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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

GS-II :
  • 04 January, 2020

  • 6 Min Read

Special provisions likely for J&K residents in jobs, land rights

Syllabus subtopic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Prelims and Mains focus: about the Centre’s decision on J&K and its significance; About scrapping of Article 35A and 370 and changes thereto

News: The Centre is all set to provide protection to domiciles of Jammu and Kashmir in government jobs, educational institutions and land rights, a senior government official said on Friday.

What is it about?

  • The Centre is exploring the option of implementing the mandatory requirement of continuous stay in the region for a minimum of 15 years before applying for a job in the government sector and for admissions in schools and colleges in the Union Territory of J&K.

  • The special provisions were being examined on the lines of those in Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. The provisions pertain to regulating ownership and transfer of land to conserve the limited resources available for development.

  • The regulations also ensure that the State preserves its unique identity.

What is Article 371 about?

  • There are 12 States including Himachal Pradesh where provisions of special status under Article 371 of the Constitution apply. The Centre was considering a proposal to grant special status to J&K. After the new UT of J&K was carved out, several groups in Jammu expressed concerns about losing special status and apprehension of losing land and jobs to outsiders.

  • Most of the States that have been accorded special provisions under Article 371 are in the northeast and the special status aims to preserve their tribal culture.

Background

On August 6, the Centre revoked the special status of Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 and Article 35A of the Constitution and downgraded and bifurcated the State into two Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh.

What were Article 35A and Article 370 for?

The two provisions of the Constitution that were revoked let the J&K legislature decide the “permanent residents” of the State, prohibiting a non­J&K resident from buying property in the State and ensuring job reservation for its residents.

Source: Indian Express


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