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International Monetary and Financial Committee-IMFC

Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman attended the Plenary Meeting of the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) of the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) at the Annual Meetings 2021 held in Washington D.C. on 14th October 2021. International Monetary and Financial Committee It is the Ministerial-level committee of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It meets twice a year, onc

16 October, 2021 GS-II International organisation

PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation)

What is PRAGATI platform? PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation) is a multi-purpose, multi-modal, unique and interactive platform. The platform is aimed at addressing common man’s grievances, and simultaneously monitoring and reviewing important programmes and projects of the Government of India as well as projects flagged by State Governments. The PRAGATI platform uniquely bundles three latest technologies: Digital data management, video-

30 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

CPEC is connecting China’s Xinjiang with Pakistan’s Gwadar port is regarded as the flagship project of the multi-billion dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) which is aimed at furthering China’s global influence with infrastructure projects funded by Chinese investments all over the world. The CPEC is bilateral project between Pakistan and China, intended to promote connectivity across Pakistan with a network of highways, railways, and pipelines accompanied by energy, ind

29 September, 2021 GS-II International Relations

PLI Scheme for Automobile & Auto components

The Government has issued Notification regarding Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Automobile & Auto components. The PLI Scheme for the auto sector envisages to overcome the cost disabilities of the industry for manufacture of Advanced Automotive Technology products in India. The incentive structure will encourage industry to make fresh investments for indigenous global supply chain of Advanced Automotive Technology products. It is estimated that over a period of five y

25 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

Census and SECC Analysis

What is the Census of India? The decennial Census of India has been conducted 15 times, as of 2011. While it has been undertaken every 10 years, beginning in 1872 under British Viceroy Lord Mayo, the first complete census was taken in 1881. Post-1949, it has been conducted by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. All the censuses since 1951 were conducted under the 1948 Census of India Act. The last cen

24 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

National Policy on Electronics, 2019

Objective of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 The Policy envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing - (ESDM) by promoting domestic manufacturing, skill development, start-up, export eco-system and improving ease of doing business for the ESDM industry. It aims to achieve a turnover of $400 billion and generate 1 crore jobs in the ESDM sector by 2025. Salient features of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 Creating eco-syste

23 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

National Software Products Policy

Missions of the Policy To promote the creation of a sustainable Indian software product industry, driven by intellectual property (IP), leading to a ten-fold increase in share of the Global Software product market by 2025. To nurture 10,000 technology startups in software product industry, including 1000 such startups in Tier-II and Tier-III towns & cities and generating direct and in-direct employment for 3.5 million people by 2025.

23 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

ADB cuts India’s GDP growth forecast in 2021-22 to 10%

The Asian Development Bank has cut its forecast for India’s GDP growth in 2021-22 to 10%, from 11% projected earlier, with downside risks dominating the economic outlook. The ADB also sees rising input costs fuelling inflation to a faster 5.5% pace, than the 5.2% previously estimated. While the COVID-19 second wave had disrupted the recovery since the ADB’s April forecast for 11% growth, the Bank expects the economy to ‘rebound strongly in the remaining three quarters and

22 September, 2021 GS-II Important reports

South China Sea Issue

About South China Sea The South China Sea is an arm of western Pacific Ocean in Southeast Asia. It is south of China, east & south of Vietnam, west of the Philippines and north of the island of Borneo. Bordering states & territories (clockwise from north): the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia, Singapore and Vietnam. It is connected by Taiwan Strait with the East China Sea&nbs

22 September, 2021 GS-II International Relations

SCO Exercise Peaceful Mission : 2021

The 6th Edition of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Exercise Peaceful Mission : 2021 was held today. It was hosted by Russia at Orenburg Region of South West Russia. The aim of the exercise is to foster close relations between SCO Member States and to enhance abilities of the military leaders to command multinational military contingents. An Indian military contingent comprising of an all arms combined force of 200 personnel from Indian Army and Indian Air force is participatin

21 September, 2021 GS-II International organisation

Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021

India has climbed 2 spots and has been ranked 46th by the World Intellectual Property Organization in the Global Innovation Index 2021 rankings. What is Global Innovation Index? It is a global ranking for countries for success in innovation. It is published by WIPO with Cornell University and INSEAD. It ranks on the basis of IPR to R&D, online creativity, mobile app, education, software spending, ease of doing business etc.

21 September, 2021 GS-II Important reports

WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization)

WIPO has its origins in the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI) which was established in 1893. It is a UN specialized agency created in 1967 to promote IP protection and encourage creative activity all over the World. Headquarter of WIPO is in Geneva - Switzerland. India joined in 1975. WIPO is basically a global forum for IP policy, services, information and coorperation. WIPO is a self funded agency&nbs

21 September, 2021 GS-II International organisation

Road and Rail deaths in India – NCRB Crime India Report

India recorded 1.2 lakh cases of “deaths due to negligence relating to road accidents” in 2020, with 328 persons losing their lives every day on average, despite the COVID-19 lockdown, according to government data. As many as 3.92 lakh lives were lost in three years in deaths due to negligence related to road accidents, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) revealed in its annual ‘Crime India’ report for

20 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

2019 NRC final, rules Assam Foreigners’ Tribunal

While the Registrar General of India has not yet issued a notification on Assam’s National Register of Citizens (NRC) to make it a legal document, a Foreigners’ Tribunal has gone ahead and recorded it as the “final NRC” while declaring a man to be Indian. Hearing a case against one Bikram Singha of Jamirala village whose name figured in the NRC list, member of FT-II in Karimganj town Sishir Dey said, “...there is no doubt that this NRC Assam published in 2019 i

20 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

National Population Register vs Census

National Population Register (NPR) is a database containing a list of all usual residents of the country. Its objective is to have a comprehensive identity database of people residing in the country. A usual resident for the purposes of NPR is a person who has resided in a place for 6 months or more, and intends to reside there for another six months or more. It is generated through house-to-house enumeration during the “house-listing” phase of the census, which is held onc

20 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

Disruption in the Parliament is the Contempt of the House

In a first by any Presiding Officer of the legislatures in the country and in the context of rising disruptions, Rajya Sabha Chairman Shri M.Venkaiah Naidu today unequivocally held that disruptions of proceedings amount to contempt of the House and disruptors can’t claim it as their privilege to do so. Productivity of Rajya Sabha Speaking on disruptions in the Parliament, Shri Naidu informed that the productivity of Rajya Sabha is being quantified since 1978 and during

18 September, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

Eighth Schedule

Constitutional provisions relating to Eighth Schedule The Constitutional provisions relating to the Eighth Schedule occur in Article 344(1) and 351 of the Constitution. Article 344(1) provides for the constitution of a Commission by the President on expiration of five years from the commencement of the Constitution and thereafter at the expiration of ten years from such commencement, which shall consist of a Chairman and such other members representing the different languages specified

16 September, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

India US Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue (CAFMD)

India and the United States are natural partners with shared values and our agenda encompasses all major pillars of our strategic priorities - including defence, security, energy, technology, education and healthcare The United States is to collaborate with India to work towards installing 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030. Currently, India’s installed power capacity is projected to be 476 GW by 2021-22, and is expected to rise to at least 817 GW by 2030. Mr. Kerry was speaking a

14 September, 2021 GS-II International Relations


Features of SWAMITVA Scheme SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) scheme is a collaborative effort of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Departments, State Revenue Departments and Survey of India. SVAMITVA, a Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj was nationally launched by the Prime Minister on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day on 24th April 2021 after successful completion of the pilo

14 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

ATL Space Challenge 2021

What is ATL Space Challenge 2021? Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) successfully launched the ATL Space Challenge 2021 for all school students across the country. The challenge has been designed for all the school students, mentors and teachers across the country who not only are associated with schools having ATL labs but for all the non ATL schools as well.

11 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

13th BRICS Summit 2021

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will chair the 13th BRICS Summit on 9 September 2021 in virtual format. The theme for the Summit is ‘BRICS@15: Intra-BRICS cooperation for continuity, consolidation and consensus’. India had outlined four priority areas for its Chairship. These are Reform of the Multilateral System, Counter Terrorism, Using Digital and Technological Tools for achieving SDGs and Enhancing People to People exchanges.

10 September, 2021 GS-II International organisation

The Collegium System

The Collegium System was introduced in response to the executive interference in judicial appointments. However, this system has failed to protect judicial appointments from executive interference. It is due to the reasons like Post-retirement appointments of judges. At present, the collegium comprises of CJI (Chief Justice of India) and 4 senior-most judges of the Supreme Court. Despite various criticisms and attempts to reform the appointments and transfers process, the collegium system sti

09 September, 2021 GS-II Indian Polity

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966. The Headquarters of ADB is in the Ortigas Center located in the city of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines. India is a founding member of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). It aims to promote social and economic development in Asia and the Pacific. Members of Asian Development Bank (ADB) The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia a

09 September, 2021 GS-II International organisation

Data Protection Bill, 2019

Private Companies and State agencies has vast amount of data. There is no legal framework for data protection. Even the individuals dont know that their data is being used. Thus, there was a need for legislation which was also said by K S Puttaswamy case, 2018 that held Right to Privacy (Art 21) to be a Fundamental Right. Against this backdrop B N Srikrishna Committee (on Data Protection) prepared Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018 to MEITy. It deals with the guidelines for c

08 September, 2021 GS-II Important Bills

The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance, 2021

Recently, the President promulgated Tribunal Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance 2021 through which the Appellate authorities under nine laws have been replaced with High Courts. (Click here to read about Administrative Tribunals in India) The Ordinance amended the Finance Act 2017 to include provisions related to the composition of search-cum-selection committees, and term of office of members in the Act itself. The Finance Act 2017

07 September, 2021 GS-II Governance


The Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) is an Indian Government owned telecommunications technology development centre. It was established in 1984 by Sam Pitroda with initial mandate of designing and developing digital exchanges. C-DOT has expanded to develop intelligent computer software applications. It has offices in Delhi, Bangalore and Kolkata. It is one of the few government organisations in India which have been appraised at Maturity Level 5 of CMMI-DEV v1.3. In

06 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

51st Foundation Day of BPR&D

Law and order is a state subject in the federal structure and to strengthen the federal structure, a link connecting the implementing agencies of all the states, that is, the police, and its federal organizations, is very important. The challenges are faced from the perspective of the country, there are governments of different parties and ideologies in states, there are regional parties as well, apart from this, if law and order is to be ready to face the challenges, then there is a link

06 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) - now BharatNet

NOFN is an ambitious initiative to trigger a broadband revolution in rural areas. NOFN was envisaged as an information super-highway through the creation of a robust middle-mile infrastructure for reaching broadband connectivity to Gram Panchayats. The Ministry of Communications has launched the National Broadband Mission that will facilitate universal and equitable access to broadband services across the country, especially in rural and remote areas. Aim of NOFN To facilitate

05 September, 2021 GS-II Governance

6th Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) session

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi delivered a video-address during the plenary session of the 6th Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) held on 3 September 2021 in Vladivostok. It may be recalled that PM was the Chief Guest for the 5th EEF in 2019, the first by an Indian Prime Minister. In Indian history and civilization the word ‘Sangam’ has a special meaning. It means confluence or coming together of rivers, people or ideas. In my view, Vladivostok is truly a ‘Sangam’ o

04 September, 2021 GS-II International Relations

India at BRICS Digital Health Summit

Digital Health has become the priority in wake of COVID 19 Pandemic. The two waves presented us with unique challenges for which an effective and humane centralized response sensitive to regional needs was warranted. The Digital health was aptly utilized to manage the pandemic and enabled us for a much more scientific and data driven approach for strengthening our response. India’s National Digital Health Blueprint is an overarching architectural framework for digital initiative

04 September, 2021 GS-II International organisation

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