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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 30 November, 2022

  • 5 Min Read

Project Unnati

Project Unnati

The Union Rural Development Ministry wishes to tie the labour budget for the upcoming fiscal year to the results of the States under the Unnati initiative.

About Initiative Unnati

  • The Unnati project is a skill-upgrading initiative established in 2020 with the goal of enhancing the beneficiaries of the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA's skill base and enhancing their quality of life.
  • The Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana (DDU-GKY), the Rural Self Training Institute (RSETI), and the Krishi Vigyan Kendra are three well-known training programmes that are used to prepare the chosen individuals for the initiative.
  • The goal of this project is to offer training to one adult household member (between the ages of 18 and 45) who has worked 100 days under the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA in the fiscal year prior to the project's start.

Features:

  • The family from which training candidates are chosen continues to get 100 days of labour under the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA.
  • According to the project's requirements, the applicants undergoing training are paid a stipend for a maximum of 100 days and for one programme per household at the going wage rate in the relevant State/UT.
  • The Central Government bears all costs associated with a stipend in exchange for wage loss benefits.
  • Under this project, training will be provided to a total of 2,00000 beneficiaries over the course of three years across 26 States and 2 UTs.

Significance:

  • The project's overall goal is to provide rural residents with access to the different possible sources of income so they can become self-sufficient and pursue sustainable development.
  • By giving recipients of the Mahatma Gandhi NREGA a skill, whether for self-employment or paid employment, it is enhancing their quality of life.

Challenges:

  • Performance thus far has fallen significantly short of this 20% goal.
  • For instance, 71 lakh households worked 100 days across the country during the 2020–21 fiscal year as part of the MGNREGS, but only 8,658 people received training as part of the Unnati programme.
  • Similar to this, only 12,577 out of 59 lakh eligible households in 2021–2022 received training.
  • The project's sluggish deployment is also attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic's startling timing.

Source: The Hindu


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