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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 21 June, 2021

  • 7 Min Read

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

  • The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
  • IAEA’s genesis was U.S. President Eisenhower’s “Atoms for Peace” address to the United Nations General Assembly in 1953.
  • The IAEA was established as an autonomous organization in 1957 and was not under the direct control of the UN. But it reports to both the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) and United Nations Security Council (UNSC).
  • Though established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute, the IAEA reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.
  • The IAEA has its headquarters in Vienna, Austria. The IAEA has two "Regional Safeguards Offices" which are located in Toronto, Canada, and Tokyo, Japan.
  • The IAEA serves as an intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology and nuclear power worldwide.
  • The IAEA and its former Director General, Mohamed ElBaradei, were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005.
  • Recently Iran has refused to allow IAEA to two sites where nuclear activity may have occurred in the past (Parachin and Frodo).
  • Iran will continue to give access to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to its declared nuclear sites for 3 months.
  • IAEA Safeguards are a set of technical measures applied by the IAEA and countries accept them through the conclusion of safeguards agreements.
  • It is an essential component of the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty (NPT), which states that each Non-Nuclear Weapon State is required to conclude a safeguards agreement with the IAEA.

Source: TH


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