UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 18 March, 2021

  • 3 Min Read

Genome mapping of Indian Ocean by National Institute of Oceanography

National Institute of Oceanography(NIO) has launched its first-of-its-kind project of Genome Mapping in the Indian Ocean.

About the Genome Mapping in the Indian Ocean Project:

Aim of the Project:

  • To reveal the internal working of the body of the ocean at a cellular level.
  • To understand the biochemistry and the response of the ocean to climate change, nutrient stress and increasing pollution.

How will the Project get conducted?

  • The NIO research team onboard its research vessel Sindhu Sadhana will travel from India’s east coast to Australia then towards Port Louis in Mauritius and up to the border of Pakistan.
  • They will gather samples for genome mapping of microorganisms at an average depth of 5 km.
  • They will then map the DNA and RNA of these microorganisms just like gene mapping on human blood samples.

Significance of the Project:

  • The genome mapping will enable scientists to identify the factors controlling the changes in RNA, DNA in the oceans and various stressors impacting them.
  • It will also help in identifying which part of the ocean has a greater concentration of which mineral or element.

What is Genome Mapping?

  • Genome refers to an organism’s complete set of DNA that includes all its genes.
  • And mapping these genes means finding out the location of these genes in a chromosome.

National Institute of Oceanography (NIO):

  • NIO is an autonomous research organization established in 1966.
  • It is one of the 37 constituent laboratories of the CSIR, New Delhi.
  • The focus of research has been on observing and understanding special oceanographic characteristics of the Indian Ocean.
  • Headquarters: Goa

Source: TH

Sun, Solar Missions & Solar Phenomenon

Sun, Solar Missions & Solar Phenomenon Context: This topic is important for UPSE Prelims and Mains GS Paper3. Aurora An aurora also known as the polar lights or aurora polaris, is a natural light display in Earth's sky, predominantly seen in high-latitude regions (around the Arctic&nb

Changes in the Prompt Corrective Action norms for bank

Changes in the Prompt Corrective Action norms for banks Context: This topic is important for UPSE GS Paper 3. What will commercial banks under scrutiny need to do to get out of the restrictions imposed by the central bank? The story so far: The RBI issued a notification on November 2 revising norms for commercial banks to be placed under t

Study on Countries’ commitment on Climate Change

Study on Countries’ commitment on Climate Change Context: This topic is important for UPSE GS Paper 3. The findings, while optimistic, come amidst the deliberations underway at Glasgow. How effective are climate change pledges made by countries in containing global warming?  A study published Friday in the journal Science fin

National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZ)

About National Investment and Manufacturing Zones (NIMZ) The Government of India (GoI) has announced a National Manufacturing Policy, 2011, with the objective of enhancing the share of manufacturing in GDP to 25% within a decade and creating 100 million jobs. NIMZs are one of the important instruments to achieve it. As per the Policy, &ldqu

International Financial Services Centre (IFSC)

What is an International Financial Services Centre (IFSC)? An IFSC caters to customers outside the jurisdiction of the domestic economy.  Such centres deal with flows of finance, financial products and services across borders.  London, New York and Singapore can be counted as global financial centres. 

Students Achievement

Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts