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48th G7 SUMMIT IN GERMANY The summit was held in BAVARIAN ALPS Germany from June 26th to 28th 2022. PT POINTER G7 48TH Summit was held under the presidency of Germany at BAVARIAN ALPS. Member Countries: US, Canada, France, UK, Germany, Italy, and Japan. BAVARIAN ALPS: It is a collective name for several mountain ranges of the Northern Alps within the German state of Bavaria. ALPS: Young fold mountain is present in 8 count


PARTNERS IN THE BLUE PACIFIC US, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and the United Kingdom have launched the new initiative known as ‘Partners in the Blue Pacific’ for effective and efficient cooperation with the small island nation of the region. It aims to enhance cooperation in the area of the climate crisis, connectivity, transportation, maritime security and protection, prosperity, health, and education. The Pacific Island countries (small island nati

PGII to counter China's Belt and Road Initiative

PGII to counter China's Belt and Road Initiative In the recent G7 summit in Germany, the ambitious Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment (PGII) was unveiled, with the aim of collective mobilization of $600 billion by 2027 for transparent investment in infrastructure projects in developing and middle-income countries. It’s a G7 initiative to counter China’s multi-trillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative which the West considers China’s strategy to


CHINA’S INTERVENTION IN THE HORN OF AFRICA Investment across the African continent has been increased by China throughout the last decade with special emphasis on raw materials. Recently China concluded “The China-horn of Africa peace, governance and development conference” in which for the first time China aims to play role in the area of security in the African continent. PROJECT OF CHINA IN AFRICA The four major areas of China’s interest are natural resourc


INDIA-VIETNAM DEFENCE TIES The maritime domain has taken center stage in the bilateral talks between India and Vietnam. Progress of India’s Act East Policy, maritime multilateralism, maritime security outreach, and the building of a strong network across the Indo- Pacific are key element which has made Delhi and Hanoi new natural partners. What are the key elements that have made India and Vietnam natural partners? Vietnam is an important partner in India’s Act East polic

14th BRICS Summit

14th BRICS Summit BRICS nations have supported diplomacy and dialogue between Russia and Ukraine, where three of its members China, India, and South Africa have abstained from voting on a United Nations resolution condemning Russia's invasion of Ukraine. What is BRICS? BRICS consists of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. It was launched at a meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Brazil, Russia, India, and China in the year 2006. In 2010 BRIC turned into BRICS, with

Bangladesh’s Rohingya Problem

Bangladesh’s Rohingya Problem What is the issue? The population of Rohingyas in Bangladesh as of now is 8,85,000 and the refugee population is increasing rapidly by 35,000 every year, which is a serious security implication for countries mainly in South Asia. What is the Rohingya issue? Rohingya are an ethnic Muslim group who live predominantly in the Rakhine state of Myanmar and speak the Bengali dialect. The Rohingya are not recognized by the Mya

India - Central Asia Relations

Mapping of Central Asia Central Asia comprises of 5 countries given above between Caspian Sea and China. Kazakhstan is the largest producer of Uranium and has huge gas and oil reserves as well. Uzbekistan is an important regional producer of gold along with Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan has vast hydropower potential besides oil deposits, and Turkmenistan has the fourth largest gas reserves of the world. Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan — are also in the Caspian litto

POWERGRID and Africa50: First Transmission PPP Project

Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (POWERGRID) has signed a Joint Development Agreement with Africa50, the pan-African infrastructure investment platform to continue to develop the Kenya Transmission Project on a public-private partnership basis. Africa50 Africa50 is an infrastructure investment platform that contributes to Africa’s economic growth by developing and investing in bankable infrastructure projects, catalyzing public sector capital, and

 India-U.S. Relations Overview

India-U.S. Relations Overview Context: This topic is important for UPSE GS Paper2. India-U.S. bilateral relations have developed into a "global strategic partnership", based on shared democratic values and increasing convergence of interests on bilateral, regional and global issues. The cooperation is based on the idea of “ChaleinSaathSaath: Forward Together We Go”, and "SanjhaPrayas, Sab ka Vikas" (Shared Effort, Progress for All). To


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