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National Policy on Electronics, 2019

Objective of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 The Policy envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing - (ESDM) by promoting domestic manufacturing, skill development, start-up, export eco-system and improving ease of doing business for the ESDM industry. It aims to achieve a turnover of $400 billion and generate 1 crore jobs in the ESDM sector by 2025. Salient features of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 Creating eco-syste

25 January, 2022 GS-II Governance

Welfare schemes of the Government promoting girls education

Welfare schemes of the Government promoting girls education Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL), Ministry of Education is implementing various welfare schemes for incentives for girls education. Under the Samagra Shiksha, there is a provision of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs). KGBVs are residential schools from class VI to XII for girls belonging to disadvantaged groups such as SC, ST, OBC, Minority and Below Poverty Line (BPL). A total of 5726 KG

24 January, 2022 GS-II Governance

Eighth Schedule

Constitutional provisions relating to Eighth Schedule The Constitutional provisions relating to the Eighth Schedule occur in Article 344(1) and 351 of the Constitution. Article 344(1) provides for the constitution of a Commission by the President on expiration of five years from the commencement of the Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of ten years from such commencement, which shall consist of a Chairman and such other members representing the different languages specified

22 January, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

India - Central Asia Relations

Mapping of Central Asia Central Asia comprises of 5 countries given above between Caspian Sea and China. Kazakhstan is the largest producer of Uranium and has huge gas and oil reserves as well. Uzbekistan is an important regional producer of gold along with Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan has vast hydropower potential besides oil deposits, and Turkmenistan has the fourth largest gas reserves of the world. Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan — are also in the Caspian litto

20 January, 2022 GS-II International Relations

World Economic Forum - UPSC Analysis

What is World Economic Forum-UPSC Analysis? World Economic Forum is a Swiss non profit foundation established in 1971 based in Geneva, Switzerland. Recognized by the Swiss authorities as to the international institution for public-private cooperation. World Economic Forum engages the foremost political, business, cultural and other leaders of society to shape global, regional and industry agendas. Founder and Executive Chairman – Klaus Schwab. Rep

17 January, 2022 GS-II International organisation

Election Commission of India- Its Constitutional mandate and its powers

Introduction Elections bring the Election Commission of India (ECI) into sharp focus as this constitutional body U/A.324 superintends, directs and controls the conduct of elections. Rise of the powers of Election Commission of India It is an interesting aspect of the ECI’s history that before T.N. Seshan came on the scene as the Chief Election Commissioner, no one in the country ever knew or felt that the ECI had any powers. Seshan discovered the ECI’s powers hi

16 January, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

What is Lok Adalat- Its importance?

Lok Adalat Meaning & its importance Justice delayed is justice denied. Access to justice for the poor is a constitutional mandate to ensure fair Across the country, a total number of 1,27,87,329 cases were disposed of in four National Lok Adalat, which included a huge number of pending cases i.e., 55,81,117 and a record number of pre-litigation cases i.e., 72,06,212. Through these activities, the Legal Services Authorities disposed off a large number of cases giving relief to the c

15 January, 2022 GS-II Indian Polity

POWERGRID and Africa50: First Transmission PPP Project

Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID) has signed a Joint Development Agreement with Africa50, the pan-African infrastructure investment platform to continue to develop the Kenya Transmission Project on a public-private partnership basis. Africa50 Africa50 is an infrastructure investment platform that contributes to Africa’s economic growth by developing and investing in bankable infrastructure projects, catalyzing public sector capital, and

13 January, 2022 GS-II International Relations

India - US Relations UPSC

Introduction India - US relations have developed into a "global strategic partnership", based on shared democratic values and increasing convergence of interests on bilateral, regional and global issues. The emphasis placed by the Government in India on development and good governance has created an opportunity to reinvigorate bilateral ties and enhance cooperation under the motto --- “ChaleinSaathSaath: Forward Together We Go”, and "SanjhaPrayas, Sab ka

11 January, 2022 GS-II International Relations

Mediation Bill 2021 - Detailed Overview

A Bill that could alter the Mediation landscape The background behind Mediation Bill: In General, Disputes Became part and parcel of Day-to-Day Life. Someone or the Other belonging to family or else not a part of the family would be fighting for something. These Disputes may be for Smaller or Bigger issues sometimes leading to Criminal offences also. Many criminal offences are a result of civil or commercial disputes which can be solved by t

10 January, 2022 GS-II Governance

Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021

India has climbed 2 spots and has been ranked 46th by the World Intellectual Property Organization in the Global Innovation Index 2021 rankings. What is Global Innovation Index? It is a global ranking for countries for success in innovation. It is published by WIPO with Cornell University and INSEAD. It ranks on the basis of IPR to R&D, online creativity, mobile app, education, software spending, ease of doing business etc.

10 January, 2022 GS-II Important reports

Draft National Air Sports Policy 2022

India has the potential to be among the leading nations in the world of air sports. It has a large geographical expanse, diverse topography and fair weather conditions. It has a large population, especially the youth. It has a growing culture for adventure sports and aviation. Other than the direct revenue from air sports activities, the multiplier benefits in terms of growth of travel, tourism, infrastructure and local employment, especially in hilly areas of the country, are several times grea

03 January, 2022 GS-II Government policies and interventions

National Education Policy (NEP) 2020- Structural reforms

Need to restructure the governing bodies for universities and autonomous colleges Appointments of vice-chancellors: The system of appointments of vice-chancellors and syndicates, or governing councils, the key authorities for any university, needs to be revised. The appointments are often mired in controversies, with frequent reports in the past of aspirants for the post of vice-chancellors and membership of syndicates indulging in unethical practices to gain favour. NEP talks

02 January, 2022 GS-II Governance

Critical Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC

Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission Jal Jeevan Mission has achieved a milestone of providing tap water supply to every household in 1 lakh villages across India, in a short period of 23 months. At the launch of this ambitious programme, out of 18.94 Crore rural households in country, only 3.23 Crore (17%) had tap water connections. Despite Covid-19 pandemic and lockdown disruptions, Jal Jeevan Mission provided 4.49 Crore tap water connections during 23 months and has also made 50 th

29 December, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Gram Ujala Scheme UPSC

The Union Power and Renewable Energy Minister launched the Gram Ujala scheme in Varanasi. Under the scheme, the government offers the world’s cheapest LED bulbs in rural areas at Rs. 10. The Power Ministry in a press release mentioned that under the Gram Ujala scheme, Convergence Energy Services Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of EESL- Energy Efficiency Services Limited, will be distributing the high-quality LED bulbs at a cost of Rs. 10 in rural areas of Varanasi. Signi

29 December, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Mission SAGAR

Mission SAGAR is a major milestone in India’s engagement with the countries in the Indian Ocean Region, in line with ‘SAGAR — Security and Growth for All in the Region’. Launched on May 10, 2020, Mission SAGAR is India’s initiative to deliver COVID-19 related assistance to the countries in the Indian Ocean Region. Mission SAGAR is in line with India’s role as the first responder in the region and builds on the excellent relations existing between these

27 December, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Good Governance Index 2021

Good Governance Index, GGI 2021 Framework covered ten sectors and 58 indicators. The sectors of GGI 2020-21 are 1) Agriculture and Allied Sectors, 2) Commerce & Industries, 3) Human Resource Development, 4) Public Health, 5.) Public Infrastructure & Utilities, 6) Economic Governance, 7) Social Welfare & Development, 8) Judicial & Public Security, 9) Environment, and 10) Citizen-Centric Governance. The GGI 2020-21 categorises States and UTs into four categories, i.e., (i)

26 December, 2021 GS-II Governance


The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act, 1985. It functions under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The Authority has its headquarters in New Delhi. Functions of APEDA APEDA is mandated with the responsibility of export promotion and development of the scheduled products viz. fruits, ve

25 December, 2021 GS-II Governance

National AYUSH Mission (NAM)

About National AYUSH Mission (NAM) Government of India is implementing Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) through States/UTs for development and promotion of AYUSH system of medicine including Homoeopathy. Under NAM, Grant-in-aid is being provided to State/UT Governments for development and promotion of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) as per their proposed State Annual Action Plans (SAAPs). Specific resource pool with res

24 December, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

NALSA (National Legal Services Authority) Act 1987

The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 to provide free Legal Services to the weaker sections of the society and to organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes. NALSA is located at New Delhi. Hon’ble Mr. Justice N. V. Ramana, The Chief Justice of India is the Patron-in-Chief. In every State, State Legal Services Authority has been constituted to give effect to the policies and directions of the NALS

21 December, 2021 GS-II Governance


Features of SWAMITVA Scheme SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) scheme is a collaborative effort of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Departments, State Revenue Departments and Survey of India. SVAMITVA, a Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj was nationally launched by the Prime Minister on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day on 24th April 2021 after successful completion of the pilo

21 December, 2021 GS-II Governance

Agni-P (Prime) missile

Agni-P (Prime) missile A new-generation nuclear-capable ballistic missile, Agni-P (Prime) was successfully test-fired by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The test was conducted at 10.55 a.m. from the Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam island, Balasore, off the coast of Odisha. Agni-P is a new-generation advanced variant of Agni class of missiles. It is a canisterised missile with range capability between 1,000 and 2,000 km. Explaining the differences from the earlier Agni

19 December, 2021 GS-II International treaties and conventions

Jal Jeevan Mission - A Detailed Overview

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is a flagship programme of the Union Government being implemented in partnership with the States with the objective to provide tap water connection in every rural household by 2024. The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensiv

19 December, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0

The Swachh Bharat Mission - Urban (SBM-U), launched on 2nd October 2014 aims at making urban India free from open defecation and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste in 4,041 statutory towns in the country. The objectives of the mission are mentioned below: Elimination of open defecation Eradication of Manual Scavenging Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices Generate awa

14 December, 2021 GS-II Governance

Digital India Programme

About Digital India Programme India is amongst the top 2 countries globally, just behind China on many dimensions of digital adoption. By 2022, India’s digital economy is likely to cross $1 trillion. Vision of Digital India Programme Digital infrastructure as Utility to Every Citizen Governance and services on demand Digital empowerment of citizens Objectives of Digital India Programme To prepare India for a knowledge future. For being transformative that

07 December, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) - PRIME Scheme launched

What is Atal Innovation Mission? The Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) is a flagship initiative set up by the NITI Aayog to promote innovation and entrepreneurship across the length and breadth of the country. AlM's objectives are to create and promote an ecosystem of innovation and entrepreneurship across the country at school, university, research institutions, MSME and industry levels. ??????? Functions of Atal Innovation Mission The Atal Innovation Mission has following tw

05 December, 2021 GS-II Governance

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

Syllabus subtopic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Features of Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) is a maternity benefit rechristened from erstwhile Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY). The IGMSY was launched in 2010. Th

04 December, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

National Nutrition Mission: NITI Aayog

Recently, the NITI Aayog has released “Accelerating Progress On Nutrition In India: What Will It Take”. It is the third progress report on the National Nutrition Mission or the Poshan Abhiyaan. Key features The third progress report (October 2019-April 2020) takes into account the status on the ground and implementation challenges encountered at various levels through large scale datasets. These datasets are the NFHS-4 and Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CN

02 December, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Census and SECC Analysis

What is the Census of India? The decennial Census of India has been conducted 15 times, as of 2011. While it has been undertaken every 10 years, beginning in 1872 under British Viceroy Lord Mayo, the first complete census was taken in 1881. Post-1949, it has been conducted by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. All the censuses since 1951 were conducted under the 1948 Census of India Act. The last cen

02 December, 2021 GS-II Governance

Swadhar Greh and Portal for Transgender Persons

Initiatives for Transgender Persons: Garima Greh Recently, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has launched the National Portal for Transgender Persons and has inaugurated Garima Greh, a shelter home for transgender persons. National Portal for Transgender Persons: It has been launched in consonance with the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020. It would help transgenders in digitally applying for a certificate and identity card from anywhere in the cou

01 December, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

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