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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 18 March, 2021

  • 3 Min Read

Genome mapping of Indian Ocean by National Institute of Oceanography

National Institute of Oceanography(NIO) has launched its first-of-its-kind project of Genome Mapping in the Indian Ocean.

About the Genome Mapping in the Indian Ocean Project:

Aim of the Project:

  • To reveal the internal working of the body of the ocean at a cellular level.
  • To understand the biochemistry and the response of the ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution.

How will the Project get conducted?

  • The NIO research team onboard its research vessel Sindhu Sadhana will travel from India’s east coast to Australia then towards Port Louis in Mauritius and up to the border of Pakistan.
  • They will gather samples for genome mapping of microorganisms at an average depth of 5 km.
  • They will then map the DNA and RNA of these microorganisms just like gene mapping on human blood samples.

Significance of the Project:

  • The genome mapping will enable scientists to identify the factors controlling the changes in RNA, DNA in the oceans and various stressors impacting them.
  • It will also help in identifying which part of the ocean has a greater concentration of which mineral or element.

What is Genome Mapping?

  • Genome refers to an organism’s complete set of DNA that includes all its genes.
  • And mapping these genes means finding out the location of these genes in a chromosome.

National Institute of Oceanography (NIO):

  • NIO is an autonomous research organization established in 1966.
  • It is one of the 37 constituent laboratories of the CSIR, New Delhi.
  • The focus of research has been on observing and understanding special oceanographic characteristics of the Indian Ocean.
  • Headquarters: Goa

Source: TH


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