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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 25 August, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

V.D. Savarkar

V.D. Savarkar

In Mysore, the Savarkar Rath Yatra was launched by the former Chief Minister.

About V.D . Savarkar

  • He was born on May 28, 1883, into a Hindu Marathi family in Nashik, Maharashtra, and went by the name Swatantryaveer Savarkar, or "Veer," because of his bravery.
  • He was a social reformer, politician, lawyer, writer, and founder of the Hindutva movement.

Contribution to the Freedom Movement:

  • He promoted Swadeshi and opposed imported commodities. On Dussehra in 1905, he set fire to every piece of foreign merchandise.
  • In 1909, he was detained on suspicion of planning an armed uprising against the Morley-Minto reform.
  • He was detained in 1910 as a result of his affiliation with the revolutionary organization India House.
  • He established a youth organization, says Mitra Mela. This organization, also known as the Mitra Mela (Group of Friends), was established to spread revolutionary and national beliefs.

Untouchability:

He spearheaded one of India's most effective social reform initiatives to end the practice. He also constructed the Patit Pavan Mandir in Ratnagiri district to welcome all Hindus, including Dalits, inside.

Writings:

  • While serving a prison sentence, he wrote "The Indian War of Independence, 1857."
  • Moreover, he authored Hindutva
  • Who Is a Hindu? Introducing the notion of Hindutva ("Hinduness"), which aimed to characterize Indian culture as an expression of Hindu principles; this idea later developed into a central component of Hindu nationalist ideology.
  • His opinions towards the 1942 Quit India Movement were negative.
  • He was charged with participating in the plot to kill Mahatma Gandhi, but the court ultimately found him not guilty.

Similar Organizations

  • Together with his brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar, he founded the covert Abhinav Bharat Society (also known as the Young India Society) in 1904.
  • V.D. Savarkar established student organizations including the Free India Society and was affiliated with India House.

Hindu Mahasabha: (1933)

  • He served as the president of the Hindu Mahasabha, a Hindu nationalist group and political party. He was a nationalist and one of the group's most significant leaders.
  • Additionally, he held the position of Hindu Mahasabha President for seven years. He supported establishing a Hindu Rashtra (Hindu nation).

Death:

  • Savarkar began his hunger strike on February 1, 1966, after declaring his intention to attain Samadhi in 1964. He died on February 26, 1966.

Also, Read - Acculturation

Source: PIB


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