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Initiatives to Fight Coronavirus

Initiatives to Fight Coronavirus Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Health I. Recently, the Government has developed a platform which will host webinars by All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) doctors for healthcare workers across the country. It has also developed an app that will trace the paths of COVID-19 positive patients, serving as a warning to possible contacts. Key Points Chat Boxes on Facebook and WhatsApp have been set up by the

Initiatives to Fight Coronavirus – Part-2

Initiatives to Fight Coronavirus – Part-2 Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Health I. India is all set to join the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Solidarity Trial which aims at rapid global search for drugs to treat COVID-19. Key Points India has stayed away from the multi-country trial till now due to its small sample size. It will express its interest to participate in the trial for the Indian population when it feels that the time is

PM-CARES Fund

PM-CARES Fund Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II-  Governance Newly instituted PM-CARES Fund. Background: In India, the spread of coronavirus has been increasing and is posing serious challenges for the health and economic security of millions of people. There have been calls for citizen donations to support the government in the wake of this emergency with people from all walks of life expressing their desire to donate to India’s war against COVID-19.

Migrant workers to be stopped, quarantined at borders: Centre

Migrant workers to be stopped, quarantined at borders: Centre Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Governance   Migrant workers trying to move out of the cities to their villages in the light of the nationwide lockdown. Details: Strict enforcement of the lockdown: The Union Home Ministry has termed the movement of migrant workers to reach their home towns a violation of the lockdown measures on maintaining social distance. The Centre has asked the States and

Fund raising – COVID-19

Fund raising – COVID-19 Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Economy terms Recently, the Government has hiked Ways and Means Advance (WMA) limit with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) by 60%. (PT SHOT) WMA limit is proposed to be revised to Rs 1.20 lakh crore and would be reviewed on a need basis (from Rs 75,000 crore last year). This is to compensate for the cash flow mismatch in Financial Year (FY) 21 expected from higher spending to combat the spread of COVID-

Initiatives to Fight Coronavirus – Part-3

Initiatives to Fight Coronavirus – Part-3 Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Economy and Health I. Geo-fencing app will be used to locate quarantine violators Context: The Centre is using powers under the Indian Telegraph Act to fetch information from telecom companies every 15 minutes to track COVID-19 cases across the country. COVID-19 Quarantine Alert System (CQAS): The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has shared a standard operating procedure (SOP) with all

Madhya Pradesh railways designs mobile doctor booth called ‘CHARAK’

 Madhya Pradesh railways designs mobile doctor booth called ‘CHARAK’ for zero-contact check-ups, the West Central Railway’s Coach Rehabilitation Workshop (CRWS) in Madhya Pradesh’s (MP) Bhopal city,has created a  mobile doctor booth called “CHARAK” to eliminate the possibility of physical contact between the doctor and the coronavirus (COVID-19) infected patient. Key Points: i.A viral barrier chamber has been built in the railway compar

Lockdown 2.0 COVID-19 and New guidelines

Lockdown 2.0 COVID-19 and New guidelines Part of: GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) Context: Wearing face covers and masks is now compulsory in public places and workplaces, spitting in public is a punishable offence and selling liquor, gutka and tobacco is strictly prohibited. All industries operating in rural areas and the government’s flagship rural jobs scheme will also be allowed to reopen from April 20 if they follow social distancing norms and

PM - CARES Fund

PM - CARES Fund The government has set up the Prime Minister’s Citizen Assistance and Relief in Emergency Situations Fund (PM-CARES Fund) to deal with any kind of emergency or distress situation like posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. This Fund has been set up owing to a number of requests made by the people to support the government in the wake of the COVID-19 emergency. About the Fund The Fund is a public charitable trust with the Prime

COVID India Seva launched

COVID India Seva launched The Union Health Minister has launched the ‘COVID India Seva’, an interactive platform to establish a direct channel of communication during the pandemic. About the COVID India Seva: This is a Twitter handle which can serve as an interactive platform to establish a direct channel of communication with millions of Indians amid the pandemic. This initiative is aimed at enabling transparent e-governance delivery in real-time and answering citizen

Fitch ratings slashes India’s economic growth

Fitch ratings slashes India’s economic growth projection to 0.8% in current fiscal The leading credit rating agency, Fitch Ratings has slashed India's economic growth projections to 0.8 per cent in the current fiscal saying an unparalleled global recession was underway due to disruptions caused by the outbreak of Corona virus pandemic and resultant lockdowns.   In its Global Economic Outlook, Fitch Ratings said India's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth will slip to 0.8

Reverse quarantine

Reverse quarantine Part of: GS-II- Governance and Health  (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) Reserve quarantine is a practice of detaching the most vulnerable people, aged or people with co-morbidity conditions, from the rest and monitor their health indicators closely to protect them from infection. The government is working on it as part of its mutli pronged strategy against Covid 19.Through this, in case of a community spread, it can isolate its large volume of grey population and check

India in the post-pandemic world

India in the post-pandemic world By Sujatha Singh, (Former Foreign Secretary) Introduction: The manner in which the country deals with the crisis will determine its place in the future world order Yes, we all know that the world we once knew has gone, perhaps forever. Much has changed and will continue to. What has not changed though, is human nature itself. The way we react, as a species to the unknown, or to an existential threat, on a scale not experienced in recent times.

Pathways to a more resilient economy

Pathways to a more resilient economy By, Arun Maira is Former Member, Planning Commission and the author of ‘Redesigning the Aeroplane While Flying: Reforming Institutions’ Introduction When complex systems come to catastrophes, i.e. critical points of instability, they re-emerge in distinctly new forms, according to the science of complex systems. The COVID-19 global pandemic is a catastrophe, both for human lives and for economies. Economists cannot predict in what form th

Aadhaar Face Authentication

Aadhaar Face Authentication The Unique Identification Authority of India has decided to enable Face Authentication for validating Aadhaar cards from July 2018. Currently, the UIDAI provides two modes of biometric verification: fingerprint authentication and iris authentication. Face authentication will be allowed only in fusion mode along with one more authentication factor either fingerprint or iris or aOTP to authenticate an Aadhaar number holder. Face authentication will only be a

Lessons for Yogi from Gandhi and Lee-Singapore and Gandhian model of development

Lessons for Yogi from Gandhi and Lee By, Arun Maira is former member, Planning Commission, and author, ‘Transforming Systems: Why the World Needs a New Ethical Toolkit’ Context # Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath is determined to bring all migrant workers back to his State. He says he does not want U.P.’s citizens to migrate in future. # He has a vision of providing homes and jobs to all of them . # Moreover, he will be competing with neighbouring Sta

PM SVANidhi

PM SVANidhi PM SVANidhi was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, on June 01, 2020. Its objective is to provide affordable Working Capital loan to street vendors to resume their livelihoods that have been adversely affected due to Covid-19 lockdown. Under the Scheme, the vendors can avail a working capital loan of up to Rs. 10,000, which is repayable in monthly instalments in the tenure of one year. On timely/ early repayment of the loan, an interest subsidy @ 7% per annum

SATYABHAMA Portal

SATYABHAMA Portal Union Ministry of Mines has launched a portal "SATYABHAMA (Science and Technology Yojana for Atmanirbhar Bharat in Mining Advancement)". Its aim is to promote research and development in the mining and minerals sector. It has been launched to increase efficiency and effectiveness of the Science and Technology Programme Scheme. Under the Science and Technology Programme Scheme, the Ministry of Mines promotes research in applied geosciences, minera

One Sun One World One Grid

One Sun One World One Grid GS-Paper-3 Economics Recently, the Government of India has called for bids to roll-out the ‘One Sun One World One Grid’ (OSOWOG) plan.  The plan focuses on a framework for facilitating global cooperation, building a global ecosystem of interconnected renewable energy resources (mainly solar energy) that can be seamlessly shared. ImpPoints The vision behind the OSOWOG is ‘The Sun Ne

“Global solar grid could cause sun burns”

 “Global solar grid could cause sun burns” Part of: GS-III- Energy security (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) In recent years, India has leveraged forums like the G20 and the UNFCCC to collaborate with major powers in new areas of growth and in bringing about global reforms. One such initiative is One Sun One World One Grid’ (OSOWOG). Under OSOWOG vision, India seeks to replicate its global solar leadership (International Solar Alliance)&nb

There’s no one to fill Mahalanobis’s shoes

There’s no one to fill Mahalanobis’s shoes By, Atanu Biswas is Professor of Statistics, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata Context * In Poverty and Famines (1981), Amartya Sen argued that poor distribution of food, wartime inflation, speculative buying and panic hoarding were important reasons for the devastating Bengal famine of 1943.   Survey of the Bengal famine * Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, India’s ‘Plan Man’ and the architect of the

Improvement in economy might slow down or even stagnate in the second quarter

Improvement in economy might slow down or even stagnate in the second quarter Context: The article discusses the economic impact of the pandemic and analyzes India’s approach.   Details: - Reopening of the economy post the lockdown phase has led to some improvement in economic activity towards the latter part of the April-June quarter. - However, there are concerns that the improvement in economic activity is unlikely to sustain. There are concerns that in the July-S

NTPC and Renewable energy & NIIF

NTPC and Renewable energy & NIIF GS-paper-3 Energy security (PT-MAINS) National Investment and Infrastructure Fund Limited It is a collaborative investment platform for international and Indian investors, anchored by the Government of India. It was set up in December 2015 to catalyse funding into the country’s core sector. It invests across asset classes such as infrastructure, private equity and other diversified sectors in India, with the obj

Consumer Protection Act, 2019

Consumer Protection Act, 2019 Context: The Consumer Protection Act, 2019 came into force on 20th July 2020. Details: The new Act empowers buyers to ask for replacements, refunds or damages from brands, e-tailers and service providers. Aggrieved customers in India will now be able to seek effective legal remedy, on the lines of class action suits seen in many countries. Salient features of the Act: Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA): The law proposes

Profiteering during a pandemic

Profiteering during a pandemic Context The nationwide lockdown phase witnessed an exponential rise in prices of essential items like masks and sanitizers across the country. With the rise in the number of cases, there have been reports of private hospitals overcharging patients, even after state governments capped COVID-19 treatment charges. In some private hospitals, patients have been asked to pay lakhs even before being allotted beds. The cost of medicines like Remdesivir has als

Andaman and Nicobar will be a maritime hub

Andaman and Nicobar will be a maritime hub Prime Minister has said that the Andaman and Nicobar Islands region, owing to its strategic importance, is going to be developed as a maritime and startup hub. 12 islands of the archipelago have been selected for high-impact projects with an emphasis on boosting trade of sea-based, organic and coconut-based products of the region. Government initiatives: Proposed transhipment hub in the Andaman will help the group of islands become an

Postinfo app

Postinfo app Minister of Communications & Information Technology Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad has launched India Post’s mobile app for mail tracking. The new Postinfo app, developed by the Centre for Excellence in Postal Technology, provides facilities for: mail item tracking; post office searches; and a calculator for postage costs, insurance premiums and interest. According to India Post, the app can be used to track the following types of mail items: • Speed Post &b

Plug and play Business model

Plug and play Business model The government intends to promote scheme of ‘plug and play’ for further fast-tracking investment proposals especially for projects having substantial foreign investment. About plug and play ‘Plug and play’ concept normally refers to ready facilities in terms of building, power-water-sewage connectivity, road connectivity, beside other basic things including clearances in hand required to start the industry. This concept ga

'Subhiksha Keralam' Project

'Subhiksha Keralam' Project The Kerala Government's program 'Subhiksha Keralam' Project or Padhathi aims to combat food scarcity in the state, the Kerala state agriculture department has started converting fallow lands into farms. The government is targeting around 25,000 hectares of fallow land to convert to farms. Subhiksha Keralam Padhathi is a convergence scheme where all the departments are merging together. The government is trying to create good models of in

Smothering the housing rights of the urban poor

Smothering the housing rights of the urban poor Introduction The Supreme Court, in an order on 31 August 2020 had directed the removal of 48,000 slums along the railway tracks in the national capital within three months. The Court ordered that there should not be any interference, political or otherwise. The order also stated that no Court shall grant any stay with respect to removal of the encroachments and in case any such interim order is granted, that shall not be effective. I

Bringing the Internet to everyone

Bringing the Internet to everyone Context The COVID-19 pandemic has amplified the influence of technology in our lives. We live in times where we can buy or sell anything online. Influence of technology during COVID-19 We get quality access to healthcare, government services and education online. Payment gateways enable us to make cashless transactions. Verifications and signatures are digitised. Communication devices and platforms enable us to stay in touch with on

Maritime Vision 2030

Maritime Vision 2030 What is it? It is a ten-year blueprint for the maritime sector which will be released by the Prime Minister of India at the Maritime India Summit in November 2020. It will supersede the Sagarmala initiative and aims to boost waterways, give a fillip to the shipbuilding industry and encourage cruise tourism in India. Development Projects under Maritime Vision 2030: Maritime Development Fund: A Rs. 25,000-crore fund, which will provide low cost, long-

Victim’s account may be more conclusive than medical finding

Victim’s account may be more conclusive than medical finding By, R.K.Vij is a senior IPS officer in Chhattisgarh Context The alleged gang rape of a woman in Hathras, Uttar Pradesh, in September brought forth an important issue concerning the relevance of forensic evidence of the victim of rape, i.e., about the signs of recent sexual intercourse and struggle. This acquired more attention after a senior police officer of U.P. stated that the forensic science laboratory report

India's First Seaplane Project

India’s First Seaplane Project A seaplane is a fixed-wing aeroplane designed for taking off and landing on water. There are two main types of seaplanes: flying boats (often called hull seaplanes) and floatplanes. India's first seaplane service in Gujarat, is set to start from 31st October 2020, the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, with the aim of providing air connectivity between the Sabarmati Riverfront in Ahmedabad and the Statue of Unity in Kevadia. Th

Swadhar Greh and Portal for Transgender Persons

Initiatives for Transgender Persons: Garima Greh Recently, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has launched the National Portal for Transgender Persons and has inaugurated Garima Greh, a shelter home for transgender persons. National Portal for Transgender Persons: It has been launched in consonance with the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020. It would help transgenders in digitally applying for a certificate and identity card from anywhere in the cou

Reservation in Super Speciality Medical courses: SC

Reservation in Super-speciality Medical Courses: SC Recently, the Supreme Court (SC) has reserved its order on the state governments providing a 50% in-service reservation for admissions to super-speciality medical courses (Doctorate of Medicine/DM and Master of Chirurgiae/M. Ch.) in government colleges for the academic year 2020-21. Features In August 2020, the SC allowed states to grant the benefit of reservation of seats to in-service doctors in the National Eligibility cum Entrance

Center within its rights to suspend MPLADS: Bombay HC

Centre within its rights to suspend MPLADS, says Bombay high court: Recent Bombay High Court ruling: The Union government was within its powers to suspend the MPLAD scheme and divert such funds to combat Covid-19. Besides, this (Covid-19) is a disaster so the government will have to resort to Disaster Management Act. It is within its powers to invoke the Act. What’s the issue? The Union government had resorted to Disaster Management Act to suspend the member of Parliament

National Nutrition Mission: NITI Aayog

Recently, the NITI Aayog has released “Accelerating Progress On Nutrition In India: What Will It Take”. It is the third progress report on the National Nutrition Mission or the Poshan Abhiyaan. Key features The third progress report (October 2019-April 2020) takes into account the status on the ground and implementation challenges encountered at various levels through large scale datasets. These datasets are the NFHS-4 and Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey (CN

MGNREGS – Job Demand Increases

MGNREGS – Job Demand Increases GS Paper-2 Governance (Mains-I.V) Context: During COVID-19 due to reverse migration the demand for MGNREGA suddenly increases. 96% gram panchayats have logged work under the scheme in the financial year (2020-21) as compared to the previous seven years. This TOPIC is highly important for UPSC Mains examination. The NREGS is a demand-based scheme and has emerged as a safety net during the pandemic for jobless mig

Khelo India Scheme

Haryana to host 4th edition of Khelo India Programme The Sports Ministry has approved the inclusion of four indigenous sports: Gatka , Kalaripayattu, Thang­Ta and Mallakhamba  in the Khelo India Youth Games (KIYG) 2021, scheduled to take place in Haryana. Kalaripayattu has its origin in Kerala and has practitioners all over the  world, Bollywood actor Vidyut Jammwal being one. Mallakhamba, mean- while, has been well­ known across India. Madhya Pradesh and M

The Madhya Pradesh Freedom of Religion Bill, 2020

The Madhya Pradesh Freedom of Religion Bill, 2020 UPSC GS-PAPER-2 GOVERNANCE – Article -21 & 25 related issue Context: Highly important to study secularism. MP Government initiated the war against LOVE JIHAD which many groups of people considered the dilution of fundamental rights and freedom of conscience. Article-21 is in the debate which permits RIGHT TO MARRIAGE.  The Madhya Pradesh government has recently passed an ordinance to deal with unlawful religious conversio

Jal Jeevan adds 1 lakh water connections daily

Jal Jeevan adds 1 lakh water connections daily Context: UPSC GS Paper III: Water Resources, Government Schemes (PT-Mains) Since its launch in August 2019, the Centre’s ambitious flagship scheme Jal Jeevan Mission ( JJM), which in partnership with the States seeks to ensure that every rural household of the country gets assured drinking water supply by 2024, has achieved 32.3% coverage of tap connections in rural India. The Modi government is almost replicating the implementa

Government sets up committee to review guidelines on Television Rating agencies

The Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has set up a committee to review guidelines on Television Rating agencies in India. The committee will be chaired by Prasar Bharti CEO Shashi Shekhar Vempati. The committee will be required to revisit the existing Television Rating guidelines to further strengthen the procedures to make them more credible and transparent. The committee will also revisit the overall industry scenario, addressing the needs of the stakeholders and m

Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban) 2.0 to revive urban water bodies

The urban water supply mission under the Jal Jeevan Mission announced in the Budget would include rejuvenation of water bodies as well as 20% of supply from reused water. Jal Jeevan Mission Jal Jeevan Mission, a central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access of piped water for every household in India. The mission’s goal is to provide to all households in rural India safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 20

The poor state of the Indian state

The poor state of the Indian state The pillars needed for a strong state Strong states, according to political and social historians, are founded on three pillars. They are built with support from the people; They have a strong administrative machinery to provide stability and deliver public services, and They have the managerial ability to shape and implement change. Support of the people Strong support of the people is essential. Mere election by a

Meri Saheli Initiative

It was launched as a pilot project by the Railway Protection Force (RPF) across South Eastern Railway for security of women passengers in trains originating in that zone. This initiative has been rolled over to all zonal railways across Indian Railways’ network from October, 2020. Dedicated teams of lady RPF personnel have been formed across all zonal railways for its implementation. Section 58 of the Railways Act, 1989 provides for earmarking of accommodation for female passenger

Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana & Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana

PMJJBY (Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana) PMSBY (Pradhan Mantri Surakhsa Bima Yojana)  PMJJBY (Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana) is a life insurance scheme. PMSBY (Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana) is an accidental insurance scheme.  The age limit for PMJJBY (Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana) is minimum 18 years and maximum 50 years. The age limit for PMSBY (Pr

OTT Platforms are now under Government’s ambit

OTT Platforms are now under Government’s ambit What is the news? The government has brought video streaming over-the-top (OTT) platforms such as Netflix, Amazon’s Prime Video, Hotstar, and others under the ambit of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. These platforms were so far under the purview of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. With a market size of nearly Rs 500 crore at the end of March 2019, the online video streaming platforms may be

Swachh Iconic Places

Ministry of Jal Shakti has selected 12 iconic sites to be transformed into ‘Swachh Tourist Destinations’ under Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) of Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G). Sites - Ajanta Caves, Sanchi Stupa, Kumbhalgarh Fort, Jaisalmer Fort, Sun Temple, Ramdevra, Golconda Fort, Chandigarh Rock Garden, Dal Lake, Mathura Banke Bihari Temple, Agra Fort, Bengal Kalighat Temple. SIP initiative aims at enhancing the experience of visitors by improving the sanitation and clea

Catch the Rain Campaign

What is the Catch the Rain Campaign? The “Catch the Rain” campaign launched by National Water Mission(NWM) is an awareness generation program nudging the state governments and stakeholders to take up rain water harvesting structures appropriate to the soil-substrata and climatic conditions, with active participation of people. Key Features : Duration of the campaign: The awareness generation phase of campaign will run from mid-December 2020 to March 2021. Tagli

Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme

Government is planning to replace the Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP) with a new programme MERITE Project. About the Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme: It was started in 2002 by the Ministry of Human Resources and Development with the assistance of the World Bank and is being implemented in a phased manner. It aims to upscale the quality of technical education and enhance capacities of institutions. The Technical Education Quality Improvemen

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana-Analysis

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana-Analysis Introduction Subsidised LPG prices have increased by a massive 50% in this financial year alone, consistently capturing headlines. About Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana: Launched in May 2016. To provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households. A deposit-free LPG connection is given to eligible with financial assistance of Rs 1,600 per connection by the Centre. Eligibility

Pradhan Mantri YUVA Yojana

PM YUVA Yojana is a centrally sponsored Scheme on entrepreneurship education and training. It is being implemented by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) for 2016-17 to 2020-21 period (5 years). It aims at creating an enabling ecosystem through entrepreneurship education, training, advocacy and easy access to entrepreneurship support network and promoting social enterprises for inclusive growth. The objectives of the scheme are, Educate and equip pote

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission

SPMRM is a scheme launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) in 2016 to deliver integrated project based infrastructure in the rural areas, which will also include development of economic activities and skill development. A predecessor to SPMRM was the Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas (PURA), announced in 2003. Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas (PURA) was aimed at provision of urban ame

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

The Union Cabinet approves the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi (PMSSN). About Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi(PMSSN): This program will ensure access to universal & affordable health care through a fund that does not lapse at the end of the financial year. Features: It has been set up as a single non-lapsable reserve fund for a share of Health. It will be made from the share of health in the proceeds of Health and Education Cess. The fund will be admini

Stand Up India Scheme

The government has informed the Lok Sabha that 81% of the accounts under the Stand Up India Scheme belong to women entrepreneurs. Stand Up India Scheme: Launched in 2016 by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance. The Stand-Up India Scheme facilitates bank loans for setting up a new enterprise in manufacturing, services, agri-allied activities, or the trading sector by SC/ST/Women entrepreneurs. It provides bank loans between Rs 10 lakh and up to 1 crore. Th

‘Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy (DPEPP)’ 2020

‘Defence Production & Export Promotion Policy (DPEPP)’ 2020 This draft policy is positioned as Ministry of Defence’s overarching guiding document to provide a focused, structured and significant thrust to defence production capabilities of the country for self-reliance and exports.  It envisions to make India amongst the top countries of the world in Defence sector, including Aerospace and Naval Shipbuilding sectors, from design to production, with active part

Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020

Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020 Recently, a new Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) (erstwhile Defence Procurement Procedure or DPP), 2020 was released by the Ministry of Defence (MoD). Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP)-2020 envisages the basic tenets of ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’ and encourages indigenous designing and manufacturing of defence items.  The proposals for indigenous design and manufacturing are considered under ‘Make’ Procedure

SAAMAR Campaign in Jharkhand

The Jharkhand government has launched the SAAMAR campaign to tackle malnutrition in the state. About SAAMAR Campaign: SAAMAR is an acronym for Strategic Action for Alleviation of Malnutrition and Anaemia Reduction. The SAAMAR campaign aims to identify anaemic women and malnourished children. It brings together various departments to effectively deal with the major malnutrition problem in the state. Features of the campaign: SAAMAR campaign has been launched with a 1000 d

Namami Gange Program

The Government of India has been currently implementing several initiatives under the Namami Gange Programme to clean the polluted rivers of Ganga. Namami Gange Programme: The Programme was launched in 2014. It is an Integrated Conservation Mission under the Ministry of Jal Shakti. It Aims to achieve effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of the National River Ganga. Main Pillars of the Programme: Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure, River-Surfac

New Projects Under Jal Jeevan Mission

The Ministry of Jal Shakti Ministry has entered a partnership with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the government of Denmark. The agreement aims to bring tap water connections to 11 water-scarce districts in Uttar Pradesh under the Jal Jeevan mission. About United Nations Office for Project Services(UNOPS): The office was established in 1973 as part of the United Nations Development Programme(UNDP). It became an independent, self-financing organization

National Rail Plan (NRP) for India 2030

National Rail Plan (NRP) for India 2030 Indian Railways have prepared a National Rail Plan (NRP) for India – 2030. The Plan is to create a ‘future ready’ Railway system by 2030. The NRP is aimed to formulate strategies based on both operational capacities and commercial policy initiatives to increase modal share of the Railways in freight. The NRP is for the entire Indian Railways network and not only for districts connected to the existing rail network but also

Make in India initiative

Make in India initiative Make in India initiative was launched on September 25, 2014 with the objective of facilitating investment, fostering innovation, building best in class manufacturing infrastructure, making it easy to do business and enhancing skill development. The initiative is further aimed at creating a conducive environment for investment, modern and efficient infrastructure, opening up new sectors for foreign investment and forging a partnership between government and indus

Gram Ujala Scheme

The Union Power and Renewable Energy Minister launched the Gram Ujala scheme in Varanasi. Under the scheme, the government offers the world’s cheapest LED bulbs in rural areas at Rs. 10. The Power Ministry in a press release mentioned that under the Gram Ujala scheme, Convergence Energy Services Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of EESL- Energy Efficiency Services Limited, will be distributing the high-quality LED bulbs at a cost of Rs. 10 in rural areas of Varanasi. Signi

National Policy for Rare Diseases, 2021

Rare diseases in India According to the government, so far only about 450 diseases have been recorded in India from tertiary care hospitals that are globally considered as rare diseases. The most commonly reported diseases include Haemophilia, Thalassemia, Sickle-cell Anaemia and Primary Immuno Deficiency in children, auto-immune diseases, Lysosomal storage disorders such as Pompe disease, Hirschsprung disease, Gaucher’s disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Hemangiomas and certain forms of mu

National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021 Released

The Union Health Ministry recently released the policy. Rare Diseases: WHO defines a rare disease as a lifelong disease or disorder that often highly weakens an individual. It has a prevalence of 1 or less per 1000 population. Example: Haemophilia, Thalassemia, Sickle cell anaemia, auto-immune diseases among others. However, every country has its own definition for rare diseases. The US  defines rare diseases as a disease or condition that affects fewer than 200,000 patients i

PLI Scheme for the Food Processing Industry

PLI Scheme for the Food Processing Industry Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) has launched an online portal for ‘Production Linked Incentive Scheme for Food Processing Industry’ (PLISFPI). This Central Sector Scheme ‘PLISFPI’ will be implemented for the period from 2021-22 to 2026-27. It is a part of Prime Minister’s announcement of Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. Key Points    It will support creation of global food ma

PRAYAAS Scheme

PRAYAAS Scheme The Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) sent the pension payment orders to the retiring employees under the Employees’ Pension Scheme, 1995 through the “PRAYAAS” initiative. PRAYAAS is initiative of the EPFO to disburse pension payment order on the very day of retirement/ superannuation.

Model Insurance Villages

Model Insurance Villages The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has come out with the concept of Model Insurance Villages (MIV). The idea behind the MIV concept is to offer comprehensive insurance protection to all the major insurable risks that villagers are exposed to and make available covers at affordable or subsidised cost. Such MIVs are expected to tackle losses due to natural calamities like floods and earthquakes. There’s no catastrophe insuran

FCRA amendments- Foreign contribution and COVID-19

FCRA amendments- Foreign contribution and COVID-19 Details of the amendments The amendments to the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA) enacted last year that among others made it compulsory for NGOs to open a bank account in Delhi has crippled the work of many organisations who are unable to receive foreign funds. Registered NGOs can receive foreign contribution for five purposes — social, educational, religious, economic and cultural. An F

National Pension System and its reforms

National Pension System and its reforms Introduction New Pension Scheme was started for government employees in 2004 under a new regulator called the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) About NPS: The Central Government has introduced the National Pension System (NPS) with effect from January 01, 2004 (except for armed forces). NPS is being implemented and regulated by Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority in the c

DAC nod for building 6 conventional submarines

DAC nod for building 6 conventional submarines What is Defense Acquisition Council? The Defence Acquisition Council is the highest decision-making body in the Defence Ministry for deciding on new policies and capital acquisitions for the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) and the Indian Coast Guard. The Minister of Defence is the Chairman of the Council. It was formed, after the Group of Ministers recommendations on 'Reforming the National Security System', in 2001, p

Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI) for IT Hardware

Production Linked Incentive Scheme (PLI) for IT Hardware Under the leadership of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and his visionary initiatives like the “Digital India” and “Make in India” programmes, India has witnessed an unprecedented growth in electronics manufacturing in the last five years. The National Policy on Electronics 2019 envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) by focusing on size and scal

Land Acquisition and related concerns in India

Context: This topic is important for UPSC GS Paper 2. Since land is a scarce resource in a populated country like India, the government has formulated certain provisions, rules and guidelines, to facilitate infrastructure development in areas where the land is privately owned, or being used for agricultural purposes. Known as the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, this law replaced the archaic Land Acquisition Act, 1

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