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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 26 June, 2021

  • 12 Min Read

India’s ILO Chairpersonship comes to an end

India’s ILO Chairpersonship comes to an end

  • India has assumed the Chairmanship of the Governing Body of International Labour Organization after a gap of 35 years.
  • During India’s Chairmanship, the sessions of the Governing Body held in October 2020 and March 2021 and the 109th session of the International Labour Conference held in June 2021 were conducted through virtual mode.
  • All new and innovative procedures for conducting these meetings were developed during his tenure.
  • Shri Apurva Chandra chaired both the Governing Body sessions, one virtually and the other in person at Geneva.

About ILO

  • It was one of the 1st organizations to deal with labour issues. ILO was established in 1919 as an agency of League of Nations following the Treaty of Versailles (after WW1).
  • It is the only tripartite U.N. agency. It brings together governments, employers and workers of 187 member States, to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes.
  • Its Headquarter is in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Structure of ILO
    1. International Labour Conference: It sets the International labour standards and the broad policies of the ILO.
    2. Governing body: It is the executive council of the ILO. It takes policy decisions of ILO.
    3. International Labour Office: it is the permanent secretariat of the ILO.
  • Functions of ILO: Solve labour issues, create policies, programmes, standards and recommendations; Human rights protection (Right to work, association etc); Research and Publication.
  • ILO does not impose sanctions on Govt though it registers complaints against entities.
  • India is the founding member since 1922. In India, the first ILO Office was started in 1928.
  • India has ratified 6 out of 8 core ILO Conventions.
    1. Forced Labour Convention (No. 29)
    2. Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (No.105)
    3. Equal Remuneration Convention (No.100)
    4. Discrimination (Employment Occupation) Convention (No.111)
    5. Minimum Age Convention (No.138)
    6. Worst forms of Child Labour Convention (No.182)
  • The Indian Labour Conference (ILC): ILC is the apex level tripartite consultative committee in the MoLE to advise the Govt. ILC recommendations to fix minimum wages
    1. 3 consumption units for one earner.
    2. Minimum food requirements of 2700 calories per average Indian adult.
    3. Clothing requirements of 72 yards per annum per family.
    4. Rent corresponding to the minimum area provided for under Government’s Industrial Housing Scheme.
    5. Fuel, Lighting and other miscellaneous items of expenditure to constitute 20% of the total minimum wage.

Source: PIB


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