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Abanindranath Tagore

Abanindranath Tagore Why In News? Year-long celebrations marking 150 years of Abanindranath Tagore, titled Abanindranath at 150: Bichitra Revisited, is being organised jointly by Victoria…

Overcrowding of Childcare Institutions

Overcrowding of Childcare Institutions The children in distress situations merit care and protection under the provisions of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children)…

Digital Literacy among Women

Digital Literacy among Women -Under PMGDISHA Program The onset of the pandemic brought to the surface – uncertainties, gaps in technology, and most importantly, further…

Suicides in India - NCRB 2019 Report

Suicides in India - NCRB 2019 Report Each suicide is a personal tragedy that prematurely takes the life of an individual and has a continuing…

Progress under National Health Mission (NHM) in 2019-20

Progress under National Health Mission (NHM) in 2019-20 The Cabinet noted that NHM has envisaged new Initiatives in 2019-20 as: Social Awareness and Actions to…

Government concessions to promote Wind Energy Projects

Government concessions to promote Wind Energy Projects Present Status Of Wind Energy Projects More than 70 percent of the equipment is manufactured in India. About wind…

Indirect Taxes

Indirect Taxes Indirect taxes are consumption-based taxes that are applied to goods or services when they are bought and sold. The government receives indirect tax…

NARS Research on Agriculture production

NARS Research on Agriculture Research findings : India is a major producer of paddy, wheat and pulses. In production, India ranks 2nd in paddy &…

Foreign exchange reserves position as on 27 Jul2021

Foreign exchange reserves position as on 27 Jul 2021 India’s foreign exchange reserves position is comfortable in terms of import cover of more than 18…

Infant Mortality due to Pneumonia and SAANS Initiative

Infant Mortality due to Pneumonia and SAANS Initiative As per Sample Registration System Report (2010-13) of Registrar General of India, Pneumonia contributes 16.9% of…

Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) - Unemployment rate for women

Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) - Unemployment rate for women Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)- conducted by National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and…

NTPC Group achieves over 100 Billion Units of cumulative generation in 2020-21 financial year

NTPC Group achieves over 100 Billion Units of cumulative generation in 2020-21 financial year NTPC Group companies under Ministry of Power have achieved over 100…

Power Generation from non-fossil fuel sources

Power Generation from non-fossil fuel sources Renewable Energy Targets Government of India had set a target of 1,75,000 MW installed capacity from renewable sources by…

Emergence of Gandhi

Emergence of Gandhi Why Nationalist Upsurge at End of First World War Post-War economic hardship. Expectations of Political Gains for Cooperation in the War Nationalist…

Indian National Congress - Foundation and the Moderate Phase

Indian National Congress - Foundation and the Moderate Phase Foundation of Indian National Congress First session held in 1885 (Bombay). Indian National Union, formed by…

Era of Militant Nationalism

Era of Militant Nationalism Why Militant Nationalism Grew 1. Realisation that the true nature of British rule was exploitative, and that the British…

Beginning of Modern Nationalism in India

Beginning of Modern Nationalism in India The rise and growth of Indian nationalism has been traditionally explained in terms of Indian response to the stimulus…

Socio-Cultural Reform Movements

Survey of Socio-Cultural Reform Movements Reform Movements: Among Hindus Bengal Raja Rammohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj- Raja Rammohan Roy Believed in the modern scientific approach…

First Phase of Revolutionary Activities (1907-1917)

First Phase of Revolutionary Activities (1907-1917) Reasons for emergence Younger elements not ready to retreat after the decline of open phase. Leadership’s failure to tap…

First World War and Nationalist Response

First World War and Nationalist Response In the First World War (1914-1919), Britain allied with France, Russia, USA, Italy and Japan against Germany, Austria-Hungary and…

National Fish Farmers Day

National Fish Farmers Day The National Fisheries Development Board celebrated the National Fish Farmers Day virtually. The National Fish Farmers day is observed every year…

Assessment of Social Reform Movements - Positive and Negative Aspects

Assessment of Social Reform Movements - Positive and Negative Aspects Positive Aspects The orthodox sections of society could not accept the scientific ideological onslaught of the…

General Features of Socio religious reform movements

Socio religious reform movements Basically, there were two kinds of reform movements in the 19th century in India: Reformist- These movements responded with the time…

Advent of the Europeans in India

Advent of the Europeans in India Why a Sea Route to India European economy growing rapidly, demand for luxury goods. Spirit of renaissance in the…

Digital Divide in Schools and UDISE Report

Digital Divide in Schools and UDISE Report A Union government survey of 15 lakh schools from across the country has revealed that only 22% of…

1857 Revolt

1857 Revolt The revolt is a product of character and policies of colonial rule. Economic causes- The colonial policies destroyed the traditional economic fabric of…

Index of core industries

Index of core industries The eight core sector industries include coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, fertiliser, steel, cement and electricity. The eight Core…

Household spending on health

Household spending on health The World Health Organization (WHO) provides data on the percentage of the total population where the household expenditure on health was…

India’s export of organic food products and National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP)

India’s export of organic food products India’s export of organic food products rose by more than 51% to Rs 7078 crore ($ 1040 million) during…

National policy on Older persons and LASI Report

National policy on Older persons and LASI Report LASI Report Longitudinal Aging Study of India has collected information on chronic conditions in elderly above 60 years of…

Peasant Movements

Peasant and Non-Tribal Movements during British India Name of the movement Main cause(s) Course of the movement and consequences Sanyasi Rebellion Region: Bengal Year: 1763-1800 Displaced peasants,…

Tribal Movements in India

Tribal Movements in India The Tribal population is conservative and is always interested in retaining the features of their society. Tribal movements were inspired…

Indian National Congress Annual Sessions

Annual Sessions of Indian National Congress Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha founded Indian National Congress on 28 December 1885 Year Place…

Important Newspapers associated with the freedom Struggle

Important Newspapers associated with the freedom Struggle The evolution of Indian press was fraught with developmental difficulties, illiteracy, colonial constraints and repression. It disseminated the…

Fatalities of medical practitioners due to COVID19

Fatalities of Medical Practitioners due to COVID19 Bihar recorded the highest number of doctors — 69 —who died of COVID19 in the second wave so…

Governor Generals and Viceroys of India

Governor Generals and Viceroys of India --Significant Events in their Rule Sl. No. Governor Generals Acts Wars/Treaties Reforms Introduced/ Established 1 Warren Hastings 1773-1785 1773…

The Ills of Patriarchy

The Ills of Patriarchy Patriarchy generally refers to the hierarchical power relation in which men are dominant and women are subordinate. The subordination of women…

Status of women in India

Status of women in India According to the WEF report, raising women’s participation in the labour force can increase India’s GDP significantly. A working woman…

Widened Scope Of Section-304B

Widened Scope Of Section-304B The Supreme Court indicat ed in a judgment on Friday that a straitjacket and literal interpretation of a penal provision on…

Rural Health Statistics Report

Rural Health Statistics Report The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare recently released the Rural Health Statistics Report. According to the report, there is an…

UNFPA Study on Bodily Autonomy

UNFPA Study on Bodily Autonomy The United Nations Population Fund recently released a report "My Body is My Own". The report is about women's power…

Rising Unemployment and Need for Domestic Demand

Rising Unemployment and Need for Domestic Demand Unemployment Rising unemployment, including among the salaried class, and shrinking real incomes have led to a lack of…

Undertrials

Under trials The Supreme Court has thrown open the door to the legislature to “ponder” over the idea of placing convicts under house arrest to…

A Bullet Train to Hunger

A Bullet Train to Hunger The monthly report from the Finance Ministry in October stated, “From a trickle in not so distant past to now…

Rare diseases and their occurrence in India

Rare diseases and their occurrence in India The common denominator of rare diseases is the infrequency of their occurrence in the human population. Often debilitating…

Disruptions in Economy caused by the upsurge in COVID-19

Disruptions in Economy caused by the upsurge in COVID-19 The latest official data on retail prices and industrial production released in April 2021 provide cause…

Defence Spending in India

Defence Spending Despite the huge countries due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, global military spending in 2020 was the highest in at least 22 years,…

Forest Fire

Forest Fire The most common hazard in forests is forests fire. Forests fires are as old as the forests themselves. They pose a threat not…

Delay In Judicial Appointments

Delay In Judicial Appointments In light of extraordinary delay in filling up judicial vacancies and to clear the mounting arrears in the various High Courts…

Ken-betwa River Linking Project

Ken-betwa River Linking Project The Project- The Ken-Betwa project is part of the national river linking project which proposes to connect 14 Himalayan and 16…

State of World Population Report 2021 by UN Population Fund

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) recently released its report “State of World Population Report 2021” titled ‘My Body is My Own’. About State of…

Covid-19 dynamics- Important data and solutions

Covid-19 dynamics- Important data and solutions Introduction This article talks about the rapid rise of the covid-19 in the second wave, its major reasons, data…

Dynamics of Second Wave of COVID-19

Dynamics of Second Wave of COVID-19 The coronavirus (SARS-COV-2) is now a global concern because of its higher transmission capacity and associated adverse consequences including…

2021 Norton Cyber-Safety Insights Report

Norton Report on cybercrime in India in 2020-21 The NortonLifelock recently released a report titled "2021 Norton cyber-Safety Insights Report" Key Findings of the report:…

Inflation Trends in India

Inflation Trends in India Official data on retail food and fuel costs remain the main driver. Inflation continues to accelerate and output at the…

Status of Indian Agriculture

Status of Indian Agriculture Growth: The Agriculture and Allied activities clocked a growth of 3.4%. As per the Provisional Estimates of National Income released by Central Statistical Organization in May,…

Fisheries Sector

Fisheries Sector Fishing is one of the oldest occupations of man. Fish provides protein rich food and is also a big source of vitamins A,…

G-SAP 1.0

G-SAP 1.0 RBI in it's April 2021 monetary policy continues with the accommodative stance as long as necessary to sustain growth on a durable basis…

Forex Reserves of India

Forex Reserves of India Why in News? The country's foreign exchange reserves declined by USD 4.255 billion to USD 580.299 billion, fall in reserves was…

Investments in India

Investments in India Why in News India has attracted total FDI inflow of US$ 72.12 billion during April to January, 2021. It is the highest…

Major Committees – Indian Banking system

Major Committees – Indian Banking system Committee Purpose Banking and Financial Sector Reforms Basel Committee Banking Supervision Bimal Jalan For New Bank Licenses Raghuram…

India’s Banking Sector a brief Timeline – UPSC PRELIMS

India’s Banking Sector a brief Timeline – UPSC PRELIMS GS Paper-3 Banking system – Prelims and Personality test Banking is considered to be the “Backbone…

Indian Banking system & Related Terms - UPSC

Indian Banking system & Related Terms - UPSC GS-PAPER-3 Economics-Banking and associated terms Rates Base Rate – This is the minimum rate at which a…

Water borne Diseases

Water borne Diseases Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water. These diseases can be spread while bathing, washing, drinking…

Renewable Energy in India – Facts and Future prospect

Renewable Energy in India – Facts and Future prospect GS-Paper-3 Renewable Energy – Infrastructure development- Prelims & UPSC Interview Context: Renewable energy is the most…

Solar Power Park in India- UPSC FACTS

Solar Power Park in India- UPSC FACTS GS-Paper-3 Renewable Energy – Infrastructure development- Prelims & UPSC Interview Context: Renewable energy mainly solar energy is the…

Wind Energy in India- Renewable Energy

Wind Energy in India- Renewable Energy GS-Paper-3 Renewable Energy – Infrastructure development- Prelims & UPSC Interview Context: Renewable energy mainly-Wind energy is the most important…

India Energy Outlook Report, 2021

India Energy Outlook Report, 2021 GS-Paper-3 Energy security – Infrastructure development- Prelims & UPSC Interview Context: The International Energy Agency (IEA) has recently released the…

Tiger Reserves and Tiger Census- UPSC

Tiger Reserves and Tiger Census Tigers are at the top of the food chain and are sometimes referred to as “umbrella…

Environment Related Important Dates

Environment Related Important Dates GS-Paper-ENVIRONMENT DATES- Prelims Context: Environmentally important dates are highly important for PRELIMS in the UPSC examination and also a student can…

Sacred groves of India

Sacred groves of India GS-Paper-Forest conservation- Prelims & UPSC Interview Context: Forest conservation with the help of the LOCAL Community is very important for sustainable…

Ramsar sites- Wetlands in India – Quick facts

Ramsar sites- Wetlands in India – Quick facts GS-Paper-Forest and Biodiversity conservation- Prelims & UPSC Interview Context: A wetland is a place where the land…

Biosphere Reserves and their significance- UPSC Exam

Biosphere Reserves and Significance- UPSC Exam This topic helps you to cover: Biosphere reserves (BSR) in detail. Understand UPSC pattern of Questionnaire. Get a mental map…

Animals of India - UPSC

Animals of India India has some of the world's most Biodiverse regions, encompassing a wide range of biomes–desert, high mountains, highlands, tropical and temperate forests,…

Revival in Lockdown-caused-contraction in GDP

Revival in Lockdown-caused-contraction in GDP Advance Estimates of National Income project 8% Contraction in GDP. For the fiscal year 2020-21, GDP contraction is estimated at…

Transgender Rights

Transgender Rights As per the Census 2011, there are 4,87,803 persons under the category called ‘Other’. Among all the states, top four states with high…

Vacancies in Judiciary

Vacancies in Judiciary Over 60% of the sanctioned strength of judges was vacant at Patna High Court. High Courts with highest vacancy was in Patna(60%)…

Core infrastructure Sector

Core infrastructure Sector Year on Year Growth rate of 8 Core Industries vis-à-vis COVID. Core industries has been adversely affected by the Covid-19 pandemic …

Progress Under National Health Mission (NHM) in 2019-20

Progress Under National Health Mission (NHM) in 2019-20 The Cabinet noted that NHM has envisaged new Initiatives in 2019-20 as: Social Awareness and Actions to…

Water Resources

Water Resources About 71% of our earth is covered by water and hence our earth is called watery planet. 97% of the earth's water is…

Crops

Major Crops Recent developments in Crops- Economic Survey Food Grains Among total imports of food grains, the % share of different crops shows that- cereals are highest…

Data on Soils of India

Data on Indian Soils Alluvial Black Red Forest Laterite Arid/ Desert/ Sandy Alkaline Usar/reh Marshy/ Kari of Kerala % Spread 45.6…

Data on Indian Defence

Brahmos is the first supersonic cruise missile to enter service.Capable of attaining a speed ofMach 2.8 (almost three times thespeed of sound), it has a…

Data related to USA and INDIA

Trade between India and USA I-USA Bilateral trade in goods and services desired goal is $500 billion. In the five years to 2019, bilateral trade grew at aCAGRof 7.7% per year to $146 billion. If the same rate of…

Data on Higher Education in Marginalised Communities

Pallid state of reservation in some of India’s elite institutions. Some of the striking data show 62% unfilled vacancies for SC in the IIMs and…

Data on Artificial Intelligence

Data on Artificial Intelligence AI has helped increase crop yields , raised businessproductivity, improved access tocredit and made cancer detectionfaster and more precise. Itcould contribute more than $15 trillionto the world economy by 2030,adding14%to global GDP. Google hasidentified over 2,600 use cases of“AI for good” worldwide. A study published in Naturereviewing the impact of AI on the SustainableDevelopment Goals (SDGs) findsthat AI may act as an enabler on134 — or 79%—of all SDG targets. We are on the cusp of unprecedented technological breakthroughs that promise to positively transform our world in waysdeeper and more profound thananything that has come before.Yet, the study in Naturealsofinds that AI can actively hinder 59—or 35%— of SDG targets.

Data on Forest Resources

India State of Forest Report, 2019 ISFR is an assessment of country’s forest resources every two years by Forest Survey of India. Starting in 1987,…

World Air Quality Report: Delhi is the most polluted city in the World

World Air Quality Report: Delhi is the most polluted city in the World World Air Quality Report is given by IQAir Visual and Greenpeace. The…

Data on Indian Defence

Data on Indian Defence Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri) Report India’s arms imports fell 33 % between 2011-15 and 2016-20, country has taken a…

Data on Employment

Data On Employment Employment during COVID-19 According to ILO, of the 535M labour force in 2019, 398 M will have poor quality jobs. National Rural…

Data on CPI

Data on Inflation Feb-2021 Retail inflation, measured by the CPI, accelerated to a three-month high of 5.03% in February, data released by the National Statistical…

Data on Climate Change

Data on Climate Vulnerability Ranking by various organizations of India’s Climate Vulnerability Status: HSBC ranking(2018) Placed India at TOP among 67 nations in Climate vulnerability.…

Rights Based Issues

Freedom In the World: Democracy Under siege Report By USA think tank Freedom House. China’s Score: Dropped from 10 to 9. Its 0ne of the…

Data on Diabetes

Data on Diabetes India has second highest number of diabetes patients aged 20-79 yrs as of 2019- WHO. The World Health Organisation (WHO) estimated the…

Data on Special Economic Zones

Data on Special Economic Zones(SEZ) The Special Economic Zones (SEZs) policy was launched in April, 2000. The Special Economic Zones Act, was enacted in 2005.…

External Sector

External Trade COVID-19 pandemic led to a sharp decline in global trade, lower commodity prices and tighter external financing conditions with implications for current account…

Data on Cyber Crime

Data on Cyber Crime The data according to National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal, since its inception in Aug 2019,a total of 3,17,439 cybercrime incidents and…

Data on UAPA Cases

Data on UAPA Cases from 2015 to 2020 There is 72% increase in the number of persons arrested under the UAPA (Unlawful Activities [Prevention] Act…

Space Related Facts and Data

Space Related Facts and Data Indian Space Program Started in 2ndFive Year Plan. Vikram Sarabhai is the architect of INDIAN SPACE PROGRAM. Space program is…

Contraction in GDP due to Lockdown

Contraction in GDP due to Lockdown Advance Estimates of National Income project 8% Contraction in GDP. NSO revised 1stquarter GDP shrinkage to 24.4% from 23.9%…

Data on Sectoral Deployment of Bank Credit in 2020-21

Data on Sectoral Deployment of Bank Credit in 2020-21 Year-on-Year Growth of outstanding bank loans are on decelerating pace. It slowed down to lowest in…

BUDGET DATA

BUDGET 2021-22 DATA Prominent Themes of Budget 2020-21 Budget 2020-21 is woven around three prominent themes: Aspirational India in which all sections of the society seek…

Data on petrol cess and other cesses.

Data on petrol cess and other cesses. Cesses are collected for a specific purpose, and they need not be shared with the States, as they…

Data on Higher education in marginalised communities.

Data on Higher education in marginalised communities. RTI data showed that SC students constituted only 7.6% and STs were just 1.2%. The reservation policy requires…

Data on COVID19 Impact on Health Services.

Data on COVID19 Impact on Health Services. The novel coronavirus pandemic, health-care providers have been reassigned from other specialties to COVID-19, restricting high quality care…

Data on Disability

Disability Less than 7% of public buses in the country were fully accessible to wheelchair users as of December 2020, with the target of 25%…

Low Emission Technologies

Low-Emissions Technologies Widespread global deployment of technologies like hydrogen, carbon capture use and storage, soil carbon, energy storage to backup renewables and decarbonise transport, and…

Data on Agriculture

Data on Agriculture Contribution to GDP The share of agriculture in GDP increased to 19.9 per cent in 2020-21 from 17.8 per cent in 2019-20.…

Data on Mineral Resources of India

Data on Minerals Types of mining: Open Cast and Underground mining Highlights World’s largest producer of mica blocks and mica splitting. World’s 2nd largest producer…

Health Care Data

Health Care Annual health care expenditure 2000-2015 Annual health care expenditure of the country is 4% of GDP Of which, 0.9 –1.07% is Govt Expenditure and 3.0-3.6% is…

Economic Data

The Hindu Data 09 to 11 Feb Digital Exclusion Digitally excluded Indian stand at greater than 50% among which 40% are phones with no internet…

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