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Mukhyamantri Gramin Solar Street Light Scheme

The Mukhyamantri Gramin Solar Street Light Yojana is a scheme that aims to provide street lights in villages and cities in Bihar. The scheme is expected to be completed by March 2023 but not implemented in some areas till now.

06 February, 2024 GS-II Government policies and interventions

International Education Day

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared January 24 as the International Day of Education in 2018. The day celebrates the role of education in peace and development and aims to raise awareness of the value and impact of quality education. In 2024, UNESCO is focusing on promoting anti-racist guidelines and addressing racism in textbooks with the theme - ‘learning for lasting peace’.

05 February, 2024 GS-II Governance

Religious processions

The Supreme Court ruled that the concentration of a religious community in a particular area is not a valid reason to deny permission to another religious community to hold events or prayer meetings. The court also ruled that religious processions cannot be rejected based on religious grounds.

05 February, 2024 GS-II Governance

Universal Basic Income (UBI)- Analysis

Universal Basic Income (UBI) can strengthen welfare architecture and unlock the nation’s latent demographic potential. UBI - It is an income support mechanism typically intended to reach all or a very large portion of the population regardless of their earnings or employment status. Objective- To provide enough to cover the basic cost of living and provide financial security. Principles – The fundamental principles of UBI include Univers

05 February, 2024 GS-II Governance

Operation AMRITH

The Kerala Drug Control Department launched Operation Amrith (AMRITH - Anti Microbial Resistance Intervention for Total Health) recently. It is a strategy launched to combat antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The initiative aims to reduce the use of antibiotics by conducting surprise raids on retail medical shops to detect the sale of antibiotics without a prescription.

04 February, 2024 GS-II Governance


Exercise Cyclone is a joint military exercise between India and Egypt. The exercise aims to strengthen the bond between the two armies and develop bilateral military cooperation. The exercise focuses on desert operations and includes 3 phases.

04 February, 2024 GS-II International Relations

Idate Commission Report

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) stressed on the need for the implementation of the Idate Commission report. The Commission Headed by - Bhiku Ramji Idate. Setup by - The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. Constituted in - 2015, for a three-year temporary term. Purpose - For the empowerment of the Denotified Tribes (DNT), Semi Nomadic (SNT), and Nomadic Tribes (NT). Nomadic and semi-nomadic communities are defined as those who move

04 February, 2024 GS-II Indian Polity

Wings India 2024

Wings India 2024 is a civil aviation event that took place at Begumpet Airport in Hyderabad, India. This event is organized by the Ministry of Civil Aviation, AAI, and FICCI. The event celebrated India's status as the world's third-largest domestic aviation market.

03 February, 2024 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Chabahar Port and INDIA relevance

India and Iran are set to hold talks to establish "long-term cooperation framework" on Chabahar port. Chabahar Port Chabahar is Iran’s first deepwater port and sits at the mouth of the Gulf of Oman. It is Iran's only oceanic port situated in Sistan and Baluchistan Province, on the Makran coast. It consists of 2 main ports - Shahid Kalantari and Shahid Beheshti.

03 February, 2024 GS-II International Relations

Boeing India Engineering and Technology Centre (BIETC)

Prime Minister inaugurated aircraft manufacturing giant Boeing’s largest investment facility outside the USA in Bengaluru recently. It aims to be a cornerstone for partnership with the vibrant startup, private and government ecosystem in the country. PM will also launch the Boeing Sukanya Program that aims to support the entry of more girl children from across India into the country’s growing aviation sector.

02 February, 2024 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Atal Bhujal Yojna

Recently, the meeting for review of progress of Atal Bhujal Yojna was held at Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh. Atal Bhujal Yojna Atal Bhujal Yojana is a central sector scheme which was launched in 2019. Duration: Period of 5 years (2020-21 to 2024-25), Increased by 2 years in May, 2023. Objective: The major objective of the Scheme is to improve the management of groundwater resources in select water stressed areas in identified states. The scheme is being tak

02 February, 2024 GS-II Government policies and interventions

Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit- Kampala

The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War as an organization of States that did not seek to formally align themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union, but sought to remain independent or neutral. The basic concept for the group originated in 1955 during discussions that took place at the Asia-Africa Bandung Conference held in Indonesia. The first NAM Summit Conference took place in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in September 1961. It has&

01 February, 2024 GS-II International organisation

Alliance for Global Good- Gender Equity & Equality-WEF

Launch of “Alliance for Global Good- Gender Equity and Equality” by India at World Economic Forum, Annual Meeting Davos, 15-19 January, 2024 Shri Narendra Modi’s “Women-led Development” agenda resonates globally at the WEF 2024, with committed support from WEF and over 10,000 businesses worldwide WEF hails India’s inclusive and remarkable growth story under the visionary leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and compliments the Indi

01 February, 2024 GS-II International organisation

Project BHISHM

BHISHM -Bharat Health Initiative for Sahyog, Hita and Maitri). It is a project that aims to provide immediate medical assistance during humanitarian crises or natural disasters. It is a joint project of the Indian Navy and the DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation). The project also includes the world's first indigenous portable hospital.

01 February, 2024 GS-II Governance


The 2nd edition of the Ministry of Education’s flagship R&D Innovation Fair, IInvenTiv-2024 was inaugurated by Union Education Minister recently. It aims to showcase the holistic impact of the research and innovation carried out by the country's top higher education institutes.

01 February, 2024 GS-II Governance

Guidelines for Regulation of Coaching Center 2024

The Ministry of Education's Department of Higher Education recently introduced the "Guidelines for Registration and Regulation of Coaching Center 2024." Guidelines for Registration and Regulation of Coaching Center 2024 According to the guideline, a ‘coaching center’ includes a center established, run, or administered by any person to provide coaching for any study programme, competitive examinations, or academic support to students at

31 January, 2024 GS-II Governance

Central Consumer Protection Authority

The Central Consumer Protection Authority issues notice to Amazon for sale of sweets under the misleading name of Shri Ram Mandir Ayodhya Prasad. The action has been initiated based on a representation made by the Confederation of All India Traders (CAIT) alleging that Amazon is engaging in deceptive trade practices involving the sale of sweets under the guise of 'Shri Ram Mandir Ayodhya Prasad'. It may be mentioned that under the Consumer Protection (e-commerce) Rules,

31 January, 2024 GS-II Indian Polity

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2023

The Annual Status of Education Report 2023 has been published recently by Pratham, a civil society organisation. What is ASER? It is a nationwide citizen-led household survey that provides a snapshot of the status of children’s schooling and learning in rural India. Conducted by- Pratham, a non-governmental organisation. Launched- 2005 Published- It was conducted annually until 2014 and switched to alternate year cycle in 2016. Basic ASER

31 January, 2024 GS-II Governance

International Court of Justice (ICJ)

South Africa has moved the International Court of Justice (ICJ), invoking the Genocide Convention, 1948, against Israel accusing it of committing genocide during its ongoing military campaign in Gaza. What is ICJ? World’s court- It is the principal judicial organ of United Nations it is the only principal organ of UN to be not located in New York. Composition-ICJ is composed of 15 judges elected to 9-year terms of office by the U

30 January, 2024 GS-II International organisation

16th Finance Commission- Article-280

Cabinet approves creation of 3 officer-level posts for 16th Finance Commission. Chairman – Arvind Panagariya Secretary – Ritvik Ranjanam Pandey 3 new posts – Created at the level of Joint Secretary i.e. 2 posts of Joint Secretary and 1 post of Economic Adviser who are required to assist the Commission in carrying out its functions. Functions – To suggest the principle of tax devolution between the Centre and States

30 January, 2024 GS-II Indian Polity

Right to Food

Recently, Indian government argued for people’s right to food in Supreme Court by supporting Genetically Modified (GM) crops as against the alleged environmental damage by it. Right to Food – It implies the right to food at appropriate nutritional levels and the quantum of relief to those in distress must meet those levels in order to ensure that this right is actually secured and does not remain a theoretical concept. It is inherent to a life wi

30 January, 2024 GS-II Indian Polity

Global FinTech Forum

On the sidelines of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit, PM interacted with prominent business leaders in the Global FinTech Leadership Forum at GIFT city in Gujarat recently. The Global Fintech Forum is a space for shareholders, customers, and participants to share experiences and experiment.

29 January, 2024 GS-II Government policies and interventions

National Sports and Adventure Awards 2023

The National Sports and Adventure Awards were established in 2002 to honor athletes who contribute to sports and continue to promote sports events after retirement. The 2023 awards included Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna Awards-2023; Dronacharya Awards-2023; Arjuna Awards-2023; Dhyan Chand Awards-2023; Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Awards-2022; Rashtriya Khel Protsahan Puruskar-2023; and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Trophy-2023.

28 January, 2024 GS-II Governance

Tenth Schedule of Indian Constitution

News? Speaker of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly has refused to disqualify 40 MLAs of the Eknath Shinde faction after recognising it as the real Shiv Sena. He also did not disqualify 14 MLAs of the Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray (UBT) group due to technical reasons under the Tenth Schedule. Anti Defection Law? The anti-defection law punishes individual Members of Parliament(MPs)/MLAs for leaving one party for another. Parliament added it to the Constitution as the&nbs

28 January, 2024 GS-II Indian Polity

Sports and Adventure Awards 2023

Recently, the President of India presided over a ceremony at Rashtrapati Bhavan to bestow the prestigious National Sports and Adventure Awards 2023.The awards are administered by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports, Government of India. Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna Award: India's highest sporting honor established in 1991-92. Named after hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand. Given for outstanding performances over 4 years

27 January, 2024 GS-II Governance

National Sports Day 

12th National Sports Daywas celebrated across India on 29 August. Why is National Sports Day Celebrated? Objective: To commemorate the birth anniversary of hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand. First NSD: August 29, 2012. Significance: Encourages people of all ages to embrace physical fitness, regular exercise and a healthy lifestyle. Serves as a catalyst for developing a robust sports culture in India. Highlights o

27 January, 2024 GS-II Governance

19th Asian Games (of 2022, held in 2023)

The Asian Games is the biggest sports competition in Asia, held once every four years. The symbol for the Asian Games is the rising sun with interlocking rings. It is recognised by the International Olympic Committee. Background and Inauguration: After the Second World War, many Asian countries gained independence and the Indian International Olympic Committee proposed the idea of Asian Games as a sporting event, where all Asian nations can

27 January, 2024 GS-II Governance

World Anti-Doping Report 2022

Doping is the act of consuming artificial and often illegal substances to gain an advantage over others in sporting competitions (For example: anabolic steroids, human growth hormones, stimulants and diuretics). Doping products are often illegally produced, trafficked and distributed. As they are rarely approved for public use, their consumption is dangerous and poses a serious health risk to both professional and amateur sports people. Anti Doping is opposing or prohib

27 January, 2024 GS-II Governance

Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)

Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) is the pool of funds generated by 5% Universal Service Levy that is charged upon all the telecom fund operators on their Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR). This fund is deposited in the Consolidated Fund of India and is dispatched on the approval of the Indian Parliament. The USOF comes under the Indian Telegraph Act 1885. The act was amended in 2003 to give statutory status to the fund. The Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communications gover

27 January, 2024 GS-II Governance

Countries of Particular Concern

U.S. designates China, Pakistan and North Korea and some other countries as 'Countries of Particular Concern' recently. Countries of Particular Concern (CPC) are countries where the government engages in or tolerates “particularly severe” violations of religious freedom. The U.S. Department of State designates CPCs under the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.

26 January, 2024 GS-II International Relations



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