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World Economic Forum’s: Global Gender Gap Report 2021

World Economic Forum’s: Global Gender Gap Report 2021 GS-Paper-1: Social issue and Sociology Optional – UPSC PRELIMS – Mains Application Context: World Economic Forum report is providing essential insight about Gender and its empowerment and status which UPSC candidates can utilize in PT for facts and in Sociology optional and ESSAY writing as a reference of Women's status. WEF AIMS and Objective: https://www.weforum.org/ Facts: It was first published in 2

01 April, 2021 Gender issue

Impact of CoVID on Women and Adolescent girls

Impact of CoVID on Women and Adolescent girls The study is titled ‘COVID In Her Voice: A Girl-led and Centred Participatory Research Study’ It was conducted by girls aged 13-24 from Ahmedabad, Alwar, Bareily, Delhi, Lucknow, Mumbai and Pune within their communities. The study was supported by the U.K. government and conducted by EMpower, a global philanthropy focused on at-risk youth in emerging markets. It adopted a unique methodology where girls were trained as research

17 April, 2021 Women

Manual Scavenging in India

Manual Scavenging Syllabus subtopic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. Prelims and Mains focus: about the problem of manual scavenging in India; reasons and govt’s efforts in curbing it. Background While civil society started a movement in the 1990s to abolish dry

05 April, 2021 Manual Scavenging

Data on Higher Education in Marginalised Communities

Pallid state of reservation in some of India’s elite institutions. Some of the striking data show 62% unfilled vacancies for SC in the IIMs and 90% for OBC in the IISc, while vacant position sare on average about 38% to 52%, taking Central Universities, IISERs, IIT (non faculty), IGNOU, and Sanskrit Central Universities into account. The data confirm thatthe trend seen earlier in the IIT system extends to many more institutions, highlighting a serious mismatch between t

19 March, 2021 Discrimination

Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill 2020 passed in Rajya Sabha

Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill 2020 What is the news? The Rajya Sabha on Tuesday passed the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 that increases the time period within which an abortion may be carried out. Opposition MPs said the Bill still did not give women the freedom to decide, since they would need a nod from a medical board in the case of pregnancies beyond 24 weeks. Currently, abortion requires the opinion of one doctor if it is done within 12 weeks o

17 March, 2021 Women

Stages of Communalism

Stages of Communalism What is communalism? Bipan Chandra, in his book, “Communalism in Modern India”, defines as “Communalism is an ideology based on the belief that Indian society is divided into religious communities, whose economic, political, social and cultural interests diverge and are even hostile to each other because of their religious differences.” 3 stages of communalism In this context, it is important to be aware of the three important phr

16 March, 2021 Social issues

National Social Assistance Programme

National Social Assistance Programme NSAP stands for National Social Assistance Programme. NSAP was launched on 15th August, 1995. It is under Ministry of Rural Development. The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) represents a significant step towards the fulfillment of the Directive Principles in Article 41 and 42 of the Constitution recognizing the concurrent responsibility of the Central and the State Governments in the matter. In particular, Article 41 of the Constitu

10 March, 2021 Social inclusion

International Women’s Day-Background

International Women’s Day Background Among the many “international days” initiated by the United Nations, the best known is the one for women. Given its widespread institutionalisation by nation-states as well as private corporations targeting the woman consumer, many may now know something about its history. It began over a century ago as a commemoration of the struggles of women factory workers and was first organised by socialist movements as “international

08 March, 2021 Women

Initiatives for Transgender persons

Initiatives for Transgender persons This is the first-of-its-kind gender inclusive community policing initiative in the country, the Cyberabad police inaugurated a ‘Transgender Community Desk’ at Gachibowli Police Station. The desk will be managed by a police liaison officer and a transgender person who is designated as community coordinator. It will be the focal point for all grievance redressal among the transgender community in the Cyberabad Commissionerate. The desk

07 March, 2021 Social issues

Data on Higher education in marginalised communities.

Data on Higher education in marginalised communities. RTI data showed that SC students constituted only 7.6% and STs were just 1.2%. The reservation policy requires that 15% of seats be allocated to SCs and 7.5% to STs. The Acceptance Rate (refers to the number of students admitted for every 100 applicants) is very low . While General Category (GC) students, which in the case of the IITs predominantly refers to those from privileged, communities, had an acceptance rate of 4.4%, i

24 February, 2021 Discrimination

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