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Government Schemes Programmes

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Prime Minister Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana (PMASBY)

Prime Minister Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana (PMASBY) In the Budget speech of FY 21-22, ‘Prime Minister AtmanirbharSwasth Bharat Yojana’ (PMASBY) scheme has been announced on 1st February, 2021, with an outlay of about Rs.64,180 Cr over six years (till FY 25-26). This will be in addition to the National Health Mission. The main interventions under the scheme to be achieved by FY 25-26 are: Support for 17,788 rural Health and Wellness Centres in in 10 High Focus States

National AYUSH Mission (NAM)

National AYUSH Mission (NAM) Government of India is implementing Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National AYUSH Mission (NAM) through States/UTs for development and promotion of AYUSH system of medicine including Homoeopathy. Under NAM, Grant-in-aid is being provided to State/UT Governments for development and promotion of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) as per their proposed State Annual Action Plans (SAAPs). Specific resource pool with respect t

Deep Ocean Mission

Deep Ocean Mission The Deep Ocean Mission is proposed as multi-ministerial multi-disciplinary programme with emphasis on development of deep sea technology, exploration of deep sea mineral resources and biodiversity, acquisition of a research vessel for exploration, deep sea observations, and capacity building. Ministry of Earth Sciences is the nodal agency for implementing the programme. The Deep Ocean Mission is proposed to be a Central Sector Scheme and no separate allocation for Sta

Support to State Extension Programs for Extension Reforms

About the Scheme: Centrally Sponsored Scheme Popularly known as ATMA Scheme - under implementation since 2005. Not implemented in all of India. Only in 28 states. The scheme promotes decentralized farmer-friendly extension system in the country. Under the scheme grants-in-aid is released to the State Governments with an objective to support State Government’s efforts to make available the latest agricultural technologies and good agricultural practices  Includes 

Mission Innovation

Mission Innovation Mission Innovation is a global initiative of 24 countries and EU launched during Paris Agreement at COP21 on November 30, 2015. The program focuses on Clean Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration (RD&D) initiatives to accelerate clean energy innovations. Department of Biotechnology is the nodal agency for coordinating national efforts in clean energy R, D & D and implementing various activities in close collaboration with Department of Science and T

Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI)

Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI) Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI), a sub scheme of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), launched in 2010-11, is being implemented in seven eastern states namely Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Under the programme, assistance is being provided to the farmers for organizing cluster demonstrations on rice and wheat, seed production and distribution, nutrient  mana

Project Mausam: Maritime Routes and Cultural Landscapes

Project Mausam: Maritime Routes and Cultural Landscapes Mausam’ is the initiative of Ministry of Culture to be implemented by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as the nodal agency with research support of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) and National Museum. This project aims to explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean ‘world’ – collating archaeological and historical research in order to document the diversity of cultural, commercial a

Champion Services Sectors

Champion Services Sectors Champion Services Sectors refers to the 12 identified sectors where the Government wants to give focused attention for promoting their development, and realizing their potential. These include Information Technology & Information Technology enabled Services (IT& ITeS), Tourism and Hospitality Services, Medical Value Travel, Transport and Logistics Services, Accounting and Finance Services, Audio Visual Services, Legal Serv

Social Security Schemes for Organised and Unorganised sector

Social Security Schemes for Organised and Unorganised As per the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation of the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation,  in the year 2017-18, the total employment in both organized and unorganised sector in the country was around  47 crores. Out of this, around 9 crores are engaged in the organized sector and the balance of 38 crores are in the unorganized sector. The categor

Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana

Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana is a welfare measure being implemented by the Employee's State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) on pilot basis for a period of 2 years initially. It has been extended to June 30, 2021. Introduced w.e.f. July 01, 2018, it offers cash compensation to Insured Persons (IPs) when they are rendered unemployed. Eligibility for the scheme are, Employees covered under Section 2(9) of the ESI Act 1948. IP should have completed 2 years of Insurable employment.

PRISM Scheme

PRISM Scheme Promoting Innovations in Individuals, Startups and MSMEs (PRISM) is an initiative of the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) aimed at transforming an individual innovator into a successful technopreneur by promoting, supporting, and funding implementable and commercially viable innovations created for the society. Under the initiative, an innovator of Indian nationality - student, professional and common citizen - is provided technical, strategic, and fin

Stand Up India Scheme

Stand Up India Scheme Stand up India Scheme was launched on 5th April 2016 to promote entrepreneurship at grassroot level focusing on economic empowerment and job creation. This scheme has been extended up to the year 2025. The objective of Stand-Up India is to promote entrepreneurship amongst women, Scheduled Castes (SC) & Scheduled Tribes (ST) categories, to help them in starting a greenfield enterprise in trading, manufacturing and services sector, by both ready and trainee borrow

PLI Scheme for White Goods

PLI Scheme for White Goods Taking another important step towards the vision of 'Atmanirbhar Bharat', the Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, approved the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for White Goods (Air Conditioners and LED Lights) with a budgetary outlay of Rs. 6,238 crore. The prime objective of the PLI scheme is to make manufacturing in India globally competitive by removing sectoral disabilities, creating economies of scale and ensur

PLI scheme: 'National Programme on High Efficiency Solar PV Modules'

PLI scheme: 'National Programme on High Efficiency Solar PV Modules' The Cabinet has approved the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy's proposal for implementation of the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme 'National Programme on High Efficiency Solar PV (Photo Voltic) Modules' for achieving manufacturing capacity of Giga Watt (GW) scale in high efficiency solar PV modules with an outlay of Rs.4,500 crore. Analysis of PLI Scheme on Solar PV Modules

Lab on Wheels Programme by Delhi Technological University

Delhi Education Minister inaugurated Delhi Technological University (DTU) Lab on Wheels programme. About Lab on Wheels Programme: The Programme aims to impart education in the fields of Mathematics and Science. Especially to the students from marginalised and poor economic backgrounds. The programme aims to stimulate their interests in these subjects while pursuing higher education. The programme becomes mutually beneficial, if some of these students decide to take admission in

AIM-PRIME

AIM-PRIME AIM-PRIME (Program for Researchers on Innovations, Market-Readiness & Entrepreneurship) aims to translate science-based deep-tech research to startups & ventures across India. Partners - Atal Innovation Mission has joined hands with Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) to launch this initiative, which will be implemented by Venture Center, a technology business incubator. Beneficiaries - The program is open to technology developers (early-stage deep t

DSIR-PRISM Scheme

DSIR-PRISM Scheme DSIR-PRISM Scheme will be aligned with three National Initiatives like Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA), Smart India Hackathon (SIH) and Rural Technology Action Group (RuTAG), IIT Delhi. Dept. of Scientific and Industrial Research - Promoting Innovations in Individuals, Startups and MSMEs (DSIR-PRISM) scheme supports individual innovators enabling inclusive development of India. It aims at transforming an innovator into a technopreneur by promoting and funding implementable

UNDP urges to replicate Aspirational Districts programme of India

UNDP urges to replicate Aspirational Districts programme of India Aspirational Districts are those districts in India, that are affected by poor socio-economic indicators. It has a vision of Sabka Sath Sabka Vikas. It was launched in 2018. The 117 districts were identified from 28 states, at least one from each state. At the Government of India level, the programme is anchored by NITI Aayog. In addition, individual Ministries have assumed responsibility to drive the progress of distr

U.P. ranked best under Smart Cities Mission

U.P. ranked best under Smart Cities Mission Uttar Pradesh was ranked the best State, and Indore and Surat were jointly named the best cities by the Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry for their work under the Smart Cities Mission. Ministry announced that Uttar Pradesh had been ranked one, Madhya Pradesh was second and Tamil Nadu third in the India Smart Cities Awards 2020. Smart City Mission It is an innovative initiative under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Governm

MGNREGA payment through Caste Categories

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) It was started in 10th five year plan in 2005. It works under Ministry of Ministry of Rural Development. Funding: Centrally Sponsored with the pattern 90:10. Providing provides a legal guarantee of at least 100 days of unskilled manual work in rural areas. Any member > 18 years (Adult members) of a rural household, willing to do unskilled man

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) It was started in 10th five year plan in 2005. It works under Ministry of Ministry of Rural Development. Funding: Centrally Sponsored with the pattern 90:10. Providing provides a legal guarantee of at least 100 days of unskilled manual work in rural areas. Any member > 18 years (Adult members) of a rural household, willing to do unskilled man

Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen – Phase 2

Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen – Phase 2 About Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) SBM (1st phase) was a nation-wide campaign in India for the period 2014 to 2019 that aims to clean up the street, roads and infrastructure of cities towns, urban and rural cities and area in India. The objectives of Swachh Bharat include eliminating open defecation through the construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets and establishing an accountable mechanism of monitoring toilet use. R

Jal Jeevan Mission

Jal Jeevan Mission JJM is a flagship programme of the Union Government being implemented in partnership with the States with the objective to provide tap water connection in every rural household by 2024. The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensi

Digital India Programme

Digital India Programme India is amongst the top 2 countries globally, just behind China on many dimensions of digital adoption. By 2022, India’s digital economy is likely to cross $1 trillion. Vision Areas Digital infrastructure as Utility to Every Citizen Governance and services on demand Digital empowerment of citizens Objectives To prepare India for a knowledge future. For being transformative that is to realize IT (Indian Talent) + IT (Information Technol

Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC

JJM is a flagship programme of the Union Government being implemented in partnership with the States with the objective to provide tap water connection in every rural household by 2024. The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Educat

TRIFED and NITI to partner for Van Dhan initiative in all Aspirational districts of India

TRIFED and NITI AAYOG to partner for implementing the Van Dhan initiative in  Tribal Clusters of all Aspirational districts of India Keeping in line with the Hon’ble Prime Minister's call for “Atmanirbhar Bharat” aligned to the slogan of “Be Vocal for Local Buy Tribal”, towards realizing the goal of “Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas”, TRIFED will now be partnering with NITI Aayog to implement the Van Dhan Yojana in the districts that have been ide

YUVA-  Prime Minister’s Scheme For Mentoring Young Authors

YUVA-  Prime Minister’s Scheme For Mentoring Young Authors The Ministry of Education, Department of Higher Education today launched YUVA-  Prime Minister’s Scheme For Mentoring Young Authors, an Author Mentorship programme to train young and budding authors (below 30 years of age) in order to promote reading, writing and book culture in the country, and project India and Indian writings globally. The launch of YUVA (Young, Upcoming and Versatile Authors) is in t

Continuation of National AYUSH Mission

Continuation of National AYUSH Mission India possesses an unmatched heritage represented by its traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Sidhha, Sowa Rigpa, Unani and also Homeopathy (ASU&H) which are a treasure house of knowledge for preventive, promotive and curative healthcare. The positive features of the Indian systems of medicine namely their diversity and flexibility; accessibility; affordability, a broad acceptance by a large section of the general public; comparativel

Critical Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission

Critical Analysis of Jal Jeevan Mission Jal Jeevan Mission has achieved a milestone of providing tap water supply to every household in 1 lakh villages across India, in a short period of 23 months. At the launch of this ambitious programme, out of 18.94 Crore rural households in country, only 3.23 Crore (17%) had tap water connections. Despite Covid-19 pandemic and lockdown disruptions, Jal Jeevan Mission provided 4.49 Crore tap water connections during 23 months and has also made 50

National Hydrology Project

NWIC (National Water Informatics Center) to maintain a comprehensive water resources data. Under Ministry of Jal Shakti - Headed by Joint Secretary Level Officer. Data will come through India - WRIS (Water Resource Information System). It is a component of National Hydrology Project (NHP) and in consonance with National Water Mission.  National Hydrology Project, Ministry of Water Resources. It is a Central Sector Scheme. A

MGNREGA: A Detailed Overview

Context: This topic is important for UPSC Prelims and GS paper 2. MGNREGA is important for rural development. It plays a critical role in physical and social infrastructure development in rural areas. About MGNREGA - The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, also known as Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS) is Indian legislation enacted on August 25, 2005. The MGNREGA provides a legal guarantee for one hundred days of empl

 MGNREGA: A Detailed Overview

 MGNREGA: A Detailed Overview Context: This topic is important for UPSC GS Paper2 Lowered outlay for MGNREGA, rural guarantee scheme has led to used up allocation and wage delays. That as many as 21 of 35 States/UTs have utilised, by October 29, over 100% of their allocated funds under the Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) for FY2021-22 is not a surprise. In the previous year, the allocations for MGNREGS were increased by ?50,000 crore to meet the

Various Government Measures to Deal Water Scarcity

Context: This topic is important for UPSE Prelims and GS Paper 2. The average annual water availability of any region or country is largely dependent upon hydro-meteorological and geological factors. However, water availability per person is dependent on the population of the country and for India, per capita, water availability in the country is reducing due to an increase in population.  Also due to high temporal and spatial variation of precipitation, the water availability

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