The first Public Service Commission was set up on October 1st, 1926. However, its limited advisory functions failed to satisfy the people’s aspirations and the continued stress on this aspect by the leaders of our freedom movement resulted in the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act 1935. Under this Act, for the first time, provision was also made for the formation of Public Service Commissions at the provincial level. The Constituent Assembly, after independence, saw the need for giving a secure and autonomous status to Public Service Commissions both at Federal and Provincial levels for ensuring unbiased recruitment to Civil Services as also for protection of service interests. With the promulgation of the new Constitution for independent India on 26th January, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was accorded a constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title – Union Public Service Commission.
The Union Public Service Commission has been established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. The Commission consists of a Chairman and nine Members. The terms and conditions of service of Chairman and Members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969. The Commission is serviced by a Secretariat headed by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, a number of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other supporting staff. The Union Public Service Commission has been entrusted with the following duties and role under the Constitution: Recruitment to services & posts under the Union through conduct of competitive examinations; Recruitment to services & posts under the Central Government by Selection through Interviews; Advising on the suitability of officers for appointment on promotion as well as transfer-on-deputation; Advising the Government on all matters relating to methods of Recruitment to various services and posts; Disciplinary cases relating to different civil services; and Miscellaneous matters relating to grant of extra ordinary pensions, reimbursement of legal expenses etc. The major role played by the Commission is to select persons to man the various Central Civil Services and Posts and the Services common to the Union and States (viz. All-India Services).
ALL INDIA SERVICES
The All India Services Act, 1951 and Rules and Regulations framed there under regulate the recruitment and conditions of service in respect of the All India Services viz. Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service. As far as direct recruitment to the Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service Examination are concerned, it is done through the Civil Services Examination and for the Indian Forest Service through the Indian Forest Service Examination held by the Commission. The relevant Rules and Regulations provide that 33% of the vacancies in the IAS/IPS/IFS should be filled by promotion from amongst the officers of the State Service in consultation with the Commission. The Selection Committee presided over by Chairman/Member of the Commission consists of senior Government representatives of the Central Government and the State.
THE DUTIES & ROLE OF THE COMMISSION
Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission are, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts. RECRUITMENT is made by one of the following three methods: Direct Recruitment; Promotion and Transfer. DIRECT RECRUITMENT is conducted broadly under the following two methods: Recruitment by competitive examination AND Recruitment by selection through interview.
MECHANISATION - PROJECT SAMPERA (ASKED IN MAINS 2011)
The Commission has recently undertaken a project called "SAMPERA" (Screening and Mechanized Processing of Examination and Recruitment Applications). A simplified single sheet common application form for all the examinations has been devised which will be scanned by using OMR/ICR technology. The implementation of this project will mainly help in high speed scanning of data from forms eliminating manual entry. Other benefits will be accurate and faster generation of Admit Cards, Attendance lists with photo replica and signature facsimile of each candidate, and Error-free list of doubtful cases. The main aim of this project is to cope with the increasing volume of applications through innovations and mechanized handling so as to reduce the processing time and send communications faster to minimized errors. The cases of impersonation/malpractices will also be eliminated and wasteful expenditure will be reduced.
The Post of a civil servant holds myriad range of responsibilities and power so as the selection process. The selection procedure of UPSC is guided by the elimination principle not the selection principle, so as to select Qualitative Candidates to serve this Country. All the reform process is based on this principle.
Civil Services Examination is conducted in a cycle of Preliminary exam, Main Exam and Personality test. All three phases are crucial and the last two phases decide the merit and hence are very significant. A graduation is mandatory for the exam and hence students can attempt the exam after graduation or in the final year of graduation. Every year UPSC notification announces 1000+ in the top Group A designations. From the year 2013 the calendar of Civil Service Exam has changed. Earlier mains preparation had nearly 5-6months but the current pattern gives only 3 months and hence proper planning and good strategy is crucial. Preparation to Civil Services Examination is a task that demands patience, continued focus and dedicated efforts. The exam is not a test of high intellect or IQ but a simple but complete test of basic understanding of issues, personality and orientation in society. With more than 5 lakh students preparing for the exam every year there are bound to be conception, perceptions and beliefs about the exam. These can be both right and wrong!!!
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