Mapping of Central Asia
Central Asia comprises of 5 countries given above between Caspian Sea and China.
Kazakhstan is the largest producer of Uranium and has huge gas and oil reserves as well.
Uzbekistan is an important regional producer of gold along with Kyrgyzstan.
Tajikistan has vast hydropower potential besides oil deposits, and Turkmenistan has the fourth largest gas reserves of the world.
Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan — are also in the Caspian litto
Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID) has signed a Joint Development Agreement with Africa50, the pan-African infrastructure investment platform to continue to develop the Kenya Transmission Project on a public-private partnership basis.
Africa50 is an infrastructure investment platform that contributes to Africa’s economic growth by developing and investing in bankable infrastructure projects, catalyzing public sector capital, and
India-U.S. Relations Overview
Context: This topic is important for UPSE GS Paper2.
India-U.S. bilateral relations have developed into a "global strategic partnership", based on shared democratic values and increasing convergence of interests on bilateral, regional and global issues.
The cooperation is based on the idea of “ChaleinSaathSaath: Forward Together We Go”, and "SanjhaPrayas, Sab ka Vikas" (Shared Effort, Progress for All).
India and the United States are natural partners with shared values and our agenda encompasses all major pillars of our strategic priorities - including defence, security, energy, technology, education and healthcare
The United States is to collaborate with India to work towards installing 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030.
Currently, India’s installed power capacity is projected to be 476 GW by 2021-22, and is expected to rise to at least 817 GW by 2030.
Mr. Kerry was speaking a
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi delivered a video-address during the plenary session of the 6th Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) held on 3 September 2021 in Vladivostok.
It may be recalled that PM was the Chief Guest for the 5th EEF in 2019, the first by an Indian Prime Minister.
In Indian history and civilization the word ‘Sangam’ has a special meaning. It means confluence or coming together of rivers, people or ideas. In my view, Vladivostok is truly a ‘Sangam’ o
China opens first road-rail transport link to Indian Ocean
It is highly recommended by us to watch this lecture by Ankit Sir on OBOR of China and India’s strategy to Counter China, and then visit this lecture. This topic is just an extension of OBOR and India-China relations.
The first shipments on a newly-launched railway line from the Myanmar border to the key commercial hub of Chengdu in western China, that provides China a new road-rail transportation channel to the India
India and Russia are expecting to conclude the bilateral logistics agreement, Reciprocal Exchange of Logistics Agreement (RELOS), and a Navy-to- Navy cooperation memorandum of understanding (MoU). The two sides are also looking at expanding cooperation in Central Asia and the possibility of supplementing bilateral exercises with trilateral and multilateral ones, Indian Envoy in Russia D.B. Venkatesh Varma said.
It will simplify interoperability and enable military platforms to receive suppo
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is a UN agency mandated to aid and protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities, and stateless people, and to assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country.
UNHCR headquarter is in Geneva, Switzerland, with over 17,300 staff working in 135 countries.
Head of UNHCR is Filippo Grandi.
UNHCR was created in 1950 to address the refugee crisis that resul
The Global Trends Report is an annual report published by UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees).
The report counts and tracks the numbers of refugees, internally displaced people. It also tracks people who have returned to their countries or areas of origin, asylum-seekers, stateless people, and other populations of concern.
Features of the Report
Around 82.4 million people were forcibly displaced, by the end of 2020. Reasons behind that were, persecution, conflic
Afghanistan was never ruled by a Single ruler. It has had a history of conquests by Alexander (330 BC), Mongol Empire (13th Century), Mughal conquests, Three Anglo Afghan Wars (1839-1842; 1878 – 1880 and 1919 respectively), Panjdeh incident (which was an armed engagement between the Afghanistan and Russian Empire in 1885 and the first major incursion into Afghanistan by Russia), etc.
During the Modern era, 1973 Afghan coup d’etat occurred.