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Indian Geography

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All about Droughts

All about Droughts A prolonged period of total dryness is called a drought. The globe over, it is possible. Uneven distribution, failing monsoons, and a lack of water are the causes of this. When there is nearly no water or very little water available owing to different factors such as insufficient precipitation, excessive water use, a high rate of evaporation, or excessive groundwater use, the situation is referred to as a "drought." When rain is absent or inadequate for an

Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing

Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing is on the rise. Despite rising Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) fishing beyond the Exclusive Economic Zone, Indian Navy vessels monitored over 200 Chinese fishing vessels in the Indian Ocean during the first half of this year (EEZ). The Northern Indian Ocean Region is home to the majority of illegal activity (IOR). Every year on June 5th, the International Day to Combat Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing is observed

The Indian Tea Industry

The Indian Tea Industry A Union Minister recently spoke at the International Small Tea Grower's Convention of the Indian Tea Association (ITA). The ITA is the oldest and most prestigious association of Indian tea growers, having been established in 1881. It has had a multifaceted impact on creating policies and getting things moving in the direction of the industry's development and expansion. How is the Indian tea industry doing right now? India is the second-larg

India's Edible Oil Industry

India's Edible Oil Industry In a recent argument against the approval for the release of GM mustard into the environment, the Centre cited the fact that India is currently importing and consuming oil made from Genetically Modified (GM) crops. Also, around 9.5 million tonnes (mt) of GM cotton seed is produced annually and 1.2 mt of GM cotton oil is consumed by human beings, and about 6.5 mt of cotton seed is consumed as animal feed. What is the state of the Indian edible oil

Assessment of the Dynamic Ground Water Resource 2022

Assessment of the Dynamic Ground Water Resource, 2022 The Dynamic Ground Water Resource Assessment Report for the entire nation for the year 2022 was just released by the Union Minister of Jal Shakti. What are the Assessment's Findings? The annual groundwater extraction is 239.16 BCM, while the total annual groundwater recharge is 437.60 BCM. According to the assessment, groundwater recharge has increased. The annual groundwater recharge was 436 bcm while the annual groundwat

Sukapaika River & Mahanadi River System

Sukapaika River The Sukapaika River, which stopped flowing 70 years ago, is set to be revived, as the Odisha government has begun working on a revival plan in response to a recent National Green Tribunal directive (NGT). The main features of the Sukapaika River Sukapaika is one of the many distributaries of Odisha's mighty Mahanadi river. It splits from the Mahanadi at Ayatpur village in Cuttack district and flows for about 40 kilometres (km) before rejoining the Mahanadi at Ta

India: world’s largest producer of sugar now

India: world’s largest producer of sugar now Due to the record production of more than 5000 LMT of sugarcane, India has just become the world's largest producer and consumer of sugar as well as the second-largest exporter. What Factors Affect Sugar Production Well? Sugarcane Season (September–October): The season saw the creation of all records for sugarcane production, sugar production, sugar exports, cane procurement, cane dues paid, and ethanol produc

World Cotton Day

World Cotton Day Every year on October 7, World Cotton Day is observed. The international event will celebrate its third anniversary in 2022. The Story of the Day History/Background: The Cotton Four, four Sub-Saharan African cotton producers Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, and Mali, proposed the first World Cotton Day to the World Trade Organization on October 7, 2019. (WTO). On October 7, 2019, the WTO welcomed the Cotton-4 countries' initiative to organize World Cotton Da

Sugar Production in India

Sugar Production in India India surpasses other nations to take the top spots in the world for sugar production, consumption, and exports. Major Points Production: During the sugar season, which ran from October to September (2021–2022), a record amount of sugarcane—more than 5000 LMT—was produced in the country. Of that amount, 3574 LMT were crushed by sugar mills to create 394 LMT of sugar (Sucrose). 35 LMT of this sugar was diverted to the production o

Transforming Agri-food System with Forests

Transforming Agrifood System with Forests A report on deforestation, livestock grazing, and farmer field schools was recently published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. At the digital conference FAO-Global Landscapes Forum: Transforming agrifood systems with forests, FAO released the report. A group of farmers, livestock keepers, or fishermen attend a farmer field school to learn how to transition to more sustainable production methods by improving

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