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Who evaluates Mineral deposits in India?

Mineral assessment is a continuous process and a number of exploration agencies like Geological Survey of India [GSI], Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited [MECL], Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research [AMDER], State Departments of Geology and Mining [DGMs], State/Central Undertakings are engaged in the exploration of mineral deposits in the country. For mineral surveys in the country, GSI is the nodal agency to formulate exploration programmes of various agencies thr

28 December, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

World History of Central Asia

Central Asia Russia had conquered Central Asia in the 19th century by annexing the formerly independent Khanates of Kokand and Khiva and the Emirate of Bukhara. After the Communists took power in 1917 Russian Revolution and created the Soviet Union it was decided to divide Central Asia into ethnically-based republics in a process known as National Territorial Delimitation (or NTD). This was in line with 2 things Communist theory that nationalism was a necessary step on th

21 December, 2021 GS-I World History

Everything about Transgender rights and schemes in India

Introduction Indian Census never recognized third gender i.e. Transgender while collecting census data. But in 2011, data on Transgender was collected with details related to their employment, literacy and caste. As per the 2011 Census, the total population of Transgender is 4.88 lakhs, the highest being in Uttar Pradesh followed by Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar. In the National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India case (2014), the Supreme Court of India declared tr

20 December, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Policies for Child Beggars

Policies for Child Beggars The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated a scheme “SMILE - Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise”, which includes sub-scheme - ‘Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engaged in the act of Begging’. This scheme covers several comprehensive measures including welfare measures for persons who are engaged in the act of begging. The focus of the scheme is extens

15 December, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Tropical Cyclones in India

Definition of a Cyclone Cyclone refers to any spinning storm that rotates around a low-pressure centre. The low-pressure centre is also referred to as the 'eye' of the storm, which is well known for being eerily calm compared with the areas under the spinning 'arms' of the storm. You could say that the eye is watching what's going on down below, so it needs a clear path, but the arms are where all the action happens because this is where the storm is throwing out all

04 December, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015

The Act seeks to achieve the objectives of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Children as ratified by India on December 11, 1992. It specifies procedural safeguards in cases of children in conflict with law. It seeks to address challenges in the existing Act such as delays in adoption processes, high pendency of cases, accountability of institutions, etc. The Act further seeks to address children in the 16-18 age group, in conflict with law, as an increased incidence of crimes commit

28 October, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana-PMVVY – OLD AGE & Senior Citizens

About Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana - PMVVY PMVVY is a social security scheme for senior citizens intended to give an assured minimum pension to them based on an assured return on the purchase price / subscription amount. Extension of Pradhan MantriVayaVandanaYojana (PMVVY) up to 31st March, 2023 for further period of three years beyond 31st March, 2020. To allow initially an assured rate of return of 7.40 % per annum for the year 2020-21 per annum and thereafter to be re

29 September, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Northeast Monsoon

Subdued Northeast Monsoon Rainfall over the southern peninsular region has been deficient so far, indicating that the northeast monsoon has remained subdued this year. Significance: Pattern of Rainfall in India: India receives rainfall during two seasons: About 75% of the country’s annual rainfall is received from the Southwest monsoon between June and September. The Northeast monsoon occurs during October to December, and is a comparatively small-scale monsoon, which is c

21 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

New Monsoon Forecast Model and Madden Julian Oscillation

New Monsoon Forecast Model The India Meteorological Department (IMD) may introduce new monsoon models this year to better forecast changes in rainfall. The monsoon that concluded in 2020 was unique, in that with monsoon 2019, it was only the third time in a century that India saw back-to-back years of above normal rainfall. In both years — and monsoon 2019 was a 25-year high — the IMD failed to forecast the magnitude of the excess and only indicated that the monsoon would be

21 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Monsoon in India - UPSC

South West Monsoon in India (Jun, July, Aug, Sep): Definition: It is the seasonal reversal in the wind direction. It is experienced in tropical areas (20°N to 20°S). In India, it is experienced in June, July, August and September. 5 Key players in Monsoon: 1) Differential heating and cooling of land (LP) and Sea (HP) in summer. 2) Northward shifting of ITCZ in July over Ganga plains ITCZ is a low pressure zone located at the equator where trade winds conve

21 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Monsoon decided history of Indian subcontinent

A recent study by researchers at Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (IIT­KGP) has revealed that abrupt changes in the Indian monsoon in the last 900 years decided the course of human history in the sub- continent. A paper titled “Abrupt changes in Indian summer monsoon strength during the last 900 years and their linkages to socio-economic conditions in the Indian subcontinent” by Anil K. Gupta, professor at the geology and geophysics department of IIT­KGP, highli

21 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Hindi gains due to demographic shift

When the Centre launched its NIPUN Bharat scheme in July 2021 to improve foundational literacy and numeracy among primary school students, participants from non-Hindi speaking States complained that they were the ones left feeling illiterate as they could not understand either the speeches, nor the PowerPoint presentations on the scheme, all made in formal Hindi. (Read about the Eighth Schedule Languages first.) Last August, Tamil Nadu delegates at a yoga and naturopathy training webinar cl

20 September, 2021 GS-I Indian Society

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006

For restitution of deprived forest rights across India. It provides for Integrated conservation & livelihood rights of people. It is a tool to empower local self governance; address livelihood security of ppl & issues of conservation & Management of natural resources & conservation governance. For the 1st time, it recognises & secures Community rights + Individual rights; Right to protect, regenerate or conserve or manage any com

16 September, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Operation Blue Freedom

A team of eight persons with disabilities created a new world record for the “largest number of people with disabilities” to scale the world’s highest battlefield, Siachen Glacier, by scaling up to the Kumar Post at an altitude of 15,632 ft. The team with disabilities was trained and led by CLAW Global, a team of Special Forces veterans who had left the service due to disabilities. The expedition team climbed a total distance of 60 km atop the spine of the Siachen Glaci

14 September, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Porunai or Thamirabarani civilisation: New Discovery

A carbon dating analysis of rice with soil, found in a burial urn at Sivakalai in Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu, by the Miami-based Beta Analytic Testing Laboratory has yielded the date of 1155 BC, indicating that the Thamirabarani or Porunai civilisation dates back to 3,200 years. Encouraged by this finding, Chief Minister M.K. Stalin announced in the Assembly the establishment of Porunai Museum in Tirunelveli at a cost of Rs. 15 crore. The finding has established tha

11 September, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

New Heat wave Hotspots and Trends in India

North-Western, Central, and further to south-central region of India are the new hotspot of intense Heatwave events over the past half-century, said a study which found an increase in deadly Indian heat waves in recent years. The study also highlights the need for developing effective heat action plans in the three heatwave hotspot regions with a focus on different vulnerabilities among the inhabitants. Heatwaves emerged as a deadly health hazard, claiming thousands of lives across the g

08 September, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Earthquake resistant buildings using Thermocol

Thermocol could be the material of the future for construction of Earthquake resistant buildings, with thermal insulation and could also save energy required to develop construction materials. Researchers at IIT Roorkee have found that thermocol or Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) is used as a composite material in core of reinforced concrete sandwich, could resist earthquake forces on up to four-storey buildings. The researchers tested a full-scale building and a number of wall elements constr

24 August, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Drug Abuse in India

Although the use of various psychoactive substances such as alcohol, cannabis and opioids has been observed in India for centuries, the current dimension of the extent and pattern of psychoactive substance use and the problems associated with their use are not well documented. The National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre (NDDTC), All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi was entrusted with the responsibility to lead the technical and scientific aspects of the National Survey

23 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Earthquakes in India

Why in News? Earthquake Observatories in India India is going to have 35 more earthquake Observatories by end of this year and 100 more such Observatories in next five years. In last six and a half decades since Independence, the country had only 115 Earthquake Observatories but now, there is going to be a quantum leap in the number of Earthquake Observatories in the country. Indian subcontinent is considered as one of the world's most disaster-prone areas in terms of earthquakes,

22 August, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Rain at the highest point on Greenland for the first time

About Greenland Greenland is the world's largest island, located between the Arctic region and Atlantic oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Greenland's highest mountain Mt. Gunnbjörn is also the highest peak located north of the Arctic Circle. Therefore, it does not just hold the title of being the highest peak in Greenland but is also the highest peak of the Arctic (3694 m/12120 ft). Greenland is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark.

22 August, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

TAPAS Initiative

TAPAS (Training for Augmenting Productivity and Services) is the initiative of National Institute of Social Defence (NISD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, to provide access to lectures by subject experts, study material and more, but in a manner that it supplements the physical classroom without compromising on the quality of teaching. The main objective of introducing the course modules is to impart training and enhance the knowledge and skills for the capacity building of th

15 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

National Commission for Minorities

Why in news? The Delhi High Court on Thursday extended the deadline given to the Centre to nominate persons to all the vacant positions in the National Commission for Minorities by two months. The High Court had earlier directed that the nomination of all the vacant positions be filled on or before July 31 in order to ensure that the commission functions efficiently and the purpose of the commission as envisaged under the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 is also fully given e

13 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Indian Institute of Heritage at Noida

The government has decided to set up the ‘Indian Institute of Heritage’ at Noida, Gautam Buddha Nagar. Indian Institute of Heritage will be a world-class university. IIH would offer Masters and Ph.D courses in History of Arts, Conservation, Museology, Archival Studies, Archaeology. This will impact higher education and research in the fields related to rich Indian heritage and its conservation. Indian Institute of Heritage would offer Masters and Ph.D courses in History of A

10 August, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Abanindranath Tagore

Abanindranath Tagore Why In News? Year-long celebrations marking 150 years of Abanindranath Tagore, titled Abanindranath at 150: Bichitra Revisited, is being organised jointly by Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata, and DAG. Nationalist Artist Abanindranath Tagore was the principal artist and creator of the "Indian Society of Oriental Art". He was also the first major exponent of Swadeshi values in Indian art, thereby finding the influential Bengal school of art, whi

07 August, 2021 GS-I Modern History

Rashtriya Mahila Kosh to be discontinued

The Government had set up Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK). It was established in 1993 as a national level autonomous body for socio-economic empowerment of women, especially those in the rural and unorganized sector, by providing them concessional, collateral free micro-credit. The operating model followed by RMK has been of extending loans to Intermediary Micro-Finance Organizations (IMOs) which further on lend for entrepreneurial activities of women. However, as per recommendations in the

06 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Overcrowding of Childcare Institutions

Overcrowding of Childcare Institutions The children in distress situations merit care and protection under the provisions of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. The Act mandate a safety net of service delivery structures along with institutional and non-institutional care for these children. The Ministry is implementing a Centrally Sponsored Scheme namely Child Protection Services (CPS) i

06 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

India and World Bank sign $250 million project for DRIP-2 Scheme

First read the comprehensive note of Dam safety policies and institutions in India. India ranks third globally after China and the United States of America, with 5334 large dams in operation. In addition, about 411 dams are under construction at present. There are also several thousand smaller dams. These dams are vital for ensuring the water security of the Country. Indian dams and reservoirs play an important role in the economic and agricultural growth of our country by storing a

05 August, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Digital Literacy among Women

Digital Literacy among Women -Under PMGDISHA Program The onset of the pandemic brought to the surface – uncertainties, gaps in technology, and most importantly, further disruptions to the existing lacunae in our systems. These critical times exposed the digital divide that exists for the unprivileged, specifically for women and children. Only 17% women across India are connected. Internet users in rural India are “almost exclusively” men who make up 98% of the to

05 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Suicides in India - NCRB 2019 Report

Suicides in India - NCRB 2019 Report Each suicide is a personal tragedy that prematurely takes the life of an individual and has a continuing ripple effect, dramatically affecting the lives of families, friends and communities. Every year, more than 1,00,000 people commit suicide in our country. There are various causes of suicides like professional/career problems, sense of isolation, abuse, violence, family problems, mental disorders, addiction to alcohol, financial loss, chronic pain et

01 August, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Seismic Mapping of India

Seismic Mapping of India Read about the Earthquake of India and then click here. A total of ~59% of the land mass of India (covering all states of India) is prone to earthquakes of different intensities. As per the seismic zoning map of the country, the total area is classified into four seismic zones. Zone V is seismically the most active region, while zone II is the least. Approximately, ~ 11% area of the country falls in zone V, ~18% in zone IV, ~ 30% in zone III and re

31 July, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

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