Channapatna Toys

The Prime Minister has called upon to explore the possibility of e-marketing of Channapatna toys across the country and the world, during the India Toy Fair 2021. About Channapatna Toys: Channapatna toys are a particular form of wooden toys. Artisans of the town Channapatna in Karnataka manufactures them. In Kannada, Channapatna is also called “Gombegala Ooru”, which means toy town in English. Origin: The origin of these toys can be traced to the reign of Tipu Sultan

28 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Harvest Festivals in India

Makar Sankranti: Makar Sankranti denotes the entry of the sun into the zodiac sign of Makara (Capricorn) as it travels on its celestial path. The day marks the onset of summer and the six months auspicious period for Hindus known as Uttarayan, the northward movement of the sun. As a part of the official celebration of 'Uttarayan', the Gujarat government has been hosting the International Kite Festival since 1989. The festivities associated with the day are known by dif

28 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

AI ‘Ramanujan Machine’- Can find Hidden Patterns in Numbers

A new artificially intelligent “mathematician” which is called as the “Ramanujan Machine” have the potential to reveal the hidden relationships between numbers. Key Facts Ramanujan machine comprises of the algorithms that seek out the mathematical conclusions. These mathematical conclusions are likely to be true but have not been proved. The set of algorithms has been named after the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. The new AI mathematician has been

06 January, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Nari Shakti Puraskar

Nari Shakti Puraskar Nari Shakti Puraskar are conferred every year on the occasion of International Women’s Day. The award is conferred by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The Nari Shakti Puruskar is awarded to individuals or groups or NGOs or institutions. The award encourages the women to participate in decision making roles, skill development in traditional and non-traditional sectors among the women. Who are eligible for the award? As per the Guidelin

10 January, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Bhashan Char Island

Bhashan Char Island- Key Facts The Bangladesh Authorities recently moved around 1,750 Rohingya Muslims to a controversial island in the Bay of Bengal called the “Bhashan Char Island”. About Bhashan Char The island is also known as Char Piya. It is in Hatiya Upazila, Bangladesh. The island is located in the Bay of Bengal at about 6 kilometres from Sandwip island. How the island was formed? The island was formed in the year 2006 by Himalayan silt. R

23 January, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Padma Awards 2021

On the evening of 72nd Republic Day, India has honored 119 people from diverse field with the Padma Awards. Highlights These awards are conferred by the President of India at ceremonial functions at Rashtrapati Bhawan.. It also includes 10 persons from the category of Foreigners or NRI or PIO or OCI,16 Posthumous awardees and 1 transgender awardee. Shri Ram Vilas Paswan was conferred the award (Posthumous) in Public Affairs Bihar category. Padma Awards It is one of

25 January, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar

The award is formerly known as the National Child Award for Exceptional Achievement. This is Highest Civilian Honour in India that is given to the exceptional achievers under the age of 18. A child must be an Indian Citizen and reside in India in order to get the award. The Ministry of Women and Child Development has instituted the purashkar in the 1996. This purashkar recognizes the children with exceptional abilities and outstanding status in fields including the arts, culture, acad

26 January, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Republic Day Parade, 2021

The Republic Day parade of 2021 will feature the newly acquired Rafale fighter jets. The Rafael Jets will be a part of the Ekalavya formation. The vertical Charlie formation is when an aircraft flies at lower altitude and conducts rolls before stabilizing at higher altitude. About the Parade The Republic Day parade marches from Rashtrapati Bhavan till India Gate along the Rajpath. The first Republic Day parade was held in 1950. The chief guest of the first Republic Da

26 January, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Minister Harsh Vardhan nominated to GAVI Board

The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Dr Harsh Vardhan was recently nominated by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, GAVI as a member of GAVI board. The term of the minister as a member in the GAVI board will be between 2021 and 2023. Dr Harsh Vardhan was elected as the chair of the World Health Organization. GAVI Board The GAVI Board is responsible for policy making, providing strategic directions, over seeing the operation of the alliance and to

28 January, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Vishakhapatnam: Best Performing Civic Body in Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Awards

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has selected Vishakhapatnam Municipal Corporation as the best performing civic body. Vishakhapatnam was placed under the Annual Awards for Excellence that recognises outstanding contribution of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana-Urban in 2019. Andhra Pradesh bagged special category award in innovative construction technology and project monitoring tools. Other Awards Mirzapur won the best performing Municipal body.

29 January, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Inscription on Krishnadevraya’s death (of Vijayanagar) discovered

Inscription on Krishnadevraya’s death (of Vijayanagar) discovered The first-ever epigraphical reference to the date of death of Vijayanagar king Krishnadevaraya has been discovered at Honnenahalli in Tumakuru district. As per the inscription, Krishnadevaraya, one of the greatest emperors of India who ruled from the South, died on October 17, 1529, Sunday, and incidentally this day was marked by a lunar eclipse. The inscription (written in Kannada) is engraved on a slab kept

26 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Aerial mapping of Islands by INCOIS

Aerial mapping of Islands by INCOIS The Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) is planning to take the help of the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) for aerial mapping of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep to get a better picture of the ocean floor, also called ‘bathymetric’ study. “NRSC has already done a similar high resolution topographic Airborne Laser Terrain Mapping (ALTM) for the entire coastal areas of the country and we

26 February, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Sambhar Lake

The Sambhar Salt Lake is India's largest inland saltwater body located near Jaipur in Rajasthan. The lake is surrounded on all sides by the Aravali hills. It is the source of most of Rajasthan's salt production. Sambhar has been designated as a Ramsar site (recognized wetland of international importance) because the wetland is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other birds that migrate from northern Asia.

20 February, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Data on Higher education in marginalised communities.

Data on Higher education in marginalised communities. RTI data showed that SC students constituted only 7.6% and STs were just 1.2%. The reservation policy requires that 15% of seats be allocated to SCs and 7.5% to STs. The Acceptance Rate (refers to the number of students admitted for every 100 applicants) is very low . While General Category (GC) students, which in the case of the IITs predominantly refers to those from privileged, communities, had an acceptance rate of 4.4%, i

24 February, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav

Nodal Ministry: It is a festival started by the Ministry of Culture in the year 2015. Objective: It enhances mutual understanding and bonding between people of diverse cultures. Thereby it secures stronger unity and integrity of India. Participation of Zonal Centres: The festival witnesses the active participation of Seven Zonal Culture Centres. Significance: The festival is instrumental in showcasing folk and tribal art, dance, music, cuisines & culture of one state in ot

14 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Vembanad Lake

Preliminary steps have been initiated to demolish the illegally constructed villas on Nediyathuruthu island in Vembanad Lake. Vembanad is the longest lake in India and the largest lake in the state of Kerala. Its a salt-water lake. It is the second-largest Ramsar site in India only after the Sundarbans in West Bengal. Kochi Port is built around Willingdon and Vallarpadam Islands on this lake. The Government of India has identified the Vembanad wetland under the National Wetlands Con

14 February, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Maharaja Suheldev

Suheldev was a legendary medieval-era warrior-king. He is mentioned in Mirat-i-Masudi. According to the legend, Suhaldev was the eldest son of King Mordhwaj of Shravasti, during the 11th century. Though his historical existence is shrouded in mystery, he is today popular as a caste icon among the Rajbhars (OBC) and the Pasis (second largest Dalit caste in U.P.), both of whom have been competing for his legacy. According to critiques, BJP over the years aggressively tried

17 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Sri Nankana Sahib Massacre

Nankana Sahib is the birth place of first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak Dev. The centenary of Sri Nankana Sahib Massacre (Saka Nankana Sahib) is being marked in an event in Nankana Sahib on February 21, 2021. It was also the site of the first big agitation by the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) to take back control of gurdwaras from priests (mahants) backed by the British. Sikh leaders made attempts to bring mahant to the negotiation table but their efforts failed. On Feb

22 February, 2021 GS-I Modern History


Kalaripayattu is a martial art based on the ancient knowledge of the human body. It originated in Kerala during 3nd century BC to the 2nd century AD. It is now practised in Kerala and in some parts of Tamil Nadu. The place where this martial art is practised is called a 'Kalari'. It is a Malayalam word that signifies a kind of gymnasium. Kalari literally means 'threshing floor' or

13 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

History of Uttarakhand : From Borderland to Sacred Place

The Artefacts found in the Himalayan foothills are datable to the period extending from 300 BCE and 600 CE include an Ashokan rock edict (at Kalsi), brick altars for conducting ashvamedha yagnas, coin hoards, and sculptures. These developments fostered the growth of Haridwar and Kalsi as cosmopolitan towns and as “gateways” into the Himalayas. The earliest shrines in this tradition were built at Palethi and Lakhamandal, just upstream from Haridwar and Kalsi

12 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

National Atlas & Thematic Mapping Organisation

National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization (NATMO) is a subordinate department under the Department of Science & Technology. With it’s headquarter at Kolkata, it is a sole national agency with the responsibility to depict national framework data in the form of thematic maps and atlases to cater the various needs of different sectors. It has the largest repository of spatial and non-spatial data processed with greater accuracy for delivering good quality products. Main fu

12 February, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Data on Disability

Disability Less than 7% of public buses in the country were fully accessible to wheelchair users as of December 2020, with the target of 25% of buses being accessible by June 2022 under the Accessible India Campaign. Only 0.2% of 1.02 lakh intercity buses are when chair accessible. Upto 45000 buses operating in urban areas, only 22.3% are fully wheelchair accessible. Data by: The Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry’s Department of Empowerment of Persons with

21 February, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Puppetry of India

Puppetry of India In Sanskrit terminology Puttalika and Puttika means ‘little sons’. The root of Puppet is derived from the latin word ‘Pupa’ meaning a doll. India is said to be the home of puppets, but it is yet to awaken to its unlimited possibilities. The earliest reference to the art of puppetry is found in Tamil classic ‘Silappadikaaram’ written around the 1st or 2nd century B.C. Natyashastra does not refer to the art of puppetry but the pr

21 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Data on Agriculture

Data on Agriculture Contribution to GDP The share of agriculture in GDP increased to 19.9 per cent in 2020-21 from 17.8 per cent in 2019-20. -ECONOMIC SURVEY(ES). While COVID induced lockdowns adversely affected the performance of the non-agricultural sectors, the agriculture sector came up with a robust growth rate of 3.4 per cent at constant prices during 2020-21. During 2020-21, while the GVA for the entire economy contracted by 7.2 per cent,Growth in GVA for agriculture maintain

19 February, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Indian Sign Language Dictionary launched

Prepared by the Indian Sign Language Research and Training Centre under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. To give deaf people the constitutional right to speech and opportunity of freedom of expression.

18 February, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Concern Among People of Lahaul-Spiti After Glacial Outburst in Uttarakhand

The concern is about Tandi project on the Chandra-Bhaga River Basin after Uttarakhand flooding debacle. Other Proposed projects in Lahul-Spiti are Rashil (102 MW), Bardang (126 MW), Miyar (90 MW) and Jispa. Chenab River- Source: It rises in the upper Himalayas in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh state. The river is formed by the confluence of two rivers, Chandra and Bhaga, at Tandi, 8 km southwest of Keylong,&nb

11 February, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Petition to Convert INS Viraat into a Museum

The warship has been proposed to be dismantled at the ship-breaking yard at Alang in Gujarat. However, Bombay HC has stayed the order on petition of Envitech to convert maritime museum and a multifunctional adventure centre.

11 February, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Glacial Lake Outburst Flooding

A glacial lake outburst flooding (GLOF) occurs when a breach in the glacial lake causes a sudden surge downstream. Such lakes are formed when glaciers erode land, melt and over time become a large mass of water in the depression formed, and these can be breached, causing floods downstream. In India the status of glacial lakes is checked by Central Water Commission.

09 February, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Data on Mineral Resources of India

Mineral Data and Statistics Types of mining: Open Cast and Underground mining Highlights World’s largest producer of mica blocks and mica splitting. 2nd rank among the chromate producers of the world. 3rd in production of Coal & Lignite, Chromite and Steel, 4th in Iron ore 5th in Manganese ore 6th in Bauxite 7th in Aluminium 8th in Copper Ore on the basis of production of minerals during 2009-10. The mineral production (excl

17 February, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Floods in Dhauliganga River Attributed to Climate Change

Glacier retreat, permafrost thaw are being touted as possible reasons for the flooding of Dhauliganga river Environmental experts attributed the Nanda Devi glacial melt to global warming. Glacier retreat and permafrost thaw are projected to decrease the stability of the mountain slopes and increase the number and area of glacier lakes The number and area of glacier lakes will continue to increase and develop closer to steep and unstable mountain walls, where lake outbursts can be more e

08 February, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

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