The most common hazard in forests is forests fire. Forests fires are as old as the forests themselves. They pose a threat not only to the forest wealth but also to the entire regime to fauna and flora seriously disturbing the bio-diversity and the ecology and environment of a region. During summer, when there is no rain for months, the forests become littered with dry senescent leaves and twinges, which could burst into flames ignited by the slightest spark. The Himalayan forests,
23 April, 2021
Ken-betwa River Linking Project
The Ken-Betwa project is part of the national river linking project which proposes to connect 14 Himalayan and 16 peninsular rivers with 30 canals and 3,000 reservoirs in order to irrigate 87 million hectares of land.
It has the status of a national project, as the Centre will contribute 90% of the cost.
It is India’s first river linking project and will take eight years to complete.
The project, governme
18 April, 2021
Water related policies
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Jammu announced phase 2 of purple revolution under Aroma Mission, after the success of the phase 1 in Doda, Jammu. Under the purple revolution, the farmers in Doda district had their incomes quadrupled after shifting from maize to lavender cultivation.
First-time farmers were given free lavender saplings and those who have cultivated lavender before were charged Rs. 5-6 per sapling. Th
02 April, 2021
Recent developments in Crops- Economic Survey
Among total imports of food grains, the % share of different crops shows that- cereals are highest followed by pulses>cashewnuts > edible oils.
Food Grains Constitute 50.7% of agriculture production.
Among food grains, Weightage of Cereals is 41.7%, Pulses is 8.9%
Among Cereals, Weightage of Coarse Cereals is 6.9%.
296.7MT of food grains were produced in 2019-20, compared to 285.2 MT in 20
22 March, 2021
About 71% of our earth is covered by water and hence our earth is called watery planet.
97% of the earth's water is found in the oceans (Unused due to saltiness-for drinking, growing crops, and most industrial uses except for cooling).
326M cu. miles of water is there on the planet. 320 million cubic miles of that is in the oceans
3% of the earth's water is fresh.
2.5% of the earth's fresh water is unavailable: locked up in glaciers, polar ice caps, atm
22 March, 2021
MINING and MINERALS
Geological Survey of India: For all minerals except Uranium (AMD). It is the largest and most comprehensive provider of basic earth science information or database.
Indian Bureau of Mines, 1948:
It is under Ministry of Mines with responsibilities for conservation and systematic exploitation of mineral resources other than coal, petroleum and natural gas, atomic minerals and minor minerals.
IBM performs regulatory functions under MMDRA, 1957.
20 March, 2021
Over 100 hectares of the total expanse of 1,500 hectares of the last remaining grasslands in the Wenlock Downs of Nilgiris is being slowly eroded by Todas and Kotas.
This is because many of the Todas and Kotas have leased the “forest lands” to non-tribals in exchange for a small fee.
There is also the question of the Forest Rights Act in this area, as to whether it would supersede the rights acknowledged under the Toda patta lands, or whether it offers additional protection.
19 March, 2021
Land use change
Interlinking of River Projects
The project of inter-linking of rivers was first proposed in the 1970s.
The National Perspective Plan (NPP) was prepared by the then Ministry of Irrigation (now Ministry of Jal Shakti) in August 1980 for water resources development through inter basin transfer of water, for transferring water from water surplus basins to water-deficit basins.
Under the NPP, the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) has identified 30 links (16 under Peninsular Componen
19 March, 2021
River water projects
What is Agro Forestry?
Agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems involving trees combined with crops and/or animals on the same unit of land. It combines
Production of multiple outputs with protection of the resource base;
Places emphasis on the use of multiple indigenous trees and shrubs;
Particularly suitable for low-input conditions and fragile environments;
It involves the interplay of socio-cultural values more than in most other land-use systems; and
It is str
18 March, 2021
India State of Forest Report, 2019
ISFR is an assessment of country’s forest resources every two years by Forest Survey of India.
Starting in 1987, ISFR 2019 is 16th report.
The key findings of the ISFR 2019 are as follows:
The total forest cover of the country is 7,12,249 sq km which is 21.67% of the geographical area of the country.
The tree cover of the country is estimated as 95,027 sq km which is 2.89% of the geographical area
18 March, 2021