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  • 12 November, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

Himalayan Region Early Warning System

Himalayan Region Early Warning System

  • Recently, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) began field studies to establish an Early-Warning System in Himalayan states against major and sudden floods, rockslides, landslides, glacier lake bursts, and avalanches.

What are Early Warning Systems?

  • The Early Warning System is an integrated system of hazard monitoring, forecasting and prediction, disaster risk assessment, communication and preparedness activities systems and processes that enable individuals, communities, governments, businesses, and others to take timely action to reduce disaster risks prior to hazardous events.
  • It aids in the reduction of harm to people and damage to assets in advance of impending hazards such as storms, tsunamis, droughts, and heatwaves, to name a few.
  • Multi-hazard early warning systems address multiple hazards that may occur independently or concurrently.
  • One of the seven global targets set by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 is to increase the availability of multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information.

What are India's Disaster Management Efforts?

NDRF establishment:

  • India has become more adept at mitigating and responding to all types of disasters, including the formation of the National Disaster Reaction Force (NDRF), the world's largest rapid response force dedicated to disaster response.
  • The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), headed by the Prime Minister of India, was established as the apex body for disaster management in India. The Disaster Management Act of 2005 requires the establishment of NDMA and the creation of an enabling environment for institutional mechanisms at the state and district levels.
  • It establishes disaster management policies.

The Role of India in Foreign Disaster Relief:

  • India's foreign humanitarian assistance has increasingly included military assets, with naval ships or aircraft being used to deliver aid.
  • Many of the recipient countries have been in South and Southeast Asia, in accordance with its diplomatic policy of "Neighborhood First."
  • Contribution to Regional Disaster Preparedness: As part of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), India has hosted DM Exercises that allow the NDRF to demonstrate disaster response techniques to counterparts from partner countries.
  • Other NDRF and Indian Armed Forces exercises have brought India's first responders into contact with those from South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization states (SCO).
  • Managing Climate Change-Related Disasters: India has adopted the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the Sustainable Development Goals (2015-2030), and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, all of which emphasise the links between DRR, CCA, and sustainable development

Source: The Hindu

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