×

UPSC Courses

DNA banner

DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 02 August, 2022

  • 8 Min Read

AFRICAN SWINE FEVER

AFRICAN SWINE FEVER

  • The disease has been confirmed on a private pig farm at Kanichar grama panchayat in Kannur.
  • This was first reported in November 2019 from the area of China bordering Arunachal Pradesh.

About

  • African swine fever is a highly contagious and fatal animal disease that infects and leads to an acute form of hemorrhagic fever in domestic and wild pigs.
  • Other symptoms of the disease include high fever, depression, anorexia, loss of appetite, haemorrhages in the skin, vomiting, and diarrhoea among others.

History

  • It was first detected in Africa in the 1920s.
  • Historically outbreaks have been reported in Africa and parts of Europe, South America, and the Caribbean.
  • Most recently since 2007, the diseases have been reported in multiple countries across Africa, Asia, and Europe, in both domestic and wild pig
  • The mortality is close to 100% and since the fever has no cure, the only way to stop its spread is by culling the animals.
  • African swine fever is not a threat to human beings since it only spreads from animals to other animals.
  • ASF is a disease listed in the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code and thus, reported to the OIE.

Transmission:

  • Direct contact with the infected pigs, faeces, or body fluids.
  • Indirect contact via fomites such as equipment, vehicles, or people who work with pigs between pig farms with ineffective biosecurity.
  • Pigs eating infected pig meat or meat products.

World Organisation for Animal Health

  • It is an intergovernmental organization responsible for improving animal health worldwide.
  • It has 182 Member Countries. India is one of the member countries.
  • It develops normative documents relating to rules that Member Countries can use to protect themselves from the introduction of diseases and pathogens. One of them is the Terrestrial Animal Health Code.
  • OIE standards are recognized by the World Trade Organization as references to international sanitary rules.
  • Its headquartered in Paris, France.

Read also - American Bullfrog & Brown Tree Snake

Source: The Hindu


India and Bangladesh Relations

India and Bangladesh Relations News: The 4th India-Bangladesh Annual Defence Dialogue, which was recently held in Delhi, decided to intensify the cooperation between the two-armed forces. Highlights Military training The discussions focused on the current bilateral training and exercises, and it was decided to make them more challeng

Digital Currency

Digital Currency Over 7% of India's population possessed digital currency in 2021, according to a recent report by the United Nations Trade and Development Body (UNCTAD). Additionally, India was rated eighth in terms of population ownership of digital currencies among the top 20 economies worldwide. HIGHLIGHT When it comes to

Booster Dose: Corbevax

Booster Dose: Corbevax According to a recent announcement from the Indian government, persons who have already taken Covishield or Covaxin as their first or second dosage of Covid-19 may take Corbevax as their third booster shot. Corbevax is still seeking the Emergency Use Listing (EUL)from the World Health Organization Up until this poin

Mid-day Meal Scheme

Mid-day Meal Scheme There is recent proof that children who receive eggs as part of midday meals have a considerable boost in their growth, according to a study commissioned by the Karnataka government. About the recent study            While the request to include additional dist

Declining Mangrove Cover: NASA STUDY

Declining Mangrove Cover NASA recently brought attention to the disappearance of mangroves on Katchal Island, which is a part of India's Nicobar archipelago. Findings Of NASA Mangrove loss: The study revealed how much of the world's mangroves have disappeared during the last two decades. On August 8, 2022, the NASA Earth

Toppers

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts