Multidimensional Poverty Index
GS-PAPER-3 Poverty (PT-MAINS)
The Multidimensional Poverty Index was launched by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) in 2010.
MPI is based on the idea that poverty is not unidimensional (not just depends on income and one individual may lack several basic needs like education, health etc.), rather it is multidimensional. The index shows the
The majority cannot afford a balanced diet
By, Madhura Swaminathan is Professor and Head of the Economic Analysis Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Bengaluru
New analysis from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) shows that hundreds of millions of people in India above the international poverty line of $1.90 purchasing power parity (PPP) per person per day cannot afford a healthy or nutritious diet.
State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2020 (SOFI 2
Analysis of Oxfam: Inequality Virus Report
Inequality in India has risen to levels last seen when it was colonised.
The additional wealth acquired by India’s 100 billionaires since March when the lockdown was imposed is enough to give every one of the 138 million poorest ?94,045, according to the Oxfam: Inequality Virus Report.
An unskilled worker in India would take three years to earn what the country’s richest person earned in one second last year, the report calculate
The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Rural Development has submitted its report to the Lok Sabha.
It suggests that the Central Government must increase the small number of pensions provided for poor senior citizens, widows and disabled people under the National Social Assistance Programme(NSAP).
About National Social Assistance Programme(NSAP):
Nodal Ministry: It was launched in 1995. It is a welfare programme administered by the Ministry of Rural Development.
Rising poverty post COVID-19
Poverty levels in India and China
A new study by the Pew Research Center estimates that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a disproportionately deleterious impact on living standards in India and China in 2020, with the sharp economic contraction in the former pushing as many as 7.5 crore people into the ranks of the poor (those who earn $2 or less a day).
In contrast, the figure is about 10 lakh in China, whose economy slowed but continued to post growth.
Social security, hunger and Covid-19
The pandemic has highlighted the importance of expanding social security nets
What is the new normal?
The people of India have embraced the new normal where self-protection is inseparable from economic activity.
It attempts to poetically celebrate the spirit of resilience among the people by alluding to “self-protection” by shying away from the government’s responsibility of social protection.
Poverty and Shared Prosperity in 2022
A paper titled "Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2022: Correcting Course" was just published by the World Bank.
What are the Report's Findings?
Global Poverty Reduction: Since 2015, the rate of global poverty reduction has been sluggish, but the cholera pandemic and the Ukraine conflict have completely turned the trend around.
The rate of extreme poverty around the world had decreased by more than half by 2015.
Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2022
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) recently released the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2022.
What are the Index's main highlights?
Multidimensional poverty affects 1.2 billion people.
Children under the age of 18 accounts for half of the poor (593 million).
Sub-Saharan Africa has the poorest people (579 mi