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Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021 The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015. The amendments include authorizing District Magistrate including Additional District Magistrate to issue adoption orders under Section 61 of the JJ Act, in order to ensure speedy disposal of cases and enhance accountability. The District Magistrates have been further empowered under the Act, to ensure its smoot

29 July, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Everything about Transgender rights and schemes in India

Everything about Transgender rights and schemes in India Introduction Indian Census never recognized third gender i.e. Transgender while collecting census data. But in 2011, data of Transgender was collected with details related to their employment, literacy and caste. As per 2011 Census, the total population of Transgender is 4.88 lakhs, highest being in Uttar Pradesh followed by Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar. In National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India case (201

29 July, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Denotified Tribes in India

Denotified Tribes in India Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities (DNCs) are hard to reach, less visible, and therefore frequently left out. While most DNTs are spread across the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) categories, some DNTs are not covered in any of the SC. ST or OBC categories. Who are DNTs? The term 'De-notified Tribes' stands for all those communities which were once notified under the Criminal Tribes

28 July, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Policies for Child Beggars

Policies for Child Beggars The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated a scheme “SMILE - Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise”, which includes sub-scheme - ‘Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engaged in the act of Begging’. This scheme covers several comprehensive measures including welfare measures for persons who are engaged in the act of begging. The focus of the scheme is extens

28 July, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Reforms in the Mining Sector

Reforms in the Mining Sector Geological Survey of India: For all minerals except Uranium (AMD). It is the largest and most comprehensive provider of basic earth science information or database. Indian Bureau of Mines, 1948: It is under Ministry of Mines with responsibilities for conservation and systematic exploitation of mineral resources other than coal, petroleum and natural gas, atomic minerals and minor minerals. IBM performs regulatory functions under MMDRA, 1957.

27 July, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Yaas Cyclone

Tropical Cyclones Yaas Definition of a Cyclone Cyclone refers to any spinning storm that rotates around a low-pressure center. The low-pressure centre is also referred to as the 'eye' of the storm, which is well known for being eerily calm compared with the areas under the spinning 'arms' of the storm. You could say that the eye is watching what's going on down below, so it needs a clear path, but the arms are where all the action happens because this is where the

30 May, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

China braces for Typhoon In-fa

China braces for Typhoon In-fa About Tropical Cyclones Definition of a Cyclone Cyclone refers to any spinning storm that rotates around a low-pressure center. The low-pressure centre is also referred to as the 'eye' of the storm, which is well known for being eerily calm compared with the areas under the spinning 'arms' of the storm. You could say that the eye is watching what's going on down below, so it needs a clear path, but the arms are where all the action

25 July, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme, 1975

Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme, 1975 The Scheme has been renamed as Anganwadi Services. It is 1 of the World's largest programmes providing for an integrated package of services for the holistic development of the child. Funding: Centrally Sponsored Scheme. All components of ICDS except Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) are financed through a 60:40 ratio. For SNP = 50:50. The North East states have a 90:10 ratio.

24 July, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Revival of Water Bodies

Revival of Water Bodies Reasons: Ground water levels in various parts of the country are declining because of continuous withdrawal necessitated by increased demand of fresh water for various uses, vagaries of rainfall, increased population, industrialization and urbanization etc. Water being a State subject, initiatives on water management including conservation & water harvesting and revival/rejuvenation of water bodies in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility. H

23 July, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

How to restore water bodies?

How to restore water bodies? It is for the State Governments concerned to undertake enumeration, protection and management of water bodies in their respective States. However, this Ministry undertakes census of minor irrigation schemes from time to time, which also captures information pertaining to certain specific water bodies in the country. As per the latest census, being 5th census of minor irrigation schemes with reference year 2013-14, there are 5,16,303 water bodies in the ru

23 July, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

UNESCO strips Liverpool of its world heritage status

UNESCO strips Liverpool of its world heritage status The English city of Liverpool has been removed from UNESCO’s list of world heritage sites after the United Nations’ cultural agency found new buildings, including a football stadium, undermined the attractiveness of its Victorian docks. Liverpool was named a World Heritage Site in 2004, joining cultural landmarks such as the Great Wall of China and the Taj Mahal. After a vote in China by members of its World Heritage Comm

22 July, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Emergence of Gandhi

Emergence of Gandhi Why Nationalist Upsurge at End of First World War Post-War economic hardship. Expectations of Political Gains for Cooperation in the War Nationalist disillusionment with imperialism worldwide. Impact of Russian Revolution. Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms Dyarchy in provinces. Two lists—reserved and transferred—for administration. Reserved subjects to be administered by governor through executive council and transferred subjects to be admini

21 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

First Phase of Revolutionary Activities (1907-1917)

First Phase of Revolutionary Activities (1907-1917) Reasons for emergence Younger elements not ready to retreat after the decline of open phase. Leadership’s failure to tap revolutionary energies of the youth. Government repression left no peaceful avenues open for protest. Ideology Assassinate unpopular officials to strike terror and arouse people to expel the British with force; based on individual heroic actions on lines of Irish nationalists or Russian nihilist

13 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

Assessment of Social Reform Movements - Positive and Negative Aspects

Assessment of Social Reform Movements - Positive and Negative Aspects Positive Aspects The orthodox sections of society could not accept the scientific ideological onslaught of the socio-religious rebels. As a result of this, the reformers were subjected to abuse, persecution, issuing of fatwas and even assassination attempts by the reactionaries. However, in spite of opposition, these movements managed to contribute towards the liberation of the individual from the conform

10 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

Advent of the Europeans in India

Advent of the Europeans in India Why a Sea Route to India European economy growing rapidly, demand for luxury goods. Spirit of renaissance in the 15th-century Europe Capture of Constantinople in 1453, and Syria and Egypt later by the Ottoman Turks calling for a new route to reach India without dealing with Arabs and Turks. Venice and Genoa, too small to stand up to the Turks. Spain and Portugal aided with money and men by the North Europeans and by ships and technica

04 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

DRIP Phase II and III

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) Phase II Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is a State sector scheme formulated to bridge the funding gap and provide urgent finance to States for repair and maintenance of Dams. The scheme closed on 31st March, 2021. It facilitated loans from World Bank to participating states when they agreed to terms and conditions of the lending agency. Andhra Pradesh did not choose to be a part of it. Next phase of DRIP

20 July, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Interlinking of Rivers

Interlinking of Rivers The project of inter-linking of rivers was first proposed in the 1970s. The National Perspective Plan (NPP) was prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti) in August 1980 for water resources development through inter basin transfer of water, for transferring water from water surplus basins to water-deficit basins. Under the NPP, the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) has identified 30 links (16 under Peninsular Component and 14

19 July, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Tika Utsav to begin on Jyotirao Phule’s Birth Anniversary

Tika Utsav to begin on Jyotirao Phule’s Birth Anniversary The 'Tika Utsav (vaccination festival)', started on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Jyotirao Phule (11th April) will continue till the birth anniversary of Babasaheb Ambedkar on 14th April 2021. The aim of the four day festival is to vaccinate as many people as possible for the priority groups and zero wastage of Covid-19 vaccine. Jyotirao Phule was an Indian

11 April, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

NITI Aayog’s Draft National Policy on Migrant Workers

NITI Aayog, along with a working subgroup of officials and members of civil society, has prepared a draft National Migrant Labour policy. It puts forward several radical ideas including the adoption of a rights-based approach and creating an additional layer of institutions to create a more enabling policy environment for migrants. Highlights of the Draft policy It proposes a new National Migration Policy and the formation of a special unit within the Minis

11 April, 2021 GS-I Human Geography

‘National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive’ (PRASHAD)

‘National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive’ (PRASHAD) The ‘National Mission on Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual, Heritage Augmentation Drive’ (PRASHAD) is a Central Sector Scheme fully financed by the Government of India launched by the Ministry of Tourism in the year 2014-15 with the objective of integrated development of identified pilgrimage and heritage destinations. The scheme aimed at infrastructure developm

16 July, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

DBT MOES Polar Research Centre

DBT MOES Polar Research Centre Department of Biotechnology signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) With Ministry of Earth Sciences To Set up DBT MOES Polar Research Centre POLAR region encompassing the Antarctic, Arctic, Southern Ocean and the Himalayas being a unique ecosystem offers a huge amount of interest due to its extreme climate compare to the rest of the world. Although researchers across the globe have contributed to different areas of research, the POLAR region is yet kn

15 July, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Chilika Lake was a part of the Bay of Bengal- Study shows

Chilika Lake was a part of the Bay of Bengal: Study According to a study by the National Institute of Oceanography(NIO), Chilika lake was once a part of the Bay of Bengal. Evidences- Archeological Studies: The marine archaeological studies clearly show that the Chilika once was a safe harbour for cargo ships going to Southeast Asia and other parts of the world. Palur Port: Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemy(150 CE) described Palur as an important port of Kalinga and

10 April, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

First World War and Nationalist Response

First World War and Nationalist Response In the First World War (1914-1919), Britain allied with France, Russia, USA, Italy and Japan against Germany, Austria-Hungary and Turkey. The nationalist response to British participation in the First World War was three-fold: Moderates supported as a matter of duty; Extremists, including Tilak (who was released in June 1914), supported the war efforts in the mistaken belief that Britain would repay India’s loyalty with gratitude in th

12 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

Non-uniformity of Himalayas foresees significantly large earthquake events

Non-uniformity of Himalayas foresees significantly large earthquake events Scientists have found that the Himalayas are not uniform and assume different physical and mechanical properties in different directions — a property present in crystals that is called ‘anisotropy’. This could result in significantly large earthquake events in the Himalayas. The north-west region of India, an area covering Garhwal and Himachal Pradesh, has been hit by four destructive moderate

09 April, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

PM releases Hindi Version of Odisha Itihaas by Dr. Harekrushna Mahtab

Odisha Itihaas Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently released the Hindi translation of the book, ‘Odisha Itihaas’, written by former chief minister Harekrushna Mahatab. Releasing the book, which is already available in Oriya and English, the Prime Minister said, “It is important that the diverse and comprehensive history of Odisha should reach the people of the country.” Harekrushna Mahtab Dr. Mahatab was born in 1899 to a poor family at Agarpada vill

09 April, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Sri Sri Harichand Thakur

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has paid homage to Sri Sri Harichand Thakur on his Jayanti. About Shri Shri Harichand Thakur Harichand Thakur, sometimes known as Shri Shri Harichand Thakur worked among the untouchable people of Bengal Presidency. He formed the Matua sect of Hindus. According to historian Sekhar Bandyopadhyay, Thakur “experienced atma darshan or self revelation, through which he realized that he was the incarnation of God himself, born in this world to bri

09 April, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Indian National Congress - Foundation and the Moderate Phase

Indian National Congress - Foundation and the Moderate Phase Foundation of Indian National Congress First session held in 1885 (Bombay). Indian National Union, formed by A.O. Hume, became Indian National Congress. Foundational theories of INC and prominent believers: Safety Valve Theory —Lala Lajpat Rai Conspiracy Theory—R.P. Dutt Lightning conductor Theory—G.K. Gokhale Important leaders of Moderate Phase: Dadabhai Naoroji, Badruddin Tyabji,

17 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

Era of Militant Nationalism

Era of Militant Nationalism Why Militant Nationalism Grew 1. Realisation that the true nature of British rule was exploitative, and that the British India government, instead of conceding more, was taking away even what existed. 2. Growth of self-confidence and self-respect. 3. Impact of growth of education—increase in awareness and Unemployment. 4. International influences and events which demolished the myt

16 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

Beginning of Modern Nationalism in India

Beginning of Modern Nationalism in India The rise and growth of Indian nationalism has been traditionally explained in terms of Indian response to the stimulus generated by the British Raj through creation of new institutions, new opportunities, resources, etc. Factors in Growth of Modern Nationalism Understanding of contradictions in Indian and colonial interests People came to realize that colonial rule was the major cause of India’s economic backwardness Political

15 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

Socio-Cultural Reform Movements

Survey of Socio-Cultural Reform Movements Reform Movements: Among Hindus Bengal Raja Rammohan Roy and Brahmo Samaj- Raja Rammohan Roy Believed in the modern scientific approach and principles of human dignity and social equality and aimed at political uplift of the masses through social reform. Literary Contribution: Gift to Monotheists (1809), Precepts of Jesus (1820), Translated into Bengali the Vedas and the five Upanishads to prove his conviction that ancient Hindu text

14 July, 2021 GS-I Modern History

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