21 Jul, 2022
32 Min Read
|GS-II||RENUNCIATION OF INDIAN CITIZENSHIP||Governance|
|INTERPOL’S ICSE INITIATIVE||International organisation|
|INDIA INNOVATION INDEX 2021||Government policies and interventions|
|PT Pointer||MISSION BUNIYAD||Government policies and interventions|
|ASIATIC BLACK BEAR||Biodiversity & Environment|
Government data claimed that over 3.9 lakh Indians gave up their citizenship in the past three years to settle abroad.
About Citizenship in India
No dual Citizenship: Under the Indian Citizenship Act, 1955, Persons of Indian Origin are not allowed to hold the citizenship of two countries.
Surrendering the passport: If a person has ever held an Indian Passport and then obtains the passport of some other country, then they will be required to surrender their Indian Passport immediately after they gain the nationality of the other country.
Various ways to obtain Indian citizenship (The Citizenship Act 1955)
Termination of citizenship:
Reason for the renouncement of Citizenship:
The reasons change widely from country to country, and among socio-economic and ethnic groups.
By contrast, the pre-Independence diasporic movement was completely different, where the forced and contractual labor movement was witnessed.
World passport index: India stands at 69th number on the passport power rank according to the world passport index.
While comparing it with other countries - the rank of Australia is 3rd, the USA is 5th, Singapore is 6th and Canada is 7th. At the top are UAE at number 1 and New Zealand at number 2.
Source: The Hindu
India’s Central Bureau of Investigation has joined Interpol’s International Child Sexual Exploitation (ICSE) initiative.
International Child Sexual Exploitation database
INTERPOL’s Child Sexual Exploitation database holds more than 2.7 million images and videos that have helped identify 23,564 victims worldwide.
Significance for India
India is the 68th country to have access to this database and software.
Source: The Indian Express
About Innovation index
The indicator which the survey has used is the level and quality of education and the various parameter such as:
Categories: The innovation Index is divided into three categories that are major states, union territories, and hill and northeast states.
Ranking of states
Hill and northeast state
Union territories/small state
The merit of the innovation index
Based on the index each state needs to formulate its own policy, based on its unique resources and strengths.
The focus must be on investing more in research and development. Increased spending on research and development with greater collaboration between the industry and educational institutions may help to enhance innovation capability in the country.
The Government of Delhi has said that under Mission Buniyaad, held between April and June, students of government and Municipal Corporation of Delhi schools have shown 20%-30% improvement in literacy and numeracy skills.
The government is also planning to expand the scheme.
About Mission Buniyaad
Source: The Hindu
Scientists from the Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, and the Himachal Pradesh Forest department have calculated the density and the population of Asiatic black bears in two Protected Areas of Himachal Pradesh.
About black bears
Feature: It has a glossy black coat with a whitish mark shaped like a crescent moon on the chest.
An adult male weighs 100–200 kg and a female about half as much as a male bear.
IUCN red list: It has been categorized as Vulnerable under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species and is also listed under Appendix I of CITES and Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
Methods used to determine the population status of Asiatic black bears in India have been limited to questionnaires, sign surveys, and genetic sampling using hair samples.
Source: Down To Earth
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