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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

New Scheme for J&K

The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade has notified “New Central Sector Scheme for industrial development of Jammu and Kashmir” with financial outlay of Rs. 28,400 crore on 19/02/2021 and is effective from 01.04.2021 to 31.03.2037. The scheme is applicable for any eligible industrial (manufacturing) entity or eligible service sector enterprise other than those run departmentally by Government, which is registered business enterprise under Goods and Service

05 August, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs)

To bring more stringent provisions and expeditious trial and disposal of such cases, the Central Government enacted "The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018" and made provision of stringent punishment including death penalty for perpetrators of rape. This led to the establishment of the Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs). Fast Track Special Courts are dedicated courts expected to ensure swift dispensation of justice. They have a better clearance rate as compared to the regular

05 August, 2021 GS-II Governance

Section 66A of IT Act issue

Section 66A of IT Act is still used! Section 66A dealt with information related crimes in which sending information, by means of a computer resource or a communication device, which is inter alia offensive, derogatory and menacing is made a punishable offence. In Shreya Singhal v. Union of India judgement, Justices Rohinton F. Nariman and J. Chelameswar had observed that the weakness of Section 66A lay in the fact that it had created an offence on the basis of undefined actions: such

06 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

National Hydrology Project

NWIC (National Water Informatics Center) to maintain a comprehensive water resources data. Under Ministry of Jal Shakti - Headed by Joint Secretary Level Officer. Data will come through India - WRIS (Water Resource Information System). It is a component of National Hydrology Project (NHP) and in consonance with National Water Mission. National Hydrology Project, Ministry of Water Resources. It is a Central Sector Scheme. A

03 August, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Muslim Women Rights Day to celebrate Triple Talaq law

Muslim Women Rights Day on 1st August to celebrate TRIPLE TALAQ law GS-Paper-2 Governance Women and law First watch this lecture by Ankit Sir on Triple Talaq Bill and only then you'll be able to retain these topics efficiently. The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 became the first legislation to be tabled in Parliament by the Narendra Modi dispensation in its second term, with Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad asserting the legislation was a must

01 August, 2021 GS-II Governance

e-RUPI app launched as a digital payment solution

e-RUPI app launched as a digital payment solution e-RUPI is a cashless and contactless instrument for digital payment. It is a QR code or SMS string-based e-Voucher, which is delivered to the mobile of the beneficiaries. The users of this seamless one-time payment mechanism will be able to redeem the voucher without a card, digital payments app or internet banking access, at the service provider. It has been developed by National Payments Corporation of India on its UPI platform,

01 August, 2021 GS-II Governance

OBC and EWS Reservation in Medical sector

OBC and EWS Reservation in Medical sector Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has taken a historic and a landmark decision for providing 27% reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) in the All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme for undergraduate and postgraduate medical / dental courses (MBBS / MD / MS / Diploma / BDS / MDS) from the current academic year 2021-22 onwards. This decision would benefit every year nearly 1500 OBC students in MBBS and 2500 OB

30 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021

Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021 Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021, which aims to replace over 90-year-old Lighthouse Act 1927, to incorporate the global best practices, technological developments and India's International obligations in the field of Marine Aids to Navigation, to fulfill the vision of the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, to make the legislative framework user-friendly and to promote ease of doing business. This initiative is part of the proactive approach ado

28 July, 2021 GS-II Important Bills

Eighth Schedule

Eighth Schedule of the Constitution Constitutional provisions relating to Eighth Schedule The Constitutional provisions relating to the Eighth Schedule occur in Article 344(1) and 351 of the Constitution. Article 344(1) provides for the constitution of a Commission by the President on expiration of five years from the commencement of the Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of ten years from such commencement, which shall consist of a Chairman and such other members represe

28 July, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

MGNREGA

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) It was started in 10th five year plan in 2005. It works under Ministry of Ministry of Rural Development. Funding: Centrally Sponsored with the pattern 90:10. Providing provides a legal guarantee of at least 100 days of unskilled manual work in rural areas. Any member > 18 years (Adult members) of a rural household, willing to do unskilled man

28 July, 2021 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Police Reforms in India

Police Reforms in India Part of: GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) India’s existing police system suffers a series of deficiencies from problems relating to a police organization, environment, infrastructure, and understaffing, to obsolete weaponry and intelligence gathering techniques to a shortage of manpower to corruption, the police force in the country is not in a good shape. ‘Assistance to States for Modernisation of Police’ ‘Pol

28 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

Steps taken by the government to improve learning levels

Steps taken by the government to improve learning levels Education being in the concurrent list of the Constitution and majority of the schools are under the domain of respective State and UT Governments. The Department has shared a COVID Action Plan with the States and UTs which includes tracking of children and their learning levels. States and UTs have been advised to develop effective home learning program which includes access to grade appropriate textbooks; content identification

27 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

NISHTHA programme for continuous professional development of the teachers during Covid

NISHTHA programme for continuous professional development of the teachers during Covid Due to COVID-19 challenges and in order to provide continuous professional development opportunities to the teachers at the elementary level, this Department has launched NISHTHA online using DIKSHA platform in October 2020. Around 24 lakh teachers have completed NISHTHA online training at elementary level by June, 2021. Under NISHTHA, a module on integrating ICT in teaching, learning and assessmen

27 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

South China Sea Issue

South China Sea Issue About South China Sea The South China Sea is an arm of western Pacific Ocean in Southeast Asia. It is south of China, east & south of Vietnam, west of the Philippines and north of the island of Borneo. Bordering states & territories (clockwise from north): the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore and Vietnam. It is connected by Taiwan Strait wi

30 May, 2021 GS-II International Relations

China and Pakistan strategy on Afghanistan

China and Pakistan strategy on Afghanistan China and Pakistan said they would more closely cooperate and work together in Afghanistan amid the changing situation in the country, as their Foreign Ministers proposed building the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) into “a hub of regional connectivity”. Meeting in the Chinese city of Chengdu at the third strategic dialogue, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi and his counterpart Shah Mahmood Qureshi outlined a five-point

26 July, 2021 GS-II International Relations

G20 climate summit

G20 climate summit About Group of 20, 1999 It is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 19 countries and EU. Objectives: It deals with International Financial stability and all economic issues especially Trade War. It has 86% of Gross World Product (GWP) and 80% of World Trade. 2/3rd of World population. Members = 19 countries + EU: USA, Canada, Mexico; Argentina + Brazil; EU + Germany + France + UK + Italy; South Africa,

25 July, 2021 GS-II International organisation

Prison Reforms

Prison Reforms Article 14, 19, 20, 21 and 22 deal with the rights of prisoners. Art 39 (a) Fair justice also deals with Prisons. Prisons is a State subject. Administration and management of prisons is the responsibility of respective State Governments. However, the Ministry of Home Affairs provides regular guidance and advice to States and UTs on various issues concerning prisons and prison inmates. Statistics on Prisons Bench of Justices U.U.Lalit and K.

24 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

National Security Act, 1980

National Security Act, 1980 The NSA is a preventive detention law. Preventive Detention involves the detainment (containment) of a person in order to keep him/her from committing future crimes and/or from escaping future prosecution. Preventive detention laws in India date back to early days of the colonial era when the Bengal Regulation III of 1818 was enacted to empower the government to arrest anyone for defence or maintenance of public order withou

24 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

Government efforts to promote IT based education

Government efforts to promote IT based education A comprehensive initiative called PM eVIDYA has been initiated as part of Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan on 17th May, 2020, which unifies all efforts related to digital/online/on-air education to enable multi-mode access to education. The initiative includes: DIKSHA (one nation, one digital platform)is the nation’s digital infrastructure for providing quality e-content for school education in states/UTs and QR coded Energized

23 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation for Ladakh

Integrated Multi-purpose infrastructure Development Corporation for Ladakh Background Consequent upon re-organisation of the erstwhile State of Jammu and Kashmir as per the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, the Union Territory of Ladakh (without Legislature) came into existence on 31.10.2019. An Advisory Committee was constituted under section 85 of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019 for making recommendations regarding the apportionment of the assets and lia

22 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

Judicial Appointments and Vacancies in India

Judicial Appointments and Vacancies in India Judicial Vacancies has been the issue of Indian Judiciary since a long time now. Click here to read more on the UPSC Facts and Data for Vacancies in Indian Judiciary. Some Constitutional Provisions related to appoint of Judges Article 124(2) of the Indian Constitution provides that the Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President after consultation with such a number of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of t

23 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

Jordan's 100th Anniversary as a Kingdom

100th anniversary of the Kingdom of Jordan PM recently congratulated King Abdullah II on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Kingdom of Jordan. He emphasized importance of region and applauded Jordan as a powerful voice and a global symbol of moderation and inclusivity. He appreciated Aqaba Process has contributed to promoting coordination on regional peace and security. The Aqaba Process is an initiative by His Majesty King Abdullah II of Jordan to enhance global coordin

15 April, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Violence in Northern Ireland (UK)

Violence in Northern Ireland (UK) Recently, Northern Ireland, the United Kingdom (UK) saw the worst violence in years. Parts of Northern Ireland are split along sectarian lines, 23 years after a peace deal largely ended Northern Ireland's troubles. Reasons behind the Violence Geographically, Northern Ireland is part of Ireland. Politically, it’s part of the UK. Ireland, long dominated by the UK, broke free about 100 years ago after centur

14 April, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Ministry of Cooperation: Critical Analysis

Ministry of Cooperation: Critical Analysis In a historic move, a separate ‘Ministry of Co-operation’ has been created by the Modi Government for realizing the vision of ‘Sahkar se Samriddhi’. This ministry will provide a separate administrative, legal and policy framework for strengthening the cooperative movement in the country. It will help deepen Co-operatives as a true people based movement reaching upto the grassroots. In our country, a Co-operative based

21 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

People are Free to Choose Religion: Supreme Court

People are Free to Choose Religion: Supreme Court The Supreme Court refused to entertain a PIL seeking directions to the Centre to ban black magic, superstition, and deceitful religious conversion. About the case in the SC A petition was filed in the Supreme Court seeking to control black magic, superstition & mass religious conversion of SC/STs. The petition also mentions the religious conversions through intimidation, threats & gifts. The plea argued that such forceful re

12 April, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

Solution for Water crisis in India

Solution for Water crisis in India Steps taken by the Central Government to control water depletion and promote rain water harvesting / conservation are as under: 1) Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) JSA was launched in 2019, a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach intended to improve water availability including ground water conditions in the water stressed blocks of 256 districts in India having overexploited groundwater levels. In addition, ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan &ndas

20 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

Welfare schemes of the Government promoting girls education

Welfare schemes of the Government promoting girls education Department of School Education and Literacy (DoSEL), Ministry of Education is implementing various welfare schemes for incentives for girls education. Under the Samagra Shiksha, there is a provision of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs). KGBVs are residential schools from class VI to XII for girls belonging to disadvantaged groups such as SC, ST, OBC, Minority and Below Poverty Line (BPL). A total of 5726 KG

20 July, 2021 GS-II Governance

Meeting of Education Ministers of E9 Countries

Meeting of Education Ministers of E9 Countries Recently, a consultation meeting of Education Ministers of E9 countries was held on the theme ‘E9 initiative: Scaling up digital learning to accelerate progress towards SDG4’. Major Highlights The United Nations (UN) is spearheading a global initiative on digital learning and skills for all, targeting marginalized children and youth and aiming to close the digital divide and drive rapid chan

10 April, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Global Minimum Corporate Income Tax

Global Minimum Corporate Income Tax The US Treasury Secretary has urged the world’s 20 advanced nations to move in the direction of adopting a global minimum corporate income tax. What is the Global Minimum Corporate Tax Rate? It is a type of corporate tax. Under this, If a company moves some of its operations to another country having low-tax jurisdiction, then the company have to pay the difference between that minimum rate and whatever the firm paid on its overseas earnin

10 April, 2021 GS-II International Relations

Online Dispute Resolution in India

Online Dispute Resolution in India NITI Aayog recently released a handbook on Online Dispute Resolution mechanism. ODR has the potential to decentralize, diversify, democratize, and disentangle the justice delivery mechanism in India’s courts. Present Scenario in India’s Courts & Associated Issues The pendency of over 40 million cases in our judicial system remains a focal point for reform and reduction. This pendency makes a strong case for online dispute reso

10 April, 2021 GS-II Governance

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