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Fighting COVID-19 and food insecurity requires new ideas

  • 02 September, 2020

  • 10 Min Read

Fighting COVID-19 and food insecurity requires new ideas

Introduction:

  • The Covid-19 pandemic has severely derailed development across the world and has compounded the pre-crisis levels of food insecurity and malnutrition with job losses, supply chain disruptions, and declines in revenue from key exports and remittances.
  • World Food Programme predicts that the number of people facing acute food insecurity around the world will almost double to 270 million, including 121 million new food insecure due to Covid-19.
  • However, South Asia is particularly vulnerable, with the number of chronically underfed people projected to rise by to 330 million by 2030.
  • It is also the only subregion in the world where more than half the children from the poorest fifth of society are stunted.

Food security crisis:

1. Malnourishment

  • It means that they are unable to consume enough healthy calories to lead a normal, active life.

2. Rising level of hunger:

  • According to the latest UN estimates, 83 to 132 million more people may suffer extreme hunger in 2020 as a result of the economic recession triggered by the pandemic.
  • Covid-19 has struck at a time when hunger or undernourishment keeps rising.
  • This would be in addition to the 690 million people going hungry now.

3. Extreme Poverty

  • According to the World Bank, the pandemic's economic impact could push about 100 million people into extreme poverty.

4. Economic Recession

  • Furthermore, the pandemic may plunge national economies into recession which will severely hamper their power to run welfare schemes for the poor and deprived.

5. Rising Social Divides

  • Covid-19 has exposed some of the world’s deepest inequalities.
  • The rich have been able to keep enjoying even the luxury due to their wealth accumulation.
  • Millions of people on the other hand have been thrown out of work and don’t have enough money to even feed their families.

Steps to be taken

Inclusive governance

  • The Government must take direct responsibility for the ones who are vulnerable and marginalised and not dependent upon trickle down effect.
  • We must increase our efficiency to reduce losses and improve the quality of products available.

Financial inclusion

  • Inclusive access to finance to strengthen and expand rural supply chains is also crucial.
  • Banking products and financial services must be made available to poor populations on priority basis.

FAO programme:

  • The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations has recently launched a new comprehensive Covid-19 Response and Recovery Programme to provide an agile and coordinated global response aimed at ensuring access to nutritious food for everyone.

Farmer oriented developments

  • Enable farmers to be more dynamic, entrepreneurial and competitive through continual innovation.
  • We need smallholder farmers to produce nutritious foods, without fear of crop failures, and we also need to get those foods to the mouths of the hungry across the region and beyond.
  • We need to find ways to increase resilience across our food systems by identifying new marketing channels like e-commerce which will provide more avenues to the farmers to sell their product in case of low demand in the local market.
  • It would be a good initiative to identify collection centres closer to producers, for example develop storage facilities like warehouse receipt system platforms where farmers can deliver their produce without the need to go to markets.

Steps taken by the government:

  • The government enhanced its social safety programs including direct benefit transfers such as cash transfers under PM Kisan scheme, more liberal financing under MGNREGA like advance disbursement, direct cash grants to construction workers and release of free and subsidized food grains under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana to about 800 million people to ensure food for all.
  • The Government announced a special economic package of Rs 20 lakh crore (equivalent to 10% of India’s GDP) under Atma Nirbhar Bharat Scheme with the aim of making the country independent against the tough competition in the global supply chain and to help in empowering the poor, labourers, migrants who have been adversely affected by Covid.

Way forward:

  • Rapid up-gradation of health infrastructure and manpower; and swift readjustment of policies and programs with active association and participation of all stakeholders, be that politicians, governments, NGOs, and private sectors, were other daunting tasks performed by the governments.
  • The Asia-Pacific region has some of the best agricultural scientists, institutions and innovative ideas. If we are able to cooperate and coordinate then we can also battle this pandemic.
  • The FAO has rolled out the Hand-in-Hand initiative to tackle these collective challenges, and the FAO Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific, which will be virtually hosted by Bhutan, is the perfect opportunity for the countries to forge ways to expedite action and leverage resources.

Source: IE

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