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Biodiversity & Environment

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Gangetic Dolphin

Uttar Pradesh has made the Gangetic Dolphin as the state’s aquatic animal recently. The dolphin has already recognized as the national aquatic animal. These dolphins are found in rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Chambal, Ghaghra, Rapti, and Gerua. Conservation Status IUCN - Endangered species. Schedule –I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972. Project Dolphin - Launched in 2016 by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG).

Eastern Ghats Nature Interpretation Centre

A first-of-its-kind Eastern Ghats Nature Interpretation Centre in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh has been inaugurated recently. It is a project within the development of the Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary. A nature interpretation centre is a museum that aims to educate visitors about the importance of nature conservation.

Palamu Tiger Reserve (PTR)

4 soft release centres being set up in Palamu Tiger Reserve (PTR) will be guarded by solar fencing recently. The Palamau Tiger Reserve (PTR) is located in Jharkhand, established in 1973 as part of Project Tiger. It is one of the first 9 tiger reserves created in the country at inception of 'Project Tiger'. It is the only tiger reserve in Jharkhand. It forms part of Betla National Park and Palamau Wildlife Sanctuary.

Green turtle (Chelonia mydas)

The green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) is the largest hard-shelled sea turtle. Green sea turtles are found in temperate and tropical waters around the world. In India, they can be found on the west and east coasts, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep. Green sea turtles are mainly herbivorous and eat sea grass. Conservation Status IUCN – Endangered Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act.


A recent study found that electric eels can release enough electricity to genetically modify small fish larvae, which is known as electroporation, a gene delivery technique. Electroporation is a technique that uses an electrical field to increase the permeability of cell membranes. This allows larger molecules, such as DNA, drugs, and chemicals, to enter the cell.

Dodo (Raphus cucullatus)

Geneticists and conservationists have joined forces to re-introduce the Dodo, extinct since the late 17th century. It is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the Island of Mauritius. Dodos were large birds, approximately 3-feet tall. Extinction reasons – Climate change and human behaviour.

Africa's Green Industrialisation Initiative

The Africa Green Industrialisation Initiative (AGII) aims to accelerate and scale up green industries and businesses across Africa. The initiative builds upon the existing $4.5 billion Africa green investment from the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Africa has 40% of the world’s critical minerals necessary for energy transition and has the world’s largest natural carbon sink.

Asola Bhatti Wild Life Sanctuary

Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary is a protected area in New Delhi and is a part of the Aravalli Mountain Range. It was established in the year 1986. It is a part of the Sariska-Delhi Wildlife Corridor, which runs from the Sariska Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan to Delhi Ridge.

Bandipur Tiger Reserve

The Bandipur Tiger Reserve is situated in Karnataka which holds the 2nd highest Tiger population in India. It was established in the year 1974 as a forest tiger reserve under the Project Tiger. It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. 3 rivers flow through the main area of the Bandipur Tiger Reserve - Nugu River, Moyar River and Kabini River.

Otolith Rings 

A new study published in ‘Nature’, tried to predict the effects of climate change on the physiological performance and distribution of organisms by studying the Otoliths. Otolith – They are small, white bio-mineralized ear stones in the head.Small calcium carbonate crystals are accumulated every day as very thin layers over a tiny core, and this forms an otolith. They are found in all fishes other than sharks, rays and lampreys but th


01 Feb,2024

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