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Suicides in India - NCRB 2019 Report

Suicides in India - NCRB 2019 Report Each suicide is a personal tragedy that prematurely takes the life of an individual and has a continuing ripple effect, dramatically affecting the lives of families, friends and communities. Every year, more than 1,00,000 people commit suicide in our country. There are various causes of suicides like professional/career problems, sense of isolation, abuse, violence, family problems, mental disorders, addiction to alcohol, financial loss, chronic pain et

POCSO Act and NCPCR

POCSO Act and NCPCR Legal provisions The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act was enacted in 2012 especially to protect children (aged less than 18) from sexual assault. Section 7 of the POCSO Act, inter alia, says that whoever with sexual intent touches the breast of the child is said to commit sexual assault. Whereas Section 8 of the Act provides minimum imprisonment of three years for sexual assault Section 354 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) lays down a min

Homeless Children

Homeless Children Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act) is the primary law for children in the country. As per Section 2 (14) (vi) of the JJ Act, a child who does not have parents and no one is willing to take care of, or whose parents have abandoned or surrendered him is included as a “child in need of care and protection.” The Act provides a security net of service delivery structures including measures for institutional and non-instituti

Minorities in India

Minorities in India Introduction The Government has made every section of the society an equal partner of progress with the commitment to “Development with Dignity” “Empowerment without Appeasement” and “Sabka Sath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas” ensuring equal benefits to all sections of the society. Irrespective of his or her caste, religion, region and community is at the centre of welfare schemes of the Government. The Government has been trea

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill 2021 The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015. The amendments include authorizing District Magistrate including Additional District Magistrate to issue adoption orders under Section 61 of the JJ Act, in order to ensure speedy disposal of cases and enhance accountability. The District Magistrates have been further empowered under the Act, to ensure its smoot

Everything about Transgender rights and schemes in India

Everything about Transgender rights and schemes in India Introduction Indian Census never recognized third gender i.e. Transgender while collecting census data. But in 2011, data of Transgender was collected with details related to their employment, literacy and caste. As per 2011 Census, the total population of Transgender is 4.88 lakhs, highest being in Uttar Pradesh followed by Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Bihar. In National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India case (201

Denotified Tribes in India

Denotified Tribes in India Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities (DNCs) are hard to reach, less visible, and therefore frequently left out. While most DNTs are spread across the Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) categories, some DNTs are not covered in any of the SC. ST or OBC categories. Who are DNTs? The term 'De-notified Tribes' stands for all those communities which were once notified under the Criminal Tribes

Policies for Child Beggars

Policies for Child Beggars The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has formulated a scheme “SMILE - Support for Marginalized Individuals for Livelihood and Enterprise”, which includes sub-scheme - ‘Central Sector Scheme for Comprehensive Rehabilitation of persons engaged in the act of Begging’. This scheme covers several comprehensive measures including welfare measures for persons who are engaged in the act of begging. The focus of the scheme is extens

Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme, 1975

Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) Scheme, 1975 The Scheme has been renamed as Anganwadi Services. It is 1 of the World's largest programmes providing for an integrated package of services for the holistic development of the child. Funding: Centrally Sponsored Scheme. All components of ICDS except Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) are financed through a 60:40 ratio. For SNP = 50:50. The North East states have a 90:10 ratio.

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 For restitution of deprived forest rights across India. It provides for Integrated conservation & livelihood rights of people. It is a tool to empower local self governance; address livelihood security of ppl & issues of conservation & Management of natural resources & conservation governance. For the 1st time, it recognises & secures Communi

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