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  • 07 August, 2021

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Abanindranath Tagore

Abanindranath Tagore

Why In News?

  • Year-long celebrations marking 150 years of Abanindranath Tagore, titled Abanindranath at 150: Bichitra Revisited, is being organised jointly by Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata, and DAG.

Nationalist Artist

  • Abanindranath Tagore was the principal artist and creator of the "Indian Society of Oriental Art".
  • He was also the first major exponent of Swadeshi values in Indian art, thereby finding the influential Bengal school of art, which led to the development of modern Indian painting.


He was also a noted writer, particularly for children. Popularly known as 'Aban Thakur', his books Rajkahini, Buro Angla, Nalak, and Khirer Putul were landmarks in Bengali language children's literature and art.

  • Tagore sought to modernise Mughal and Rajput styles to counter the influence of Western models of art, as taught in art schools under the British Raj.
  • Along with other artists from the Bengal school of art, Tagore advocated in favour of a nationalistic Indian art derived from Indian art history, drawing inspiration from the Ajanta Caves.
  • Tagore's work was eventually accepted and promoted as a national Indian style within British art institutions.

Notable work

  • Bharat Mata

  • The Passing of Shah Jahan


  • Bengal school of art,
  • Contextual Modernism

Source: TH

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