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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 14 March, 2021

  • 5 Min Read

Commemorative Dandi March to mark 75 years of Independence

The Prime Minister flagged off a commemorative 2021 Dandi March to launch the celebrations of the 75th year of Independence – ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’.

About the Dandi March:

  • It was a 24-day march from March 12 to April 5, 1930.
  • It was a tax resistance campaign against the British salt monopoly.
  • The march was based on Gandhi’s principle of non-violence or Satyagraha.

Why did Gandhiji call for the Dandi March?

  • The 1882 Salt Act gave the British a monopoly in the manufacture and sale of salt.
  • Indians were forced to buy salt from the colonizers despite its abundance
  • Hence, Gandhi decided to inaugurate the civil disobedience using salt.
  • Gandhiji started the march from Sabarmati with 78 followers to the coastal town of Dandi on the Arabian Sea.
  • There, Gandhiji picked up a small amount of natural salt lying in a small pit.
  • The act was symbolic but hugely covered by the press.
  • After that, Gandhiji planned to stage a satyagraha at the Dharasana Salt Works.
  • However, Gandhiji was arrested just days before the planned action at Dharasana.

Impact:

  • In Bengal, led by Satish Chandra Dasgupta and in Bombay led K.F Nariman walked with volunteers to prepare salt.
  • Forest laws were also flouted in Maharashtra, Karnataka, and the Central Provinces.
  • Peasants in Gujarat and Bengal refused to pay land and chowkidari taxes.

Source: TH


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