12 April, 2020 26 Min Read
|GS-II||Swachhata App and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan||Policies and Programmes|
|GS-III||Industrial revolution 4.0||Economy|
|PT Pickups||J&K shifting of capital||National and Political Issues|
GS-II : Policies and Programmes
Swachhata App and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Governance (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched a revised version of the existing Swachhata-MoHUA App to handle queries specific to Covid-19.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi received the award of “Global Goalkeeper” from the Gates Foundation for the initiative of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan on September 25, 2019 in New York.
What is Swachh Bharat Abhiyan?
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is one of the most popular and significant missions in the History of India. This campaign was introduced by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi and was launched on 2nd October 2014 to honor Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of a Clean country.
Initially, this Swachh Bharat Abhiyan campaign was run on a national level in all the towns, rural and urban areas.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Objective
The major objective of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to spread the awareness of cleanliness and the importance of it.
The concept of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to provide the basic sanitation facilities like toilets, solid and liquid waste disposal systems, village cleanliness and safe and adequate drinking water supply to each and every person.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Action Plan
The action plan for the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to be laid by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. The vision is to triple the facility of sanitation by 2019. The major change to be implemented is in the Making of an Open Defecation Free(ODF) India.
Action Plan Highlights:
Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban)
At the core of this mission lie six components:
Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural)
Ranking of cities
Every year, cities and towns across India are awarded with the title of ‘Swachh Cities’ on the basis of their cleanliness and sanitation drive as a part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan that was launched in 2014.
According to the survey among top 50 clean cities:
SBM – Facts
Under the Swachh Bharat Mission, it has been decided to undertake a special clean-up initiative focused on 100 iconic heritage, spiritual and cultural places in the country.
Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan
The Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched Swachh Vidyalaya Programme under Swachh Bharat Mission with an objective to provide separate toilets for boys and girls in all government schools within one year. The programme aims at ensuring that every school in the country must have a set of essential interventions that relate to both technical and human development aspects of a good Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programme.
The Ministry financially supports States/Union Territories inter alia to provide toilets for girls and boys in schools under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA).
Rashtriya Swachhata Kosh
The Swachh Bharat Kosh (SBK) has been set up to facilitate and channelize individual philanthropic contributions and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds to achieve the objective of Clean India (Swachh Bharat) by the year 2019. The Kosh will be used to achieve the objective of improving cleanliness levels in rural and urban areas, including in schools. The allocation from the Kosh will be used to supplement and complement departmental resources for such activities. To incentivise contributions from individuals and corporate, modalities are being considered to provide tax rebates where it is possible.
Rural Sanitation Strategy: 2019-2029
Recently, the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) under the Ministry of Jal Shakti has launched the 10-year Rural Sanitation Strategy starting from 2019 up to 2029.
Open Defecation Free (ODF), ODF+, ODF++ Status
India has seen a sanitation revolution in the form of SBM-G that transformed itself into a Jan Andolan (a people’s movement). Since the launch of the SBM-G in 2014, over 10 crore toilets have been built in rural areas. Till now, over 5.9 lakh villages in 699 districts and 37 States/UTs have declared themselves as Open Defecation Free (ODF).
GS-III : Economy
Industrial revolution 4.0
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Economy (PT-MAINS-PT)
Technology forms the subtext of human development. History is loaded with instances of technology serving as catalyst in the grand narrative of human development. From basic necessities like food, air, water, clothing and shelter, to structural requirements like security technology has played a tremendous role in every field of human growth and survival.
Invention of the transistor:
This is an ongoing phase of this industrial revolution which has also been called as Industry 4.0. Developments in the oil industry and the IT industry have led the initial phase of Industry 4.0. At the same time, there are various other S&T innovations which are leading the progression of this Industrial Revolution.
Innovations in the field of Medicine:
Innovations in the Power Sector:
Innovation in Modern Technology:
Internet of Things:
Innovations in Space Technology:
NBFCs Face Moratorium Issue with Banks
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Economy-Bank (PT-MAINS-PERSONALITY TEST)
Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) may face a tough time following the Reserve Bank of India’s recent directive on providing a moratorium on repayment.
Non-Banking Financial Company
Features of NBFCs
PT Pickups : National and Political Issues
J&K shifting of capital
Recently, for the first time in 144 years, the Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) administration has decided to halt the bi-annual shifting of the capital, called ‘Durbar move’ due to the ongoing Covid-19 crisis.