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Disaster Management in India

Disaster Management in India Part of: GS-III- Disaster Management (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) Disruption on a massive scale, either natural or man-made, occurring in short or long periods of time is termed a Disaster. Disaster management in India has been an important point of discussion owing to frequent natural disasters ranging from earthquakes, floods, drought etc. What is a Disaster? A disaster is defined as a disruption on a massive scale, either natural or man-made, occur

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)

National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is the apex statutory body for disaster management in India. The NDMA was formally constituted on 27th September 2006, in accordance with the Disaster Management Act, 2005 with Prime Minister as its Chairperson and nine other members, and one such member to be designated as Vice-Chairperson. Mandate: Its primary purpose is to coordinate response to nat

Section 54 in the Disaster Management Act, 2005

Section 54 in the Disaster Management Act, 2005 Punishment for false warning.—Whoever makes or circulates a false alarm or warning as to disaster or its severity or magnitude, leading to panic, shall on conviction, be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to one year or with a fine. Whoever makes or circulates a false alarm or warning as to disaster or its severity or magnitude, leading to panic, shall on conviction, be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to one yea

National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC)

National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) At the national level, Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) and National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) are the key committees involved in the top-level decision-making with respect to Disaster Management (DM). A National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC) has been constituted in the Cabinet Secretariat. It deals with major crisis which have serious or national ramifications. Key functions: Oversee the Command, Control and Coo

National Directives for COVID-19 Management violations

Violations of MHA Guidelines are being reported at various places across the country Strict Implementation of all measures in Government guidelines is essential to containing the spread of COVID-19. However, violations in the implementation of MHA Guidelines are being reported at various places across the country. Taking note of this the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has written to all States/UTs and emphasised that the Ministry’s guidelines should be strictly implemented,

National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF)

National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) National Disaster Response Fund is defined in Section 46 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act) as a fund managed by the Central Government to meet the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation due to any threatening disaster situation or disaster. NDRF is constituted to supplement the funds of the State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF) of the states to facilitate immediate relief in case of calamities of a severe nature. It

The perils of follow the leader syndrome(Analysis of Disaster Management Act)

The perils of follow the leader syndrome By, Dushyant Dave is Senior Advocate and President, Supreme Court Bar Association of India. The views expressed are personal Context # André Gide, the French writer, once said, “Everything has been said before, but since nobody listens we have to keep going back and begin all over again.” Listen to the inner voice # The reason for its most painful blow by the Corona virus is its handling or mishandling by the government

Hospital Fire in Maharashtra

Hospital Fire in Maharashtra The deadly fire that snuffed out the lives of 10 infants in the Bhandara District General Hospital in Maharashtra is a shocking reminder that safety norms in several medical facilities in India do not pass muster. The parents of the babies who perished in the sick newborn unit have been plunged into a lifetime of trauma. Some of the victims, a few just days old, had been brought to the hospital for better care from smaller health facilities; seven ha

Disaster management- Fireworks accident at Virudhunagar

Accidents at the fireworks unit in Virudhunagar Context In the latest accident at a fireworks unit in Virudhunagar, at last count, 20 lives have perished, while 28 workers are in hospital. Major fireworks Industries in Tamil Nadu are at: Virudhunagar, Cuddalore ,Sivakasi and Madurai Reasons for accidents at fireworks Industries Gross violation of norms governing the hazardous industry. Human error in handling explosive substances. Unlicensed units that have m

Fire accidents

Fire accidents Introduction The blaze in the Eastern Railway headquarters in Kolkata on the evening of March 8, which killed at least nine people, is particularly egregious because it took place in a modern multi-storeyed special building. The fire accident has also taken the lives of a group of first responders, including four firefighters, a police officer and some railway staff. Apparently anxious to intervene, a group of personnel lost sight of their own safety and tried to sp

State Disaster Response Fund

State Disaster Response Fund The Centre has released the first instalment of the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) for 2021-22 to all the States, in the wake of the second wave of COVID-19. Normally, the annual exercise of the release of the first instalment is usually done in June, as per the recommendations of the Finance Commission. As a special dispensation, the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, at the recommendation of the Home Ministry, has released in advance the

Public buildings and fire safety rules

Public buildings and fire safety rules Introduction Fires occur in many public buildings in India every year, killing a large number of people and injuring many. Over the past year, there have been deadly fires in hospital buildings, including those treating COVID-19 patients. Recent infernos in hospitals at Bharuch in Gujarat, Virar, a suburb of Mumbai, and Mumbra near Thane, killed at least 37 people. Data: The National Crime Records Bureau (NC

Suspension bridge

Suspension bridge Recently, a suspension bridge in Gujarat's Morbi collapsed, killing at least 134 people. The 19th century Bridge, which had just been reopened after six months of repairs, was reportedly carrying over 400 people when it collapsed. About suspension bridges It is a design where the deck is suspended on vertical suspenders underneath suspension wires. Stiffening girders, two or more main suspension cables, towers, and anchorages for cables are the prim

Himalayan Region Early Warning System

Himalayan Region Early Warning System Recently, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) began field studies to establish an Early-Warning System in Himalayan states against major and sudden floods, rockslides, landslides, glacier lake bursts, and avalanches. What are Early Warning Systems? The Early Warning System is an integrated system of hazard monitoring, forecasting and prediction, disaster risk assess

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