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  • 13 August, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

Butterfly Mine

Butterfly Mine

The contentious "Butterfly Mine," an anti-personnel mine that is meant to prevent free movement of the soldiers along the enemy line, is said to have been used by Russia in the ongoing war between Russia and Ukraine.


  • Anti-personnel landmines with the designations PFM-1 and PFM-1S are sometimes known as "Butterfly mines" or "Green Parrots."
  • These names were taken from the mines' shape and color.
  • The PFM-1S mine's self-destruction mechanism activates within one to forty hours, which is the primary distinction between PFM-1S and the PFM-1 mine.


  • It is extremely touch-sensitive, and even picking it up can cause it to react.
  • This little mine frequently maims and injures the handler rather than killing them because of the relatively less explosive that is packed inside of it.
  • Because they are plastic and may avoid metal detectors, these mines are especially challenging to find
  • These mines can be placed in the area of conflict in a number of ways, such as by dropping them from helicopters or dispersing them with artillery and mortar bombs.

Which mines are permitted under international law?

  • On landlines, antipersonnel mines are prohibited by an International treaty, but Russia and Ukraine have not ratified them.
  • Russia and Ukraine are parties to the 1996 Amended Protocol II (also known as the Landlines Protocol) to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.

Source: The Indian express

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