UPSC Courses

DNA banner


  • 12 November, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

Himalayan Region Early Warning System

Himalayan Region Early Warning System

  • Recently, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) began field studies to establish an Early-Warning System in Himalayan states against major and sudden floods, rockslides, landslides, glacier lake bursts, and avalanches.

What are Early Warning Systems?

  • The Early Warning System is an integrated system of hazard monitoring, forecasting and prediction, disaster risk assessment, communication and preparedness activities systems and processes that enable individuals, communities, governments, businesses, and others to take timely action to reduce disaster risks prior to hazardous events.
  • It aids in the reduction of harm to people and damage to assets in advance of impending hazards such as storms, tsunamis, droughts, and heatwaves, to name a few.
  • Multi-hazard early warning systems address multiple hazards that may occur independently or concurrently.
  • One of the seven global targets set by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 is to increase the availability of multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information.

What are India's Disaster Management Efforts?

NDRF establishment:

  • India has become more adept at mitigating and responding to all types of disasters, including the formation of the National Disaster Reaction Force (NDRF), the world's largest rapid response force dedicated to disaster response.
  • The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), headed by the Prime Minister of India, was established as the apex body for disaster management in India. The Disaster Management Act of 2005 requires the establishment of NDMA and the creation of an enabling environment for institutional mechanisms at the state and district levels.
  • It establishes disaster management policies.

The Role of India in Foreign Disaster Relief:

  • India's foreign humanitarian assistance has increasingly included military assets, with naval ships or aircraft being used to deliver aid.
  • Many of the recipient countries have been in South and Southeast Asia, in accordance with its diplomatic policy of "Neighborhood First."
  • Contribution to Regional Disaster Preparedness: As part of the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), India has hosted DM Exercises that allow the NDRF to demonstrate disaster response techniques to counterparts from partner countries.
  • Other NDRF and Indian Armed Forces exercises have brought India's first responders into contact with those from South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and Shanghai Cooperation Organization states (SCO).
  • Managing Climate Change-Related Disasters: India has adopted the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the Sustainable Development Goals (2015-2030), and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, all of which emphasise the links between DRR, CCA, and sustainable development

Source: The Hindu

Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana

Recently, Prime Minister announced Pradhan Mantri Suryodaya Yojana under which 1 crore households will get rooftop solar power systems. India’s Status of Current Solar Capacity India currently stands at 4th place globally in solar power capacity. As per Ministry of New an

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA)- NGO 

The Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 2010 (FCRA) registration of two prominent non-governmental organisations (NGOs) — Centre for Policy Research (CPR) and World Vision India (WVI) have been cancelled this month. What is FCRA? Key provisions of FCRA, 2010 Key aspects Description

Voice clone-AI

Voice clone fraud has been on the rise in India. AI voice cloning – It is the process of creating a synthetic replica of a person’s voice through machine learning and speech synthesis technology.It is called as voice deepfakesor audio deepfakes. Objective – To achieve a high level of na

Science communication- how to promote

Steps taken by India to promote Science Communication Publications and Information Directorate (PID) - An organisation under Council of Science and Industrial Research (CSIR) established in 1951 for publishing and disseminating scientific information in India. National science magazines- The PI

Universal Basic Income (UBI)- Analysis

Universal Basic Income (UBI) can strengthen welfare architecture and unlock the nation’s latent demographic potential. UBI - It is an income support mechanism typically intended to reach all or a very large portion of the population regardless of their earnings or employment status. Objective- To provide enough to co


Search By Date

Newsletter Subscription
SMS Alerts

Important Links