Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana & Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana

PMJJBY (Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana) PMSBY (Pradhan Mantri Surakhsa Bima Yojana) PMJJBY (Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana) is a life insurance scheme. PMSBY (Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana) is an accidental insurance scheme. The age limit for PMJJBY (Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana) is minimum 18 years and maximum 50 years. The age limit for PMSBY (Pr

17 February, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Endless war between Saudi Arabia and Yemen

Endless war between Saudi Arabia and Yemen Introduction The Biden administration’s decision to end U.S. support for Saudi Arabia’s Yemen war is a signal to Riyadh that the Trump-era open support it had enjoyed is a matter of the past. Background The U.S. offered support to Saudi Arabia’s campaign against the Houthi rebels in Yemen when Barack Obama was the President. Donald Trump continued that policy, overlooking the disastrous effects of the war that h

15 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

One Nation One Standard

Mission "One Nation One Standard" would make India the leader in setting global benchmarks in setting standards. This mission was established in 2019 to ensure quality products and services to consumers in the country. While all areas of production and services be included in this mission, bringing a national uniformity and standardization in all kinds of public procurement and tendering can be an immediate deliverable. The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) would explore intern

22 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

CDRI is to be seen as an international knowledge platform. Here, countries can collaborate to make their existing and new infrastructure strong enough to withstand natural disasters. It tries to bring countries together to share and learn from the one another’s experiences to protect their infrastructure against disasters. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is operating as the interim secretariat of CDRI as of now. It is headquartered at Gurugram, India.

13 February, 2021 GS-II International treaties and conventions

Meri Saheli Initiative

It was launched as a pilot project by the Railway Protection Force (RPF) across South Eastern Railway for security of women passengers in trains originating in that zone. This initiative has been rolled over to all zonal railways across Indian Railways’ network from October, 2020. Dedicated teams of lady RPF personnel have been formed across all zonal railways for its implementation. Section 58 of the Railways Act, 1989 provides for earmarking of accommodation for female passenger

12 February, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Major Port Authorities Bill, 2020

The Bill aims at decentralizing decision making and to infuse professionalism in governance of major ports. It will empower the Major Ports to modernize and expand port infrastructure, and facilitate trade and commerce. Tariff Authority for Major Ports (TAMP) can now fix tariff, which will act as a reference tariff for purposes of bidding for PPP projects. An Adjudicatory Board has been proposed to look into disputes between ports and PPP concessionaires, etc. A simplif

12 February, 2021 GS-II Important Bills

Nurturing Neighborhoods Challenge

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs selected 25 cities selected for the Nurturing Neighbourhoods Challenge under the Smart Cities Mission. These cities would carry out projects for making early childhood-friendly neighbourhoods. It aims to work with Indian cities and their partners to improve public space, mobility, data management across city agencies, etc. Selected cities - Bengaluru, Coimbatore, Erode, Agartala, Indore, Kakinada, Kochi, Ranchi, Salem, Trivandrum,

20 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

Intensified Mission Indradhanush

Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare has launched Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0 and the IMI 3.0 portal. Focus of the IMI 3.0 will be the children and pregnant women who have missed their vaccine doses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Beneficiaries from migration areas and hard to reach areas will be targeted. Mission Indradhanush was launched in 2014 to provide affordable and accessible healthcare to all citizens of the country. The present 8th campaign will targ

20 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

India Energy Outlook Report 2021

This report was released by the International Energy Agency (IEA). It has forecasted that India will overtake the European Union as the world’s third-largest energy consumer by 2030. At present, India is the fourth-largest global energy consumer behind China, the United States and the European Union. It is based on the forecast that India accounts for the biggest share of energy demand growth over the next two decades. India’s primary energy consumption would double as the

20 February, 2021 GS-II Important reports

NITI Aayog meeting

NITI Aayog meeting States should work towards reducing compliance burden for citizens to ensure ease of living and to promote ease of doing business, stressing the importance of a better coordination between the Centre and the States for the development of the country. “There are thousands of compliance requirements within the government that we can remove for the common man... There is no need to ask people again and again when there is technology. States should come forward.

21 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

India – China border disputes

India – China border disputes The disengagement on the south bank of Pangong Tso (lake) will see Indian troops moving to their post in Chushul and Chinese troops to the Moldo garrison. In the next phase, additional Indian troops will move further down, around 40 km, to Tara-Rhongo post and Chinese troops to Dorjo, a senior government official told The Hindu. The main phase of disengagement on both banks of the lake is expected to begin on Saturday. “We will verify each

13 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

India – China Border disputes: Pangong Tso

India – China Border disputes: Pangong Tso India and China have completed disengagement on the north and south banks of Pangong Tso (lake) in eastern Ladakh, and the 10th round of Corps Commander talks are to be held in Moldo on the Chinese side to discuss pullbacks from other friction areas. Disengagement was fully complete as per an agreement and had been jointly verified by both sides. In line with the agreement, all landforms have been restored to that as existed before

20 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Delimitation Commission to Hold Delimitation Exercise in J&K

Delimitation Commission holds meeting to seek views on delimitation process of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Delimitation Act, 2002 This Act was enacted to set up a Delimitation Commission for the purpose of effecting delimitation on the basis of the 2001 census. The Delimitation Commission would re-fix the number of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes based on the 2001 census, without affecting total number of seats based on the 1971 census. The Act

19 February, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

Afghani Chadar to Ajmer Dargah

Afghani Chadar to Ajmer Dargah Afghanistan President has sent the first ever sacred 'Chadar' to the Ajmer Sharif Dargah through its diplomatic mission in New Delhi. This Chadar was given during the 809th 'Urs (Death Anniversary) Mubarak' of Khawaja Gharib Nawaz, which is ongoing in Ajmer. Ajmer Sharif Dargah Ajmer Sharif Dargah is a Sufi shrine of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, who is well-known for his secular preachings. Located in Rajasthan, it was bu

19 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Juvenile Justice Bill, 2021

The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015. As per the amendment, the district magistrates (DM) and additional district magistrates (ADM) will monitor the functioning of various agencies responsible for implementation of the JJ Act in every district. The DM can independently evaluate juvenile police unit, specialised Child Welfare Committees (CWC) and registered Child Care Institution (CCI). The district child protection unit

19 February, 2021 GS-II Important Bills

Extinction Rebellion

Extinction Rebellion (XR) was launched in the United Kingdom in 2018, as a response to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report that declared, We only have 12 years to stop catastrophic climate change and We have entered the 6th mass extinction event. It is a global movement to persuade the governments to act justly on the Climate and Ecological Emergency. It is a decentralised and politically non-partisan movement that uses,

19 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

e-Chhawani Portal

It is an online multi-tenancy central platform. It aims to provide citizen-centric municipal services to the citizens across 62 Cantonment Boards. The residents of cantonment areas can register their complaints regarding civic issues and resolve them while sitting at home. People can get their documents like trade licence, sewerage connectivity applications can be made through the portal. Cantonment Board A cantonment board, an urban local body, established for municipal admi

18 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

India-Mauritius CECPA

India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement (CECPA) will be the first trade Agreement to be signed by India with a country in Africa. This limited agreement will cover Trade in Goods and Services, Rules of Origin, Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT), Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) measures, Dispute Settlement, etc., It will also cover the Movement of Natural Persons, Telecom, Financial services, Customs Procedures and Cooperation in other Areas. Both hav

18 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

PM Modi Invited to Participate in G-7 Dialogue

India has been invited as a special guest at Cornwall, United Kingdom to attend the G-7 grouping meeting. PM Modi may also head over to Brussels to conclude the pending India-EU Bilateral Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) talks. The talks have been held over issues like market access for automobiles, dairy products, wines and the movement of professionals.

10 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

MoU for the construction of the Shahtoot dam in Afghanistan

MoU signed recently for construction of the Shahtoot dam to provide drinking water to Kabul. The proposed dam will be on Kabul river basin. It is one of the five river basins in Afghanistan. The dam will provide drinking, irrigation, and Environmental water for Kabul province. This is the second major dam being built by India in Afghanistan, after Salma Dam which was inaugurated in 2016.

10 February, 2021 GS-II Bilateral Relations

India’s road safety

India’s road safety India’s Road Safety Month This year instead of "Road, Safety Week", a month-long campaign "National Road Safety Month" will be observed from 18th January 2021 to 17th February 2021. The theme of this year is, "Sadak Suraksha- Jeevan Raksha". India’s road safety data India has the world’s worst record on road safety. India has, according to the just-released World Bank-commissioned report, Traffi

18 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

Sri Lanka clears a Chinese energy project 50 kms from Rameshwaram

Sri Lanka govt. has recently cleared a Chinese energy project in 3 islands near to Jaffna peninsula. Sinosoar-Etechwin Joint Venture will be executing the project. These hybrid renewable energy systems projects will be based in Nainativu, Delft and Analaitivu islands located in the Palk Bay. The islands are connected to the Jaffna peninsula a ferry service & are about 50 kms away from Rameshwaram

09 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Budget as an instrument of politics

Budget as an instrument of politics Upcoming infrastructure projects in election-going states The largesse to the election-going States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Assam in the Budget presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Monday was unmistakable. The massive outlay of ?65,000 crore for the development of the NH 66 corridor in Kerala, as well as the announcement of the second phase of the Kochi Metro and the development of the Kochi fishing harbour as a commerc

03 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

Clemency Power of the President & the Governor

TN Governor Banwarilal Purohit has decided that only the President can decide the issue of granting remission to the seven life convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case. What the constitution says? Under the Constitution of India (Article 72), the President of India can grant a pardon or reduce the sentence of a convicted person, particularly in cases involving capital punishment. A similar and parallel power vests in the governors of each state under Article 161. I. Presi

08 February, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

Media as target

Media as target Introduction ED’s raids in the office of independent digital news platform NewsClick have invited justified condemnation from organisations representing the media. There is every likelihood that this operation is linked to the platform’s in-depth coverage of ongoing protests as well as the various struggles of the people and the grassroot organisations that represent them. The ED is said to be investigating alleged money-laundering to the tune of ?30 cr

11 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

Kurubas demanding "ST" category in Karnataka

The Kuruba community has been demanding the Schedule Tribe tag and held a massive rally in the outskirts of Bengaluru The Kurubas of Karnataka are a traditional sheep rearing community. They are known by different names in other states, such as Kuruma in Andhra Pradesh, Golla in southern Karnataka, Dhangar in Maharashtra, Pal in Rajasthan, and Maldhari/Gadariya in Gujarat. They subscribe to the teachings of Kanakadasa who was a renowned composer of Carnatic music, poet, philo

08 February, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

Issue of Tamil Nadu Governor under Article 161

Issue of Tamil Nadu Governor under Article 161 Context Tamil Nadu Governor Banwarilal Purohit has decided that only the President can decide the issue of granting remission to the seven life convicts in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination case. View of the Supreme Court It has often been stressed by the Supreme Court that the clemency powers of the President, under Article 72, and the Governor, under Article 161, stand on an equal footing, and are exercised solely on Cabinet advi

09 February, 2021 GS-II Governance

IT Act, 2000: Important Provisions vis-a-vis Social Media Regulation

Tackling harmful content such as hate speech, rumours, inflammatory and provocative messages and child pornography need cooperation between technology services companies and law enforcement agencies. Information Technology Act, 2000, as amended from time to time, governs all activities related to the use of computer resources. Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000 It covers all ‘intermediaries’ who play a role in the use of computer resources and electronic reco

07 February, 2021 GS-II Various acts

Colombo’s East Container Terminal

Colombo’s East Container Terminal Context Sri Lankan government’s decision to overturn tripartite agreement to develop Colombo’s East Container Terminal is a setback to India and Japan. East Container Terminal project The project, worth an estimated $500-$700 million, was a key marker for infrastructure investment in the island nation where Chinese projects are most prominent. More than two-thirds of trans-shipment at this port is tied to India, making

06 February, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Ugandan Army Commander convicted by International Criminal Court

Dominic Ongwen, nicknamed "White Ant", has been convicted by ICC for committing war crimes and crimes against humanity. He lead attacks on refugee camps & aimed to set up a state based on the Bible’s Ten Commandments against President Yoweri Museveni. He was part of Lord's Resistance Army that as per UN killed more than 1,00,000 people in a campaign of violence that spread to three other African nations — Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the C

15 February, 2021 GS-II International treaties and conventions

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