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International Relations

China – Sri Lanka relations

China – Sri Lanka relations China on Monday signed a $500 million loan agreement with Sri Lanka, in a move that Colombo hopes would boost its foreign reserves that are under severe strain since the pandemic struck last year. This is the second instalment of the $1 billion loan sought by Sri Lanka last year. The first was released in March 2020, just as the pandemic hit Sri Lanka. The approval comes a month after Sri Lanka obtained a currency swap facility from China for $1.5 bil

13 April, 2021 India and its neighborhood

Afghanistan crisis for UPSC

Afghanistan crisis for UPSC Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- IR Historical Background The Saur Revolution had taken place in Afghanistan in 1978 which installed a communist party in power. Nur Muhammad Taraki became the head of the state replacing the previous president Daoud Khan. Taraki’s government introduced many modernisation reforms that were considered too radical and left them unpopular, especially in the rural areas and with the trad

12 April, 2021 Afghanistan

China – Pakistan relations

China – Pakistan relations In a joint statement, the two countries said they would “firmly safeguard multilateralism and support the central role of the United Nations in international affairs.” China and Pakistan have pledged to back each other’s “core and major interests” in the United Nations after holding bilateral consultations on UN affairs. Both countries, which describe their relationship officially as one of “all-weather partners&rdqu

10 April, 2021 India and its neighborhood

17th BIMSTEC Summit- Key Talking Points

India’s External Affairs Minister recently attended the 17th ministerial meet of the BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation) countries. About the Ministerial Meet: Sri Lanka Chaired the 17th Ministerial Meeting. Dr. S. Jaishankar reiterated India’s commitment to take BIMSTEC forward. About BIMSTEC: BIMSTEC is a regional organization consisting of members from South Asia and South-East Asia. It was founde

03 April, 2021 Bilateral groupings and agreements

President Biden Revokes Immigrant Ban

In 2020 the US President imposed a ban on H-1B visa. The current US President decided to reverse the ban & allowed a 2020 ban to expire on March 31st. About the 2020 H1-B Visa Ban: In 2020, the previous US President signed an executive order suspending the entry of H-1B and other foreign work visa holders. This decision was to protect the American jobs after the Covid-19 pandemic impacts. However, the ban did not have its intended impact. Why was it allowed to expire?

03 April, 2021 U.S.A

Heart of Asia Peace Conference

India’s Foreign Minister is attending the 9th ministerial conference of the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. About Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process: It is a regional initiative of Afghanistan and the Republic of Turkey. It was launched in November 2011 in Istanbul, Turkey. The process aims to promote economic and political cooperation for Afghanistan peace through dialogue and confidence-building measures (CBMs). The platform comprise

01 April, 2021 South Asia

Heart of Asia Conference: Afghanistan crisis

Heart of Asia Conference: Afghanistan crisis Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- IR Historical Background The Saur Revolution had taken place in Afghanistan in 1978 which installed a communist party in power. Nur Muhammad Taraki became the head of the state replacing the previous president Daoud Khan. Taraki’s government introduced many modernisation reforms that were considered too radical and left them unpopular, especially in the rural areas

31 March, 2021 Afghanistan

Afghanistan peace talks

Afghanistan Crisis- US TALIBAN DEAL Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- IR Historical Background The Saur Revolution had taken place in Afghanistan in 1978 which installed a communist party in power. Nur Muhammad Taraki became the head of the state replacing the previous president Daoud Khan. Taraki’s government introduced many modernisation reforms that were considered too radical and left them unpopular, especially in the rural areas and with

28 December, 2020 Afghanistan

Mitali Express between India & Bangladesh

PM Modi & Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina inaugurated passenger train between Dhaka, New Jalpaiguri. It will strengthen the people-to-people connectivity & connect Dhaka cantonment and New Jalpaiguri on the Chilhati-Haldibari train link. About Mitali Express: The Chilhati-Haldibari train link is a significant one as it connects north Bangladesh with north Bengal. Other Key Events: On the occasion of the birth centenary of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Prime

30 March, 2021 Bangladesh

20th Amendment of Sri Lankan Parliament

20th Amendment of Sri Lankan Parliament Key points It envisages expansive powers and greater immunity for the Executive President. The Amendment rolls back Sri Lanka’s 19th Amendment, a 2015 legislation that sought to clip presidential powers, while strengthening Parliament. The new legislation in turn reduces the Prime Minister’s role to a ceremonial one. 19th Amendment Act The reduction in the terms of President and Parliament from s

30 March, 2021 Sri Lanka

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