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general-awareness-quick-facts

Disaster and Disaster management

Disaster management- Fireworks accident at Virudhunagar

Accidents at the fireworks unit in Virudhunagar Context The latest accident at a fireworks unit in Virudhunagar, at last count, 20 lives have perished, while 28 workers are in hospital. Major fireworks Industries in Tamil Nadu are at: Virudhunagar, Cuddalore ,Sivakasi and Madurai Reasons of accidents at fireworks Industries Gross violation of norms governing the hazardous industry . Human error in handling explosive substances. Unlicensed units that have mush

16 February, 2021 Disaster management act

Nanda Devi Glacial Burst in Uttarakhand: Important PT Points

The glacial burst at the Nanda Devi glacier caused flash floods in Dhauliganga & Rishiganga rivers. Tapovan-Vishnugad project located on Dhauliganga river was washed away. While Rishiganga hydel project was located on Rishiganga River. Originating at Vasudhara Tal, a glacial lake in Uttarakhand, the Dhauliganga flows in a meandering course, which takes it through the Nanda Devi National Park. Additional Info About these River Systems: Dhauliganga

08 February, 2021 Flood

Uttarakhand floods

Uttarakhand floods Introduction The staggering collapse of part of a glacier in Uttarakhand’s Nanda Devi mountain and the ensuing floods that have claimed many lives come as a deadly reminder that this fragile, geologically dynamic region. Reason of flash floods A significant slice of the glacier, dislodged by a landslide, produced roaring torrents in the Rishiganga and Dhauliganga rivers in Chamoli district, trapping unsuspecting workers at two hydro power project sit

09 February, 2021 Flood

Flash Droughts

Flash Droughts What are Flash droughts? Flash droughts are those that occur very quickly, with soil moisture depleting rapidly. Normally, developing drought conditions take months, but these happen within a week or in two weeks’ time. Several factors including atmospheric anomalies, anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions play an important role. In 1979, India faced a severe flash drought, affecting about 40% of the country and taking a toll on agriculture. An article pu

24 January, 2021 Drought

India much safer against Tsunami threat: INCOIS

India much safer against Tsunami threat: INCOIS Tsunamis Definition: Tsunamis are a series of waves usually generated by movement of the sea floor. These movements are caused by different types of geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, landslides and volcanic eruptions. The word tsunami is a Japanese word, represented by two characters: tsu, meaning, "harbor", and nami meaning, "wave". They frequently occur in the Pacific, where dense ocea

27 October, 2020 Natural disaster

National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF)

National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) National Disaster Response Fund is defined in Section 46 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act) as a fund managed by the Central Government for meeting the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation due to any threatening disaster situation or disaster. NDRF is constituted to supplement the funds of the State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF) of the states to facilitate immediate relief in case of calamities of a severe nature.

20 June, 2020 Disaster management act

A joint fight by India and Pakistan, over the years: To control the Locusts swarms

A joint fight by India and Pakistan, over the years: To control the Locusts swarms In 1993, as swarms of locusts started coming into Jaisalmer. As another locust swarm comes from Pakistan. The Ministry of External Affairs says it has reached out to Pakistan for cooperation, and is awaiting their response. Despite the ups and downs in the bilateral relationship, cooperation on the locust warning system has survived the wars, terrorist attacks, and political turmoil. History of outbre

29 May, 2020 Natural disaster

Locust attack: All about Locusts

Locust attack: How they arrived, the seriousness of the problem, and ways to solve it What are ‘desert locusts’ doing in non-desert lands? Desert locusts (Schistocerca gregaria), which belong to the family of grasshoppers, normally live and breed in semi-arid or desert regions. For laying eggs, they require bare ground, which is rarely found in areas with dense vegetation. So, they can breed in Rajasthan but not in the Indo-Gangetic plains or Godavari and Cauvery delt

29 May, 2020 Natural disaster

MHRD has ensured safe shifting of stranded students of  Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas

MHRD has ensured safe shifting of stranded students of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas Context Union Human Resource Development Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' informed that Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti has, on 15th May, 2020, successfully completed the exercise of shifting of over 3000 students who were staying in 173 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas in various parts of the country during the lockdown period. In the backdrop of COVID-19 situation, the Navodaya Vidyalaya Sa

22 May, 2020 Natural disaster

National Directives for COVID-19 Management violations

Violations of MHA Guidelines being reported at various places across the country Strict Implementation of all measures in Government guidelines is essential to contain the spread of COVID-19. However, violations in the implementation of MHA Guidelines are being reported at various places across the country. Taking note of this the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has written to all States/UTs and emphasised that the Ministry’s guidelines should be strictly implemented, and all

22 May, 2020 Disaster management act

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