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About G-20 Summit 2022, in Egypt

About G-20 Summit 2022, in Egypt The Indonesian G20 presidency recently hosted the 17th annual G-20 conference in Bali with the motto "Recover Together, Recover Stronger." As of right now, India is in charge of the G20 presidency, and the 18th summit will take place there in 2023. What were the Summit's results? Russian aggression is condemned: Member nations agreed on a statement condemning Russia's aggression in Ukraine "in the strongest terms"

23 November, 2022 GS-II International organisation

Arvind Virmani: Full-time Member of NITI Aayog

Arvind Virmani: Full-time Member of NITI Aayog Dr. Arvind Virmani, a senior economist, was recently appointed as a full-time member of the NITI Aayog by the government. Dr V K Saraswat, Professor Ramesh Chand, and Dr V K Paul are the current members. About the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) It was established in 2015 to replace the Planning Commission. It is an Executive Body (acts as a think tank and advisory body) with the goal of continuously

22 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Religious Conversion: Explained

Religious Conversion: Explained The Supreme Court recently directed the Centre to intervene and make serious and sincere efforts to address the issue of Forced Religious Conversion. What were the Petition and the Court's Decision? The petition sought a declaration that "intimidation, threatening, and deceivingly luring through gifts and monetary benefits" violates Articles 14, 21, and 25 of the Constitution. The petition argued that the Supreme Court stated in the

21 November, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

Ninth Schedule: Explained

Ninth Schedule: Explained Two bills were approved by the Jharkhand Assembly, but the modifications won't take effect until the Centre makes changes to add the bills to the Constitution's Ninth Schedule. What are these Bills? Vacancies for Posts and Services in Jharkhand (Amendment) Bill, 2022: Reservations now stand at 77%. Scheduled Castes will receive a quota of 12%, up from 10%, OBCs 27%, up from 14%, Scheduled Tribes 28%, up by 2%, and Economically Weaker Sections 10

19 November, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

All About DATA LOCALISATION

All About DATA LOCALISATION In order for economies to safeguard data during cross-border transfers, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) recently emphasized the significance of data localization. In its analysis, the UNCTAD discovered that companies that use the internet for international trade do better than those that do not. Data localization: What is it? Data localization refers to the storage of both important and non-critical data within th

19 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS)

Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) The Union government is pushing for the establishment of 740 Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS) for tribal children. Issues with Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS): In 1997-98, the EMRS model was first introduced. Aim: To provide tribal students with quality education and residential facilities in remote areas. To construct schools comparable to Jawahar Navoday Vidyalayas and Kendriya Vidyalayas. Prior to 2018

19 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

World Toilet Day

World Toilet Day Every year on November 19th, World Toilet Day is observed to raise awareness about the importance of sustainable sanitation in keeping people healthy. " Making the Invisible Visible" is the theme for 2022. What is the significance of World Toilet Day? Since 2013, World Toilet Day has been observed annually. Aim: It is about taking action to address the global sanitation crisis and achieve SDG 6: sanitation and water for all by 2030. This year'

19 November, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Asian Diarrhoeal Disease and Nutrition Conference

Asian Diarrhoeal Disease and Nutrition Conference Union Minister recently spoke at the 16th Asian Conference on Diarrhoeal Disease and Nutrition (ASCODD) in Kolkata. Delegates from India and other South East Asian countries, African countries, the United States, and Europe participated virtually in the conference. What are the Conference's Key Highlights? The theme of the ASCODD was "Community participation in the prevention and control of cholera, typhoid, and other enteric

18 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Status of Indian judiciary

Status of Indian judiciary Some experts recently suggested that India's judicial system be overhauled. Introduction British colonial legacy: The Indian judicial system is based on recorded judicial precedents that were inherited from the British colonial legacy. The Indian court system is hierarchical, with the Supreme Court of India, High Courts, and subordinate courts at the district, municipal, and village levels. Article 141: The Supreme Court's decisions on the const

17 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Eat Right Station Certification

Eat Right Station Certification Bhopal Railway Station was recently awarded a 4-star 'Eat Right Station' certification for providing passengers with high-quality, nutritious food. The 4-star rating indicates that the station is fully compliant in providing safe and sanitary food to passengers. What is the 'Eat Right Station' Certification? The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) awards the 'Eat Right Station' certification to railwa

17 November, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions

India-US Economic and Financial Partnership

India-US Economic and Financial Partnership The 9th Ministerial Meeting of the India-US Economic and Financial Partnership took place recently. The Union Minister for Finance and Corporate Affairs led the Indian delegation, while the Treasury Secretary led the US delegation. What are the Meet's Main Highlights? Attempts to Raise Climate Ambition: Both countries shared the reenergized global efforts to raise climate ambition, as well as their respective domestic efforts

17 November, 2022 GS-II International Relations

India's Mother Tongue Survey

India's Mother Tongue Survey The Ministry of Home Affairs recently completed the Mother Tongue Survey of India (MTSI), which included a field video of all 576 languages in the country. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIC) and the National Film Development Corporation (NFDC) will document and preserve the linguistic data of the surveyed mother tongues in audio-video files. About the MTSI: The Mother Tongue Survey of India is a project that surveys the mo

12 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

National Population Register (NPR)

National Population Register (NPR) The National Population Register (NPR) database has to be updated nationwide, according to the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). Demographic information about each family and person has to be gathered in order to account for changes brought on by birth, death, and migration. Describe NPR. NPR is a database that has a list of all regular citizens of the nation. For the purposes of NPR, a person who has lived somewhere for at least

11 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Law Commission of India

Law Commission of India Retired High Court Chief Justice Rituraj Awasthi has been named Chairperson of India's 22nd Law Commission, which was established in 2020. What is the Indian Law Commission? The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body established from time to time by the Government of India. The first independent Indian Law Commission was established in 1955 for a three-year term. The first Law Commission, chaired by Lord Macaulay, was established during t

11 November, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

Collegium System

Collegium System The Supreme Court Collegium system has recently come under fire from the Union Minister of Law and Justice for being opaque and without accountability. The Indian Constitution's Articles 124(2) and 217 address the appointment of judges to the Supreme Court and High Courts, respectively. How Did the Collegium System Develop? Rather than being established by a law passed by Parliament or a clause in the Constitution, the Collegium system for the appointment

10 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Removal of Governor

Removal of Governor A political party recently called for a proposal to remove the Tamil Nadu Governor. In recent years, the squabbles between states and governors have centered on the choice of a party to form a government, the deadline for proving the majority, sitting on bills, and criticizing the state administration. As a result, Governor is derisively referred to as a Centre agent, a puppet, and a rubber stamp. How is the Governor to be deposed? A Governor is appoi

09 November, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

State of Food and Agriculture Report, 2022

State of Food and Agriculture Report, 2022 The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) recently published the State of Food and Agriculture report for 2022. Every year, the flagship report is created. In order to help policymakers maximize the advantages and avoid the hazards, the research examined how automation in our agri-food systems can help us reach Sustainable Development Goals. Agriculture automation – What is it? Food production can be made more effectively an

09 November, 2022 GS-II Important reports

Supreme Court Verdict on EWS Quota

Supreme Court Verdict on EWS Quota EWS quota does not go against the basic structure: SC The 103rd amendment to the Constitution, which added a 10% reservation for the Economically Weaker Sections, was recently upheld by the Supreme Court (EWS). More information about the Supreme Court's ruling Concerning "Exclusion of the Reserved Categories from the EWS Quota": Issue: Critics contend that by excluding (Socially and Educationally Backward Classes)/OBCs

09 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Ganga Utsav 2022

Ganga Utsav 2022 The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) and the Ministry of Jal Shakti recently organised Ganga Utsav—The River Festivals 2022. What is the 2022 Ganga Utsav? To improve the Public - River Connection, the NMCG celebrates the event each year. The National Ganga Council (NMCG) was established in 2016 to take the role of the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NRGBA). On the first day of Ganga Utsav 2021, the NMCG was listed in the Guinness Boo

09 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Performance Grading Index 2020-21

Performance Grading Index 2020-21 The Ministry of Education recently released its Performance Grading Index (PGI). About the Index: Previous Editions: The PGI report for 2017-18, 2018-19, and 2019-20 has been released by the department. Objective: PGI's primary goal is to promote evidence-based policymaking and emphasize course correction to ensure quality education for all. PGI 2020-21 graded the states/UTs into ten categories: Level 1 is the highest

05 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Criminalization of Politics

Criminalization of Politics Two lawmakers from the state of Uttar Pradesh were recently found guilty on criminal charges, but only one of them has been disqualified and had his seat proclaimed empty by the secretariat of the Legislative Assembly of the State. What is political criminalization? The criminalization of politics refers to the involvement of criminals in politics, including their ability to run for office and be elected to the State and Federal legislatures. It

05 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Remote Voting Facility

Remote Voting Facility The Union government recently informed the Supreme Court that it is thinking about implementing a remote voting system that would allow non-resident Indians (NRI), particularly migrant workers, to cast their votes while maintaining the integrity of the electoral process. What is the History? Officials from the Election Commission suggested adopting blockchain technology to facilitate remote voting in 2020. The goal is to remove voting's geographic rest

05 November, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

India votes against Russia's UNSC resolution

India votes against Russia's UN Security Council resolution on bioweapons. India has voted against a UN Security Council resolution sponsored by Russia that accuses the US and Ukraine of engaging in "military biological activities" in violation of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC). Prior to this resolution, India had recently abstained from another UN Security Council resolution that sought to invalidate Russia's annexation of four Ukrainian territories. &nbs

04 November, 2022 GS-II International Relations

Voting Rights for Prisoners Pending Trial

Voting Rights for Prisoners Pending Trial The Supreme Court recently decided to consider a petition challenging an election law clause that puts a blanket ban on voters who are awaiting trial, are housed in civil prisons and are serving jail sentences. What Consequences Follow from This? Disenfranchises a Significant Part of the Population According to the most recent National Crime Reports Bureau (NCRB) data from 2021, 5,54,034 convicts were housed in different jails across t

03 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Social Media Impact on elections

Social Media Impact on Elections The Election Commission of India (ECI) recently sponsored an international conference for Election Management Bodies (EMBs) under the auspices of the United States' "Summit for Democracy." The Chief Election Commissioner spoke at the conference. The commissioner asked social media platforms to use their "algorithm power" to proactively flag bogus news while officially opening the meeting. What worries exist in regard

02 November, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

Decentralising MGNREGS

Decentralising MGNREGS The decentralisation of MGNREGS has recently been recommended by an internal study that the Ministry of Rural Development had commissioned. Significant findings of the study The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) should be decentralised, according to the study, as this will give local officials more "flexibility." •It was the sixth Common Review Mission's report. •The report examined Jammu and Kash

02 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

Football4Schools Initiative

Football4Schools Initiative In order to implement the "Football4Schools" concept in India, the Ministry of Education has inked an MoU with FIFA and the All India Football Federation (AIFF). Football4Schools Initiative: What is it? The Prime Minister's goal of making athletics a way of life and raising well-rounded citizens is being realized through the Football4Schools program. Through sports-integrated learning, it seeks to empower 25 million young boys a

01 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

The largest Hyperscale Data Center in India

The largest Hyperscale Data Center in India The Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister stated that the state fulfilled its goal of establishing 250 MW of storage capacity with an investment of Rs 20,000 crore within a year of initiating its data center program while officially opening north India's first hyperscale data center, "Yotta D1." Yotta D1: What is it? Yotta D1, the largest data centre in the nation and the first in UP, was constructed at a cost of Rs 5,000 crore.

01 November, 2022 GS-II Governance

India-GCC Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

India-GCC Free Trade Agreement (FTA) India and member countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) are expected to begin negotiations for a free trade agreement next month in order to strengthen economic ties between the two regions. In May of this year, India implemented a free trade agreement with the UAE. This one's terms and conditions are also being finalized. About the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a grouping of six Gulf

01 November, 2022 GS-II International Relations

Pleasure Doctrine  & Governor's Duties and Powers

Pleasure Doctrine & Governor's Duties and Powers The governor of Kerala has issued a warning to ministers, stating that any remarks made by a minister that diminish the stature of the governor's office may result in retaliation, including the withholding of pleasure. Pleasure Doctrine: What is it? In accordance with the English common law's "pleasure theory," the monarch is free to terminate any employee's employment at any time. According to Art

31 October, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

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