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  • 19 August, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

Mahanadi River

Mahanadi River

The Mahanadi River in Odisha is currently flooded, as predicted by the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD).

It is anticipated that a low-pressure region would develop over the Northern Bay of Bengal and bring severe rain to a few locations in Chhattisgarh and Odisha.

About Mahanadi River

  • After the Godavari and Krishna River systems, the Mahanadi River system is the biggest river in the state of Odisha.
  • The river's catchment region also includes Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Jharkhand, and Maharashtra.
  • Its basin is bordered to the north by the Central India hills, to the south and east by the Eastern Ghats, and to the west by the Maikala range.
  • It originates from a location close to Sihawa, close to Raipur in the Chhattisgarh state, south of Amarkantak.

Major Tributaries:

  • The Ong, the Tel, and the Jonk join Mahanadi from the right, whilst the Senate, Hasdeo, Mand, and Ib join it from the left.

Mahanadi River Conflict:

  • In 2018, the Central Government established the Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal.

Major Projects/Dams on the Mahanadi:

  • The longest dam in India is the Hirakud Dam.
  • Other significant projects are Ravishankar Sagar, Tandula, Hasdeo Bango, Dudhawa Reservoir, and Sondur Reservoir.

Urban Centers:

  • Raipur, Durg, and Cuttack are three of the basin's major urban centres.


  • The Mahanadi basin has a favourable industrial climate thanks to its abundant mineral resources and sufficient power supply.
  • Aluminium industries in Hirakud and Korba Paper Mill near Cuttack Cement Factory in Sundargarh and Iron and Steel Plant in Bhilai.
  • Sugar and textile mills are two additional businesses that rely heavily on agricultural products.
  • Manganese, iron and coal mining are further industrial pursuits.

About Indian Meteorological Department (IMD).

  • The IMD was founded in 1875.
  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences oversees this organisation.
  • It is the main organisation in charge of seismology, meteorological observations, and weather forecasting.

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Source: The Hindu


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