand mismatch shock. The global standard for strategic oil reserves, as set by International Energy Agency (IE

MSME Sector in India

MSME Sector in India First complete this lecture by Ankit Sir on MSME Sector of India. And then read this comprehensive notes. Your retention level will increase exponentially.  Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act (MSMEDA), 2006 Ministry of MSME established in 2007.

Reforms in the Mining Sector

Reforms in the Mining Sector Geological Survey of India: For all minerals except Uranium (AMD). It is the largest and most comprehensive provider of basic earth science information or database. Indian Bureau of Mines, 1948: It is under Ministry of Mines with responsibilities for conser

Wetlands and Conservation

Wetlands and Conservation Wetlands are the lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem where the water table is usually at or near the surface or land is covered by shallow water. Productivity of Estuaries > Swamp, Marshes, Wetlands >

Steps taken by the government to improve learning levels

Steps taken by the government to improve learning levels Education being in the concurrent list of the Constitution and majority of the schools are under the domain of respective State and UT Governments. The Department has shared a COVID Action Plan with the States and UTs which includes t

NISHTHA programme for continuous professional development of the teachers during Covid

NISHTHA programme for continuous professional development of the teachers during Covid Due to COVID-19 challenges and in order to provide continuous professional development opportunities to the teachers at the elementary level, this Department has launched NISHTHA online using DIKSHA platform

Steps taken by the Government to promote Agriculture Sector in Education

Steps taken by the Government to promote Agriculture Sector in Education The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has informed that to promote agriculture sector through Education, 63 State Agricultural Universities, 3 Central Agricultural Universities, 4 Deemed to be Universities an

Self-reliance in defence manufacturing

Self-reliance in defence manufacturing Ministry of Defence has notified a ‘First Positive Indigenisation list’ of 101 items on 21 Aug 2020 and ‘2nd Positive Indigenisation list’ of 108 items on 31 May 2021. This is a big step to promote indigenisation in defence sector.

Defense Corridors

Defense Corridors In pursuance to the budget announcement (2018-19), it has been decided to set up two Defence Industrial Corridors in the Country, one in Uttar Pradesh and another in Tamil Nadu. Subsequently, six nodes in Uttar Pradesh Defence Corridor viz. Agra, Aligarh, Chitrakoot, Jhans

Kandla SEZ became the first Green SEZ

Kandla SEZ became the first Green SEZ Kandla SEZ (KASEZ) was awarded IGBC Platinum Rating. KASEZ is the First Green SEZ to achieve the IGBC Green Cities Platinum Rating for Existing Cities. The efforts of KASEZ team were applauded especially noting the fact that this was accomplished in B

26 July,2021
Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) - Unemployment rate for women

Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) - Unemployment rate for women Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)- conducted by National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation . In 2019-20, Labour Force Participation Rate(LFPR) for the persons aged 15 years and

China and Pakistan strategy on Afghanistan

China and Pakistan strategy on Afghanistan China and Pakistan said they would more closely cooperate and work together in Afghanistan amid the changing situation in the country, as their Foreign Ministers proposed building the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) into “a hub of region

PM CARES for Children scheme

PM CARES for Children scheme Ministry of Women and Child Development has launched the web based portal pmcaresforchildren.in to facilitate submission of applications, identification of children eligible to receive support under the 'PM CARES for Children' scheme and processing of appli

I-STEM Web Portal: Phase II

I-STEM Web Portal: Phase II The Indian Science Technology and Engineering facilities Map (I-STEM), the national web portal for sharing R&D facilities was formally launched in January 2020. I-STEM (www.istem.gov.in) is an initiative of Office of the Principal Scientific Adviser to the Go

25 July,2021
NTPC Group achieves over 100 Billion Units of cumulative generation in 2020-21 financial year

NTPC Group achieves over 100 Billion Units of cumulative generation in 2020-21 financial year NTPC Group companies under Ministry of Power have achieved over 100 Billion Units (BU) of cumulative generation. NTPC Korba (2600 MW) in Chattisgarh is the top performing thermal power plant in Indi

Elephants

Everything about: Elephants Asiatic Elephant Asiatic Elephant is Endangered in IUCN; Schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act and Appendix I of CITES. Elephants are National Heritage animals.  World Elephant Day = 12 Aug, 2017. Elepha

Indian scientists discover materials that self-repair mechanical damages

Indian scientists discover materials that self-repair mechanical damages New materials may soon make it possible for damaged electronic components, such as in space crafts, to mend themselves. The materials recently developed by scientists can repair their own mechanical damages with the elect

24 July,2021
Power Generation from non-fossil fuel sources

Power Generation from non-fossil fuel sources Renewable Energy Targets Government of India had set a target of 1,75,000 MW installed capacity from renewable sources by the year 2022 which includes 1,00,000 MW from Solar, 60,000 MW from Wind, 10,000 MW from Biomas

Steps taken to improve Nutritional status of Women and children

Steps taken to improve Nutritional status of Women and children Read complete news on Malnourishment: click here The specific targeted interventions being implemented by the Government to improve the nutritional status of pregnant women and lactating mothers under the umbrella Integrated Child

Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme, 1975

Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme, 1975 The Scheme has been renamed as Anganwadi Services. It is 1 of the World's largest programmes providing for an integrated package of services for the holistic development of the child. Funding: Centrall

Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)

Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) ITIs are the backbone of the vocational training system, the only  source of supply of skilled manpower to manufacturing industry. There are 11,500 ITIs having about 16 lakh seats.  But this is grossly inadequate. 

Government efforts for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

Government efforts for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship India is 1 of the youngest nations of the World with > 62% of population in the working age group i.e. 15 to 59 years and > 54% population below 25 years. Based on the Census 2011 and NSSO data, 

National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021

National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021 Rare Diseases: WHO defines a rare disease as a lifelong disease or disorder that often highly weakens an individual. It has a prevalence of 1 or less per 1000 population. Example: Haemophilia, Thalassemia, Sickle cell anaemia, auto-immune diseases a

Healthcare systems in Rural areas

Healthcare systems in Rural areas Health and Wellness centres under AB-PMJAY HWCs are providing a package of following 12 services to make basic health facilities equitable, accessible, affordable to under-served people especially in rural and remote areas: Care in Pregnancy and Child B

Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY)

Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) It is to address health issues at all levels - primary, secondary and tertiary. It is the largest Govt funded Healthcare program of World with ~ 50 crore beneficiaries. It is an integrated app

eSanjeevani Telemedicine initiative

eSanjeevani Telemedicine Service Union Health Ministry's National Telemedicine Service – eSanjeevani has crossed another milestone by completing 7 million (70 lakh) consultations. Patients consult with doctors and specialists on a daily basis using this innovative digital medium t

Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kisan SAMPADA Yojana Erstwhile SAMPADA (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro-Processing Clusters). It is under Ministry of Food Processing Industries. Tenure: SAMPADA launched in 2017 for 2016 - 2020 coterminus with the cycle of 14th FC

Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

Special Economic Zones (SEZ) The 1st Export Processing Zone (EPZ) was set up in 1959 at Shannon, in Ireland. India realised how effective EPZ is in promoting Exports. India was inspired by China for setting up of SEZ. Asia’s First EPZ was set up

Government initiatives to boost Industrial Manufacturing

Government initiatives to boost Industrial Manufacturing Government of India has taken several steps to improve the quality standards of products manufactured under the AatmaNirbhar Bharat Campaign. These inter alia include: Quality Control Orders (QCOs): Since the announcement of AatmaNirb

Agriculture Mechanization

Agriculture Mechanization in India Why is Agriculture Mechanisation important? Agricultural Mechanization plays a vital role in optimizing the use of land, water energy resources, manpower and other inputs like seeds, fertilizers, pesticides etc to maximize the productivity of the available

23 July,2021
Revival of Water Bodies

Revival of Water Bodies Reasons: Ground water levels in various parts of the country are declining because of continuous withdrawal necessitated by increased demand of fresh water for various uses, vagaries of rainfall, increased population, industrialization and urbanization etc. Water bein

How to restore water bodies?

How to restore water bodies? It is for the State Governments concerned to undertake enumeration, protection and management of water bodies in their respective States. However, this Ministry undertakes census of minor irrigation schemes from time to time, which also captures information pert

Government efforts to promote IT based education

Government efforts to promote IT based education A comprehensive initiative called PM eVIDYA has been initiated as part of Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan on 17th May, 2020, which unifies all efforts related to digital/online/on-air education to enable multi-mode access to education. The in

Paramparagat Krishi Vikaas Yojana (Organic Farming), 2015

Paramparagat Krishi Vikaas Yojana (Organic Farming), 2015 Sikkim is World's 1st organic State. MP has largest area under Organic certification followed by Rajasthan, Maharashtra and UP. Ministry: of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare. Funding: Centrally Sponsor

Micro plastics in Ganga

Micro plastics in Ganga An analysis of the stretches of the river Ganga by a Delhi-based environment NGO, Toxics Link, has revealed pollution by microplastics, defined as synthetic solid particles sized ranging from 1 micrometre to 5 millimetre (mm), which are insoluble in water. The Ganga f

22 July,2021
Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation for Ladakh

Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation for Ladakh Background Consequent upon re-organisation of the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir as per the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, the Union Territory of Ladakh (without Legislature) came into existenc

IBBI amends Insolvency rules to improve transparency

IBBI amends Insolvency rules to improve transparency The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) notified the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (Insolvency Resolution Process for Corporate Persons) (Second Amendment) Regulations, 2016. The amendment regulations enhance the disci

Lightweight anti-tank missile tested by DRDO

Lightweight anti-tank missile tested by DRDO A new generation of Akash surface-to-air missile was recently flight-tested by the DRDO from an integrated test range off the Odisha coast along with an indigenously developed low weight man-portable anti-tank guided missile. The new variant

21 July,2021
Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs)

Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) 1st KVK in Puducherry. 100% funded by Govt. KVKs are sanctioned to Agri Universities, ICAR, related Govt Depts and NGOs working in Agri. KVK, is an integral part of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS). It aims at location specific technology module

One District One Focus Product Scheme

One District One Focus Product Scheme Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, and Ministry of Food Processing Industries has finalized the products for One District One Focus Product (ODOFP). Products - Agricultural, horticultural, animal husbandry, poultry, milk, f

e-Technology in Agriculture

e-Technology in Agriculture Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is continuously working to upgrade technology and provide quality seeds to farmers. During this process the advancements made in the agricultural sciences both within India and outside are considered for their replic

Organic Farming

Organic Farming It means no use of hazardous chemicals. Government rule says atleast 3 years, a farmer must grow only then, Organic farming can be granted. Effect of Inorganic Fertilizers and other agro-chemicals on Soil and Plants It results in nutrient loss and in

Progress in doubling Farmer’s income

Progress in doubling Farmer’s income The strategy adopted by the Government for increasing the income is Higher volume of output through higher productivity Lower cost of production and Higher real remunerative returns on the farmers’ produce. What are the steps take

Government efforts for Sustainable Agriculture

Government efforts for Sustainable Agriculture The Government has adopted several developmental programmes, schemes, reforms and policies that focus on higher incomes for the farmers and to promote Sustainable Agriculture and Farmers Prosperity. We advice you to watch this free and comprehens

20 July,2021
Shipping sector UPSC

Shipping sector UPSC Ministry of Shipping was formed in 2009. India has a coastline of 7517 km, spread on western and eastern shelves of mainland and also along the Islands. There are 12 major ports and 200 non-major ports. 12 Major Ports (PT Pointers) Kolkata Port is the

Government has encouraged setting up Ethanol plants

Government has encouraged setting up Ethanol plants The entrepreneurs/project proponents are free to set up ethanol plants in any part of the country without seeking any formal approval from the Government of India. However, various statutory clearances from States/ Ministry of Environment

Initiatives for MSME sector in India

Initiatives for MSME sector in India The Ministry of MSME implements various schemes and programmes for growth and development of MSME Sector in the country. These schemes and programmes include Prime Minister’s Employment Generation programme (PMEGP), Scheme of Fund for Regeneration

Every scheme for Employment generation in India

Every scheme for Employment generation in India Government of India has taken a number of initiatives for promoting employment generation in the country during corona pandemic. 1) Financial package Financial package of more than rupees twenty seven lakh crore under “Aatma Ni

DRIP Phase II and III

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) Phase II Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is a State sector scheme formulated to  bridge the funding gap and provide urgent finance to States for repair and maintenance of Dams. The scheme closed on 31st March, 2021.

Solution for Water crisis in India

Solution for Water crisis in India Steps taken by the Central Government to control water depletion and promote rain water harvesting / conservation are as under: 1) Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) JSA was launched in 2019, a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach intended to imp

Bad Bank launched for stressed assets as a measure to clean up bank books

Bad Bank launched for stressed assets as a measure to clean up bank books What is a ‘bad bank’? A bad bank is a financial entity set up to buy non-performing assets (NPAs), or bad loans, from banks. The aim of setting up a bad bank is to help ease the burden on banks by takin

Welfare schemes of the Government promoting girls education

Welfare schemes of the Government promoting girls education Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL), Ministry of Education is implementing various welfare schemes for incentives for girls education. Under the Samagra Shiksha, there is a provision of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidya

Corporatisation of OFB

Corporatisation of OFB (Ordnance Factory Board) About Ordnance Factory Board Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) consisting of the Indian Ordnance Factories is a Government agency under the control of department of defence production (DDP) Ministry of Defence (MoD), Government of India. It is e

How to boost indigenous capacities in Defense production?

How to boost indigenous capacities in Defense production? The Government has taken several policy initiatives and brought in reforms to promote indigenisation and self-reliance in defence manufacturing, under AatmaNirbhar Bharat Mission in the defence sector. Important policy initiatives are as u

19 July,2021
Interlinking of Rivers

Interlinking of Rivers The project of inter-linking of rivers was first proposed in the 1970s. The National Perspective Plan (NPP) was prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti) in August 1980 for water resources development through inter basin transfer of water

Continuation of National AYUSH Mission

Continuation of National AYUSH Mission India possesses an unmatched heritage represented by its traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Sidhha, Sowa Rigpa, Unani and also Homeopathy (ASU&H) which are a treasure house of knowledge for preventive, promotive and curative healthcare.

Schemes for Judiciary

Schemes for Judiciary Cabinet has approved continuation of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) for Development of Infrastructure Facilities for Judiciary for further five years from 01.04.2021 to 31.03.2026 at a total cost of Rs.9000 crore, out of which Central share will be Rs.5357 crore inc

18 July,2021
Critical Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission

Critical Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission Jal Jeevan Mission has achieved a milestone of providing tap water supply to every household in 1 lakh villages across India, in a short period of 23 months. At the launch of this ambitious programme, out of 18.94 Crore rural households in country, on

MHA requested States and UTs not to use Section 66A of IT Act, 2000

MHA requested States and UTs not to use Section 66A of IT Act, 2000 The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has requested States and Union Territories (UTs)to direct all police stations under their jurisdiction not to register cases under the repealed Section 66A of the Information Technology

North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Folk Medicine Research (NEIAFMR) at Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh

North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Folk Medicine Research (NEIAFMR) at Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh Cabinet approves change of nomenclature & mandate of North Eastern Institute of Folk Medicine (NEIFM) as North Eastern Institute of Ayurveda & Folk Medicine Research (NEIAFMR). T

17 July,2021
Automated Train Toilet Sewerage Disposal System

Automated Train Toilet Sewerage Disposal System: 7 times cheaper alternative to Biotoilets An automated technology for collection of toilet waste which is easy to maintain and seven times cheaper alternative to the bio-toilets, developed by an Indian scientist, can be used to maintain the

Initiatives for Energy Efficiency in India

Initiatives for Energy Efficiency in India The Ministry of Power is implementing measures to save energy with an objective  to reduce  CO2 emission  levels in the environment from industries, establishments and by using equipment/ appliances. In this regard, Perform Achieve a


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