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Air Pollution in Delhi

Air Pollution in Delhi Background An AQI between 0-50 is considered ‘good’, 51-100 ‘satisfactory’, 101-200 ‘moderate’, 201-300 ‘poor’, 301-400 ‘very poor’ and 401-500 ‘severe’. Above 500 falls in the ‘severe-plus emergency’ category.  Measures announced under GRAP- Severe+ or Emergency- (PM 2.5 over 300 µg/cubic metre or PM10 over 500 µg/cu. m. for 48+ hours): Stop entry of trucks in

Less pollution, more soil fertility

Less pollution, more soil fertility Context: The article discusses the causes of stubble burning in the north Indian states. Stubble burning: Stubble burning refers to the practice of farmers setting fire to plant debris that remains on farms after harvest. The origin of stubble burning can be traced to the advent of the Green Revolution. Mechanised harvesting, a feature of the Green Revolution, utilised the combined harvesting technique which left behind substantial plan

More than commission to check air pollution

Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) Context Air pollution is a serious problem with environmental, public health and economic dimensions. Northern India gets exposed to hazardous levels of air quality almost every year. Acknowledging this public health hazard, the centre government has promulgated an ordinance to set up a Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) in National Capital Region (NCR) and Adjoining Areas. Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) T

CPCB Study: Trends in Air Pollution

Trends in Air Pollution: CPCB According to a recent study commissioned by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the rate of increase in pollution levels in southern and eastern India is far greater than in the Indo-Gangetic plain (IGP). It has also been found that air pollution in rural areas has increased at par with urban India. About the Study: It was jointly carried out by IIT-Delhi and CPCB and analysed data from 2000 to 2019. The study, conducted on the basis of sate

UNEP report on CO2 Emissions

UNEP report on CO2 Emissions In its recent report, UNEP highlighted that CO2 emissions from the building sector are highest in 2019. The building sector emitted more than a third of global energy-related carbon dioxide. Of the total global emissions, building operations accounted for 28% & construction-related industries (cement, glass, etc) accounted for 10%. The use of fossil fuels for power generation & carbon-intensive electricity sector contributed to the increased CO2 emi

Vapour Recovery System

Vapour Recovery System Context Green concern: Fuel stations are a major source of emission, according to the National Green Tribunal. Committee’s recommendation A joint committee appointed by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) to study air pollution in Kerala has recommended the installation of a vapour recovery system at fuelling stations and retrofitting of diesel vehicles with particulate filters to improve air quality. The report pointed out that petrol refue

World Air Quality Report: Delhi is the most polluted city in the World

World Air Quality Report: Delhi is the most polluted city in the World World Air Quality Report is given by IQAir Visual and Greenpeace. The main objective was to measure the presence of fine PM 2.5. Delhi remained the most polluted capital city in the world but India, on the whole, had improved its average annual PM2.5 (particulate matter) levels in 2020 than in 2019, according to a report from IQ Air, a Swiss air quality technology company specialising in protection against airb

World Air Quality Report, 2020

World Air Quality Report, 2020 IQ Air, a Swiss air quality technology company released a report titled “World Air Quality Report, 2020”. About World Air Quality Report: World Air Quality is an annual report. The report is based on PM2.5 data. It is from 106 countries based on data from ground-based monitoring stations.  Key Findings Related to India India is home to 35 of the world’s 50 most polluted cities in the World. Delhi has gotten list

Air Pollution in Delhi UPSC

Air Pollution in Delhi UPSC Air Pollution and AQI Context: UPSC GS Paper III – Air Pollution (Prelims – Mains – Interview) What is the National Air Quality Index? Launched in 2014 with outline ‘One Number – One Color -One Description’ for the common man to judge the air quality within his vicinity. The measurement of air quality is based on eight pollutants, namely: Particulate Matter (PM10), Particulate Matter (PM2.5), Nitrogen Dioxide (N

Black Carbon study by World Bank

Black Carbon study by World Bank About Black Carbon Black Carbon (BC) =It is a Pollutant as well as a GHG. It is a solid particle or aerosol & a component of Particulate Matter. Black carbon consists of pure carbon in several  linked forms. It is formed through the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuel, and biomass (like soot & dust), and is emitted in both anthropogenic and naturally occurring soot.   It is short-lived. It is the strongest a

Accurate estimation of Black Carbon over Himalaya

Accurate estimation of Black Carbon over Himalaya Accurate estimation of black carbon (BC), the second most important global warming pollutant after CO­2, will now be possible using optical instruments in the Himalayan region. Thanks to a parameter called the mass absorption cross-section (MAC) specific to the Himalayan region that scientists have estimated. It will also improve the performance of numerical weather prediction and climate models. Scientists at the Aryabhatta Resear

National Mission on use of Biomass in coal based thermal power plants

National Mission on use of Biomass in coal-based thermal power plants Ministry of Power has decided to set up a National Mission on the use of Biomass in coal-based thermal power plants. This would further support the energy transition in the country and our targets to move towards cleaner energy sources. Objectives: To increase the level of co-firing from the present 5% to higher levels to have a larger share of carbon-neutral power generation from the thermal power plants. To tak

Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP)

Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) Background An AQI between 0-50 is considered ‘good’, 51-100 ‘satisfactory’, 101-200 ‘moderate’, 201-300 ‘poor’, 301-400 ‘very poor', and 401-500 ‘severe’. Above 500 falls in the ‘severe-plus emergency’ category.  Measures announced under Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP)- Severe+ or Emergency- (PM 2.5 over 300 µg/cubic meter or PM10 over 500 µg/cu. m. fo

Micro plastics in Ganga

Microplastics in Ganga An analysis of the stretches of the river Ganga by a Delhi-based environment NGO, Toxics Link, has revealed pollution by microplastics, defined as synthetic solid particles sized ranging from 1 micrometre to 5 millimetres (mm), which are insoluble in water. The Ganga flows across five States and has been at the centre of a massive multi-crore undertaking by the Union government, in the form of the National Mission for Clean Ganga, to rid it off contamination.

Green Crackers and NGT

Green Crackers and NGT Green crackers are less harmful and less dangerous than conventional ones.  They are the crackers with reduced emission and decibel levels. They are known as 'green' firecrackers because they have a chemical formulation that produces water molecules, which substantially reduce emission levels and absorbs dust. They are cheaper to manufacture and produce 30-35% less SO2 and NO2 emissions. What are the Green Crackers? Traditional firecrac

Aerosol and Climate Change

Aerosol and Climate Change Scientists tracing the concentration, size and evolution of aerosol particles smaller than 3 nanometres at an urban location in India have found the frequent formation of sub-3nm aerosol particles in the atmosphere. This has critical importance as a major fraction of these newly formed particles can reach sizes of cloud condensation nuclei where they have climatic impacts. The formation of small molecular clusters of sub-3nm size is technically called aero

Air Quality Commission Bill for NCR Delhi cleared

Air Quality Commission Bill for NCR Delhi cleared To read complete news on Air Pollution in Delhi: click here   The Lok Sabha passed the Bill to formalise the Commission for Air Quality Management For National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas. The body has a full time chairperson and a range of members consisting of both representatives from several Ministries as well as independent experts and will have the final say on evolving policy and issuing directions to address air po

India’s first Smog Tower in Delhi

India’s first Smog Tower in Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on Monday inaugurated a ‘smog tower in Connaught Place and said similar towers would be built across the city if the results of the current pilot project are satisfactory. What is a Smog Tower? The smog tower is a 24-metre-high structure fitted with fans and air filters. This is to solve the problem of Air Pollution in Delhi. It will draw in polluted air from the top and release filtered air near the

International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies 2022

International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies To create awareness and encourage efforts to enhance air quality under the National Clean Air Programme, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&C) recently held the 3rd International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies called "Swachh Vayu Diwas ("Swachh Vayu Neel Gagan") today (NCAP). 20 of the 131 cities chosen for its National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) have surpassed their 2017 levels of the National Ambi

World Ozone Day 2022

World Ozone Day In December 1994, the UN General Assembly declared September 16 to be the International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. Since then, it has been observed with the aim of raising awareness of the Ozone layer's deteriorating state. On September 16, 1995, the globe observed the first International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer.   Theme: Global Cooperation Protecting Life on Earth is the theme for the 2022 International Day

Taj Mahal & Pollution Warning     

Taj Mahal & Pollution Warning        The Supreme Court recently ordered a halt to all commercial activities within a 500-meter radius of the Taj Mahal. More on the news: The Supreme Court recently ordered the Agra Development Authority to halt all commercial activity within 500 metres of the Taj Mahal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Supreme Court has repeatedly emphasised the Taj Mahal's failure to protect it from various form

Global Methane Pledge

Global Methane Pledge Methane emissions will likely increase by 13 percent by 2030 without the Global Methane Pledge. About Global Methane Pledge: It was launched in 2021, aims to keep alive the 1.5 degrees Celsius goal. Over 100 countries have committed to reducing global methane emissions by at least 30 per cent by 2030 from 2020 levels. This reduction could eliminate over 0.2C warming by 2050 India, which is not a part of the Global Methane Pledge, is among the to

Green Crackers

Green Crackers The Chandigarh government recently approved the use of green crackers. About Three Categories of Green Crackers: developed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). SWAS (Safe water releaser) Have a small water pocket/droplet which gets released when burst, in the form of vapour. Suppresses the dust released by releasing water vapour in the air. Does not comprise potassium nitrate and sulphur and the particulate dust r

Black Carbon: Explained

Black Carbon: Explained In Lok Sabha, the Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change outlined the various measures taken to counter black carbon. Under the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, under which  ISRO operates a network of aerosol observatories and black carbon mass concentration is one of the parameters being measured. What is black carbon? Soot, often known as black carbon, is a type of tiny particulate air

Methane Emission Report

Methane Emission Report In a study recently published under the title "Wetland emission and atmospheric sink changes explain methane growth in 2020," it is suggested that in 2020, record-high levels of methane emissions were probably caused by warming wetlands and low nitrogen oxide pollution. What are the Findings? Summary: Global methane emissions increased from 9.9 parts per billion (ppb) in 2019 to approximately 15 ppb in 2020. Human-related methane emissions

Air Pollution and Public Health in South Asia

Air Pollution and Public Health in South Asia: World Bank Report  Striking for Clean Air: Air Pollution and Public Health in South Asia is a recent report from the World Bank. The report explains how continuing to implement national policies as they have been (largely since 2018) will produce results, but not at the level desired. Major Findings        India: There are six significant airsheds in India, some of which are shar

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