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Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)

Tamil Nadu topped in micro-irrigation- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY) Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II-Governance The state of Tamil Nadu has topped the all-India level for micro-irrigation (MI), under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY), with a coverage of 2,06,853.25 ha for the year financial year 2019-20. The state is followed by Karnataka and Gujarat with 1,41,103.56 Ha and 1,08,322.00 Ha of coverage respectively. On the other h

Swachhata App and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Swachhata App and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched a revised version of the existing Swachhata-MoHUA App to handle queries specific to Covid-19. Swachhata-MoHUA is the official platform for Swachh Bharat Mission built in partnership with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. The app enables a citizen to post

PMUY beneficiary under Pradhan Mantri Kalyan Yojana- Pradhan Mantri Ujwala Yojana

PMUY beneficiary under Pradhan Mantri Kalyan Yojana- Pradhan Mantri Ujwala Yojana Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) As on date, oil marketing companies have initiated transfer of Rs 5,606 crore to 7.15 Crore Pradhan Mantri Ujwala Yojana beneficiary accounts for availing free delivery of LPG cylinder under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan package. Booking of 1.26 Crore cylinders has been done in this month by the beneficiaries, out of which about 85 la

HRD ministry launches portal “yukti”

HRD ministry launches portal “yukti” Minister for Human Resource Development has launched a web-portal YUKTI (Young India Combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation) in New Delhi today. The portal and dashboard will monitor and record the efforts and initiatives of Ministry of HRD. It intends to cover different dimensions of COVID-19 challenges in a holistic and comprehensive way. In the wake of COVID-19 threat, the primary aim is to keep the academic community h

Analysis of - Van Dhan Scheme

Analysis of - Van Dhan Scheme The Van Dhan Scheme is an initiative of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and TRIFED.  It was launched on 14th April, 2018 and seeks to improve tribal incomes through value addition of tribal products. The scheme will be implemented through Ministry of Tribal Affairs as Nodal Department at the Central Level and TRIFED as Nodal Agency at the National Level. At State level, the State Nodal Agency for MFPs and the District collectors are envisaged to play a piv

COVID-19 and TRIFED-Tribal rights

COVID-19 and TRIFED-Tribal rights Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) TRIFED asks state implementing agencies to initiate procurement of MINIMUN FOREST PRODUCE at MSP. The Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) which functions under Ministry of Tribal Affairs, has asked the State Nodal Departments and Implementing Agencies to initiate procurement of Minor Forest Produces (MFPs) at Minimum Support Price (MSP) from the avail

Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme-MPLAD

Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme-MPLAD Part of: GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) It was announced in December 1993 under the control of the Ministry of Rural Development. Later, in October 1994, it was transferred to the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. Objectives: To enable MPs to recommend works of developmental nature with emphasis on the creation of durable community assets based on the loca

'one nation, one ration card' scheme

'one nation, one ration card' scheme for migrant workers, EWS Part of: GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)   The Supreme Court has asked the Centre to consider the feasibility of temporarily adopting the 'one nation, one ration card' scheme during the ongoing coronavirus lockdown period to enable the migrant workers and economically weaker sections (EWS) get subsidised foodgrain. A bench of Justices N V Ramana, Sanjay Kishan Kaul and B R Gavai, in an or

MHA issued guidelines to allow inter-State movement of stranded migrant workers

MHA issued guidelines to allow inter-State movement of stranded migrant workers Part of: GS-III- Economy (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) More than a month after the countrywide lockdown owing to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) issued guidelines to allow inter-State movement of stranded migrant workers, tourists, pilgrims, students and others.   Important points Public transport, including trains and buses, c

Govt extends lockdown for two more weeks-COVID-19

Govt extends lockdown for two more weeks Part of: GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) Here's what all will not be allowed under the new guidelines issued today irrespective of the zone Travel by air, rail, metro and inter-state movement by road Running of schools, colleges and other educational, training, coaching institutions Hospitality services including hotels and restaurants Places of large public gatherings such as cinema halls, malls, gyms, sports complexes

Drone Regulation in India

Drone Regulation in India Part of: GS-II- Governance  (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST) The guidelines (Drone Regulations 1.0) issued by Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) for commercial use of drones or remotely operated aircraft came into force from December 1, 2018. Drone Regulation 1.0 Under this regulation, the Digital Sky Platform will enable online registration of pilots, devices, service providers, and NPNT (no permission, no take-off). The D

Post-lockdown guidelines | Work from home may stay for government staff

Post-lockdown guidelines | Work from home may stay for government staff In a post-lockdown scenario, Centre will continue with staggered and variable work hours and the Personnel Ministry has floated a draft consultation paper to adopt best work from home practices for Central government employees. Draft guidelines The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) may provide option for work from home to the eligible officers/staff for 15 days in a year as a matter of policy. However

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban)

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Programme launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA), in Mission mode envisions provision of Housing for All by 2022, when the Nation completes 75 years of its Independence. The Mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals: Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers us

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Context As part of the economic response to COVID-19, the Government of India has launched a pro-poor scheme “Pradhan Mnatri Garib Kalyan Package” (PMGKP), Under this scheme, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas is providing free of cost LPG cylinders to over 8 crore PMUY beneficiaries for 3 months w.e.f 1.4.20. During April, 2020, Oil Marketing Companies(OMCs) have delivered 453.02 lakh cylinders to PMUY beneficiaries under PMGKP. About Pradha


UMANG App UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) is envisaged to make e-governance. It is developed by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) to drive Mobile Governance in India. It provides a unified approach where citizens can install one application to avail multiple government services. The app services include Aadhaar, DigiLocker, and Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS). Etc.

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA)

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) The PMSMA programme was launched in 2016 under the ministry of health and family welfare. It aims to ensure free comprehensive and quality antenatal check-ups to pregnant women for ensuring safe pregnancy. The programme is carried out across India with participation of private doctors.

‘Rozgar Setu’ scheme

‘Rozgar Setu’ scheme Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has announced the launch of the ‘Rozgar Setu’ scheme, saying it would help secure employment for skilled workers who have returned. The State is the first to devise such a work plan. After such workers requiring employment are identified, the government will contact factory and workshop owners and contractors overseeing infrastructure projects such as road and bridge construction. &nb


Saksham Saksham is a capacity building program under the Ministry of Rural development. It is a training module which focuses on the use of Remote Sensing and GIS tools for project planning and monitoring components like watershed, groundwater and geohydrology. **It is not to be confused with project Saksham of the Railway Ministry. Project Saksham It is the nation’s largest time-bound “Upskilling” exercise for its employees to boost their efficiency. Under Project

Defence Production and Export Promotion Policy (2020)

Defence Production and Export Promotion Policy (2020) GS-PAPER-2 Defence procurement policy (Mains) Recently, the Ministry of Defence has formulated a draft Defence Production and Export Promotion Policy 2020 (DPEPP 2020). The DPEPP 2020 is envisaged as an overarching guiding document to provide a focused, structured and significant thrust to defence production capabilities of the country for self-reliance and exports. Goals and Objectives: To ach

Gratuity amendment bill

Gratuity amendment bill Gs-Paper-2 Labour and Laws (PT-MAINS) The Union Cabinet has given approval to the introduction of the Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the Parliament. Gratuity is a sum of money paid to an employee at the end of a period of employment. The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 applies to establishments employing 10 or more persons. It considers the inflation and wage increase even in case of employees engaged in private sector. With implementation of 7th

New Code on Wages

New Code on Wages GS-PAPER-2 Labour and Labour Code (PT-MAINS) The Centre will soon notify the rules that will create the mechanisms to fix a floor wage that would then undergird the minimum wages for different categories of workers — unskilled, semi-skilled, skilled and highly skilled — that the States and Central government would have to set and enforce. This is in accordance with the Code on Wages, 2019. Constitutional Provisions

Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) initiative

Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) initiative The Pune Rural Administration has been able to implement the Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas (PURA) initiative amid Covid-19 pandemic. About PURA: PURA was mooted by the former President Dr. Abdul Kalam in January 2003 as a way of empowering and accelerating rural development. The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) implemented the PURA scheme on a pilot basis in seven clusters for a period of three yea

How kala-azar was eliminated from a highly endemic district in Bihar

How kala-azar was eliminated from a highly endemic district in Bihar Kala-azar or visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a tropical disease characterised by irregular fever, weight loss, anaemia and swelling of the spleen and liver. It is caused by a protozoan Leishmania parasite and is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female sandflies. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), globally, about 7 to 10 lakh new cases occur annually. WHO initiative India account

Budget as an instrument of politics

Budget as an instrument of politics Upcoming infrastructure projects in election-going states The largesse to the election-going States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Assam in the Budget presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Monday was unmistakable. The massive outlay of ?65,000 crore for the development of the NH 66 corridor in Kerala, as well as the announcement of the second phase of the Kochi Metro and the development of the Kochi fishing harbour as a commerc

One Nation One Standard

Mission "One Nation One Standard" would make India the leader in setting global benchmarks in setting standards. This mission was established in 2019 to ensure quality products and services to consumers in the country. While all areas of production and services be included in this mission, bringing a national uniformity and standardization in all kinds of public procurement and tendering can be an immediate deliverable. The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) would explore intern

Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission

Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission Only half of government schools and anganwadis have tap water supply, despite a 100-day campaign for 100% coverage being launched by the Jal Shakti Ministry in October 2020, according to information provided to the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Water Resources. Jal Jeevan Mission It envisages supply of 55 litres water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by

Jal Jeevan Mission Extended Till 31st March, 2021

The Ministry of Jal Shakti is overseeing the implementation of the mission at the national level. Har Ghar Nal Se Jal by 2024. JJM aims at providing potable water at service level of 55 litre per capita per day (lpcd) to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024. The fund sharing between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territorie

Umbrella Schemes of Women and Child Development Ministry

Women and Child Development Ministry has classified all its programs under 3 umbrella schemes - Mission Shakti, Poshan 2.0, Vatsalya. Mission Shakti is a Mission for Protection and Empowerment for Women. It will cover policies and schemes like, SAMBAL (One Stop Centre, Mahila Police Volunteer, Women's Helpline/Swadhar/Ujjawala/Widow Homes etc.) SAMARTHYA (Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, Creche, PM Matru Vandana Yojana/ Gender Budgeting/Research/ among others.) Mission POSHAN 2.0 will be

Project REHAB

Khadi and Village Industries Commission(KVIC) has launched a unique project called Project REHAB (Reducing Elephant – Human Attacks using Bees). About Project REHAB: Project RE-HAB stands for Reducing Elephant-Human Attacks using Bees. It is an initiative of the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC). The project has been launched as a sub-mission of KVIC’s National Honey Mission. It intends to create “bee fences” to thwart elephant attacks in human h

Digital Repository on Health, Nutrition- Poshan Gyan- Released

NITI Aayog has launched a platform named “Poshan Gyan”. About Poshan Gyan: Niti Aayog launched Poshan Gyan in partnership with Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Centre for Social and Behaviour Change, Ashoka University. It is a National Digital Repository on health and nutrition. Key Features: It is a comprehensive online resource for anybody working in the nutrition sector in India. It is a collection of effective communication materials created by th

Eatsmart Cities Challenge and Transport 4 All Challenge by Govt

The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has recently launched the EatSmart Cities Challenge and Transport 4 All Challenge. About EatSmart Cities Challenge: EatSmart Cities Challenge is organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs. The challenge is organised in association with the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It aims to motivate Smart Cities to develop a plan that supports a healthy, safe and sustaina

Solution for Water crisis in India

Solution for Water crisis in India Steps taken by the Central Government to control water depletion and promote rain water harvesting / conservation are as under: 1) Jal Shakti Abhiyan (JSA) JSA was launched in 2019, a time bound campaign with a mission mode approach intended to improve water availability including ground water conditions in the water stressed blocks of 256 districts in India having overexploited groundwater levels. In addition, ‘Jal Shakti Abhiyan &ndas

Drone Rules in India

The Civil Aviation Ministry has notified the Drone Rules, 2021, under which the weight of a fully loaded unmanned aircraft system has been increased from 300 kg to 500 kg to include heavy payload-carrying craft for use in the logistics and transportation sectors. The rules will also cover drone taxis. In aviation and in space, a drone refers to an unpiloted aircraft or spacecraft. The key features of these rules include the development of drone corridors for cargo deliveries. An unmann

National Policy on Electronics, 2019

Objective of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 The Policy envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing - (ESDM) by promoting domestic manufacturing, skill development, start-up, export eco-system and improving ease of doing business for the ESDM industry. It aims to achieve a turnover of $400 billion and generate 1 crore jobs in the ESDM sector by 2025. Salient features of National Policy on Electronics, 2019 Creating eco-syste

National Software Products Policy

Missions of the Policy To promote the creation of a sustainable Indian software product industry, driven by intellectual property (IP), leading to a ten-fold increase in share of the Global Software product market by 2025. To nurture 10,000 technology startups in software product industry, including 1000 such startups in Tier-II and Tier-III towns & cities and generating direct and in-direct employment for 3.5 million people by 2025.

PLI Scheme for Automobile & Auto components

The Government has issued Notification regarding Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Automobile & Auto components. The PLI Scheme for the auto sector envisages to overcome the cost disabilities of the industry for manufacture of Advanced Automotive Technology products in India. The incentive structure will encourage industry to make fresh investments for indigenous global supply chain of Advanced Automotive Technology products. It is estimated that over a period of five y

PLI Scheme on Pharmaceuticals

The PLI Scheme for Pharmaceuticals is based on the strategy of “Atmanirbhar Bharat- Strategies for enhancing India’s manufacturing capabilities and enhancing exports in ten sectors”, which had been approved by the Union Cabinet on 24.02.2021.  The objective of the Production linked incentive scheme is to enhance India’s manufacturing capabilities by increasing investment and production in the sector and contributing to product diversification to high value


DIGIYATRA The Consultative Committee meeting of the Ministry of Civil Aviation was held in New Delhi. The topic for discussion was ‘DIGI YATRA’ to make certain valuable suggestions about the project. ABOUT DIGI YATRA Digi Yatra is the initiative by the Ministry of Civil Aviation. Air travellers can use facial recognition technology to enter any airport in the country. This initiative is taken to promote paperless and hassle-free air travel  There will be one-time


BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING It is observed from 1st to 7th August 2022. World Breastfeeding Week theme for 2022 is "Step Up for Breastfeeding: Educate and Support. It is also the celebration of Motherhood and the healthy life of the newborn. World breastfeeding week 2022 will focus on strengthening the capacity of actors that have to protect, promote, and support breastfeeding across different levels of society. Government, health system, workplace, and communities will be inf


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