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Human Geography

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The Transport 4 All Challenge

The Transport 4 All Challenge It is a project of the Government of India's Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. Aim: To bring cities, citizens, and startups together to create solutions that improve public transportation and better serve the needs of all citizens. Focuses on digital innovation and invites cities, citizens, and innovators to collaborate on developing contextual digital solutions to improve formal and informal public transportation in order to better serve the

World Cities Day & Urbanization

World Cities Day & Urbanization Every year on October 31, World Cities Day is observed to raise awareness of the need for international cooperation in advancing global urbanisation and addressing its difficulties. By 2050, seven out of ten people on the planet will reside in cities, according to the UN. What is the World Cities History Day? 2022's theme is "Act Local to Go Global." History: World Cities Day was established by a resolution passed by the

Sea Level Rise and Its impact

Sea Level Rise and Its Impact GS-PAPER-1 Geography: Oceanography (PT-MAINS) Image Source - Recently, a study in the journal Scientific reports made predictions that a large population and assets will be globally affected as a consequence of Sea Level Rise (SLR). SLR is a consequence of climate change, which is predicted to increase coastal flooding by 2100. The global population potentially exposed to episodic coastal flooding will increase from 12

NITI Aayog’s Draft National Policy on Migrant Workers

NITI Aayog’s Draft National Policy on Migrant Workers NITI Aayog, along with a working subgroup of officials and members of civil society, has prepared a draft National Migrant Labour policy. It puts forward several radical ideas including the adoption of a rights-based approach and creating an additional layer of institutions to create a more enabling policy environment for migrants. Highlights of the Draft policy It proposes a new National Migration Policy and

Inclusionary Urbanisation

Inclusionary Urbanisation Context With a clear focus on the expansion of Metro Rail and bus services through Central funding, Budget 2021 has recognised a core component of urbanisation. Clean and Green mass mobility Comfortable, safe and affordable commuting has well-recognised multiplier effects for the economy and more generally for public health, although COVID-19 has had the perverse effect of driving people away to the safety of personal car and two-wheeler bubbles.

California Wildfires

California Wildfires California (USA) is facing sprawling wildfires destroying more than 400,000 acres of forests in Northern and Central California. Reasons for California’s Wildfires: Climate: California, like much of the West, gets most of its moisture in the fall and winter. Its vegetation then stays dry throughout the summer because of a lack of rainfall and warmer temperatures, which ultimately serve as the ignition for fires. However, with global warming, the

Sea Level Rise: Its impact

Sea Level Rise: Its Impact GS-PAPER-1 Geography: Oceanography (PT-MAINS) Recently, a study in journal Scientific reports made predictions that a large population and assets will be globally affected as a consequence of Sea Level Rise (SLR). SLR is a consequence of climate change, which is predicted to increase coastal flooding by 2100. The global population potentially exposed to episodic coastal flooding will increase from 128-171 million to 176-287 million by 2100

Inclusive urbanisation

Inclusive urbanisation GS-PAPER-1 Geography – Urbanization The Covid-19 pandemic has proved that the Indian cities are overburdened and underprepared to provide guaranteed social protection to millions of migrant workers. Due to denial of access to adequate food and nutrition, livelihood, housing and basic amenities like water and sanitation facilities, there has been an exodus of migrant labourers from urban to rural areas. Further, with over 90% of the population work

Venus Coronae

Venus Coronae Researchers have recently studied the formation of Venus’ ring-shaped volcanic structures called “Coronae”. They are formed by plumes of molten rock rising from the mantle up through the crust. This process is similar to how Earth’s volcanos function. Interestingly, most of Earth’s volcanism occurs along the boundaries of tectonic plates, but modern Venus doesn’t seem to possess tectonic plates. They identified three dozen features on Venus

Social Security Number for Migrants

Social Security Number for Migrants GS-Paper-3 Economic development (Mains) The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour has recommended that the government introduce a social security number for migrant workers, especially those working in the unorganised sectors which are beyond the purview of the labour laws. Background: The Ministry of Labour and Employment was unable to give any concrete figures on the number of migrant workers. However, the off

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