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  • 02 August, 2022

  • 8 Min Read



  • The disease has been confirmed on a private pig farm at Kanichar grama panchayat in Kannur.
  • This was first reported in November 2019 from the area of China bordering Arunachal Pradesh.


  • African swine fever is a highly contagious and fatal animal disease that infects and leads to an acute form of hemorrhagic fever in domestic and wild pigs.
  • Other symptoms of the disease include high fever, depression, anorexia, loss of appetite, haemorrhages in the skin, vomiting, and diarrhoea among others.


  • It was first detected in Africa in the 1920s.
  • Historically outbreaks have been reported in Africa and parts of Europe, South America, and the Caribbean.
  • Most recently since 2007, the diseases have been reported in multiple countries across Africa, Asia, and Europe, in both domestic and wild pig
  • The mortality is close to 100% and since the fever has no cure, the only way to stop its spread is by culling the animals.
  • African swine fever is not a threat to human beings since it only spreads from animals to other animals.
  • ASF is a disease listed in the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Terrestrial Animal Health Code and thus, reported to the OIE.


  • Direct contact with the infected pigs, faeces, or body fluids.
  • Indirect contact via fomites such as equipment, vehicles, or people who work with pigs between pig farms with ineffective biosecurity.
  • Pigs eating infected pig meat or meat products.

World Organisation for Animal Health

  • It is an intergovernmental organization responsible for improving animal health worldwide.
  • It has 182 Member Countries. India is one of the member countries.
  • It develops normative documents relating to rules that Member Countries can use to protect themselves from the introduction of diseases and pathogens. One of them is the Terrestrial Animal Health Code.
  • OIE standards are recognized by the World Trade Organization as references to international sanitary rules.
  • Its headquartered in Paris, France.

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Source: The Hindu

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