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  • 30 December, 2020

  • 5 Min Read

UDAN Scheme for UPSC

UDAN (Ude Desh ke Aam Nagrik), 2016

  • It is a regional connectivity scheme to develop smaller regional airports to allow easier access to aviation services. It is a part of the National Civil Aviation Policy (NCAP).
  • Objectives
  1. Operationalization and development of 425 underserved and unserved airports.
  2. Boost inclusive economic development by faster connectivity.
  3. Development of air transport infrastructure in remote areas.
  • It is funded jointly by Center and States.
  • The duration of the scheme is of 10 years.
  • Airlines are selected through a competitive bidding process.
  • The Center will provide Viability Gap Funding (VGF), concessional GST on tickets, etc.
  • The state will provide land for airports, trained security personnel, and 20% of VGF. VGF is not given to cargo airlines.
  • Exclusivity for 3 years in routes. 2500 per 1-hour flight.

UDAN Phase 1.0 to 4.0

  • UDAN 1.0: Under this phase, 5 airlines companies were awarded 128 flight routes to 70 airports (including 36 newly made operational airports)
  • UDAN 2.0: In 2018, the Ministry of Civil Aviation announced 73 underserved and unserved airports. For the first time, helipads were also connected.
  • UDAN 3.0: Inclusion of Tourism Routes in coordination with the Ministry of Tourism. Inclusion of Seaplanes for connecting Water Aerodromes. Bringing in a number of routes in the Northeast Region.
  • UDAN 4.0: seeks to offer priority routes connecting Bilaspur and Ambikapur airports in Chhattisgarh.

International UDAN Scheme

  • It is an extension of UDAN to connect India's smaller cities to some key foreign destinations in neighborhood.
  • It will utilise the Open Skies policy in which India and Asian countries allow direct and unlimited flights to 18 Indian destinations.

Lifeline UDAN flights were launched on March 26, 2020, for the movement of medical and essential supplies across India. Air India, Alliance Air, IAF and Pawan Hans + Private carriers are collaborating. India also collaborated with IAF to carry consignments to Ladakh, Port Blair, Imphal etc.

Source: TH

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