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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 28 January, 2020

  • 3 Min Read

Centre, Assam govt. sign accord with Bodo groups

Syllabus subtopic: Linkages between Development and Spread of Extremism.

Prelims and Mains focus: about the Bodo Accord and its significance; about Bodo tribe

News: The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), the Assam government and Bodo groups signed an agreement to redraw and rename the Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD) in Assam, currently spread over the four districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa and Udalguri.

Background

Several Bodo groups, led by the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU), have been demanding a separate land for the ethnic community since 1972, a movement that has claimed nearly 4,000 lives.

About the agreement

  • As per the agreement, villages dominated by Bodos that were presently outside the BTAD would be included and those with non­Bodo population would be excluded.

  • Bodos living in the hills would be granted Scheduled Hill Tribe status.

  • As of now, the agreement had not addressed the issue of “citizenship or work permit” for non-domiciles in the BTAD, to be renamed as the Bodoland Territorial Region.

How will the settlement go through?

  • The memorandum of settlement says that the criminal cases registered against members of the NDFB factions for “non­heinous” crimes shall be withdrawn by the Assam government and in cases of heinous crimes it will be reviewed.

  • Around 1,500 cadres of NDFB (P), NDFB (RD) and NDFB (S) will be rehabilitated by Centre and Assam Government. They will be assimilated in the mainstream and will surrender on January 30 on Mahatma Gandhi’s death anniversary.

  • The families of those killed during the Bodo movement would get Rs.5 lakh each.

  • After the agreement, the NDFB factions will leave the path of violence, surrender their weapons and disband their armed organisations within a month of signing the deal.

  • A Special Development Package of Rs. 1500 crore would be given by the Centre to undertake specific projects for the development of Bodo areas.

Source: The Hindu


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