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DNA Technology- Bill Analysis

DNA Technology- Bill Analysis Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- S&T This bill allows the use of DNA Technology for establishing the identity of persons in matters of crime, parentage disputes, immigration and transplantation of human organs. Provisions of the Bill The Bill regulates DNA testing for identification of persons under the Indian Penal Code, 1860, the Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956, the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 and the Motor Vehicles Act, 198

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019/2020

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019/2020 Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II-Bills Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019 has been introduced in the Lok Sabha. The Bill aims to prohibit commercial surrogacy in India. Commercial surrogacy, a practice also known as 'Rent a Womb', was legalised in India in the year 2002, in order to promote medical tourism. And soon, India became the hub of surrogacy. Driven by factors like low cost and the absence of a s

Data Protection Bill, 2019

Private Companies and State agencies has vast amount of data. There is no legal framework for data protection. Even the individuals dont know that their data is being used. Thus, there was a need for legislation which was also said by K S Puttaswamy case, 2018 that held Right to Privacy (Art 21) to be a Fundamental Right. Against this backdrop B N Srikrishna Committee (on Data Protection) prepared Personal Data Protection Bill, 2018 to MEITy. It deals with the guidelines for c

Anti-Disclosure Amendment

Anti-Disclosure Amendment The central government recently published the Patent (Amendment) Rules, 2020, amending the format of a statement that patentees and licensees are required to annually submit to the Patent Office disclosing the extent to which they have commercially worked or made the patented inventions available to the public in the country. The amendment has significantly watered down the disclosure format, and this could hamper the effectiveness of India’s compulsory l

How protest is endangering the democracy?

How protest is endangering the democracy? The NIA’s decision to summon people associated with the ongoing farmers agitation as ‘witnesses’ in a sedition case is definitely out of the ordinary, even if not entirely surprising. Punjabi actor Deep Sidhu and farmers’ leader Baldev Singh Sirsa are among 40 people it has summoned in connection with a fresh case registered on December 15, 2020 against Sikhs for Justice, a U.S.-based organisation that is banned by India.

Juvenile Justice Bill, 2021

The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015. As per the amendment, the district magistrates (DM) and additional district magistrates (ADM) will monitor the functioning of various agencies responsible for implementation of the JJ Act in every district. The DM can independently evaluate juvenile police unit, specialised Child Welfare Committees (CWC) and registered Child Care Institution (CCI). The district child protection unit

Major Port Authorities Bill, 2020

The Bill aims at decentralizing decision making and to infuse professionalism in governance of major ports. It will empower the Major Ports to modernize and expand port infrastructure, and facilitate trade and commerce. Tariff Authority for Major Ports (TAMP) can now fix tariff, which will act as a reference tariff for purposes of bidding for PPP projects. An Adjudicatory Board has been proposed to look into disputes between ports and PPP concessionaires, etc. A simplif

Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020

Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill, 2020 India has one of the highest growths in the number ART centres and ART cycles performed every year. India has become one of the major centres of this global fertility industry, with reproductive medical tourism becoming a significant activity. This has also introduced a plethora of legal, ethical and social issues; yet, there is no standardisation of protocols and reporting is still very inadequate. Key features of the B

National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2021

National Commission for Allied and Healthcare Professions Bill, 2021 The Bill seeks to regulate and standardise the education and practice of allied and healthcare professionals.  Key features of the Bill include: Allied health professional: The Bill defines ‘allied health professional’ as an associate, technician, or technologist trained to support the diagnosis and treatment of any illness, disease, injury, or impairment.  Such a professional sho

National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Bill, 2021

Rajya Sabha has recently cleared National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development Bill, 2021 About National Bank for Financing Infrastructure and Development (NBFID) Bill, 2021 : The Bill seeks to establish the NBFID as the principal development financial institution(DFIs) for infrastructure financing. DFIs are set up for providing long-term finance for segments involving risk beyond the acceptable limits of commercial banks and other ordinary financial institutions.

National Capital Territory of Delhi Amendment Bill, 2021

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) moved the NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 to the Lok Sabha where it proposed that “government” in Delhi means the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi. Key Provisions: Delhi’s present status is a Union Territory with a Legislative Assembly - an outcome of the 69th Amendment Act.  The act introduced Articles 239AA and 239BB in the Constitution. They have created the Union Territory of Delhi with a legislative assembl

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 and rules framed under it (the “FCRA” or “Act”) regulate the receipt and usage of foreign contribution by non-governmental organisations (“NGOs”) in India. Since the Act is internal security legislation, despite being a law related to financial legislation, it falls into the purview of Home Ministry and not the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). It is implemented by

Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2021

Trafficking in Persons (Prevention, Care and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2021 The Bill has increased the scope of the nature of offenses of trafficking as well as the kind of victims of these offenses, with stringent penalties including life imprisonment, and even the death penalty in cases of an extreme nature. The law, once enacted, will extend to all citizens inside as well as outside India, persons on any ship or aircraft registered in India wherever it may be or carrying Indian citizens w

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 and rules framed under it (the “FCRA” or “Act”) regulate the receipt and usage of foreign contribution by non-governmental organisations (“NGOs”) in India. Since the Act is internal security legislation, despite being a law related to financial legislation, it falls into the purview of Home Ministry and not the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). It is implemented by

FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act), 2010

FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act), 2010 The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 and rules framed under it (the “FCRA” or “Act”) regulate the receipt and usage of foreign contribution by non-governmental organisations (“NGOs”) in India. Since the Act is internal security legislation, despite being a law related to financial legislation, it falls into the purview of Home Ministry and not the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). It is imple

Assam's Prevention of Cattle Bill- Provisions & Critical Analysis

Assam government introduced the Assam Cattle Preservation Bill 2021 to bring in more stringent measures to check the slaughter of cattle in the state. Assam already has existing cow protection laws. The Assam Cattle Preservation Act, 1951 (Later amended to Assam Cattle Preservation (Amendment) Act, 1962) lays down provisions for bulls, bullocks, cows, calves, male and female buffaloes, and buffalo calves The new bill’s key proposals can be summarised as follows: Obtaining &ld

Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021

Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021 Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021, which aims to replace over 90-year-old Lighthouse Act 1927, to incorporate the global best practices, technological developments and India's International obligations in the field of Marine Aids to Navigation, to fulfill the vision of the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, to make the legislative framework user-friendly and to promote ease of doing business. This initiative is part of the proactive approach ado

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