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DAILY NEWS ANALYSIS

  • 19 December, 2021

  • 15 Min Read

Jal Jeevan Mission - A Detailed Overview

Jal Jeevan Mission - A Detailed Overview

  • Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is a flagship programme of the Union Government being implemented in partnership with the States with the objective to provide tap water connection in every rural household by 2024.
  • The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting.
  • The Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water and will include extensive Information, Education and communication as a key component of the mission.

  • The Mission was launched on August 15, 2019.
  • Under Jal Jeevan Mission, in 2021-22, in addition to Rs 50,011 Crore budgetary allocation, there is also Rs 26,940 Crore assured fund available under the 15th Finance Commission tied-grant to RLB/ PRIs for water & sanitation, matching State share and externally aided as well as State funded projects.
  • Thus, in 2021-22, more than Rs. 1 lakh Crore is planned to be invested in the country on ensuring tap water supply to rural homes.
  • JJM focuses on the development of the Village Action Plan (VAP) and the formation of the Village Water and Sanitation Committee (VWSC) for every village so that the local village community plays a key role in planning, implementation as well as operation and maintenance of the in-village water supply infrastructure created for them.
  • This ensures a bottom-up approach with the participation of the local community.
  • Through community engagement, the resources created in the villages/ habitations are handed over to the Panchayats or VWSC for monitoring, surveillance and upkeep.
  • Under JJM, water quality testing laboratories at district &State levels are given priority and the community is being encouraged for surveillance of water quality.
  • ‘Jal Shakti Vibhag’ is facilitating to empower and engage with the community.

The broad objectives of the Jal Jeevan Mission are:

  • To provide FHTC to every rural household.
  • To prioritize the provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought-prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings
  • To monitor functionality of tap connections.
  • To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan)
  • To assist in ensuring sustainability of water supply system, i.e. water source, water supply infrastructure, and funds for regular O&M
  • To empower and develop human resources in the sector such that the demands of construction, plumbing, electrical, water quality management, water treatment, catchment protection, O&M, etc. are taken care of in the short and long term
  • To bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water and involvement of stakeholders in a manner that make water everyone's business

The following components are supported under JJM

  • Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household
  • Development of reliable drinking water sources and/ or augmentation of existing sources to provide long-term sustainability of the water supply system
  • Wherever necessary, bulk water transfer, treatment plants and distribution network to cater to every rural household
  • Technological interventions for the removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue
  • Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes to provide FHTCs at the minimum service level of 55 lpcd;
  • Greywater management
  • Support activities, i.e. IEC, HRD, training, development of utilities, water quality laboratories, water quality testing & surveillance, R&D, knowledge centre, capacity building of communities, etc.
  • Any other unforeseen challenges/ issues emerging due to natural disasters/ calamities which affect the goal of FHTC for every household by 2024, as per guidelines of the Ministry of Finance on Flexi Funds

Source: PIB


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