Doppler Weather Radar Network The Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) Systems in Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh were unveiled by the Ministry of Earth Science on the occasion of the 148th anniversary of the establishment of the India Meteorological Department (IMD). In order to provide more precise forecasts for extreme weather occurrences, the Ministry of Earth Science is also working to extend the Doppler weather radar network across the entire nation by 2025.
Subsidence of the Joshimath Land (Uttarakhand) Ground subsidence caused breaches in more than 560 homes and prompted alarmed villagers to complain, as a result, the Uttarakhand government has prohibited development work in and around Joshimath. Joshimath, a vital hub for travelers heading to Badrinath and Hemkund Sahib, suffered fissures as a result of soil subsidence, which alarmed the locals and led to demonstrations. Over 60 residents who were living in untenable homes in
Himalayan Region Early Warning System Recently, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) began field studies to establish an Early-Warning System in Himalayan states against major and sudden floods, rockslides, landslides, glacier lake bursts, and avalanches. What are Early Warning Systems? The Early Warning System is an integrated system of hazard monitoring, forecasting and prediction, disaster risk assess
Suspension bridge Recently, a suspension bridge in Gujarat's Morbi collapsed, killing at least 134 people. The 19th century Bridge, which had just been reopened after six months of repairs, was reportedly carrying over 400 people when it collapsed. About suspension bridges It is a design where the deck is suspended on vertical suspenders underneath suspension wires. Stiffening girders, two or more main suspension cables, towers, and anchorages for cables are the prim
Impact of Heatwaves on Children: UNICEF In a recent report titled "Coldest Year of the Rest of Their Lives - Protecting children from the escalating impacts of heatwaves," UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) predicted that by the year 2050, nearly all children worldwide would be exposed to more frequent and severe heat waves. The United Nations (UN) has a special programme called UNICEF that supports national initiatives aimed at enhancing children's health, nutriti
Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) PMNRF was instituted in 1948 by Jawaharlal Nehru to assist displaced persons from Pakistan. The fund is used to tackle natural calamities like floods, cyclones and earthquakes. The fund is also used to help with medical treatment like kidney transplantation, cancer treatment and acid attack. The fund consists entirely of public contributions and does not get any bu
Landslides in Himachal Pradesh Landslides are simply defined as the mass movement of rock, debris or earth down a slope. They often take place in conjunction with earthquakes, floods and volcanoes. A prolonged spell of rainfall can cause a heavy landslides that can block the flow of the river for quite some time. The formation of river blocks can cause havoc to the settlements downstream on its bursting. In the hilly terrain, landslides have been a major and widely spread natu
How to minimize disaster risk for glacial lake outburst floods (GLOF) Suitably called Earth's “Third Pole”, the Himalayan region is home to the largest ice mass outside of the planet's Polar Regions. The glaciers in the Himalayas are melting at a faster rate creating new lakes and expanding the existing ones. Besides, the rising temperatures and extreme precipitation events make the region increasingly prone to a variety of natural hazards, including devastating g
State Disaster Response Fund The Centre has released the first instalment of the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) for 2021-22 to all the States, in the wake of the second wave of COVID-19. Normally, the annual exercise of the release of the first instalment is usually done in June, as per the recommendations of the Finance Commission. As a special dispensation, the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, at the recommendation of the Home Ministry, has released in advance the
Fukushima Radioactive Water to be Released in Seas Japan is planning to release about 1 million metric tons of radioactive water from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant. About Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant: Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant is located in the town of Okuma, Japan. The reactor is located on the country’s east coast. It is about 220 km north-east of the capital Tokyo. The 2011 Earthquake, destroyed the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant’s electricity and coo
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