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 Neeraj Chopra Sets New Javelin Throw National Record

Neeraj Chopra Sets New Javelin Throw National Record Of 89.94m With a throw of 89.94m at the Diamond League, Neeraj Chopra (24 years) broke his own national record of 89.30m that he set at the Paavo Nurmi Games in Turku earlier this month. He finishes second just behind the World champion and season leader Anderson Peters of Grenada who won the competition with a best throw of 90.31m which he came up with in this third attempt. Niraj Chopra became the second Indian to finish in

10 July, 2022 GS-I Art and Culture


RAMPA REBELLION Prime Minister left for Andhra Pradesh's Bhimavaram to attend the 125th birth anniversary celebrations of freedom fighter Alluri Sitarama Raju. About Alluri Sitarama Raju Born on July 4 in the year 1897, Alluri Sitarama Raju is remembered for his fight against the British administration to safeguard the interests of the tribal communities in the Eastern Ghats region. In the year 1922, Indian revolutionary Alluri Sitaram Raju with more than 500 tribal people

03 July, 2022 GS-I Modern History


JAGANNATH RATH YATRA The Greatest festival of the Supreme Lord Jagannath’s Rath Yatra is celebrated every year but for the last 2 years, the devotee's participation was barred due to the pandemic. The annual Lord Jagannath rath yatra begins from the Jagannath temple, Puri. The festival is celebrated on the second day of Shukla Paksha of Ashadh which is the third month, according to the traditional Oriya calendar. The Rath Yatra is 9 day-long event during which the th

02 July, 2022 GS-I Art and Culture


URBAN HEAT ISLAND Recently a picture capture by NASA showed that how night time temperature in Delhi and adjoining villages were above 35 degrees Celsius which is also peaking at about 39 degrees Celsius, while the rural field nearby had cooled to around 15 degrees Celsius. The phenomena of urban heat island are growing in capital mainly because of escape in green infrastructure. It has been observed that cities and towns are getting warmer than the surrounding rural areas mainly due to l

17 June, 2022 GS-I Indian Geography


ANJALI PONNUSAMY The Prime Minister has condoled the passing away of the distinguished Indian National Army Veteran Anjalai Ponnusamy from Malaysia. Though she was not born in India (but in Malaysia), she joined the INA’s Rani of Jhansi regiment, at the age of 21 (1943). [INA’s Rani of Jhansi regiment is the first Women’s army in the world.] She has the experience of following the troops up to the Burma-India Border in the effort to free India from the Briti

17 June, 2022 GS-I Modern History


OACHIRA KALI RITUAL Oachira kali is the festival which celebrated in the month of June in Kerala. It is to commemorate of the Battle of Kayamkulam, fought between the Maharaja of Travancore Marthanda Varma and the Raja of Kayamkulam on the plains of Oachira Temple. The battlefield was a paddy field adjacent to the famous Oachira Parabrahma temple and the festivities are part of a ritual associated with the shrine. The festival also includes local men mocking the battle fought between

16 June, 2022 GS-I Art and Culture

Everything about Transgender rights and schemes in India

Introduction Indian Census never recognized third gender i.e. Transgender while collecting census data. But in 2011, data on Transgender was collected with details related to their employment, literacy and caste. As per the 2011 Census, the total population of Transgender is 4.88 lakhs, the highest being in Uttar Pradesh followed by Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar. In the National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India case (2014), the Supreme Court of India declared tr

04 February, 2022 GS-I Social issues

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006

For restitution of deprived forest rights across India. It provides for Integrated conservation & livelihood rights of people. It is a tool to empower local self governance; address livelihood security of ppl & issues of conservation & Management of natural resources & conservation governance. For the 1st time, it recognises & secures Community rights + Individual rights; Right to protect, regenerate or conserve or manage any com

23 January, 2022 GS-I Social issues

National Commission on Safai Karamcharis (NCSK)

About National Commission on Safai Karamcharis (NCSK) The NCSK was established in the year 1993 as per the provisions of the NCSK Act 1993 initially for the period upto 31.3.1997. Later the validity of the Act was initially extended upto 31.3.2002 and thereafter upto 29.2.2004. The NCSK Act ceased to have effect from 29.2.2004. After that the tenure of the NCSK has been extended as a non-statutory body from time to time through resolutions. The tenure of the present

20 January, 2022 GS-I Social issues

Manual Scavenging in India

Manual Scavenging Syllabus subtopic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Prelims and Mains focus: about the problem of manual scavenging in India; reasons and govt’s efforts in curbing it. Background While civil society started a movement in the 1990s to abolish dry

20 January, 2022 GS-I Social issues

Who evaluates Mineral deposits in India?

Mineral assessment is a continuous process and a number of exploration agencies like Geological Survey of India [GSI], Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited [MECL], Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research [AMDER], State Departments of Geology and Mining [DGMs], State/Central Undertakings are engaged in the exploration of mineral deposits in the country. For mineral surveys in the country, GSI is the nodal agency to formulate exploration programmes of various agencies thr

28 December, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

World History of Central Asia

Central Asia Russia had conquered Central Asia in the 19th century by annexing the formerly independent Khanates of Kokand and Khiva and the Emirate of Bukhara. After the Communists took power in 1917 Russian Revolution and created the Soviet Union it was decided to divide Central Asia into ethnically-based republics in a process known as National Territorial Delimitation (or NTD). This was in line with 2 things Communist theory that nationalism was a necessary step on th

21 December, 2021 GS-I World History

Policies for Child Beggars

Policies for Child Beggars The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated a scheme “SMILE - Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise”, which includes sub-scheme - ‘Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engaged in the act of Begging’. This scheme covers several comprehensive measures including welfare measures for persons who are engaged in the act of begging. The focus of the scheme is extens

15 December, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Tropical Cyclones in India

Definition of a Cyclone Cyclone refers to any spinning storm that rotates around a low-pressure centre. The low-pressure centre is also referred to as the 'eye' of the storm, which is well known for being eerily calm compared with the areas under the spinning 'arms' of the storm. You could say that the eye is watching what's going on down below, so it needs a clear path, but the arms are where all the action happens because this is where the storm is throwing out all

04 December, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

The Act seeks to achieve the objectives of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children as ratified by India on December 11, 1992. It specifies procedural safeguards in cases of children in conflict with law. It seeks to address challenges in the existing Act such as delays in adoption processes, high pendency of cases, accountability of institutions, etc. The Act further seeks to address children in the 16-18 age group, in conflict with law, as an increased incidence of crimes commit

28 October, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana-PMVVY – OLD AGE & Senior Citizens

About Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana - PMVVY PMVVY is a social security scheme for senior citizens intended to give an assured minimum pension to them based on an assured return on the purchase price / subscription amount. Extension of Pradhan MantriVayaVandanaYojana (PMVVY) up to 31st March, 2023 for further period of three years beyond 31st March, 2020. To allow initially an assured rate of return of 7.40 % per annum for the year 2020-21 per annum and thereafter to be re

29 September, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Northeast Monsoon

Subdued Northeast Monsoon Rainfall over the southern peninsular region has been deficient so far, indicating that the northeast monsoon has remained subdued this year. Significance: Pattern of Rainfall in India: India receives rainfall during two seasons: About 75% of the country’s annual rainfall is received from the Southwest monsoon between June and September. The Northeast monsoon occurs during October to December, and is a comparatively small-scale monsoon, which is c

21 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

New Monsoon Forecast Model and Madden Julian Oscillation

New Monsoon Forecast Model The India Meteorological Department (IMD) may introduce new monsoon models this year to better forecast changes in rainfall. The monsoon that concluded in 2020 was unique, in that with monsoon 2019, it was only the third time in a century that India saw back-to-back years of above normal rainfall. In both years — and monsoon 2019 was a 25-year high — the IMD failed to forecast the magnitude of the excess and only indicated that the monsoon would be

21 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Monsoon in India - UPSC

South West Monsoon in India (Jun, July, Aug, Sep): Definition: It is the seasonal reversal in the wind direction. It is experienced in tropical areas (20°N to 20°S). In India, it is experienced in June, July, August and September. 5 Key players in Monsoon: 1) Differential heating and cooling of land (LP) and Sea (HP) in summer. 2) Northward shifting of ITCZ in July over Ganga plains ITCZ is a low pressure zone located at the equator where trade winds conve

21 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Monsoon decided history of Indian subcontinent

A recent study by researchers at Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (IIT­KGP) has revealed that abrupt changes in the Indian monsoon in the last 900 years decided the course of human history in the sub- continent. A paper titled “Abrupt changes in Indian summer monsoon strength during the last 900 years and their linkages to socio-economic conditions in the Indian subcontinent” by Anil K. Gupta, professor at the geology and geophysics department of IIT­KGP, highli

21 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Hindi gains due to demographic shift

When the Centre launched its NIPUN Bharat scheme in July 2021 to improve foundational literacy and numeracy among primary school students, participants from non-Hindi speaking States complained that they were the ones left feeling illiterate as they could not understand either the speeches, nor the PowerPoint presentations on the scheme, all made in formal Hindi. (Read about the Eighth Schedule Languages first.) Last August, Tamil Nadu delegates at a yoga and naturopathy training webinar cl

20 September, 2021 GS-I Indian Society

Operation Blue Freedom

A team of eight persons with disabilities created a new world record for the “largest number of people with disabilities” to scale the world’s highest battlefield, Siachen Glacier, by scaling up to the Kumar Post at an altitude of 15,632 ft. The team with disabilities was trained and led by CLAW Global, a team of Special Forces veterans who had left the service due to disabilities. The expedition team climbed a total distance of 60 km atop the spine of the Siachen Glaci

14 September, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Porunai or Thamirabarani civilisation: New Discovery

A carbon dating analysis of rice with soil, found in a burial urn at Sivakalai in Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu, by the Miami-based Beta Analytic Testing Laboratory has yielded the date of 1155 BC, indicating that the Thamirabarani or Porunai civilisation dates back to 3,200 years. Encouraged by this finding, Chief Minister M.K. Stalin announced in the Assembly the establishment of Porunai Museum in Tirunelveli at a cost of Rs. 15 crore. The finding has established tha

11 September, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

New Heat wave Hotspots and Trends in India

North-Western, Central, and further to south-central region of India are the new hotspot of intense Heatwave events over the past half-century, said a study which found an increase in deadly Indian heat waves in recent years. The study also highlights the need for developing effective heat action plans in the three heatwave hotspot regions with a focus on different vulnerabilities among the inhabitants. Heatwaves emerged as a deadly health hazard, claiming thousands of lives across the g

08 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Earthquake resistant buildings using Thermocol

Thermocol could be the material of the future for construction of Earthquake resistant buildings, with thermal insulation and could also save energy required to develop construction materials. Researchers at IIT Roorkee have found that thermocol or Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) is used as a composite material in core of reinforced concrete sandwich, could resist earthquake forces on up to four-storey buildings. The researchers tested a full-scale building and a number of wall elements constr

24 August, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Drug Abuse in India

Although the use of various psychoactive substances such as alcohol, cannabis and opioids has been observed in India for centuries, the current dimension of the extent and pattern of psychoactive substance use and the problems associated with their use are not well documented. The National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre (NDDTC), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi was entrusted with the responsibility to lead the technical and scientific aspects of the National Survey

23 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Earthquakes in India

Why in News? Earthquake Observatories in India India is going to have 35 more earthquake Observatories by end of this year and 100 more such Observatories in next five years. In last six and a half decades since Independence, the country had only 115 Earthquake Observatories but now, there is going to be a quantum leap in the number of Earthquake Observatories in the country. Indian subcontinent is considered as one of the world's most disaster-prone areas in terms of earthquakes,

22 August, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Rain at the highest point on Greenland for the first time

About Greenland Greenland is the world's largest island, located between the Arctic region and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Greenland's highest mountain Mt. Gunnbjörn is also the highest peak located north of the Arctic Circle. Therefore, it does not just hold the title of being the highest peak in Greenland but is also the highest peak of the Arctic (3694 m/12120 ft). Greenland is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark.

22 August, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

TAPAS Initiative

TAPAS (Training for Augmenting Productivity and Services) is the initiative of National Institute of Social Defence (NISD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, to provide access to lectures by subject experts, study material and more, but in a manner that it supplements the physical classroom without compromising on the quality of teaching. The main objective of introducing the course modules is to impart training and enhance the knowledge and skills for the capacity building of th

15 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

National Commission for Minorities

Why in news? The Delhi High Court on Thursday extended the deadline given to the Centre to nominate persons to all the vacant positions in the National Commission for Minorities by two months. The High Court had earlier directed that the nomination of all the vacant positions be filled on or before July 31 in order to ensure that the commission functions efficiently and the purpose of the commission as envisaged under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 is also fully given e

13 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues



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