Ken-betwa River Linking Project

Ken-betwa River Linking Project The Project- The Ken-Betwa project is part of the national river linking project which proposes to connect 14 Himalayan and 16 peninsular rivers with 30 canals and 3,000 reservoirs in order to irrigate 87 million hectares of land. It has the status of a national project, as the Centre will contribute 90% of the cost. It is India’s first river linking project and will take eight years to complete. Benefits The project, governme

18 April, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography


Sikhism Guru Nanak Devji (contemporary of Babur) created a separate sect Birthplace: Nankana Sahib (Pakistan). Gurudwara Darbar Sahib at Kartarpur, Pakistan: Guru Nanak Dev spent the last 18 years of his life. Hence Kartarpur corridor connect Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India's Punjab with Darbar Sahib in Pakistan's Narowal district. He advocated the 'Nirguna' form of bhakti. He rejected sacrifices, ritual baths, image worship, austerities

01 May, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Disability identity and COVID-19 

Disability identity and COVID-19 GS-Paper-1: Social issues and inclusion– UPSC PRELIMS – Mains Application Persons with Disability (PWD) are those who have long-term impairment in terms of physical, mental, sensory and psychological conditions which can stop their equal participation in all aspects of society if met with various barriers. As per Census 2011, in India, out of the total population of 121 crore, about 2.68 Cr persons are ‘Disabled’ (2.21% of

11 May, 2021 GS-I Social issues

World History – Central Asia

World History – Central Asia Russia had conquered Central Asia in the 19th century by annexing the formerly independent Khanates of Kokand and Khiva and the Emirate of Bukhara. After the Communists took power in 1917 Russian Revolution and created the Soviet Union it was decided to divide Central Asia into ethnically-based republics in a process known as National Territorial Delimitation (or NTD). This was in line with 2 things Communist theory that nationalism was

01 May, 2021 GS-I World History

Assam Earthquake

Assam Earthquake What is an Earthquake? An earthquake is a natural event which is caused due to release of energy, which generates waves that travel in all directions. The vibrations called seismic waves are generated from earthquakes that travel through the Earth and are recorded on instruments called seismographs. The location below the earth’s surface where the earthquake starts is called the hypocenter, and the location directly above it on the surface of the earth is call

06 May, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Thotlakonda Buddhist destination

Thotlakonda Buddhist destination Historians and biologists campaign to protect the ancient Buddhist site of Thotlakonda - Home to around 90 species of birds. The site is found at a hill of Mangamaripeta Village, Bheemunipatnam Taluka of Visakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh. Significance of the site - In 1976, during a helicopter survey by the Indian Navy to set up a naval facility, ruins of the Buddhist site were spotted. Subsequently, the entire hill was declared as an area com

29 April, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Dekho Apna Desh Webinar on Khajuraho Temples

The Ministry of Tourism recently organized a webinar on “Khajuraho Temples of Architectural Splendour” under Dekho Apna Desh. About Dekho Apna Desh webinar Ministry of Tourism launched Dekho Apna Desh webinar series in April 2020. Its objective is to create awareness about and promote various tourism destinations in India. It is also an effort to showcase India’s rich diversity under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat. About Khajuraho Temples: Khajuraho Group

22 April, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

“Gender Samvaad” Event by Ministry of Rural Development

The Ministry of Rural Development recently organized the Gender Samvaad Event. About Gender Samvaad Event: Gender Samvaad is a cooperation between Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission(DAY-NRLM) and Initiative for What Works to Advance Women and Girls in the Economy (IWWAGE). It aims to generate greater awareness about gender-related interventions under DAY-NRLM across the country. It focuses on hearing opinions from the states and the field. Activities un

20 April, 2021 GS-I Indian Society

Purple Revolution

Purple Revolution Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu announced phase 2 of purple revolution under Aroma Mission, after the success of the phase 1 in Doda, Jammu. Under the purple revolution, the farmers in Doda district had their incomes quadrupled after shifting from maize to lavender cultivation. First-time farmers were given free lavender saplings and those who have cultivated lavender before were charged Rs. 5-6 per sapling. Th

02 April, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Suez Canal Lakes

Suez Canal Lakes Due to the blockage of the Suez Canal, the $200 billion of India’s trade flows with Europe, North America and South America is at risk. So, the Department of Commerce has worked out an action plan to cope with the crisis, including possibly re-routing shipments through the Cape of Good Hope (Re-routing may take 15 additional days’ time.) More details on SUEZ CANNEL: https://www.aspireias.com/daily-news-analysis-current-affairs/Suez-Canal-crisis-Past-to-Present

02 April, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

World Economic Forum’s: Global Gender Gap Report 2021

World Economic Forum’s: Global Gender Gap Report 2021 GS-Paper-1: Social issue and Sociology Optional – UPSC PRELIMS – Mains Application Context: World Economic Forum report is providing essential insight about Gender and its empowerment and status which UPSC candidates can utilize in PT for facts and in Sociology optional and ESSAY writing as a reference of Women's status. WEF AIMS and Objective: https://www.weforum.org/ Facts: It was first published in 2

01 April, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Buddhist Remains found in Jharkhand

Earlier this year, the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) discovered Buddhist Remains from Hazaribagh at the eastern side of Jharkhand’s Sitagarha hills. What did the Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) discover? ASI had discovered the remains of a Buddhist monastery along with some Shaivite remains which includes: Four Statues of Taras, the “saviouresses” of the Thunderbolt Vehicle, displaying the Varada mudra(gesture of hand showing dispensing of boons). Six

18 April, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Sun's Atmosphere, ARIES Facility and Aditya-L1

ARIES Facility will host the support center for Aditya-L1 Sun’s Atmosphere The atmosphere of the sun is composed of several layers, mainly the photosphere, the chromosphere and the corona. It's in these outer layers that the sun's energy, which has bubbled up from the sun's interior layers, is detected as sunlight. Photosphere The lowest layer of the sun's atmosphere is the photosphere. It is about 300 miles (500 km) thick. This layer is where the

18 April, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Electronic nose to detect “Hydrogen Sulphide” from Sewers

Scientists from the Centre for Nano and Soft Matter Sciences (CeNS), Bangalore have developed Electronic Nose to detect Hydrogen Sulphide from swamps and sewers. CeNS is an autonomous institute of the Department of Science & Technology About Hydrogen Sulphide: Hydrogen Sulphide is the chemical compound with the formula H2S. It is a colourless chalcogen hydride gas. It is with the characteristic foul odour of rotten eggs. (Chacogen – chalcogens are the chemical

17 April, 2021 GS-I Indian Society

IMD Forecasts for Monsoon 2021

IMD Forecasts for Monsoon 2021 About India Meteorological Department India Meteorological Department was established in 1875. It is the National Meteorological Service of the country and the principal government agency in all matters relating to meteorology, seismology and allied subjects. To take meteorological observations and to provide current and forecast meteorological information for optimum operation of weather-sensitive activities like agriculture, irrigation, shipping, aviat

17 April, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Impact of CoVID on Women and Adolescent girls

Impact of CoVID on Women and Adolescent girls The study is titled ‘COVID In Her Voice: A Girl-led and Centred Participatory Research Study’ It was conducted by girls aged 13-24 from Ahmedabad, Alwar, Bareily, Delhi, Lucknow, Mumbai and Pune within their communities. The study was supported by the U.K. government and conducted by EMpower, a global philanthropy focused on at-risk youth in emerging markets. It adopted a unique methodology where girls were trained as research

17 April, 2021 GS-I Social issues

State of World Population Report 2021 by UNFPA

State of World Population Report 2021 by UNFPA The State of World Population report is (UN Populations Fund) UNFPA’s annual flagship publication. Published yearly since 1978, it shines a light on emerging issues in the field of sexual and reproductive health and rights, bringing them into the mainstream and exploring the challenges and opportunities they present for international development. Findings of the Report Nearly half of women in 57 developing countries are den

14 April, 2021 GS-I Indian Society

Regional New Year Days

Regional New Year Days Context Puthandu Pirappu, Rongali Bihu, Naba Barsha and Vaisakhadi, Ugadi,Gudi Padwa will be celebrated in different parts of the country on 14th and 15th April, 2021. In the month of Chaitra (March-April) of Hindu calender most of the regional New Year Days are celebrated. Ugadi is the Telugu New Year that usually comes in March. In Punjab the year starts with the first of Vaisakh, coincinding with the ripening of the rabi harvest Baisa

14 April, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

How Asian desert dust enhances Indian summer monsoon

How Asian desert dust enhances Indian summer monsoon Dust swarms can influence moisture transport, increase precipitation, rainfall Carl Sagan once described Earth as a ‘small speck of dust’, a seemingly insignificant tiny particle. But dust has incredible power: it is known to influence monsoons, hurricanes and even fertilize rainforests. A new study now details how dust coming from the deserts in the West, Central and East Asia plays an important role in the Indian Su

04 April, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Manual Scavenging in India

Manual Scavenging Syllabus subtopic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Prelims and Mains focus: about the problem of manual scavenging in India; reasons and govt’s efforts in curbing it. Background While civil society started a movement in the 1990s to abolish dry

05 April, 2021 GS-I Social issues

Transgender Rights

Transgender Rights As per the Census 2011, there are 4,87,803 persons under the category called ‘Other’. Among all the states, top four states with high transgender population were UP, AP, BH,MH. Younger individuals, women, people with higher levels of education, and people with higher incomes are more approving of transgender rights. Mexico, Cuba, Equador, Bolivia, S.Africa, Portugal, Sweden, Nepal has one of one of the most progressive laws to protect gay rights by ac

28 March, 2021 GS-I Indian Society

Shigmotsav Festival of Goa

Amid a rise in Covid-19 cases Goa government permitted the celebrations of the Shigmotsav Festival. Questions are being raised over the scale of celebrations of the festival in Goa. About Shigmotsav Festival: Shigmotsav festival also known as Shigmo is a spring festival celebrated in the state of Goa. The festival is the celebration of a rich, golden harvest of paddy by the tribal communities of Goa. Agricultural communities including the Kunbis, Gawdas and Velips celebrate the fest

26 March, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Gandhi Peace Prize 2020 & 2019

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the former Sultan of Oman, the late Qaboos bin Said Al Said, will be awarded the Gandhi Peace Prize for 2020 and 2019, respectively. They were selected by the jury, chaired by Prime Minister, Chief Justice of India, the leader of the single largest Opposition party in the Lok Sabha, Lok Sabha Speaker and founder of Sulabh International. About the Gandhi Peace Prize: The annual award was instituted by the Government of India in 1995 during the commemoration o

24 March, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Traditional Textiles of Assam in News due to Upcoming Elections

Decorative jaapi (field hats), hand-woven gamosa, and bell-metal xorais are making frequent appearances in Assam as the election is coming closer. About Jaapi: Jaapi is a conical hat. It is made of bamboo and covered with dried tokou leaves Tokou is a palm tree found in the rainforests of Upper Assam. Jaapi is most often used in official functions in Assam to felicitate guests. Farmers also use jaapi to protect themselves from the harsh weather, both sun and rain whi

24 March, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture


Major Crops Recent developments in Crops- Economic Survey Food Grains Among total imports of food grains, the % share of different crops shows that- cereals are highest followed by pulses>cashewnuts > edible oils. Food Grains Constitute 50.7% of agriculture production. Among food grains, Weightage of Cereals is 41.7%, Pulses is 8.9% Among Cereals, Weightage of Coarse Cereals is 6.9%. 296.7MT of food grains were produced in 2019-20, compared to 285.2 MT in 20

22 March, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Water Resources

Water Resources About 71% of our earth is covered by water and hence our earth is called watery planet. 97% of the earth's water is found in the oceans (Unused due to saltiness-for drinking, growing crops, and most industrial uses except for cooling). 326M cu. miles of water is there on the planet. 320 million cubic miles of that is in the oceans 3% of the earth's water is fresh. 2.5% of the earth's fresh water is unavailable: locked up in glaciers, polar ice caps, atm

22 March, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Ecuador’s Sangay Volcano Eruption

Ecuador’s Sangay volcano erupted and blew clouds of ash as high as 8,500 meters into the sky. About Sangay Volcano: Sangay is an active stratovolcano in central Ecuador. Strato volcanoes are conical volcanoes composed of multiple layers of intermediate to lava, ash, and other volcanic debris. Sangay Volcano is located on the eastern edge of the Andes Mountains. The Andes is the longest mountain range in the world and boasts some of the hig

20 March, 2021 GS-I Physical Geography

Mines and Minerals of India

MINING and MINERALS Geological Survey of India: For all minerals except Uranium (AMD). It is the largest and most comprehensive provider of basic earth science information or database. Indian Bureau of Mines, 1948: It is under Ministry of Mines with responsibilities for conservation and systematic exploitation of mineral resources other than coal, petroleum and natural gas, atomic minerals and minor minerals. IBM performs regulatory functions under MMDRA, 1957. NALCO is

20 March, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

Conservation of Ancient Folk Cultures

To protect, preserve & promote various forms of folk art and ancient folk cultures throughout the country including Jharkhand, Bihar and Kerala, the Government of India has set up seven Zonal Cultural Centres (ZCCs) with headquartrs at Patiala, Nagpur, Udaipur, Prayagraj, Kolkata, Dimapur and Thanjavur. Ancient folk cultures being preserved in Jharkhand are Faguwa Nritya, Turi Nritya, Paika Nritya, Hodopathy, Tribal dance (Karam Nritya).

19 March, 2021 GS-I Art and Culture

Illegal Farming in Wenlock Downs

Over 100 hectares of the total expanse of 1,500 hectares of the last remaining grasslands in the Wenlock Downs of Nilgiris is being slowly eroded by Todas and Kotas. This is because many of the Todas and Kotas have leased the “forest lands” to non-tribals in exchange for a small fee. There is also the question of the Forest Rights Act in this area, as to whether it would supersede the rights acknowledged under the Toda patta lands, or whether it offers additional protection.

19 March, 2021 GS-I Indian Geography

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