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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 01 August, 2022

  • 11 Min Read

Myanmar/Malaysia-India-Singapore Transit (MIST) Cable

Myanmar/Malaysia-India-Singapore Transit (MIST) Submarine Cable System

The union environment ministry’s expert appraisal committee (EAC) on Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) has given its go-ahead for the construction of an 8,100km-long undersea, transnational fiber optic cable system connecting Mumbai to Singapore, via Chennai.

About MIST cable

  • It is an international submarine cable communication network that will traverse undersea to connect India with various other countries such as Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore.
  • It will also boost telecom connectivity between India and other Asian countries, namely Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore
  • Its aim is to provide secure, reliable, robust, and affordable telecom facilities in Asia with the main trunk route being from Tuas in Singapore to Mumbai in India.
  • The MIST cable system consists of 12 fiber pairs, with more than 216Tbps system capacity. The total initial cost of the MIST cable system is approximate US$400million.
  • The project is officially known as the Myanmar/Malaysia-India-Singapore Transit (MIST) Submarine Cable System.

This will be the 17th such optical fiber cable system to land in Mumbai and is expected to be ready for service.

Significance

  • MIST cable system will provide secure, reliable, robust, and affordable telecom facilities in Asia.
  • This is a project of immense importance to global communications and will have a minimal footprint on Mumbai’s coastal environment.
  • It would also help to avoid conflict with various stakeholders considering the increasing number of international cable landing on the Chennai coast
  • Issue: One of the major issues is that out of a total project length of 8,100 km, 523.50 km fell in the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) a sensitive zone.

Submarine Cable:

  • A submarine cable system consists of a communication cable laid on the sea bed between cable landing stations (CLS) on the land to carry the telecommunication signals across stretches of the ocean.
  • Submarine cable systems generally use optical fiber cables to carry international traffic.

Read also - INDIA'S CONTRIBUTION TO UN PEACEKEEPING FORCE

Source: The Hindu


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