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NATIONAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY It is the Central Agency mandated to investigate all the offenses affecting the sovereignty, security, and integrity of India, friendly relations with the foreign state, and the offenses under the Statutory law enacted to implement international treaties, agreements, conventions, and resolutions of the United Nations. When did NIA come into being? In the wake of 26/11 Mumbai terror attack, which shocked the entire world the UPA government decided to esta

03 July, 2022 GS-II Governance


FINANCIAL SERVICES INSTITUTION BUREAU The Central government has transformed the Banks Board Bureau (BBB) into the Financial Services Institutions Bureau (FSIB) by making a few amendments. The new framework was proposed by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance. In 2016, the Prime Minister has approved the constitution of the Banks Board Bureau (BBB) as a recruiter for whole-time directors and non-executive chairpersons of state-owned banks and financial institutions

03 July, 2022 GS-II Governance


SELF HELP GROUP The government is working on increasing the annual income of each woman in the Self Help Group to Rs one lakh by 2024. About SHGs They are an informal group of people who choose to come together to find a way to improve their living standards and conditions. It is a self-governed, peer-controlled information group of people with similar socio-economic backgrounds and having an aim to collectively perform a common purpose. The motto of self-help is to encourage

02 July, 2022 GS-II Governance


LEPROSY There has been an acute shortage of the essential drug named Clofazimine in the private market which is used for the treatment of leprosy. Clofazimine along with Rifampicin and Dapsone, is one of the three essential drugs in the multi-drug treatment of Multibacillary Leprosy About leprosy It is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It mainly affects the nerves of the extremities, the skin, the lining of the nose, an

02 July, 2022 GS-II Governance


MISLEADING ADVERTISEMENTS AND ROLE OF ENDORSERS IN ADVERTISING Although a monetary penalty is provided for any misleading advertisement, but there are grey areas that need to be addressed. INDIAN ADS THAT WERE FOUND TO BE MISLEADING Arihant Mattress- Corona-Resistant The Arihant mattress released an advertisement in a Gujarati newspaper that claimed that their mattress was ‘corona-resistant’. The owner of the mattress under laws including the Disaster Mana

01 July, 2022 GS-II Governance


48th G7 SUMMIT IN GERMANY The summit was held in BAVARIAN ALPS Germany from June 26th to 28th 2022. PT POINTER G7 48TH Summit was held under the presidency of Germany at BAVARIAN ALPS. Member Countries: US, Canada, France, UK, Germany, Italy, and Japan. BAVARIAN ALPS: It is a collective name for several mountain ranges of the Northern Alps within the German state of Bavaria. ALPS: Young fold mountain is present in 8 count

01 July, 2022 GS-II International Relations


PARTNERS IN THE BLUE PACIFIC US, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and the United Kingdom have launched the new initiative known as ‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’ for effective and efficient cooperation with the small island nation of the region. It aims to enhance cooperation in the area of the climate crisis, connectivity, transportation, maritime security and protection, prosperity, health, and education. The Pacific Island countries (small island nati

30 June, 2022 GS-II International Relations

Lancet Study On Road Safety and India’s Road Safety

Lancet Study On Road Safety and India’s Road Safety Measures The Lancet study highlights the urgency of implementing a safe system approach that can effectively address road injury death by 2030 and the number of lives that can be saved through intervention in road safety risk factors. The report uses mortality data from the Global Burden of Disease 2017. This is the first-time country-wise reports are presented based on four parameters drunk- driving, helmet use, speeding, seat -

30 June, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions


CHINA’S INTERVENTION IN THE HORN OF AFRICA Investment across the African continent has been increased by China throughout the last decade with special emphasis on raw materials. Recently China concluded “The China-horn of Africa peace, governance and development conference” in which for the first time China aims to play role in the area of security in the African continent. PROJECT OF CHINA IN AFRICA The four major areas of China’s interest are natural resourc

29 June, 2022 GS-II International Relations

PGII to counter China's Belt and Road Initiative

PGII to counter China's Belt and Road Initiative In the recent G7 summit in Germany, the ambitious Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment (PGII) was unveiled, with the aim of collective mobilization of $600 billion by 2027 for transparent investment in infrastructure projects in developing and middle-income countries. It’s a G7 initiative to counter China’s multi-trillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative which the West considers China’s strategy to

29 June, 2022 GS-II International Relations


PERFORMANCE GRADING INDEX FOR DISTRICT Department of School Education and Literacy under the Ministry of Education has released the Centre’s first-ever Performance Grading Index for the district (PGI-D) for the year 2018-2019 and 2019-2020. Ministry of education approve the release of the Performance Grading Index 2019-20 for the state and union territories. ALL ABOUT PGI-D: PGI-D evaluates the performance of the school education system mainly at the district level by creati

28 June, 2022 GS-II Governance

14th BRICS Summit

14th BRICS Summit BRICS nations have supported diplomacy and dialogue between Russia and Ukraine, where three of its members China, India, and South Africa have abstained from voting on a United Nations resolution condemning Russia's invasion of Ukraine. What is BRICS? BRICS consists of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. It was launched at a meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Brazil, Russia, India, and China in the year 2006. In 2010 BRIC turned into BRICS, with

27 June, 2022 GS-II International Relations


INDIA’S LAWS ON ABORTION In a significant step for women’s rights in the USA, the Supreme Court overturned the landmark Roe vs Wade judgment of 1973 which gave women in America the right to have an abortion before the fetus is viable outside the womb or before 24-28 weeks. It expands the access to safe and legal abortion services for pregnant women. ABORTION IN INDIA In 1960 when the high number of induced abortions took place and the population of the country rose rapidl

27 June, 2022 GS-II Governance


INDIA-VIETNAM DEFENCE TIES The maritime domain has taken center stage in the bilateral talks between India and Vietnam. Progress of India’s Act East Policy, maritime multilateralism, maritime security outreach, and the building of a strong network across the Indo- Pacific are key element which has made Delhi and Hanoi new natural partners. What are the key elements that have made India and Vietnam natural partners? Vietnam is an important partner in India’s Act East polic

27 June, 2022 GS-II International Relations


CHINA UPGRADED FIREPOWER ON LAC China has expanded its troop accommodation within 100 km from the line of actual control in the western sector along with long-range artillery, rocket system, upgraded air defense system, expanded runways, and hardened blast pen to house fighter aircraft. In 2020 the accommodation capacity was for 20,000 troops which has now been expanded to 1.2 lakh. They have also set up captive solar energy and small hydel power projects all along the LAC. Weapons upgr

26 June, 2022 GS-II Bilateral Relations


12TH WTO MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE The 12th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) concluded, recently in Geneva. The main areas of discussion were: WTO’s response to the pandemic. Fisheries subsidies negotiations. Agriculture issues including Public Stockholding for Food Security. WTO Reforms and Moratorium on Customs Duties on Electronic Transmission. The 164-member of World Trade Organization held its first ministerial conference in nearl

22 June, 2022 GS-II International organisation


THE ABSURDITY OF THE ANTI-DEFECTION LAW Uddhav Thackeray’s government facing internal dissent from a block of 22 MLA led by Eknath Shinde, has brought the anti-defection law again into the spotlight. Such events were also witnessed in Puducherry, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka. ANTI-DEFECTION LAW The anti-defection law was included in the constitution as the Tenth schedule via the 52nd amendment act 1985 to combat the evil of political defection. The law punishes an individual m

22 June, 2022 GS-II Various acts

Bangladesh’s Rohingya Problem

Bangladesh’s Rohingya Problem What is the issue? The population of Rohingyas in Bangladesh as of now is 8,85,000 and the refugee population is increasing rapidly by 35,000 every year, which is a serious security implication for countries mainly in South Asia. What is the Rohingya issue? Rohingya are an ethnic Muslim group who live predominantly in the Rakhine state of Myanmar and speak the Bengali dialect. The Rohingya are not recognized by the Mya

21 June, 2022 GS-II International Relations


INTERNATIONAL DAY OF YOGA The eighth International Day of Yoga was celebrated on 21 June 2022 across the world. The Theme for 2022 was ‘Yoga for Humanity’. The idea of the International Day of Yoga was given by India during the opening of the 69th session of the United Nations General Assembly held in 2014. The United nation proclaimed 21st June as the International Day of Yoga by passing a resolution in December 2014. The first Yoga Day was celebrated in 2015 at Rajpa

21 June, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions


NATIONAL AIR SPORTS POLICY 2022 The Ministry of Civil Aviation has launched National Air Sports Policy to promote sports events like aerobatics, hot-air ballooning, and paragliding. POTENTIAL OF AIR SPORTS ECOSYSTEM IN INDIA. The air sports ecosystem in India has the potential to generate over 1 lakh direct jobs and generate annual revenue of Rs 10,000 crore. Besides the economic benefits, the sector is also expected to boost tourism, travel, infrastructure, and employment, especia

20 June, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions


FINANCIAL ACTION TASK FORCE Pakistan got a respite from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) as FATF announced that the country could be removed from the grey list. FATF is going to decide whether to take Pakistan off the ‘grey’ list at the end of its plenary session in Berlin in October. Pakistan has been on the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) grey list since June 2018. WHAT IS FATF It is an inter-governmental body that frames international standards seeki

20 June, 2022 GS-II International organisation


AGNIPATH SCHEME FOR ARMED FORCES Huge protests have been observed throughout the country to roll back the Agnipath scheme AGNIPATH SCHEME It recruits the soldier for short term and long term on an ‘All-India All-Class’ basis. It aims to reduce the salaries and pension and divert resources for the modernization of the military. Those between the age of 17.5 and 21 are eligible for this. The person who gets selected will be known as Agniveers. The recruitment proc

18 June, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions

The Situation of Government Jobs

The Situation of Government Jobs PM has ordered, million central government posts to be filled in a mission mode over the next one and a half years. The Current Picture of Employment in India The unemployment rate is defined as the percentage of unemployed persons in the labor force. Suffered by demonetization, pandemic, and subsequent lockdowns, now the Indian economy has started showing some signs of revival. The annual report of the Periodic Labour Force Survey fo

18 June, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions


ENFORCEMENT DIRECTORATE The genesis of Enforcement Directorate goes back to 1956, when an Enforcement Unit was set up, in the Department of Economic Affairs, for handling the Exchange Control Laws violations under Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947. In the year 1957, this Unit was renamed as the ‘Enforcement Directorate’. Currently, it is the part of Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance. The Organization is mandated with the responsibility of enforcing the

17 June, 2022 GS-II Governance

ASSESSMENT OF National e-Governance Service Delivery 2

ASSESSMENT OF National e-Governance Service Delivery 2021 Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions come up with the second edition of the National e-Governance Service Delivery Assessment 2021,( NeSDA 2021). NeSDA 2021: For Digital Government excellence, the National e-Governance Service Delivery Assessment (NeSDA) responsibility has been undertaken by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG). NeSDA was launched in the year 2018, which

15 June, 2022 GS-II Important reports


YEARBOOK OF SIPRI 2022 The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) published the findings of SIPRI Yearbook 2022, which evaluate the current state of armaments, disarmament, and the status of international security. SIPRI: SIPRI is an independent international body which is specialized in research into conflict, armaments, arms control, and disarmament. It came up in the year 1966 in Stockholm. It gives the data analysis, and recommendations, which are based on ope

15 June, 2022 GS-II Important reports


AGNIPATH SCHEME It is the scheme of the Ministry of Defense for recruiting youth between the age of 17.5 and 21 years for four years straight in the armed forces with a provision of voluntary retention after this period based on merit. It planned to intake 46000 young men and women this year. It will be the only form of recruitment of solder into three defense services from now. The recruits will know as Agniveers under this scheme. After completing the four-year ser

15 June, 2022 GS-II Governance

Panchayats (Extension to the Schedule Areas) Act 1996

The Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to the Schedule Areas) Act 1996 (PESA) PESA safeguards and preserves the traditions and customs of the people, and their cultural identity, community resources, customary mode of dispute resolution. PESA empowers Gram Sabha/Panchayat at appropriate level with right to mandatory consultation in land acquisition, resettlement and rehabilitation of displaced persons. PESA seeks to reduce alienat

02 February, 2022 GS-II Governance

PM Poshan Scheme to replace Mid Day Meal Scheme

PM Poshan (Erstwhile Mid Day Meal) Scheme Cabinet has approved the Prime Minister POSHAN scheme or PM-POSHAN for providing one hot cooked meal in Government and Government-aided schools. The scheme will replace the existing national programme for mid-day meal in schools or Mid-day Meal Scheme (launched in 1995). It has been launched for an initial period of five years (2021-22 to 2025-26) Ministry: Ministry of Education. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. The Obj

02 February, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions

National Policy on Electronics, 2019

Objective of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 The Policy envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing - (ESDM) by promoting domestic manufacturing, skill development, start-up, export eco-system and improving ease of doing business for the ESDM industry. It aims to achieve a turnover of $400 billion and generate 1 crore jobs in the ESDM sector by 2025. Salient features of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 Creating eco-syste

25 January, 2022 GS-II Governance



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