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California Wildfires

California Wildfires California (USA) is facing sprawling wildfires destroying more than 400,000 acres of forests in Northern and Central California. Reasons for California’s Wildfires: Climate: California, like much of the West, gets most of its moisture in the fall and winter. Its vegetation then stays dry throughout the summer because of a lack of rainfall and warmer temperatures, which ultimately serves as ignition for fires. However with global warmin

24 August, 2020

Sea Level Rise: Its impact

Sea Level Rise: Its impact GS-PAPER-1 Geography: Oceanography (PT-MAINS) Recently, a study in journal Scientific reports made predictions that a large population and assets will be globally affected as a consequence of Sea Level Rise (SLR). SLR is a consequence of climate change, which is predicted to increase coastal flooding by 2100. The global population potentially exposed to episodic coastal flooding will increase from 128-171 million to 176-287 million by 2100

04 August, 2020

Inclusive urbanisation

Inclusive urbanisation GS-PAPER-1 Geography – Urbanization The Covid-19 pandemic has proved that the Indian cities are overburdened and underprepared to provide guaranteed social protection to millions of migrant workers. Due to denial of access to adequate food and nutrition, livelihood, housing and basic amenities like water and sanitation facilities, there has been an exodus of migrant labourers from urban to rural areas. Further, with over 90% of the population work

03 August, 2020

Venus Coronae

Venus Coronae Researchers have recently studied the formation of Venus’ ring-shaped volcanic structures called “Coronae”. They are formed by plumes of molten rock rising from the mantle up through the crust. This process is similar to how Earth’s volcanos function. Interestingly, most of Earth’s volcanism occurs along the boundaries of tectonic plates, but modern Venus doesn’t seem to possess tectonic plates. They identified three dozen features on Venus

28 July, 2020

Social Security Number for Migrants

Social Security Number for Migrants GS-Paper-3 Economic development (Mains) The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Labour has recommended that the government introduce a social security number for migrant workers, especially those working in the unorganised sectors which are beyond the purview of the labour laws. Background: The Ministry of Labour and Employment was unable to give any concrete figures on the number of migrant workers. However, the off

27 July, 2020

Earthquakes management

Earthquakes management GS-Paper-1 Geography- Earthquake (PT) According to a recently published study, researchers have developed a new way to improve the prediction of earthquakes. Seismic Waves Vibrations from an earthquake are categorised as P (primary) and S (secondary) waves. They travel through the Earth in different ways and at different speeds. They can be detected and analysed. P-waves:

20 July, 2020

Assam’s Flood and Management

Assam’s Flood and Management GS-PAPER -1 Geography – Flood Management The recent flood in Assam has led to heavy casualties, displacement of peoples and animals and destruction of property and environment. It has also led to inundation of 80% of the area of Kaziranga National Park. Reason behind Floods: Ill-maintained or poorly constructed river embankments are the main reason behind the flooding. One major feature of flood management in Assam is total depe

20 July, 2020

Previously unknown faults at the foot of the Himalaya discovered

Previously unknown faults at the foot of the Himalaya discovered Context Data from an oil and gas exploration company has now helped geologists discover a series of faults at the foot of the Himalaya. Sesimic exploration data The team looked at seismic reflection data, which are routinely collected by exploration companies looking for oil and gas. In this method, seismic waves are produced by small explosions at multiple sources, and many recorders called geophones record

19 July, 2020

Forest Fires in India

Forest Fires in India According to the report of the Forest Survey of India, between 2003–2017, a total of 5,20,861 active forest fire events were detected in India. About 54% of the forest cover in India is exposed to occasional fire. Most fire prone regions - Northeast India, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Western Himalaya have shown a sharp increase of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and ozone during high fire activity perio

14 July, 2020

Y Nalla

Y Nalla The strategic ‘Y Nalla’ near the Shyok-Galwan axis has become the new frontier for Indian and Chinese troops after the construction of a new post and infrastructure in Galwan Valley is believed to have cut-off the traditional access to Patrol Point-14 on Line of Actual Control (LAC). The infrastructure built comprised hardened shelters for troops and defensive positions at the Y-junction. At this junction, the Galwan River takes a sharp bend towards its meeting poin

13 July, 2020

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